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Jack-In pile submission

Company Hong Kiat Construction Pte Ltd


No. of pages 1 + 46 Date 3-Aug-15
To Mr Ang Eng Leng / Ms Wan Chin Phone 6744 5586
From Ms Poh Siew Fax 6748 7346
Subject : Jack-in piling works at No. 70 Buangkok View

The following documents are for your onward transmittal to the Engineer for approval :

Jack-in pile equip Pile size


1 Pressure-force conversion chart 1 250 300
2 Pressure gauge calibration certificate 1 SWL (ton)
3 Method statement 1 69.5 69.5
4 L.M. Certificate 1
Remarks :
Ultimate / Static load test
5 Pressure-force conversion chart 1
6 Pressure gauge calibration certificate 1
7 Method statement 2

PDA test
8 Pile Set Calculations for PDA load test 2
(Calculation may be resubmited base on actual site data)
9 Method statement 10

Others
10 L.M. Certificate (mini crane) 1
11 Crane Operator License 1
12 Lifting Supervisor Certificate 1
13 Rigging Certificate 1
14 Signalling certificate 1
15 Welder certificates 2
16 R.C pile specification 2
17 Vibration monitoring location (proposed) *
18 Risk Assessment Form 9
19 Safe Work Procedure 7
20 Licensed Builders 1
21
* Items will be submitted if required
**This submission shall deemed to be approved for site use if we do not receive any comments
from your goodself or the engineer before commencement of piling works.**

Please kindly acknowledge the Engineer's acceptance on the above submission by


signing below ASAP & fax back to us for our record. Thank you.
For acceptance,

Name : ______________________
Date :____ / ____ / ____
Method Statement
Jack-In pile system
1. The piling machine is positioned central to the pile peg position.

2. The pile is placed directly over piling peg and hydraulic pressure is exerted to penetrate the
pile into the ground.

3. Verticality of the pile is checked using a spirit level.

4. Hydraulic force is applied continuously at a pressure corresponding to the resistance of the


pile. The pressure gauge s reading (in psi) can be interpolated into resistance of the soil in
metric ton.

5. The pile is jacked to a level ready for the insertion of the second pile section.

6. The second pile section is inserted and jacked to the required level for welding to be
performed.

7. Butt weld all round the perimeter of the pile is carried out on the joint & a cooling time of 3
minutes is observed before jacking continues.

8. The above procedures are repeated for the subsequent sections until the pile is set. The pile is
considered set when it does not penetrate further to the ground when jacked to the required
tonnage*. (please refer to the respective conversion charts, which will be submitted upon
confirmation of equipment to be used on site. )

9. Procedures for taking set:

a) After the required jacking pressure is achieved, a masking (paper) tape is pasted onto the pile.
An independent stable horizontal platform guide for marking lines onto the tape is set up.
b) The first line is drawn onto the paper tape by moving a pencil along the platform. The line
drawn represents the pile jacked to the required capacity (usually 2 times SWL).
c) The pressure is maintained for 2 minutes & the second line is drawn.
d) If the first & second line coincides, no settlement of pile has occurred. Otherwise extent of the
settlement is determined by the difference between the first & second drawn line. The pile is
considered set if the distance between the first & second lines does not exceed 10mm.
e) The third line is drawn after the hydraulic pressure is released completely. The rebound or
temporary compression (T.C.) of the pile is indicated by measuring the difference between the
second & third drawn line. (The T.C. is due to elastic shortening behaviour of pile & is
proportional to the load applied & length of pile installed.)

Other works
a. Pile extension dollyto be allowed for usage to install piles below work platform
level.
b. Kentiledge load tests to 2 times Safe Working Load (SWL) of pile shall be
conducted on selected pile(s) to verify the capacity of piles installed (if required).

Rev 4 Nov 2012


Static Load Test
Pile Size : 250mm x 250mm
& 300mm x 300mm

Project : Proposed Extension, Additions & Alterations To Existing 7-Storey Nursing


Home To Become 8-Sty (Supervisory Health Care Facilities) On Lots 01402A
PT & 02390W PT MK 21 At No. 70 Buangkok View (Hougang Planning Area)

Load testing procedural for 69.5 tons working load

1) Preparation

The selected pile has to be cut-off or built up to a appropriate level for placement of the
necessary loading equipment. Where the bearing surface of the test pile is not at its mild-
steel end cap, the brunt pile head has to be built-up such that a horizontal bearing surface
that is perpendicular to the axis of the test pile is available.

2) Method of loading

The load test is applied by means of a jack which obtained its reaction from the kentledge
heavier than the required test load. The kentledge will be the Jack-In pile equipment made up of
counter weight approx. 1 ton to 2 tons each stacked neatly on top of each other. The pressure
gauge used shall be calibrated by an approved laboratory before commencement of load test.
The sequence of stacking of test blocks shall be at the discretion of the foreman on site.

3) Measurement of settlement

The level and staff method would be used to measure pile settlement.

The surveyor's level shall be mounted on a rigidly anchored support. Scale rules (4nos.) shall
be used for taking settlement reading to an accuracy of 0.5mm. Two nos. of scale rules shall
be securely fixed to the pile for checking its settlement. Another two are fixed on two separate
stable permanent support away from the kentledge to serve as bench marks or datum. By
taking the difference in scale reading between the scale on the pile and its datum, the pile
settlement could be established.

4) Test proper

In the First Cycle, the test pile is incrementally loaded to its working load of 69.5 tons

Day 1 Loading Load jacking Load stage Readings


time 69.5 tons
Step Time (hourly) Loading (tons) %

1 9:00 0 0% take initial reading


2 9:00 & 9:30 17.375 25% 2nd & 3rd
3 9:30 & 10:00 34.75 50% 4th & 5th
4 10:00 & 10:30 52.125 75% 6th & 7th
5 10:30 & 11:00 69.5 100% 8th & 9th
Project : Proposed Extension, Additions & Alterations To Existing 7-Storey Nursing
Home To Become 8-Sty (Supervisory Health Care Facilities) On Lots 01402A
PT & 02390W PT MK 21 At No. 70 Buangkok View (Hougang Planning Area)

The load holding is maintained for 24 hrs and being released on the 2nd day.

Day 2 Unloading Load release Load stage Readings


time 0 tons
Step Time (hourly) Loading (tons) %

1 11:00 69.5 100% take initial reading


2 11:00 & 11:30 52.125 75% 2nd & 3rd
3 11:30 & 12:00 34.75 50% 4th & 5th
4 12:00 & 12:30 17.375 25% 6th & 7th
5 12:30 & 13:00 0 0% 8th & 9th

Second Cycle
The test pile is incrementally loaded to its 2 times SWL of 139.0

After 1 hour rest

Day 2 Loading Load jacking Load stage Readings


time 139.0 tons
Step Time (hourly) Loading (tons) %

1 14:00 0 0% take initial reading


2 14:00 & 14:30 34.75 50% 2nd & 3rd
3 14:30 & 15:00 69.5 100% 4th & 5th
4 15:00 & 15:30 86.875 125% 6th & 7th
5 15:30 & 16:00 104.25 150% 8th & 9th
6 16:00 & 16:30 121.625 175% 10th & 11th
7 16:30 & 17:00 139 200% 12th & 13th

The load holding is maintained for 24 hrs and being released on the 3rd day.

Day 3 Unloading Load release Load stage Readings


time 0 tons
Step Time (hourly) Loading (tons) %

1 17:00 139 200% take initial reading


2 17:00 & 17:30 104.25 150% 2nd & 3rd
3 17:30 & 18:00 69.5 100% 4th & 5th
4 18:00 & 18:30 34.75 50% 6th & 7th
5 18:30 & 19:00 0 0% 8th & 9th
Date : 3-Aug-15

FOR DRIVEN / PDA TEST ONLY


PILE SET CALCULATION

Proposed Extension, Additions & Alterations To Existing 7-Storey Nursing Home To Become 8-
Storey (Supervisory Health Care Facilities) On Lots 01402A PT & 02390W PT MK 21 At No. 21 At No.
70 Buangkok View (Hougang Planning Area)
Pile Information

1 Pile size FOS 250 mm2


2 Pile working load 2 times 69.5 ton
3 Negative skin friction 1 time(s) 0.0 ton
4 Pile Length 43.0 m
5 Pile Weight / meter 162.56 kg/m
6 Ultimate resistance R 139.0 ton
7 Temporary compression C 15.0 mm
8 Coefficient of restitution n 0.30
9 Weight of pile P 6.99 ton
10 Efficiency h 0.90
11 Final Set per blow -3.13 -1.01 0.40 1.39 1.45 1.47 mm

Proposed driving criteria

A Hammer weights W 1.7 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.3 ton


B Effective stroke H 1480 1480 1480 1480 1410 1100 mm
C Set per 10 blows -31.3 -10.1 4.0 13.9 14.5 14.7 mm

Hiley's formula Pile size & wt.

WH h W n 2 P
Size kg/m
R 114.3 16.07
s c WP 141.3 21.78
2 168.3 28.26
150 57.8
175 79.2
200 103.0
225 132.3
250 162.6
275 203.1
300 232.6
Date : 3-Aug-15

FOR DRIVEN / PDA TEST ONLY


PILE SET CALCULATION

Proposed Extension, Additions & Alterations To Existing 7-Storey Nursing Home To Become 8-
Storey (Supervisory Health Care Facilities) On Lots 01402A PT & 02390W PT MK 21 At No. 21 At No.
70 Buangkok View (Hougang Planning Area)
Pile Information

1 Pile size FOS 300 mm2


2 Pile working load 2 times 69.5 ton
3 Negative skin friction 1 time(s) 0.0 ton
4 Pile Length 43.0 m
5 Pile Weight / meter 232.56 kg/m
6 Ultimate resistance R 139.0 ton
7 Temporary compression C 15.0 mm
8 Coefficient of restitution n 0.30
9 Weight of pile P 10.00 ton
10 Efficiency h 0.90
11 Final Set per blow -3.88 -2.14 -0.98 -0.17 0.26 1.47 mm

Proposed driving criteria

A Hammer weights W 1.7 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.3 ton


B Effective stroke H 1480 1480 1480 1480 1480 1330 mm
C Set per 10 blows -38.8 -21.4 -9.8 -1.7 2.6 14.7 mm

Hiley's formula Pile size & wt.

WH h W n 2 P
Size kg/m
R 114.3 16.07
s c WP 141.3 21.78
2 168.3 28.26
150 57.8
175 79.2
200 103.0
225 132.3
250 162.6
275 203.1
300 232.6
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PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 22 to 46

Company PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd Rev No.


Conducted by Brandon Wong Assistant Project Manager,
Process Location 6. Jack piling
(Names, Myo Hlaing Senior Supervisor, 7
Original Assessment Designations, Brandon Lee Project Executive
Date Date) Saw Zaw Moe Aung Site Supervisor

Approved by (Name, Edmund Peck Senior Project Manager


Designation, Date) 25th Jun 2015 Last Review Date 25th Jun 2015 Next Review Date 25th Jun 2018

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Mobilisation &
demobilisation Toppling of crane The operator of the lorry crane is to Use additional steel plates for
Unsafe access or ground Lifting
6.1 of machine while unloading ensure that the crane stablilisers 4 2 8 setting the jacks. Lifting Supervisor 3 1 3
condition Supervisor
using lorry machine parts have been properly setup to ensure before lifting starts
crane

The piling operator and signal & rigger


Unloading of accompanying the machine is to Usual inspect of lifting gear.
Parts or Machine detaching Toppling of the lorry ensure that the machine has been
machine parts Lifting permit with lifting plan Lifting
6.2 from the lifting gear while causing death to the properly shackled prior to lifting. 4 2 8 3 1 3
from lorry approved on site before start Supervisor
lifting rigger man
crane Ensure all lifting gears used are within work.
the calibration of 12 months.

Where uncertain, operator is to halt


machine & perform a visual check of Piling Operator
Movement of Blind spot at rear of machine the blind spot. Cordon off the machine radius
6.3 Musculoskeletal injury 3 3 9 2 2 4 cum supervisor
machine beyond sight of operator while operation
Banksman on site (site), on going

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 23 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Machine losing balance or To overlay soft ground with steel
Damage to property, Operator Check the stability of
even get trapped in soft plates or wooden beams where 3 3 9 2 2 4
musculoskeletal injury equipment before operation
ground necessary.

Movement of Piling Operator


machine Fumes from machinery Air pollution / ill health Monthly maintenance of machinery 3 1 3
6.3 cum supervisor
(contd) (site), on going
Piling Operator to check all
Machine parts detaching Damage to property, 100% of all locking pin in place with locking pin in place & in good
4 2 8 3 1 3
from machines Main body musculoskeletal injury secure pin at one end condition before moving the
machine
Toppling of crane
Machine parts detaching Rigger is to ensure that the parts are
causing death to the 4 2 8 3 1 3
from the lifting gears. properly shackled prior to lifting.
rigger man
Worker slipping while
Greasy/Slippery machine working on machine Ensure all lifting gears used are
parts. part during Proper maintain/ cleaning of machine 4 1 4 within the calibration period of 12 3 1 3
dismantling/ assembly months.Additional plates to be
weld to side of counterweights to
Assembly and further prevent movement. Lifting
6.4 dismantling of Damage to The base counterweight has a lock Supervisor, on
Workers not to step on greasy/
Machine Counterweights slip from the neighbouring to prevent any movement. going
4 1 4 lubricated machine parts. 3 1 3
counterweight frame properties, injuries to Visual inspection of lifting hook Operator must go through
workmen before any lift machine checklist after assembly
of machine.
Sudden drop to
Counterweights lifting hooks Rigger is to ensure that the parts are
ground causing 4 2 8 3 1 3
break properly shackled prior to lifting
injuries to workers

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 24 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Cranes have been erected & tested
by approved crane contractors &
Serious injury or death Approved person & Approved Crane SWP for Safe Use of Lifting
Topple of crane to workers & Operator. Lifting carried by lifting 4 1 4 Appliance & Gear, Grd condition 3 1 3
properties teams,lifting supervisor, rigger checked by engineer in charge
signalman

Approve crane operator SWP for lifting Appliance and


Falling object while hoisting Serious injury or death Lifting zone barricaded Gear,
4 2 8 3 1 3
materials to workers Only authorized personnel allowed in Lifting permit approved before
the lifting zone start work.
Lifting permit approved before
Keep clear the lifting areas. start work.
Approved Crane Operator Using tagline.
Hoisting with Hit by loads Serious injury Lifting carried by lifting teams, lifting 4 2 8 Proper communication system 3 1 3 Lifting
6.5 mini crawler supervisor, rigger signalman avail between crane operators, Supervisor, on
crane Lifting zone barricaded lifting supervisor & signalman going

Ensure load had reached the


unloading bay or designated
area control the load only with
Use of safety harness when working
Push / pull down to ground tag line,
Serious injury or death at building edges.
when receiving loads on 4 1 4 Do not push/pull the load while 3 1 3
to workers Lifting carried by lifting teams, lifting
upper levels loading/unloading.
supervisor, rigger signalman
Proper communication system
avail between crane operators,
lifting supervisor & signalman

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 25 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
All the lifting gears certified by Crane operation, Lifting supervisor
Serious injury or death approved person within 12 months. Carryout visual check replace
Failure of lifting gears 4 1 4 3 1 3
to workers Lifting carried by lifting teams, lifting immediate for any damages
supervisor, rigger signalman Do not over load the lifting gears
Lifting team. Lifting carried by lifting
teams, lifting supervisor, rigger
Permit to hoist
Hoisting with signalman, Approved Crane
Serious injury or death Proper communication system Lifting
mini crawler Collision with cranes Operator 4 1 4 3 1 3
6.5 to workers avail between crane operators Supervisor, on
crane Only one crane allowed at a time,
Lifting supervisor & signalman going
Coordinate between crane when
(contd)
more than one crane involved
Fumes from machinery Air pollution / ill health 3 1 3
MOM approved and standard
Unsafe act due to insufficient Injury to worker or co- working hours of workers and Break time for workers during
3 2 6 2 1 2
rest worker operators operation

Competent Operator carryout


Damage to property, Piling machine parked on steel plate
Toppling of piling frame 3 2 6 daily inspection for any fault & 2 1 2
musculoskeletal injury and level ground.
rectify
Any services detected under
ground, the diversion work
Confirmation of under ground Piling Operator
carryout by specialist
Piling Live underground services, Electrocution, Flood, services, Keep away from existing cum supervisor
6.6 4 2 8 contractors, outsource to other 3 1 3
operation electrical, water line, sewer suffocation, services, (site), on going
contractors
Divert the affected services
Service plan provided for site
personnel
Monthly inspection/ maintenance Competent Operator carryout
Failure of piling frame cause Damage to property,
check. Piling machine tested by the 3 1 3 daily inspection for any fault & 2 1 2
damage to the piles installed musculoskeletal injury
approved person rectify

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 26 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
All the open edges should be
Personnel protective equipment barricaded to prevent fall from
Work at height Musculoskeletal injury safety harness when work more then 4 2 8 height 3 1 3
2m height
Proper access/egress
Always ensure the access reach
Unsafe access & egress to
Musculoskeletal injury Steps provided 3 2 6 the work platform, Do not run any 2 1 2
work platform
cable or obstruct the access way
Pile holes, falling, tripping Cover all the holes to prevent fall,
Musculoskeletal injury 3 1 3
hazard Barricade affected area
Proper Personal Protective Ground workmen to keep clear
Hit by falling pile locking pin Equipment. Piling Operator
Serious injury 3 2 6 when pinman is 2 1 2
and pile wedge cum supervisor
Safe work procedure brief to workers inserting/removing pin
(site), on going
Piling Workman to push & control the pile
6.6 operation movement on front facing surface of
(contd) pile and not on the sides of the pile,
Hand / fingers caught in unless is below the mast. Use crow bar / pile fork instead
Musculoskeletal injury 4 2 8 3 1 3
between mast & pile Operator to ensure that workman is of bare hands
not in the vicinity when moving the
machine parts. Workers to stay clear
of machine moving parts.
Operator must go through
Machine parts detaching Damage to property, Ensure all pin locks are fully installed
4 2 8 machine checklist before 3 1 3
during operation musculoskeletal injury with safety pins
operating of machine
To overlay soft ground with layer of
Machine losing balance or compacted hardcore, steel plates or
Damage to property, Operator Check the stability of
even get trapped in soft wooden beams where necessary. 3 3 9 2 2 4
musculoskeletal injury equipment before operation
ground Broken RC pile heads can be used
for additional stability

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 27 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Operator ensure the ground stability.
Do not park near excavation edges. Piling Operator
Shifting of Property damage / Machine load transfer bearing
6.7 Poor ground stability Ensure the steel plates & Support 4 2 8 3 1 3 cum supervisor
Piling machine Musculoskeletal injury calculation
beams are landed safety after every (site), on going
movements
Toppling of crane
causing death to the
rigger man Ensure all lifting gears used are
Machine parts detaching Worker slipping while within the calibration period of 12
Visual inspections of lifting hook
from Lifting gears working on machine months. Additional plates to be
before any lift
part during weld to side of counterweights to
dismantling/ assembly further prevent movement. Lifting
Dismantling of Greasy/Slippery machine
6.8 Proper maintain/ cleaning of machine 4 2 8 3 1 3 Supervisor, on
machine parts. Damage to Workers not to step on greasy/
going
neighbouring lubricated machine parts.
properties, injuries to Rigger is to ensure that the parts are Operator must go through
Counterweight lifting hooks
workmen properly shackled prior to lifting. machine checklist after assembly
break
Sudden drop to of machine.
ground causing
injuries to workers
Competent & experienced welder;
Serious injury or death
Regular house keeping; Fire Regular inspection by
Presence of flammable to workers & nearby
watchman on site; cordon off work 4 2 8 Supervisor; Emergency 3 1 3
material pple due to fire or
area; fire fighting equipment ready Evacuation Plan
explosion
on site Welder, on
6.9 Welding
going
Serious injury or death
Competent & licensed welder.
Fire fighting eqpmt not to workers & nearby
Regular inspection of fire fighting 4 2 8 Emergency Evacuation Plan 3 1 3
suitable for electrical fire pple due to fire or
equipment
explosion

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 28 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Competent & experienced welder;
Regular Housekeeping; Regular
Burns to workers &
Finished work not checked inspection of fire extinguisher
nearby people due to 4 1 4 Emergency Evacuation Plan 3 1 3
upon completion equipment; fire watchman on site;
outbreak of fire
cordon off work area; fire fighting
equipment on site
Serious injury or death
Regular inspection of fire escape
Obstructed emergency to workers & nearby
Regular housekeeping 4 1 4 route 3 1 3
escape route people due to fire or
Emergency Evacuation Plan
explosion
Serious injury or death
Presence of flammable to workers & nearby
Competent & licensed welder; Hot Regular inspection or test by
gases in structure / pipes / people due to fire or 4 1 4 3 1 3
work permit approval Supervisor for flammable gases
tanks explosion
Welding Welder, on
6.9
(contd) going
Competent & experience welder;
Proper Personal Protective
Hot Surface Burn 3 1 3
Equipment
Hot work permit approval
Clean & proper clothing wore before
Greasy & torn clothing Burn start of work; Proper Personal 3 1 3
Protective Equipment
Competent & experience welder;
No indication of welded parts Burn Proper Personal Protective 3 1 3
Equipment, Hot work Permit
Competent & experience welder;
Work piece not earthed
Electrical shock Proper Personal Protective 3 1 3
separately
Equipment; Monthly LEW inspection

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 29 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Competent & experience welder;
Damaged leads, holders & Proper Personal Protective
Electrical shock 3 1 3
connections Equipment; monthly equipment
check
Competent & experience welder;
Proper Personal Protective
Wet area Electrical shock 3 1 3
Equipment; monthly equipment
check
Competent & experience welder;
Proper Personal Protective
Poor earthing of area Electrical shock 3 1 3
Equipment; monthly equipment
check
Competent & experience welder;
Proper Personal Protective
Welding Incorrect shade of filter glass Eye injury to workers 3 1 3 Welder, on
6.9 Equipment; monthly equipment
(contd) check going
Competent & experience welder;
Bodily injury due to hot Proper Personal Protective
Striking of arc 3 1 3
flying fragments Equipment; monthly equipment
check
Competent & experience welder;
Proper Personal Protective
Absence of screens Arc radiation burns 3 1 3
Equipment; monthly equipment
check
Emission of welding fumes & Well ventilated area; Proper
Adverse health effect 3 1 3
gases Personal Protective Equipment
Designated area for storing hanging
Cables damage or cut by
Electrical shock of cables; Proper Personal Protective 3 2 6 Monthly equipment check 2 1 2
machine moving parts
Equipment

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS Construction Pte Ltd 4310-F02 (Rev 6)
List of Aspect / Impact and Hazard / Risks Page 30 to 46

1. Hazard Identification 2. Risk Evaluation 3. Risk Control


Possible Accident /
Action Officer,

Risk Level /

Risk Level /
Likelihood

Likelihood
Ill Health & Persons-

Severity

Severity
Hazard / Environmental Designation
No. Work Activity at-Risk / Existing Risk Control (if any) Additional Risk Control

Impact

Impact
Aspect (Follow-up
Environmental
date)
Impact
Use of Personnel protective
Hit by Flying object Eye injury 3 1 3
equipment
Noise induced
Cutting-off of High Noise Use of Ear plug 3 1 3
Deafness
piles using
concrete Generation of noise Noise pollution Use of Ear plug 3 1 3 Piling Operator
6.10 cutter, grinder cum supervisor
Switch off appliances or machineries
& breaker and Use of power Depletion of resources 3 1 3 (site), on going
when not in used
air
compressor Designated area for storing hanging
Cables damage or cut by of cables;
Electrical shock 3 2 6 Monthly Equipment Check 2 1 2
machine moving parts Proper Personal Protective
Equipment
1. Put on light & long sleeve clothing
Long exposure to sun Sun burnt, heat stroke 3 1 3 Intermittent rest time 2 1 2
2. Drink plenty of water

6.11 Human factor Bodily injury due to


Exposure to bad weather Stop work when heavy rain 3 2 6 Provide shelter at work site 2 1 2
lightning strike
Manual handling of materials Use of lifting equipments such as
Musculoskeletal Extra manpower to remove materials 2 2 4 2 1 2 Piling Operator
more than 25kg pellet jack
cum supervisor
Human Unsafe act due to insufficient Injury to worker or co- MOM approved and standard Break time for workers during (site), on going
6.12 3 2 6 2 1 3
behaviour rest worker working hrs of workers & operators operation
Spillage of lubricate Land & water pollution Use drip tray 3 1 3 Proper housekeeping 3 1 3
Storage of Damage to party
3rd
6.13
Material Toppling of R.C. piles property, injuries to Proper stacking of R.C. piles 3 1 3 Cordon off work area from public 3 1 3
workman

Severity (S) Likelihood (L) Rare (1) Remote (2) Occasional (3) Frequent (4) Almost Certain (5)
Catastrophic (5) 5 10 15 20 25
Major (4) 4 8 12 16 20 1 to 3 Low risk
Moderate (3) 3 6 9 12 15 4 to 14 Medium risk
Minor (2) 2 4 6 8 10 15 to 25 High risk
Insignificant (1) 1 2 3 4 5
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 1 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

Date Description of Change Rev No

9th May 2011 Initial release for ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004 & OHSAS 18001:2007 0
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 2 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

1. Purpose

The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance for carrying out piling operation safely,
prevent injury to person involved in the operation and incident to neighbour.

2. Scope

This procedure is applicable to all project sites.

3. Related documents/reference

3.1 Workplace Safety & Health Act 2006 (Cap 354A)


3.2 Workplace Safety & Health (Constructions) Regulations 2007
3.3 SPP-F01 Permit to Pile

4. Responsibility

4.1 The Project Manager/ designated Person-in-Charge shall

4.1.1 Ensure that the following arrangement are planned before work commences on site:
a) Detail of ground conditions obtained
b) Effect of piling on adjacent properties considered
c) Suitable plant and equipment, ladder, etc.
d) Measure to prevent falls from piling rig or when pitching of piles
e) Underground services locations
f) Maintenance of servicing of plant
g) Noise control measures and hearing protection for operatives
h) Protection of public or other effected
i) Protective clothing and equipment
j) Training for supervisory staff and operatives
k) Method statement agreed

4.1.2 Ensure that all preparation works and requirements are carried out as planned.

4.1.3 Ensure that no person is allowed to operate piling plant or equipment or enter piling
areas unless authorised.

4.1.4 Check that work in carried out as planned and that operatives use all safety equipment,
protective clothing, etc as required.

4.1.5 Ensure that all plant and equipment in use is checked regularly during the working shift
and any defect noted or reported is rectified, and where any defect could affected safe
use of any piling plant or equipment, take it out of use immediately.

4.1.6 Ensure that all the control measures identified in risk assessment are being
implemented.

4.2 The Site Supervisor (SS) / Foreman


PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 3 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

The SS / foremen is responsible for continual observational safety checks of their work
operations and to enforce the procedure, any unsafe acts or conditions identified shall rectified
immediately.
4.3 Employees / Piling Crew Members
It is the responsibility of the employees to understand and adhere to the procedures and to follow
the instructions of the SS / Foreman. Employees shall bring to the management s attention any
unsafe or hazardous conditions or acts that may cause injury to either themselves or any other
employees.

4.4 Safety Personnel


Safety Personnel is responsible for the development, implementation and administration of this
procedure. This involves:
4.4.1 Maintaining records and reviewing on hazard assessments
4.4.2 Assist the project team on conducting hazards assessment of the activities.
4.4.3 Provide training and technical assistance to supervisor on the proper use, care and
cleaning of approved personal protective equipment.
4.4.4 Periodically re-evaluating the suitability of previously selected personal protective
equipment.
4.4.5 Reviewing, updating and evaluating the overall effectiveness of this procedure.

5. Procedure

5.1 Control Measures

5.1.1 Stability of adjacent structures


Where there is any question of the stability of structure adjoining areas to be piled, the
structures shall be supported where necessary by sheet piling, shoring, under pinning,
bracing or other means in accordance with the design of a professional engineer to
prevent injury to any person.

5.1.2 Inspection and Permit-to-Work


a) All pile driving equipment shall be inspected daily/regularly by a designated person
before the start of work and every defect shall be immediately corrected before
piling driving commences.
b) Every piling frame and its attachment shall be thoroughly examined by a authorized
examiner at least once in every 12 months.
c) In additional Permit-to-Work shall be obtained form the site management before
commencement of piling operation.

5.1.3 Protection of Operator


The operator of every pile drivers shall be protected from falling objects, steam, cinders
and water by substantial covering.

5.1.4 Qualifications of Operator


Each member of the pile driving crew shall be properly instructed in the work he is to do
and the operation shall be in charge by a designated person, who shall personally direct
the work and give operating signals.

5.1.5 Handling of Piles


The preparation of pile shall be carried out at a safe distance from the driving operation.
During the hoisting of piles, all persons not actually engaged in operating the equipment
and handling the piles shall be kept out of the area.
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 4 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

5.1.6 Pile Drivers not in use


When the driver is not in use the hammer shall be choked or blocked in the leads or
lowered to the ground.

5.1.7 Ladders
A ladder extending from the bottom of the leads to the overhead sheaves shall be
permanently attached to the structure supporting the leads.

5.1.8 Machine Mobilisation


a) Driven Steel Micropile Rig or Crane or excavator is mobilized into site using jack
lorry.
b) Steel plates 6mx4nos and 3mx2nos to send in by 10ton lorry. May need additional
steel plates at entrance culverts. Depending on site access as well for additional
steel plates if ground condition is bad. E.g. marine clay area such as Tanjong
Katong areas.

5.1.9 Setup of Jack-In Pile(JP) equipment

a) Setup for JP3, JP6 to JP12


i) The base of the equipment is mobilized in using lorry cranes. The lorry cranes
range from 25ton to 40ton depending on which mach base. The base is then
set onto 2nos of 6m steel plates.
ii) The 2nd part of machine, i.e. lower body is then stacked onto the base. The 2
parts are connected using 24nos of bolts.
iii) The 3rd part of machine, i.e. main body is stacked onto the 2nd part and
connected using 8 pins.
iv) The mast is fitted next. The connection is done using 6 pins.
v) Counterweight frame is then fitted on the machine, 4 pins are used to connect
the frame to the machine.
vi) The power pac stand is bolted to the machine using 6 bolts and the powerpac is
the put onto the stand and secured firmly using 4 pins.
vii) The counterweights are then stacked neatly on the counterweight frame.
viii) After all counterweights are in place, the standing platform will be erected on
the last counterweights. The platform and all counterweights are secured by
tying a chain around it.

b) Setup for JP4 and 5


i) The main body together with powerpac are mobilized to site using a 12ft
lowbed trailer.
ii) The mast is fitted to either the centre (25ton lorry crane) or side (20ton lorry
crane) of the machine using 6 pins.
iii) The counterweight frame is then fitted using 4 pins.
iv) The counterweights are then stacked neatly on the counterweight frame.
v) After all counterweights are in place, the standing platform will be erected on
the last counterweights. The platform and all counterweights are secured by
tying a chain around it.

5.1.10 Dismantling of Jack-In Pile(JP) equipment

a) Dismantling for JP3, JP6 to JP12

i) The standing platform and counterweights are first unloaded onto the ground.
ii) The power pac is dismantled followed by its frame.
iii) The counterweight frame is then dismantled.
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 5 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

iv) The mast will then be dismantle using by lorry crane ranging from 10ton to 25ton
depending on the position of the mast,
v) The 3rd part of machine, i.e. main body is disconnected by dismantling the 8
pins.
vi) The 2nd part of machine, i.e. lower body is disconnected from the base by
dismantling 24nos of bolts.
vii) The base of the equipment is mobilized in using lorry cranes. The lorry cranes
range from 25ton to 40ton depending on which mach base. The base is then
set onto 2nos of 6m steel plates.

b) Dismantling for JP4 and 5


i) The platform and all counterweights are first unloaded onto the ground..
ii) The counterweight frames is then disconnected from the machine by dismantling
4 pins.
iii) The mast will be disconnected by taking out the 6 pins and dismantled from the
machine by using either 20ton or 25ton lorry crane depending on the position of
the mast.
iv) The main body together with powerpac will then be demobilized to site using a
12ftlowbed.

5.1.11 Movement of Jack-in Pile(JP) Machine

a) The ground is to be laid with steel plates before any machine manoeuver.

b) Three watchmen will be position at the rear and side of the machine to warn
operator should there be any obstruction to the jacks or sliding beam.

c) When the 4 jacks are being jacked down, the machine is hence elevated.
Depending on which direction to move, the sliding beam can slide left to right or the
machine body can slide front and rear along the jack beams.

d) After the 4 jacks are being released, the machine body can slide to left or right along
the sliding beam. The jack beams can also slide either front or rear depending on the
pile position.

e) For JP4 and JP5 which are on tracks, the machine can move by itself in whichever
directions. However, steel plates need to be laid so that the weight of the machine
can be spread evenly onto the ground.

5.1.12 Working Platform on Piling Frame


a) Where a structural tower supports the leads, suitable working platform of adequate
strength shall be provided on levels of the leads at which it is necessary for men to
work.
b) The platform shall be provided with safety railings and toe board on all sides, except
on the hammer or lead side of the platform.
c) Where such platform can not be provided, a safety belt/harness shall be used.
d) When R.C pile inserted in to the mast, pin man have to hook up all safety harness
to prevent the R.C pile falling.
e) Ensure safety harness hook up at all times.
f) During movement of platform, pin man have to coordinated with operator if any
movement to the working platform.
g) During movement of piling frame, pin man should not be at the working platform.
h) Pin man will use the proper access to go up to the working platform.
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 6 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

5.1.13 Pile Testing


a) The testing of piles shall be conducted under the direct supervision of a designated
person.
b) Reasonably practical measures shall be taken to warn persons not to approach with
50m of a pile under test.
c) Under no circumstances shall anyone permitted to approach a test pile while the
process of increasing or decreasing test loading is being carried out.
d) While the process of increasing or decreasing test loading is not in progress anyone
approaching a test pile for any purpose shall only permitted to do so under the
specific instruction of the designated person who shall take reasonably practical
measures to ascertain that the kentledge is in a stable condition and is safe for
approach.

5.1.14 Footing
a) Before placing or advancing a pile driver, the ground shall be inspected by a
designated person and firm and level footing should be provided, timber or steel
plate should be provided when necessary.
b) After placing or advancing a pile driver, inspection and correction of the footing shall
be made to maintain the stability.

5.1.15 Drive Pile / Sheet Piling


a) Ensure that there is a safe access and working position for pitching of piles.
b) If work from a ladder is necessary, a safety harness shall be worn and attached
securely to a firm anchorage point.
c) Kentledge and Kelly blocks must be in good order, place securely and sufficient for
the operation.
d) Wear safety helmet, footwear, hearing protector and other PPE required.
e) Ensure all hammers, swivels, anchors, pile helmets; guides etc have been inspected
regularly.
f) Ensure that the winch control the hammer and cover for moving part in good
condition before use.
g) Ensure all underground services have been located and identified before work
starts.
h) Ensure that crane / piling rig is on a firm level base. If there is any doubt then
excavator mats will be used.
i) Stack pile safely and ensure that they are not liable to topple over.
j) Use tag lines when guiding piles during lifting / positioning operations.
k) Ensure that operations are clear of overhead cables and obstructions during any of
the work.
l) Follow instructions when work take place next to properties, highways, railways,
public area etc. and ensure the site is left safe and secure when left unattended,
especially with regards to children.

5.2 Record Keeping

5.2.1 Safety Personnel shall keep all the records as per requirements such as
a) Personal protective equipment issuing record
b) Employees training records
c) Examination / test certificate of the equipment
d) Equipment inspection & maintenance records
e) Permit-to-Work records

5.3 Non-conformance
PECK BROTHERS
Construction Pte Ltd Safe Practices in Piling Works
Safe Work Procedures Page 7 / 7 Rev No : 1 Doc No: SWP-SPP

5.3.1 In case of any non-conformance such as expired certificates, damage /non-availability of


proper safety device etc. the Safety Personnel shall inform the PIC to stop the operation
immediately.

5.3.2 The PIC shall take actions against the responsible parties and shall ensure that the
rectification work has been done accordingly.