NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

WINDSOR POLICE SERVICE OUR EXPERTS
DR. PETER FRISE SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR & CEO AUTO 21 AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH AND STUDIES, PROFESSOR, MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR

MYTHBUSTERS THE SNAKE OIL SAGA

OUR EXPERTS
DR. MING ZHENG PROFESSOR AND CANADA RESEARCH CHAIR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR

THE LAB

TEST PILOT #1
JAMIE BRUSH
CERTIFIED MASTER TECHNICIAN ONE OF THE YOUNGEST FORD SERVICE MANAGERS AT AGE 26 OVER 120 TRAINING CERTIFICATES

TEST PILOT #2
JOHN CERIO
CERTIFIED MASTER TECHNICIAN DRIVABILITY AND VEHICLE ELECTRONICS SPECIALIST OVER 140 CERTIFICATES

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

PREFACE
• JUST SHORT OF TWO YEARS WORTH OF RESEARCH WITH OVER 96,000 KM OR 60,000 TEST MILES APPROXIMATELY 1,200 HOURS OF TESTING, RESEARCHING, ANALYZING AND CALCULATING DATA OVER 100 PEOPLE INTERVIEWED, QUESTIONED, CONFRONTED OR , IN SOME CASES, INVESTIGATED HUNDREDS OF WEB SITES VISITED, HUNDREDS OF PAGES READ, HUNDREDS OF PIECES OF INFORMATION CHECKED, RECHECKED AND CONFIRMED

DISCLAIMER
THE RESULTS AND OPINIONS BASED HEREIN ARE THOSE OF THE WINDSOR POLICE SERVICE AND BASED SOLELY ON THE TESTING PROTOCOLS USED BY THE FLEET AND LOGISTICS DIVISION FOR EFFECTIVE WINDSOR POLICE SERVICE FLEET MANAGEMENT. AS SUCH, THIS INFORMATION SHOULD ONLY BE USED AS A TOOL, COMBINED WITH OTHER RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE, BEFORE MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION ON THE PURCHASE OR USE OF THE PRODUCTS OR THEORIES TESTED. THE WINDSOR POLICE SERVICE MAKES NO CLAIM OF ACCURACY COMPARED TO OTHER TESTING PROTOCOLS AS EACH VEHICLE DIFFERS IN OPERATIONAL ATTRIBUTES. EXACT DUPLICATION OF WINDSOR POLICE SERVICE TEST RESULTS IS HIGHLY UNLIKELY.

TEST VEHICLES
• • • • • • • •

PRODUCTS AND TESTS
MOBILE 1 FULL SYNTHETIC OIL Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL ADDITIVE K & N AIR FILTER FITCH FUEL CATALYST BLOCKED AIR FILTER OLD SPARK PLUGS TIRE AIR PRESSURE NITROGEN VS AIR

2005 CHRYSLER SEBRING – 2.7 LITRE V6 105,000 KM OR 65,000 MI 2005 CHRYSLER SEBRING – 2.7 LITRE V6 67,000 KM OR 41,000 MI 2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI – 4.6 LITRE V8 188,000 KM OR 117,000 MI

MYTH OR TRUTH

MOBILE 1 FULL SYNTHETIC
2005 CHRYSLER SEBRING – 2.7 V6 105,000 KM OR 65,000 MI

FULL SYNTHETIC MOTOR OIL WILL INCREASE YOUR FUEL ECONOMY

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

CITY 11.2 L/100KM 19

HWY 7.8 L/100KM 25

BASE MILEAGE: 10.14 L/100KM OR 23.19 MI/US GAL BASE OIL: MOTORCRAFT 5W30 MOTOR OIL

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

MOBILE 1 FULL SYNTHETIC

MOBILE 1 FULL SYNTHETIC
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 10.14 L/100KM OR 23.19 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 10.34 L/100KM OR 22.74 MI/US GAL 1.97% REDUCTION IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT: +1.5% FINAL FUEL ECONOMY PERCENTAGE: 3.47% REDUCTION

FULL SYNTHETIC OIL

MYTH OR TRUTH

BUSTED
IT SHOULD BE CLEARLY NOTED, MOBILE 1 MAKES NO CLAIM THEIR OIL WILL INPROVE FUEL ECONOMY ON ANY SITE OR ADVERTISING THAT WE CAN FIND. THEIR CLAIM SYNTHETIC CAN EXTEND OIL LIFE HAS PREVIOUSLY BEEN EVALUATED AND IS STRONGLY CONFIRMED. IN SOME PREVIOUS TESTS, FULL SYNTHETIC HAS BEEN TESTED TO AS MUCH AS THREE TIMES THE OIL LIFE OF REGULAR OEM OIL, CONFIRMED BY OUR INDEPENDENT LAB TESTS.

OIL AND FUEL ADDITIVES WILL INCREASE YOUR FUEL MILEAGE

Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT
• 2005 CHRYSLER SEBRING – 2.7 V6 67,000 KM OR 41,000 MI

Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

CITY 11.2 L/100KM 19

HWY 7.8 L/100KM 25

BASE MILEAGE: 9.81 L/100KM OR 23.97 MI/US GAL BASE OIL: MOTORCRAFT 5W30 MOTOR OIL

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT

Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT

Z-MAX OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 9.81 L/100KM OR 23.97 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 9.62 L/100KM OR 24.45 MI/US GAL 1.93% INCREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT: +2.0% FINAL FUEL ECONOMY PERCENTAGE: .07% REDUCTION OR NO DISCERNABLE INCREASE OR DECREASE

OIL AND FUEL TREATMENT

BUSTED
AS MUCH AS Z-MAX ADVERTISES INCREASES TO FUEL ECONOMY, THEY ALSO QUALIFY THE CLAIM BY STATING ‘HELPS MAINTAIN MILEAGE IN NEWER CARS AND HELPS IMPROVE OR RESTORE MILEAGE IN OLDER CARS, BY VIRTUE OF REDUCTION OF ENGINE DEPOSITS’. THERE IS SOME EVIDENCE UNCOVERED DURING OUR RESEARCH Z-MAX DOES IN FACT EXTEND ENGINE LIFE, HOWEVER, THIS WAS NOT PART OF THE TESTING PARAMETERS AND AS SUCH, WAS NOT SUBSTANTIATED.

MYTH OR TRUTH

K & N AIR FILTER
2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI 4.6 LITRE 197,000 KM OR 123,125 MILES CITY 13.5 L/100KM 14 HWY 8.8 L/100KM 20

AFTERMARKET PERFORMANCE TYPE AIR FILTERS WILL INCREASE YOUR FUEL MILEAGE

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL MANUFACTURERS SPECIFICATION ON ALL LUBRICANTS

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

K & N AIR FILTER

K & N AIR FILTER

K & N AIR FILTER
1.How will a K&N filter affect my vehicle's fuel economy? There is a relationship between air filter restriction and mileage. The theory behind this is simple, the harder an engine has to work to suck air through the intake tubes and air filter, the more gas gets wasted in the process. Many K&N users report an increase in their fuel economy after beginning to use our air filters, as noted on our testimonial page. However, these experiences do not mean you will also experience a change in your mileage. We certainly understand why it is theoretically possible for a consumer to experience a mileage increase after installing a K&N air filter or intake system, however, we do not go so far as to make a general claim that our air filters and intake systems will provide an increase in mileage. It is virtually impossible to make sweeping and general claims about mileage. Even the EPA fuel rating numbers for new cars are often not representative of the mileage you actually experience. There are many variables that affect mileage such as: tire inflation, the type of fuel, weather, elevation, the speed at which you drive, the gear in which you drive, the speed with which you accelerate, engine maintenance, excessive idling, cruise control, the grade of motor oil you use, and of course, the condition of your air filter. In short, mileage is complicated. K&N filters are less restrictive than disposable paper or synthetic air filters and K&N Intake Systems are less restrictive than the factory installed air path. So K&N filter technology could be an important tool, when combined with other elements, to help keep mileage as high as possible. Oh yeah, there's one more limitation imposed by science. If you take advantage of added power by driving more aggressively, you will reduce mileage. You cannot have your cake and eat it too.

K & N AIR FILTER
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 12.71 L/100 KM OR 18.5 MI/US GAL NO INCREASE OR DECREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT 0% NO DISCERNABLE INCREASE OR DECREASE

PERFORMANCE AIR FILTER

MYTH OR TRUTH

BUSTED
AS MUCH AS THE MYTH OF INCREASED AIR FLOW WILL GUARANTEE AN INCREASE IN MILEAGE IS BUSTED, THE ‘K & N’ DISCLAIMER IS TRUE. IN FACT, K & N GETS HIGH MARKS FOR CLEAR AND EASILY FOUND INFORMATION ON THEIR SITE. PERSONAL TESTIMONIAL SHOWS RESULTS ARE VEHICLE SENSITIVE. PERSONAL TEST VEHICLE SHOWS INCREASE OF 6% GAIN IN FUEL ECONOMY ON F150 5.4 LITRE. TEST DRIVER DID STATE HE FELT THE VEHICLE HAD INCREASED PERFORMANCE DURING TESTING.

AFTERMARKET FUEL LINE CATALYSTS WILL INCREASE YOUR FUEL MILEAGE

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

FITCH FUEL CATALYST
• 2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI 4.6 LITRE 189,000 KM OR 118,000 MILES 200,000 KM OR 125,000 MILES CITY 13.5 L/100KM 14 HWY 8.8 L/100KM 20

FITCH FUEL CATALYST

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL MANUFACTURERS SPECIFICATION ON ALL LUBRICANTS

FITCH FUEL CATALYST

FITCH FUEL CATALYST

FITCH FUEL CATALYST
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 12.70 L/100 KM OR 18.52 MI/US GAL (AVERAGE OF TWO TESTS TOTALING 3,516 KM OR 5,625 MI, ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT OF –2% FIRST TEST, +2% SECOND TEST) NO INCREASE OR DECREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT 0% AVERAGED NO DISCERNABLE INCREASE OR DECREASE

FUEL CATALYST

BUSTED
AFTER TWO DIFFERENT TEST PERIODS TOTALLING OVER 3,500 MI OR 5,600 KILOMETERS, THERE IS NOT ONE SHRED OF CREDIBLE EVIDENCE THIS PRODUCT WILL INCREASE FUEL ECONOMY AS CLEARLY STATED IN THE FITCH FUEL WEB SITE, BEING AN INCREASE OF 1 - 2.5 MPG AS STATED. ACCORDING TO DISTRIBUTOR, PRODUCT HAS TO BE INSTALLED FOR AT LEAST 500 MILES OR 800 KILOMETERS FOR THE CATALYST TO BE ACTIVATED. PRODUCT HAS A 90 DAY WARRANTEE, WHICH IN OUR CASE PAST BY THE TIME THE UNIT WAS INSTALLED AND RESULTS WERE CLEARLY CALCULATED. COST BETWEEN $200 US AND $300 CDN. DISTRIBUTOR REFUSED REFUND ON ‘PAST WARANTEE TIMELINE’.

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

MYTH OR TRUTH

WORN SPARK PLUGS
2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI 4.6 LITRE 194,000 KM OR 121,125 MILES CITY 13.5 L/100KM 14 HWY 8.8 L/100KM 20

OLDER SPARKPLUGS WILL DRASTICALLY REDUCE FUEL ECONOMY

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL MANUFACTURERS SPECIFICATION ON ALL LUBRICANTS

WORN SPARK PLUGS

WORN SPARK PLUGS
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 12.90 L/100 KM OR 18.23 MI/US GAL 1.4% DECREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT 0% AVERAGED FINAL FUEL ECONOMY PERCENTAGE -1.4%

NEW SPARK PLUGS WERE REPLACED WITH WORN, FORD FACTORY OEM SPARK PLUGS, WITH OVER 100,000 KM WORTH OF WEAR, OR 62,500 MILES OF WEAR.

WORN SPARK PLUGS BUSTED
AS MUCH AS OVER 100,000 KM OR OVER 62,500 MILES WORTH OF WEAR ON SPARK PLUGS IS SUBSTANCIAL, OBD COMPUTER SOFTWARE CLEARLY COMPENSATES FOR THE CONDITION OF THE PLUGS TO ADJUST FUEL ECONOMY ACCORDINGLY. AS MUCH AS 1.4% REDUCTION IN FUEL ECONOMY IS IMPORTANT, IT COULD NOT BE CONSIDERED TO BE SUBSTANCIAL, CONSIDERING DRIVING HABITS CAN ACCOUNT FOR 5% TO 15% OF FUEL ECONOMY.

MYTH OR TRUTH

A DIRTY OR PARTIALLY PLUGGED AIR FILTER WILL DRASTICALLY REDUCE FUEL ECONOMY

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

PARTIALLY BLOCKED AIR FILTER
• 2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI 4.6 LITRE 196,000 KM OR 122,500 MILES CITY 13.5 L/100KM 14 HWY 8.8 L/100KM 20

PARTIALLY BLOCKED AIR FILTER

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL MANUFACTURERS SPECIFICATION ON ALL LUBRICANTS

USED DIRTY MOTORCRAFT OEM AIR FILTER WAS INSTALLED, FURTHER BLOCKED BY COVERING HALF THE FILTER WITH TAPE, SUBSTANTIALLY BLOCKING AIR FLOW

PARTIALLY BLOCKED AIR FILTER
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 12.85 L/100 KM OR 18.3 MI/US GAL 1.02% DECREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT 0% AVERAGED FINAL FUEL ECONOMY PERCENTAGE -1%

PARTIALLY BLOCKED AIR FILTER

BUSTED
LIKE THE RESULT OF WORN PLUGS, IT APPEARS A SUBSTANCIALLY BLOCKED AND DIRTY AIR FILTER IS COMPENSATED FOR BY THE OBD COMPUTER AND FUEL MILEAGE IS ONLY MARGINALLY AFFECTED. TEST DRIVER DID HOWEVER STATE HE FELT THE VEHICLE LACKED POWER DURING TEST.

MYTH OR TRUTH

IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE
• 2000 FORD CROWN VICTORIA CVPI 4.6 LITRE 196,000 KM OR 122,500 MILES CITY 13.5 L/100KM 14 HWY 8.8 L/100KM 20

CANADA PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE WILL SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE FUEL ECONOMY

U.S. PUBLISHED FUEL ECONOMY

BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL MANUFACTURERS SPECIFIED TIRE PRESSURE –32PSI OR 220 KPA

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE

IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE
RESULTS BASE MILEAGE: 12.72 L/100KM OR 18.49 MI/US GAL TEST RESULT: 14.54 L/100 KM OR 16.17 MI/US GAL 14.3% DECREASE IN FUEL ECONOMY ENVIRONMENTAL FLEET ADJUSTMENT 2% AVERAGED FINAL FUEL ECONOMY PERCENTAGE -16.3%

VEHICLES TIRES WERE AIRED DOWN FROM 32 PSI OR 220 KPA OEM SPECIFICATION TO 22 PSI OR 150 KPA. TIRES ARE OEM GOODYEAR TIRES, PURSUIT CERTIFIED P225/60R/16 RS-A

IMPROPER TIRE PRESSURE

MYTH OR TRUTH

TRUE! TRUE! TRUE!
TIRE PRESSURE BY FAR IS THE MOST CONTROLABLE, COST EFFECTIVE MAINTAINANCE ISSUE FLEET MANAGERS CAN CONTROL, TO GAIN THE MOST ADVANTAGE OF OPTIMUM FUEL ECONOMY. TEST DRIVER STATES IT IS HIS OPINION MOST DRIVERS WOULD NOT NOTICE THE DECREASE IN AIR PRESSURE HE CONTROLLED ON THE TEST VEHICLE. NOTE: THE TEST DRIVER WAS A CERTIFIED MASTER-TECH MECHANIC WHO WAS IN CONTROL OF THE DECREASE IN AIR PRESSURE. THE VEHICLE WAS ONLY USED IN THIS CAPACITY FOR TESTING PURPOSES, WITH CLEAR LIMITATIONS ON SPEED AND USAGE. IT WOULD BE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO REDUCE AIR PRESSURE TO TEST THIS RESULT WITHOUT CLEAR CONTROL, MONITORING AND DRIVER EXPERTISE. WPS LIMITED VEHICLE SPEED TO 80K/H OR 50 MPH FOR SAFETY REASONS

NITROGEN REPLACEMENT IN TIRES IS COST EFFECTIVE IN OPTIMIZING FUEL ECONOMY FOR MOST FLEET SERVICES

NITROGEN VS AIR
RESEARCHED – NOT TESTED
•ENGINEERS FROM GOODYEAR, MICHELIN AND BIRDGESTONE-FIRESTONE WERE CONSULTED •NITROGEN COMPRESSOR SUPPLIERS WERE CONSULTED •OUR EXPERTS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING FIELD WERE CONSULTED

NITROGEN VS AIR
• USED HEAVILY IN THE AEROSPACE, MINING, AIRLINE , MINING AND MILITARY FLEETS • REDUCES TIRE WEAR AND LEAKAGE • REDUCES HEAT VALUES IN TIRES • REDUCES RIM DEGRADATION ON VEHICLES AS NITROGEN IS A DRY GAS UNLIKE AIR • LARGER THAN AIR MOLECULES, NITROGEN TAKES THREE TIMES LONGER TO PERMEATE TIRE SIDEWALLS • MAXIMIZES FUEL ECONOMY

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

NITROGEN VS AIR

NITROGEN VS AIR
ENGINEERS FROM GOODYEAR, MICHELIN AND BRIDGESTONE-FIRESTONE AS WELL AS OUR EXPERTS AGREE, NITROGEN NO BENEFIT TO MOST REGULAR FLEETS ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE TO PURGE TIRES TO 98% NITROGEN CONTENT – PERCENTAGE THEY STATE IS REQUIRED FOR MAXIMUM BENEFIT MACHINES COST FROM $4,000 TO $20,000 DEPENDING ON HOW MANY TIRES PER DAY REQUIRED FOR FILL OEM VEHICLE SERVICE INTERVALS SHOULD NEGATE ANY NITROGEN FILL BENEFIT UNLESS VEHICLE OWNERS DRIVE THEIR VEHICLES IN NASCAR RACES ON THE WEEKEND, NO FUEL ADVANTAGE OR COST BENEFIT FOR NORMAL FLEET VEHICLE USE.

ALL TRUE, HOWEVER ……

• • •

NITROGEN VS AIR

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

BUSTED
EVEN IN THE DEMADING REQUIREMENTS OF EMERGENCY VEHICLE USE, THE CAPITAL COST OF NITROGEN GENERATING MACHINES COMPARED TO THE BENEFIT OF THEIR USE, CAN NOT BE SUPPORTED BY ALL THREE MAJOR TIRE MANUFACTURER ENGINEERS. OUR EXPERTS IN THE AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING FIELD AGREE WITH EVEN MORE INTENSE VIGOUR. AS MUCH AS MOST STATEMENTS REGARDING NITROGEN VS AIR ARE TRUE, 98% OF DRIVERS COULD NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE BENEFITS OF THE GAS REPLACEMENT IN DAILY USE, NOT EVEN IN THE EMERGENCY VEHICLE FIELD. OVER 20 AUTOMOTIVE AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERS POLED OVER TWO YEARS INDICATE 0% HAVE NITROGEN IN THEIR OWN VEHICLES.

PURSUIT CERTIFIED BI-FUEL AND TRIFUEL, HYBRID - ANTI-IDLING REDUCTION SYSTEM POLICE VEHICLE

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

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NAFA I&E Presentation – Mythbusters: The Snake Oil Saga

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

THE FUTURE RESEARCH

PERSONAL MOTIVATION
AMBITION IS A WORK OF MOTHER NATURE…… SUCCESS IS A WORK OF ART!

SERGEANT WILLIAM R. HUNT JR.

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