Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform.

Quantization
Lagrange–Finsler Spaces,
Noncommutative Ricci Flows
and Deformation Quantization
(brief review)
Sergiu I. Vacaru
Science Department
University Al. I. Cuza, Ia¸si, Romania
Department of Mathematics
Yeditepe University, Turkey
July 20, 2010; Istanbul, Turkey
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Purposes/ Items:
• Almost K¨ahler Lagrange–Finsler Structures
• Ricci–Lagrange / – Finsler Flows
• Finsler Spinors & Almost K¨ahler Dirac Opers
• Spectral Functionals and Noncommutative
Ricci–Finsler flows
• Ricci Flow Evolution & Fedosov Quantization
Refs, http://www.scribd.com/people/documents/1455460-sergiu-vacaru :
Concept/ coefficient form of N–connections: E. Cartan, A. Kawaguchi, C. Ehressman ....
1. G. Vranceanu, Sure les espaces non holonomes. C. R. Acad. Paris 103 (1926) 852–854
2. R. Miron and M. Anastasiei, The Geometry of Lagrange Spaces (Kluwer, 1994)
3. A. Bejancu and H. R. Farran, Foliations and Geometric Structures (Springer, 2005)
4. S. Vacaru, Finsler and Lagrange geometries in Einstein and string gravity, IJGMMP,5
(2008) 473-511; arXiv: 0801.4958
5. S. Vacaru, Deformation Quantization of Almost Kahler Models and Lagrange-Finsler
Spaces, JMP 48 (2007) 123509 (14 pages); arXiv: 0707.1519
6. M. Anastasiei and S. Vacaru, Fedosov Quantization of Lagrange-Finsler and Hamilton-
Cartan Spaces and Einstein Gravity Lifts on (Co) Tangent Bundles, JMP 50 (2009) 013510;
arXiv: 0710.3079
7. S. Vacaru, Einstein Gravity as a Nonholonomic Almost Kahler Geometry, Lagrange–Finsler
Variables, and Deformation Quantization, JGP 60 (2010) 1289-1305; arXiv: 0709.3609
8. S. Vacaru, Finsler Black Holes Induced by Noncommutative Anholonomic Distributions
in Einstein Gravity, Class. Quant. Grav. 27 (2010) 105003 (19pp); arXiv: 0907.4278
9. S. Vacaru, The Entropy of Lagrange-Finsler Spaces and Ricci Flows, Rep. Math. Phys.
63 (2009) 95-110); arXiv: math.DG/ 0701621
10. S. Vacaru, Finsler and Lagrange Geometries in Einstein and String Gravity, Int. J. Geom.
Meth. Mod. Phys. (IJGMMP) 5 (2008) 473-511; arXiv: 0801.4958
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Subjects
I. Almost K¨ahler Lagrange and Finsler Structures
II. Ricci–Lagrange / – Finsler Flows
III. Finsler Spinors and Almost K¨ahler Dirac Operators
IV. Spectral Functionals and Noncommutative Ricci Flows
V. Ricci Flows Evolution and Fedosov–Lagrange Geom.
VI. Conclusions and Perspectives
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
I. Almost K¨ahler Lagrange/Finsler Structs
Geometric mechanics =⇒ nonholonomic manifold (Vrˆanceanu, 1926):
V = (M, ^) smooth & orientable M, non–integrable distribution ^
Examples: 1) V is a (semi/pseudo) Riemannian manifold
2) V = E(M), or = TM, is a vector, or tangent, bundle; 3) cotangent bundle, = T

M
N–anholonomic manifold enabled with nonlinear connection (N–connection) structure
N : TV = hV⊕vV
Coordinates u = (x, y), or u
α
= (x
i
, y
a
); h–indices: i, j, ... = 1, 2 and v–indices:
a, b, ... = 3, 4; coefficients N = N
a
i
(u) dx
i


∂y
a
; particular case: N
a
i
(u) = Γ
a
bi
(x)y
b
Lagrange–Finsler geometry & Einstein gravity
Fundamental/generating regular Lagrange function
L(x, y) :
L
g
ab
=
1
2

2
L
∂y
a
∂y
b
, det[g
ab
[ = 0.
Canonical N–connection
L
N
i
j
(x, y) =

L
G
i
∂y
j
,
L
G
i
=
1
4
L
g
ij
(

2
L
∂y
i
∂x
k
y
k

∂L
∂x
i
)
nonlinear geodesic equations for x
i
(τ), y
i
=
dx
i

d
2
x
i

2
+ 2
L
G
i
(x
k
,
dx
j

) = 0
equivalent to Euler–Lagrange eqs
d

(
∂L
∂y
i
) −
∂L
∂x
i
= 0
Fundamental Finsler function F(x, λy) = λF(x, y),
0 = λ ∈ R, particular Lagrange geometry L = F
2
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Proposition: ∃ N–adapted (co) frames (vielbeins)
e
ν
=

e
i
=

∂x
i
−N
a
i
(u)

∂y
a
, e
a
=

∂y
a

, e
µ
=

e
i
= dx
i
, e
a
= dy
a
+ N
a
i
(u)dx
i

.
Nonholonomy: [e
α
, e
β
] = e
α
e
β
− e
β
e
α
= W
γ
αβ
e
γ
; anholonomy coef. W
b
ia
= ∂
a
N
b
i
,
W
a
ji
= Ω
a
ij
, N–connection curvature: Ω
a
ij
= e
j
(N
a
i
) −e
i

N
a
j

, holonomic W
γ
αβ
= 0.
Distinguished Connection: d–connection D, a linear
connection preserving under parallelism the N–connect.
D ⇒Γ
γ
αβ
=

h
D = (L
i
jk
, L
a
bk
);
v
D = (C
i
jc
, C
a
bc
)

Distinguished objects: d–objects, d–tensors
d–vector, X = hX+ vX =
h
X+
v
X
N–adapted geometric constr.: Levi–Civita ∇ is not.
Torsion: T(X, Y) D
X
Y−D
Y
X−[X, Y],
Curvature: R(X, Y) D
X
D
Y
−D
Y
D
X
−D
[X,Y]
,
Ricci: Ric ¦R
βγ
= R
α
βγα
= (R
ij
, R
ia
, R
ai
, R
ab

Sasaki lifts for metrics in total space
L
g =
L
g
ij
(u) e
i
⊗e
j
+
L
g
ab
(u)
L
e
a

L
e
b
e
i
= dx
i
,
L
e
b
= dy
b
+
L
N
b
j
(u)dx
j
Frame rotations: g
αβ
= e
α
/
α
e
β
/
β
L
g
α
/
β
/
Theorem: ∃ Cartan’s d–connection
c
D uniquely defined
by
L
g
ij
and
c
D
L
g = 0, hT(h•, h•) = vT(v•, v•) = 0
Remark: Anholonomic deforms: ∃
g
D =
g
∇+
g
Z, not
Riemann–Cartan distortion
g
Z, completely defined by
L
g.
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Theorem: Any Lagrange (Finsler) geometry can be
modelled equivalently as a N–anholonomic Riemann
manifold V, and inversely, with canonical fundamental
geometric objects induced by L (F).
Almost K¨ahler models/variables, 2+2 splitting:
Lagrange–Finsler, gravity, nonholonomic Ricci flows.
Almost complex str.: J(
L
e
i
) = −e
i
and J(e
i
) =
L
e
i
L(x, y) induces a canonical 1–form
L
ω =
1
2
∂L
∂y
i
e
i
& 2–form
L
θ(X, Y)
L
g(JX, Y) =
L
g
ij
(x, y)
L
e
i
∧e
i
Theorem: A canonical almost K¨ahler model on TM of a
Lagrange (Finsler) space is constructed for
θ
´
D =
c
D,
θ
´
D
X
L
θ = 0 and
θ
´
D
X
J = 0.
Remarks:
1. Finsler variables can be introduced on Riemannian
manifolds via 2+2 splitting.
2. Almost K¨ahler models for (semi) Riemannian V
3. Equiv.: (g, ∇) ≡ (
L
g,
L
N,
c
D) ≡ (
L
θ,
N
J,
θ
´
D)
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
II. Ricci–Lagrange/-Finsler/-Einstein Flows
Hamilton’s evolution eqs:
∂g
αβ
(χ)
∂χ
= −2

R
αβ
(χ)
for a set of (semi) Riemannian metrics g
αβ
(χ), real
parameter χ, Ricci tens.

R
αβ
(χ) for Levi–Civita ∇.
Perelman’s functionals:

T(f) =

V

R + [∇f[
2

e
−f
dV,

¼(f, τ) =

V

τ (

R + [∇f[)
2
+ f −2n

µ dV,
volume form of
L
g, dV, integration over compact V,
funct. f for gradient flows with different measures, scalar
curv.

R for ∇; τ > 0,

V
µdV = 1, µ = (4πτ)
−n
e
−f
.
Important problem: Nonholonomic/non–integrable/
constraint evolution of geometries with ”rich” structure
(almost K¨ahler – Finsler / –Einstein spaces and
generalizations), noncommutative/ supersymmetric ....
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Claim: For almost K¨ahler models of Lagrange–Finsler/ –
Einstein spaces, Perelman’s functionals are
L
´
T =

V
(
θ
R +
θ
S +

θ
´
D
´
f

2
)e

´
f
dV,
L
´
¼ =

V
[´ τ(
θ
R +
θ
S +

h
D
´
f

+

v
D
´
f

)
2
+
´
f −2n] ´ µ dV,
θ
R and
θ
S are h- and v–components of curvature scalar
of
θ
´
D = (
h
D,
v
D),

θ
´
D
´
f

2
=

h
D
´
f

2
+

v
D
´
f

2
,
´
f
satisfies

V
´ µdV = 1 for ´ µ = (4πτ)
−n
e

´
f
and τ > 0.
Consider 2–form Ricci flows
L
θ(χ) =
L
θ(•, •, χ)
L
g(J•, •, χ)
=
L
g
ij
(x, y, χ)
L
e
i
(χ) ∧ e
i
=
L
θ
ij
(χ)e
i
∧ e
j
+
L
θ
ab
(χ)
L
e
a
(χ) ∧
L
e
b
(χ)
for
L
θ
ij
(χ) =
1
2
L
g
ij
(x, y, χ)
L
e
i
i
(x, y, χ)
L
θ
ab
(χ) =
1
2
L
θ
ab
(x, y, χ)
L
e
b
b
(x, y, χ)
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Proofs for N–adapted almost K¨ahler evolution eqs
Theorem: If a K¨ahler – Lagrange/ – Einstein 2–form
L
θ(χ) and functions
´
f(χ) and ´ τ(χ) evolve for
∂´ τ
∂χ
= −1
and constant

V
(4π´ τ)
−n
e

´
f
dV as solutions of

L
θ
ij
∂χ
= −
1
2
(
θ
´
R
ij

θ
´
R
ji
),

L
θ
ab
∂χ
= −
1
2
(
θ
´
R
ab

θ
´
R
ba
),

´
f
∂χ
= −
θ
´

´
f +

θ
´
D
´
f

2

θ
R −
θ
S +
n
´ τ
,
than

∂χ
´
¼(
L
θ(χ),
´
f(χ), ´ τ(χ)) =
2

V
´ τ[[
θ
´
R
ij
+ D
i
D
j
´
f −
1
´ τ
L
θ
ij
[
2
+[
θ
´
R
ab
+ D
a
D
b
´
f −
1
´ τ
L
θ
ab
[
2
](4π´ τ)
−n
e

´
f
dV.
Corollary: The evolution, for all τ ∈ [0, τ
0
), of
N–adapted frames e
α
(τ) = e
α
α
(τ, u)∂
α
is defined by
e
α
α
(τ, u) =
¸
e
i
i
(τ, u) N
b
i
(τ, u) e
a
b
(τ, u)
0 e
a
a
(τ, u)

,
with
L
g
ij
(τ) = e
i
i
(τ, u) e
j
j
(τ, u)η
ij
subjected to eqs

∂τ
e
α
α
=
L
θ
αβ θ
´
R
βγ
e
γ
α
,
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
III. Finsler Spinors & Alm K¨ahler Dirac Oprs
Nonholonomic almost K¨ahler – Clifford structures
N–con.: TV = hV⊕vV, (semi) Riemannian V, = TM.
A Clifford d–algebra is a ∧V
n+m
algebra, product
uv + vu = 2g(u, v) I, distinguished h–, v–products
h
u
h
v +
h
v
h
u = 2
h
g(u, v)
h
I ,
v
u
v
v +
v
v
v
u = 2
v
h(
v
u,
v
v)
v
I ,
u = (
h
u,
v
u), v = (
h
v,
v
v) ∈ V
n+m
, I,
h
I and
v
I
are unity matrices (n + m) (n + m), or n n and
mm.
Def. Clifford nonholonomic bundle on a almost K¨ahler –
Finsler space is defined as a Clifford bundle
(l(V) =
h
(l(hV) ⊕
v
(l(vV), Clifford h/ v –space
h
(l(hV)
.
=
h
(l(T

hV),
v
(l(vV)
.
=
v
(l(T

vV).
Def. d–spinor bundle S
.
= (
h
S,
v
S) on
V, dimV = n + m, is a complex d–vector bundle
Spin V
.
= Spin(V
n
) ⊕Spin(V
m
), Spin(V)
.
=
Spin(T

V). The set of sections Γ(S) = Γ(
h
S) ⊕Γ(
v
S)
is an irreducible Clifford d–module.
Theorem: Any almost K¨ahler–Finsler/–Einstein space
defines canonically a N–anholonomic Clifford/spinor geom.
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Almost K¨ahler – Finsler Dirac operators
d–gamma matrix relations γ
ˆ α
γ
ˆ
β
+ γ
ˆ
β
γ
ˆ α
= 2δ
ˆ α
ˆ
β
I,
with action of du
α
∈ (l(V) on a d–spinor
˘
ψ ∈ S,
c(du
ˆ α
)
.
= γ
ˆ α
and c = (du
α
)
˘
ψ
.
= γ
α
˘
ψ ≡ e
α
ˆ α
γ
ˆ α
˘
ψ
allows γ
α
(u)γ
β
(u) + γ
β
(u)γ
α
(u) = 2g
αβ
(u) I.
The canonical spin Cartan d–connection is defined:
θ
S
´

.
=
L
δ −
1
4
θ
´
Γ
α
βµ
γ
α
γ
β
δu
µ
.
Actions of Clifford d–algebra and Clifford h–algebra are
transformed into maps Γ

(S) ⊗Γ((l(V)) →Γ

(S) and
Γ

(
h
S) ⊗Γ((l(
h
V ) →Γ

(
h
S) by considering maps
´c(
˘
ψ ⊗a)
.
= c(a)
˘
ψ and
h
´c(
h
ψ ⊗
h
a)
.
=
h
c(
h
a)
h
ψ.
Definition: The Dirac d–operator (h–operator) on a spin
N–anholonomic manifold (V, S, J) (h–spin manifold
(hV,
h
S,
h
J), or v–spin manifold (vV,
v
S,
v
J)) is
D
.
= −i (´c ◦
S
∇)
=

h
D = −i (
h
´c ◦
h
S
∇),
v
D = −i (
v
´c ◦
v
S
∇)

Dirac d–operators are called almost K¨ahler and denoted
θ
´
D = (
h
θ
´
D,
v
θ
´
D ) if they are defined for the Cartan/
normal d–connection.
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
IV. Spectral Functls & Noncom. Ricci Flows
The spectral action/functional paradigm:
Standard models of particle interactions and gravity can
be ”extracted” from noncommutative geometry, spectral
triple (/, H, T), postulating the spectral action
Tr f(T
2

2
)+ < Ψ[T[Ψ >,
Tr is the trace in operator algebra, Ψ is a spinor, all
defined for a Hilbert space H, Λ is a cutoff scale and f is
a positive function. Dirac operator T on a
noncommutative space defined by a noncommutative
associative algebra / = C

(V ) ⊗
P
/.
The spectral geometry of / is given by the product rule
H = L
2
(V, S) ⊗
P
H, where L
2
(V, S) is the Hilbert space
of L
2
spinors and
P
H is the Hilbert space of quarks and
leptons fixing the choice of the Dirac operator
P
D and
the action
P
/ for fundamental particles.
The Dirac operator T =
V
D ⊗1 + γ
5

P
D, Dirac
operator
V
D of the Levi–Civita spin connection on V.
Theorem: Spectral functionals with nonholnomic
Dirac–Finsler operators contain in commutative limit the
Perelman’s functionals for Ricci flows.
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Spectral triples and distance in d–spinor spaces
Scalar product on Γ

(S), <
˘
ψ,
˘
φ >
.
=

V
(
˘
ψ[
˘
φ)[ν
g
[,
ν
g
=

det[g[

det[h[ dx
1
...dx
n
dy
n+1
...dy
n+m
is the
volume d–form on V.
N
H
.
= L
2
(V, S) = [
h
H = L
2
(hV,
h
S),
v
H =
L
2
(vV,
v
S)] is the Hilbert d–space obtained by
completing Γ

(S), norm defined by the scalar product.
A canonical (almost K¨ahler) spectral d–triple
(
N
/,
N
H,
θ
´
D) for a d–algebra
N
/ is defined by a
Hilbert d–space
N
H, a representation of
N
/ in the
algebra
N
B(
N
H) of d–operators bounded on
N
H, and
by a self–adjoint d–operator
N
H, of compact resolution,
1
such that [
N
H, a] ∈
N
B(
N
H) for any a ∈
N
/.
Theorem: Let (
N
/,
N
H,
θ
´
D, J,
[cr]
Γ) defines a
noncommutative geometry being irreducible for
N
/
.
= C

(V), where V is a compact, connected and
oriented manifold without boundaries, of spectral
dimension dim V = n + n. In this case, there are
satisfied the conditions:
1
An operator D is of compact resolution if for any λ ∈ sp(D) the operator (D −λI)
−1
is compact.
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Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
1. There is a unique d–metric g(
θ
´
D) = (
h
g,
v
g), with
the ”nonlinear” geodesic distance on V defined
d(u
1
, u
2
) = sup
f∈C(V)

f(u
1
, u
2
)/ | [
θ
´
D, f] |≤ 1
¸
,
for any smooth function f ∈ C(V).
2. An almost K¨ahler model of N–anholonomic manifold V
is a spin N–anholonomic space, for which the operators
θ
´
D
/
satisfying the condition g(
θ
´
D
/
) = g(
θ
´
D) (and
canonically derived almost K¨ahler spaces with
L
θ(
θ
´
D
/
) =
L
θ(
θ
´
D)) define an union of affine spaces
identified by the d–spinor structures on V.
3. The functional o(
θ
´
D)
.
=

[
θ
´
D[
−n−n+2
defines a
quadratic d–form with (n + n)–splitting for every affine
space which is minimal for
θ
´
D =
θ
←−
D as the canonical
almost K¨ahler Dirac d–operator corresponding to the
d–spin structure with the minimum proportional to the
Einstein–Hilbert action constructed for the canonical
Cartan/ normal d–connection with the d–scalar
curvature
s
θ
R,
o(
θ
←−
D) = −
n −1
12

V
s
θ
R

h
g

v
h dx
1
...dx
n
δy
n+1
...δy
n+n
.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
14/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Spectral almost K¨ahler flows and Perelmans functls
Family of generalized d–operators
θ
T
2
(χ) = −[
I
2
L
θ
αβ
(χ)[
L
e
α
(χ)
L
e
β
(χ) −
L
e
β
(χ)
L
e
α
(χ)] + A
ν
(χ)
L
e
ν
(χ) + B(χ)],
real flow parameter χ ∈ [0, χ
0
) and, for any fixed values
of this parameter, the matrices A
ν
(χ) and B(χ) are
determined by operators
θ
D(χ) induced by metric
compatible d–connections
θ
D(χ); for the Cartan/ normal
d–connection, we have to put ”hats” on symbols and
write
θ
´
T
2
,
´
A
ν
and
´
B. We introduce functionals
T = Tr

1
f (χ)(
1
φ
T
2
(χ)/Λ
2
)

·
¸
k≥0
1
f
(k)
(χ)
1
a
(k)
(
1
φ
T
2
(χ)/Λ
2
)
¼ =
2
¼+
3
¼,
for
e
¼ = Tr

e
f(χ)(
e
φ
T
2
(χ)/Λ
2
)

=
¸
k≥0
e
f
(k)
(χ)
e
a
(k)
(
e
φ
T
2
(χ)/Λ
2
),
cutting parameter Λ
2
for both cases e = 2, 3. Functions
b
f, with label b taking values 1, 2, 3.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
15/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
The coefficients can be computed as ”N–adapted” Seeley
– de Witt coefficients.
Theorem: For the scaling factor
1
φ = −f/2, the first
spectral functional T =
P
T(
L
θ,
θ
D, f) can be
approximated as the first Perelman functional (in our case
for N–anholonomic Ricci flows) is
P
T =

V
δV e
−f
[
θ
s
R(e
−f L
θ
µν
) +
3
2
e
f L
θ
αβ
(
L
e
α
f
L
e
β
f −
L
e
β
f
L
e
α
f)].
Theorem: 2d spectr.funct. ¼ =
P
¼(
L
θ,
θ
D, f) is
approximated as the second Perelman functional
P
¼ =

V
δV µ [χ(
θ
s
R(e
−f L
θ
µν
) +
3
2
e
f L
θ
αβ
(
L
e
α
f
L
e
β
f −
L
e
β
f
L
e
α
f)) + f −2],
for scaling
2
φ = −f/2 in
2
¼,
3
φ = (ln [f −2[ −f)/2
in
3
¼.
Conclusion: The Ricci flow theory of almost K¨ahler –
Finsler/ -Lagrange / -Einstein spaces can be extracted
from noncommutative geometry.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
16/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
V. Ricci Flows of Fedosov–Lagrange Sps
Karabegov–Schlichenmaier appr. & Ricci flows:
L
Λ
αβ
(χ)
L
θ
αβ
(χ) −i
L
g
αβ
(χ)
u = ¦u
α
¦ on V
2n
; (u, z) = (u
α
, z
β
) on T
u
V
2n
, z
β
fiber
Deformation Quantization for running on χ families of
C

(V
2n
)[[v]], formal series on v, coefficients from
C

(V
2n
), on Poisson manifold (V
2n
, ¦, ¦(χ)).
Flows of associative algebras on C

(V
2n
)[[v]], bilinear
operators
r
C(χ), r ≥ 0 on C

(V
2n
), contin. star prod.:
1
f ∗
χ
2
f =

¸
r=0
r
C(
1
f,
2
f) v
r
,
0
C(
1
f,
2
f) =
1
f(χ)
2
f(χ),
1
C(
1
f,
2
f) −
1
C(
2
f,
1
f) = i¦
1
f,
2
f¦,
complex i. Formal Wick product:
a ◦
χ
b (z) exp

i
v
2
L
Λ
αβ
(χ)

2
∂z
α
∂z
β
[1]

a(z)b(z
[1]
) [
z=z
[1]
,
a(v, z, χ) =
¸
r≥0,[¦α¦[≥0
a
r,¦α¦
(u, χ)z
¦α¦
v
r
, multi–index¦α¦
Formal Wick algebra
ˇ
W
u
associated to T
u
V
2n
, u ∈ V
2n
.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
17/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
a. Evolution of Canonical Fedosov–Lagrange opers
Extension of
θ
´
D(χ) = ¦
θ
´
Γ
γ
αβ
(χ)¦ on
ˇ
¼ ⊗Λ,
χ
´
D(a ⊗λ)

L
e
α
(a) −u
β θ
´
Γ
γ
αβ
z
L
e
γ
(a)

⊗(
L
e
α
∧ λ) + a ⊗dλ
Definition: Fedosov evolution d–operators
χ
ˇ
δ,
χ
ˇ
δ
−1
,
χ
ˇ
δ(a) =
L
e
α

z L
e
α
(a),
χ
ˇ
δ
−1
(a) =

i
p+q
z
α L
e
α
(a), if p + q > 0,
0, if p = q = 0.
Proposition: The Ricci flow evolution of torsion and
curvature of
χ
´
D are computed
z
χ
´
T
z
γ
2
L
θ
γτ
(χ)
L
´
T
τ
αβ
(u, χ)
L
e
α
(χ) ∧
L
e
β
(χ),
z
χ
´
1
z
γ
z
ϕ
4
L
θ
γτ
(χ)
L
´
R
τ
ϕαβ
(u, χ)
L
e
α
(χ) ∧
L
e
β
(χ)
Theorem: Under Ricci–Fedosov flows, the properties

χ
´
D,
χ
ˇ
δ

=
i
v
ad
Wick
(
z
χ
´
T )
χ
´
D
2
= −
i
v
ad
Wick
(
z
χ
´
1),
hold, [, ] are deg
a
–graded commutrs of endomorphisms of
ˇ
¼ ⊗Λ(χ) and ad
Wick
are defined via deg
a
–graded
commutators in

ˇ
¼ ⊗Λ(χ), ◦
χ

.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
18/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Fedosov theorms & Ricci flows of normal d–connects
Theorem: Under Ricci–Fedosov evolution, any (pseudo)
Riemanian / Lagrange metric
L
g defines a flat normal
Fedosov d–connection (for simplicity, we omit χ–labels)
´
T −
ˇ
δ +
´
D−
i
v
ad
Wick
(r)
satisfying the condition
´
T
2
= 0, where the unique element
r ∈
ˇ
¼ ⊗Λ, deg
a
(r) = 1,
ˇ
δ
−1
r = 0, solves the equation
ˇ
δr =
´
T +
´
1+
´
Dr −
i
v
r ◦ r
and this element can be computed recursively ∀χ with
respect to the total degree Deg as follows:
r
(0)
= r
(1)
= 0, r
(2)
=
ˇ
δ
−1
´
T ,
r
(3)
=
ˇ
δ
−1

´
1+
´
Dr
(2)

i
v
r
(2)
◦ r
(2)

,
r
(k+3)
=
ˇ
δ
−1

´
Dr
(k+2)

i
v
k
¸
l=0
r
(l+2)
◦ r
(l+2)

, k ≥ 1,
where a
(k)
are the Deg–homogeneous components of
degree k of an element a ∈
ˇ
¼ ⊗Λ,
ˇ
¼ is the sheaf of
smooth sections of
ˇ
W.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
19/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Theorem–Definition: The Ricci–Fedosov evolution of
star–product is defined/ computed on C

(V
2n
)[[v]],
1
f ∗
χ
2
f σ(τ(
1
f(χ))) ◦
χ
σ(τ(
2
f(χ))), proj.
σ :
ˇ
¼
´
T(χ)
→C

(V
2n
)[[v]] onto the part of deg
s
–degree
zero are bijections; inver.maps τ : C

(V
2n
)[[v]] →
ˇ
¼
´
T(χ)
calculated recurs. w.r.t. the total degree Deg,
τ(f)
(0)
= f and, for k ≥ 0, τ(f)
(k+1)
=
ˇ
δ
−1
(
´
Dτ(f)
(k)

i
v
k
¸
l=0
ad
Wick
(r
(l+2)
)(τ(f)
(k−l)
)).
The evolution of normalized ∗
χ
is characterized by Ricci
flows of equivalence class c
0
(∗
χ
) [
χ
ˇ κ] for flows of a
unique 2–form computed
χ
ˇ κ =
= −
i
8
J
α
/
τ
(χ)
L
´
1
τ
α
/
(χ) −
i
6
d

J
α
/
τ
(χ)
L
´
T
τ
α
/
β
(χ)
L
e
β
(χ)

and the evolution of closed Chern–Weyl d–form
χ
ˇ γ = −
1
4
J
α
/
τ
(χ)
L
´
1
τ
α
/
(χ) for the canonical class
χ
ˇ ε [
χ
ˇ γ] proving:
Theorem: The Ricci–Fedosov evolution is characterized
by the evolution of zero–degree cohomology coefficient
c
0
(∗
χ
) for the almost K¨ahler models of Einstein–Lagrange
spaces determined by respective flows of d–tensors
L
g(χ)
which is computed c
0
(∗
χ
) = −(1/2i)
χ
ˇ ε.
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
20/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
Three important arguments for Finsler gravity and almost K¨ahler variables:
Almost K¨ahler / Einstein–Finsler Gravity/ Flows
a. Quantum gravity – Einstein–Finsler geometry
1. Unified geometric formalism for classical/quantum,
(non) commutative mechanics/ gravity/ gauge theories
and Ricci flows – nonholonomic almost K¨ahler strs.
2. Einstein eqs in models of gravity, in almost K¨ahler –
Finsler variables: a) integrated in ”general” forms;
b) quantized following Fedosov/ A–brane / nonholonomic
Ashtekar / gauge (bi–connection, perturbative) formalism.
3. Nonlinear dispersion relations from any QG model result
in Finsler type metrics with velocitiy/momentum variables.
ds
2
= η
ij
dx
i
dx
j
= −(dx
1
)
2
+(dx
2
)
2
+(dx
3
)
2
+(dx
4
)
2
= 0
The light velocity c, in x
1
= ct; light ray x
i
(ς), vector
field y
i
(ς) = dx
i
/dς, dτ = dt/dς, c
2
= g
´
i
´
j
(x
i
)y
´
i
y
´
j

2
.
In anisotropic media (and/or modeling spacetime as a
classical/quantum ether model) c
2
=
ˇ
F
2
(y
´
j
)/τ
2
,
ˇ
F
2
(y
´
j
) ≈

η
´
i
´
j
y
´
i
y
´
j

r
+ q
´
i
1
´
i
2
...
´
i
2r
y
´
i
1
...y
´
i
2r
,
ω
2
= c
2
[g
´
i
´
j
k
´
i
k
´
j
]
2
(1 −
1
r
q
´
i
1
´
i
2
...
´
i
2r
k
´
i
1
...k
´
i
2r
[g
´
i
´
j
k
´
i
k
´
j
]
2r
)
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
21/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
b. Deform. quant. of Einstein gravity
How to encode Einstein /Ricci flow eqs in Def. Quant.?
Theorem: The field/evolution equations in
Einstein–Finsler gravity/ nonholonomic Ricci flow theory
can be represented as 3–form equations

αβγτ

L
e
α

θ
1
βγ
+ λ
L
e
α

L
e
β

L
e
γ

= 8πGT
τ
T
τ
=
m
T
τ
+
Z
T
τ
,
m
T
τ
=
m
T
α
τ

αβγδ
du
β
∧ du
γ
∧ du
δ
,
Z
T
τ
= (8πG)
−1
Z
α
τ
(χ)
αβγδ
du
β
∧ du
γ
∧ du
δ
,
stationary conf. being equivalent to Einstein eqs for ∇,

R
α
β

1
2
(
s

R + λ)e
α
β
= 8πG
m
T
α
β
.
θ
g
D =
g
∇+
θ
g
Z → in deformation of curvature 2–form
´
1
τ
γ
=

1
τ
γ

´
Z
τ
γ
(χ).
Theorem: The evolution of zero–degree cohomology
coefficient c
0
(∗
χ
) (the Chern–Weyl form) for the almost
K¨ahler model of an Einstein space is c
0
(∗
χ
) = −(1/2i) ˇ ε,
for ˇ ε [ˇ γ], ˇ γ(χ) =
1
4
J
τα

−λ
L
e
τ

L
e
α
+
L
´
Z
τα
(χ)

.
Corollary: In almost K¨ahler Lagrange–Finsler variables,
the quantum field/evolution equations corresponding to
Ricci flows of Einstein’s general relativity are
L
e
α
∧ ˇ γ = 2πG
αβγτ
J
βγ
L
´
T
τ

λ
4
J
βγ
L
e
α

L
e
β

L
e
γ
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
22/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty
Ricci Flows, Noncommutative Lagrange & Deform. Quantization
VI. Conclusions and Perspectives
'
&
$
%
Fedosov(EF)
Nonholonomic Fedosov–Einstein spaces
Fedosov–Finsler geometry
Algebraic Index Theorems
for EF–spaces &
Classiffication of exact solutions
Noncommutative Deformation
Geometry & spectral actions
Ricci–Fedosov evolution: deformed
Perelman(spectral) functionals
Dirac (Fedosov, EF)
N–anholonomic: Clifford bundles,
aK–spinors, aK–Dirac d–operators
N–adapted Ricci–Fedosov flows
Deformed nonholonomic
geometic evolution
NCG [Dirac (Fedosov, EF)]
noncommutative deformed
(nonholonomic) geometry
NCG Ricci–Fedosov flows:
Ricci–Finsler evolution of
noncommutative deformed
geometries/ gravity models
c c
c
d
d
d

©
E
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e

¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
Figure 1:
c ( Sergiu I. Vacaru, 2010
23/ 23
100720˙trsp˙ist˙ikeda˙vacaru.tex
rayslides.sty