APPLIED TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE

Training Rocket Scientists Since 1984
Volume 103 Valid through April 2011

Space & Satellite Radar, Missiles & Defense Systems Engineering & Project Management Engineering & Communications

Applied Technology Institute
349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140-1433 Tel 410-956-8805 • Fax 410-956-5785 Toll Free 1-888-501-2100

www.ATIcourses.com
Technical and Training Professionals, Now is the time to think about bringing an ATI course to your site! If there are 8 or more people who are interested in a course, you save money if we bring the course to you. If you have 15 or more students, you save over 50% compared to a public course. This catalog includes upcoming open enrollment dates for many courses. We can teach any of them at your location. Our website, www.ATIcourses.com, lists over 50 additional courses that we offer. For 24 years, the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) has earned the TRUST of training departments nationwide. We have presented “on-site” training at all major DoD facilities and NASA centers, and for a large number of their contractors. Since 1984, we have emphasized the big picture systems engineering perspective in: - Defense Topics - Engineering & Data Analysis - Sonar & Acoustic Engineering - Space & Satellite Systems - Systems Engineering with instructors who love to teach! We are constantly adding new topics to our list of courses - please call if you have a scientific or engineering training requirement that is not listed. We would love to send you a quote for an onsite course! For “onsite” presentations, we can tailor the course, combine course topics for audience relevance, and develop new or specialized courses to meet your objectives. Regards,

P.S.

We can help you arrange “on-site” courses with your training department. Give us a call.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

2 – Vol. 103

Table of Contents
Defense, Missiles, & Radar Advanced Developments in Radar Technology NEW! Sep 28-30, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mar 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Combat Systems Engineering NEW! Nov 16-18, 2010 • Washington, DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Electronic Warfare Overview Aug 19-20, 2010 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Electronic Protection and Electronic Attack Oct 12-14, 2010 • Rome, New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Nov 16-18, 2010 • Washington DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 ELINT Interception and Analysis 101 Sep 22, 2010 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 EW / ELINT Receivers Oct 5-7, 2010 • Rome, New York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Nov 9-11, 2010 • Washington DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Explosives Technology & Modeling Oct 4-7, 2010 • Santa Fe, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Oct 4-5, 2010 • Reston, Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Oct 7-8, 2010 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Fundamentals of Radar Technology Sep 14-16, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Feb 15-17, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Fundamentals of Rockets & Missiles Oct 12-14, 2010 • Las Vegas, Nevada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Feb 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Modern Missile Analysis Apr 4-7, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Multi-Target Tracking and Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Feb 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Propagation Effects of Radar Apr 5-7, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Radar Systems Design & Engineering Mar 1-4, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Rocket Propulsion 101 Feb 14-16, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Advanced Oct 27-28, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Feb 10-11, 2011 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Fundamentals Oct 25-26, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Feb 8-9, 2011 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Tactical Missile Design - Integration Sep 27-29, 2010 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Apr 12-14, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Unmanned Aircraft Systems & Applications NEW! Nov 9, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Mar 1, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Systems Engineering & Project Management Applied Systems Engineering Oct 18-21, 2010 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Architecting with DODAF NEW! Nov 9-10, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 CSEP Preparation NEW! Aug 9-10, 2010 • Seattle, Washington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Sep 15-16, 2010 • Chantilly, Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Nov 12-13, 2010 • Orlando, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Dec 9-10, 2010 • Los Angeles, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 CSEP Acquisition Preparation NEW! Sep 17, 2010 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Sep 13-14, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Feb 15-16, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Modern Requirements Verification Sep 29-30, 2010 • Arlington, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Principles of Test & Evaluation Feb 17-18, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Mar 15-16, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Risk & Opportunities Management NEW! Aug 11-13, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Mar 8-10, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Systems Engineering - Requirements NEW! Jan 11-13, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Mar 22-24, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Systems of Systems Dec 6-8, 2010 • Los Angeles, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Apr 19-21, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Test Design & Analysis Feb 7-9, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Total Systems Engineering Development Jan 31-Feb 3, 2011 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Mar 1-4, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Engineering & Communications Antenna & Array Fundamentals NEW! Nov 16-18, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Mar 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples NEW! Aug 23-24, 2010 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Feb 8-9, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Grounding and Shielding for EMC Nov 9-11, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Feb 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Apr 26-28, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Introduction to EMI/EMC Mar 1-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Signal & Image Processing & Analysis NEW! Dec 14-16, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach Feb 22-24, 2011 • San Diego, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Space & Satellite Systems Courses Advanced Satellite Communications Systems Jan 25-27, 2011 • Cocoa Beach, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Attitude Determination & Control Feb 28-Mar 3, 2011 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Communications Payload Design - Satellite System Architecture NEW! Nov 16-18, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Apr 5-7, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Fundamentals of Orbital & Launch Mechanics NEW! Sep 13-16, 2010 • Manhattan Beach, California. . . . . . . . . . 43 Jan 10-13, 2011 • Cape Canaveral, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Mar 7-10, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Fundamentals of Space Missions Aug 3-5, 2010 • Los Angeles, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 GPS Technology Aug 23-26, 2010 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Oct 25-28, 2010 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Mar 14-17, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Ground Systems Design & Operation Sep 27-29, 2010 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Hyperspectral & Multi-spectral Imaging Sep 21-23, 2010 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Mar 8-10, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 IP Networking Over Satellite Nov 16-18, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Remote Sensing Information Extraction Mar 15-17, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Satellite Communicatons - An Essential Introduction Sep 21-23, 2010 • Los Angeles, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Dec 14-16, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Mar 8-10, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Satellite Communication Systems Engineering Sep 14-16, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Dec 7-9, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Mar 15-17, 2011 • Boulder, Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Satellite Design & Technology Oct 25-28, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Apr 25-28, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Satellie Laser Communications NEW! Feb 8-10, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Satellite RF Communications & Onboard Processing Apr 12-14, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Solid Rocket Motor Design and Applications Apr 19-21, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Space Environment Feb 1-2, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Space Mission Analysis & Design NEW! Oct 19-21, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Space-Based Laser Systems Mar 23-24, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Space-Based Radar Mar 7-11, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Spacecraft Quality Assurance, Integration & Testing Mar 23-24, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Spacecraft Systems Integration & Testing Dec 6-9, 2010 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Apr 18-21, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Spacecraft Thermal Control Mar 2-3, 2011 • Beltsville, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Topics for On-site Courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Popular “On-site” Topics & Ways to Register. . . . . . . . . . 64 Vol. 103 – 3

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Advanced Developments in Radar Technology
Sept 28-30, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

March 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

NEW!
Course Outline
1. Introduction and Background. • The nature of radar and the physics involved. • Concepts and tools required, briefly reviewed. • Directions taken in radar development and the technological advances permitting them. • Further concepts and tools, more elaborate. 2. Advanced Signal Processing. • Review of developments in pulse compression (matched filter theory, modulation techniques, the search for optimality) and in Doppler processing (principles, "coherent" radar, vector processing, digital techniques); establishing resolution in time (range) and in frequency (Doppler). • Recent considerations in hybrid coding, shaping the ambiguity function. • Target inference. Use of high range and high Doppler resolution: example and experimental results. 3. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). • Fundamentals reviewed, 2-D and 3-D SAR, example image. • Developments in image enhancement. The dangerous point-scatterer assumption. Autofocusing methods in SAR, ISAR imaging. The ground moving target problem. • Polarimetry and its application in SAR. Review of polarimetry theory. Polarimetric filtering: the whitening filter, the matched filter. Polarimetric-dependent phase unwrapping in 3D IFSAR. • Image interpretation: target recognition processes reviewed. 4. A "Radar Revolution" - the Phased Array. • The all-important antenna. General antenna theory, quickly reviewed. Sidelobe concerns, suppression techniques. Ultra-low sidelobe design. • The phased array. Electronic scanning, methods, typical componentry. Behavior with scanning, the impedance problem and matching methods. The problem of bandwidth; time-delay steering. Adaptive patterns, adaptivity theory and practice. Digital beam forming. The "active" array. • Phased array radar, system considerations. 5. Advanced Data Processing. • Detection in clutter, threshold control schemes, CFAR. • Background analysis: clutter statistics, parameter estimation, clutter as a compound process. • Association, contacts to tracks. • Track estimation, filtering, adaptivity, multiple hypothesis testing. • Integration: multi-radar, multi-sensor data fusion, in both detection and tracking, greater use of supplemental data, augmenting the radar processing. 6. Other Topics. • Bistatics, the resurgent interest. Review of the basics of bistatic radar, challenges, early experiences. New opportunities: space; terrestrial. Achievements reported. • Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP), airborne radar emphasis. • Ultra-wideband short pulse radar, various claims (wellfounded and not); an example UWB SAR system for good purpose. • Concluding discussion, course review.

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course provides students who already have a basic understanding of radar a valuable extension into the newer capabilities being continuously pursued in our fast-moving field. While the course begins with a quick review of fundamentals - this to establish a common base for the instruction to follow - it is best suited for the student who has taken one of the several basic radar courses available. In each topic, the method of instruction is first to establish firmly the underlying principle and only then are the current achievements and challenges addressed. Treated are such topics as pulse compression in which matched filter theory, resolution and broadband pulse modulation are briefly reviewed, and then the latest code optimality searches and hybrid coding and code-variable pulse bursts are explored. Similarly, radar polarimetry is reviewed in principle, then the application to image processing (as in Synthetic Aperture Radar work) is covered. Doppler processing and its application to SAR imaging itself, then 3D SAR, the moving target problem and other target signature work are also treated this way. Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) is introduced; the resurgent interest in bistatic radar is discussed. The most ample current literature (conferences and journals) is used in this course, directing the student to valuable material for further study. Instruction follows the student notebook provided.

Instructor
Bob Hill received his BS degree from Iowa State University and the MS from the University of Maryland, both in electrical engineering. After spending a year in microwave work with an electronics firm in Virginia, he was then a ground electronics officer in the U.S. Air Force and began his civil service career with the U.S. Navy . He managed the development of the phased array radar of the Navy’s AEGIS system through its introduction to the fleet. Later in his career he directed the development, acquisition and support of all surveillance radars of the surface navy. Mr. Hill is a Fellow of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished lecturer”, a member of its Radar Systems Panel and previously a member of its Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society Board of Governors for many years. He established and chaired through 1990 the IEEE’s series of international radar conferences and remains on the organizing committee of these, and works with the several other nations cooperating in that series. He has published numerous conference papers, magazine articles and chapters of books, and is the author of the radar, monopulse radar, airborne radar and synthetic aperture radar articles in the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology and contributor for radar-related entries of their technical dictionary.
4 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Combat Systems Engineering
November 16-18, 2010
Washington, DC

$1090

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

NEW!
Course Outline

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

The increasing level of combat system integration and communications requirements, coupled with shrinking defense budgets and shorter product life cycles, offers many challenges and opportunities in the design and acquisition of new combat systems. This two-day course teaches the systems engineering discipline that has built some of the modern military’s greatest combat and communications systems, using state-of-the-art systems engineering techniques. It details the decomposition and mapping of war-fighting requirements into combat system functional designs. A step-by-step description of the combat system design process is presented emphasizing the trades made necessary because of growing performance, operational, cost, constraints and ever increasing system complexities. Topics include the fire control loop and its closure by the combat system, human-system interfaces, command and communication systems architectures, autonomous and net-centric operation, induced information exchange requirements, role of communications systems, and multimission capabilities. Engineers, scientists, program managers, and graduate students will find the lessons learned in this course valuable for architecting, integration, and modeling of combat system. Emphasis is given to sound system engineering principles realized through the application of strict processes and controls, thereby avoiding common mistakes. Each attendee will receive a complete set of detailed notes for the class.

Summary

Instructor
Robert Fry worked from 1979 to 2007 at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he was a member of the Principal Professional Staff. He is now working at System Engineering Group (SEG) where he is Corporate Senior Staff and also serves as the company-wide technical advisor. Throughout his career he has been involved in the development of new combat weapon system concepts, development of system requirements, and balancing allocations within the fire control loop between sensing and weapon kinematic capabilities. He has worked on many aspects of the AEGIS combat system including AAW, BMD, AN/SPY-1, and multi-mission requirements development. Missile system development experience includes SM-2, SM-3, SM-6, Patriot, THAAD, HARPOON, AMRAAM, TOMAHAWK, and other missile systems.

What You Will Learn
• The trade-offs and issues for modern combat system design. • How automation and technology will impact future combat system design. • Understanding requirements for joint warfare, netcentric warfare, and open architectures. • Communications system and architectures. • Lessons learned from AEGIS development.

1. Combat System Overview. Combat system characteristics. Functional description for the combat system in terms of the sensor and weapons control, communications, and command and control. Antiair Warfare. Antisurface Warfare. Antisubmarine Warfare. Typical scenarios. 2. Sensors/Weapons. Review of the variety of multi-warfare sensor and weapon suites that are employed by combat systems. The fire control loop is described and engineering examples and tradeoffs are illustrated. 3. Configurations, Equipment, & Computer Programs. Various combinations of system configurations, equipments, and computer programs that constitute existing combat systems. 4. Command & Control. The ship battle organization, operator stations, and humanmachine interfaces and displays. Use of automation and improvements in operator displays and expanded display requirements. Command support requirements, systems, and experiments. Improvements in operator displays and expanded display requirements. 5. Communications. Current and future communications systems employed with combat systems and their relationship to combat system functions and interoperability. Lessons learned in Joint and Coalition operations. Communications in the Gulf War. Future systems JTIDS, Copernicus and imagery. 6. Combat System Development. An overview of the combat system engineering process, operational environment trends that affect system design, limitations of current systems, and proposed future combat system architectures. System tradeoffs. 7. Network Centric Warfare and the Future. Exponential gains in combat system performance as achievable through networking of information and coordination of weaponry. 8. AEGIS Systems Development - A Case Study. Historical development of AEGIS. The major problems and their solution. Systems engineering techniques, controls, and challenges. Approaches for continuing improvements such as open architecture. Applications of principles to your system assignment. Changing Navy missions, threat trends, shifts in the defense budget, and technology growth. Lessons learned during Desert Storm. Requirements to support joint warfare and expeditionary forces.
Vol. 103 – 5

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Electronic Warfare Overview

Summary
This two-day course presents the depth and breadth of modern Electronic Warfare, covering Ground, Sea, Air and Space applications, with simple, easy-to-grasp intuitive principles. Complex mathematics will be eliminated, while the tradeoffs and complexities of current and advanced EW and ELINT systems will be explored. The fundamental principles will be established first and then the many varied applications will be discussed. The attendee will leave this course with an understanding of both the principles and the practical applications of current and evolving electronic warfare technology. This course is designed as an introduction for managers and engineers who need an understanding of the basics. It will provide you with the ability to understand and communicate with others working in the field. A detailed set of notes used in the class will be provided.

August 19-20, 2010
Laurel, Maryland

$990

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Introduction to Electronic Combat. RadarESM-ECM-ECCM-LPI-Stealth (EC-ES-EA-EP). Overview of the Threat. Radar Technology Evolution. EW Technology Evolution. Radar Range Equation. RCS Reduction. Counter-Low Observable (CLO). 2. Vulnerability of Radar Modes. Air Search Radar. Fire Control Radar. Ground Search Radar. Pulse Doppler, MTI, DPCA. Pulse Compression. Range Track. Angle Track. SAR, TF/TA. 3. Vulnerability/Susceptibility of Weapon Systems. Semi Active Missiles. Command Guided Missiles. Active Missiles. TVM. Surface-to-air, air-to-air, air-to-surface. 4. ESM (ES). ESM/ELINT/RWR. Typical ESM Systems. Probability of Intercept. ESM Range Equation. ESM Sensitivity. ESM Receivers. DOA/AOA Measurement. MUSIC / ESPRIT. Passive Ranging. 5. ECM Techniques (EA). Principals of Electronic Attack (EA). Noise Jamming vs. Deception. Repeater vs. Transponder. Sidelobe Jamming vs. Mainlobe Jamming. Synthetic Clutter. VGPO and RGPO. TB and Cross Pol. Chaff and Active Expendables. Decoys. Bistatic Jamming. Power Management, DRFM, high ERP. 6. ECCM (EP). EP Techniques Overview. Offensive vs Defensive ECCM. Leading Edge Tracker. HOJ/AOJ. Adaptive Sidelobe Canceling. STAP. Example RadarES-EA-EP Engagement. 7. EW Systems. Airborne Self Protect Jammer. Airborne Tactical Jamming System. Shipboard SelfDefense System. 8. EW Design Illustration. Walk-thru Design of a Typical ESM/ECM System from an RFP. 9. EW Technology. EW Technology Evolution. Transmitters. Antennas. Receiver / Processing. Advanced EW.

Instructor
Duncan F. O’Mara received a B.S in Biology & Chemistry from Cornell University. He earned a M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. In the Navy, he was commissioned as a Reserve Officer in Surface Warfare at the Officer Candidate School in Newport, RI. Upon retirement, he worked as a Principal Operations Research Analyst with the United States Army at Aberdeen Proving Grounds on a Secretary of Defense Joint Test & Evaluation logistics project that introduced best practices and best processes to the Department of Defense (DoD) combatant commanders world wide, especially the Pacific Command. While his wife was stationed in Italy he was a Visiting Professor in mathematics for U. of Maryland’s University Campus Europe. He is now the IWS Chair at the USNA’s Weapons & Systems Engineering Dept, where he teaches courses in basic weapons systems and linear controls engineering, as well as acting as an advisor for multi-disciplinary senior engineering design projects, and as Academic Advisor to a company of freshman and Systems Engineering majors.
6 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Electronic Protection and Electronic Attack
October 12-14, 2010
Rome, New York Course Outline
1. Basic Principals. • Electronic Warfare Definitions and Terminology. • EA Basic Concepts. • Electronic Support. A key element of EA. • Radar Basics.Need to understand what to Jam! • EA and RADAR Evolution and the changing Threat Scenario. • Modern Radar Trends. • Pulse Environment / Pulse Density. • Modern Radars, Weapons, the Signal Environment & Integrated Weapon Systems. • Target Acquisition and Guidance Techniques / Technologies. • Antenna, Receiver Parameters, Architectures, and Detection. • Handout and Assign Exercises. 2. EA Tactics. • Denial EA (Noise). • Deception EA (False Targets). 3. EA Types. • Noise (Mask) Jammers. • Repeater / Deception Jammers. 4. Basic Noise Jamming Strategies. 5. Basic Noise Jamming Equations. • Noise Techniques. • Search Radar Jamming Process. • Noise EA Analysis Examples. 6. Deception / Repeater Jamming. • Concept and definitions. • Uses of Deception Jammers. • Types of Jammers. 7. Basic J/S Equations. 8. Functional Architectures, Techniques and Waveform Details. • RGPO. • VGPO. • Inverse Gain and SSW. • Doppler Noise. • Polarization Techniques. 9. DRFMs. 10. Off-Board Techniques. • Chaff, Towed and Active Free Flight Decoys. • Formation Jamming. • Terrain Bounce. 11. Electronic Protection Topics 12. J/S Requirements / Combined Techniques. 13. Measures of EA Effectiveness. 14. Threat Weapon System Analysis. 15. Deception of Integrated Threat Weapon System. 16. Communications EA. 17. Infrared Systems, Countermeasures (IRCM) Flares/Decoys. 18. Future Trends: EA / EP/ Radar / Digital Receivers. Vol. 103 – 7

November 16-18, 2010
Washington DC

$1895

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course addresses the key elements of electronic attack (EA) and electronic protection (EP). This includes EA/ECM principles, philosophies, and strategies; basic radar systems and waveforms; the radar range equation and how to manipulate it to derive basic noise and deception jamming equations; electronic attack techniques and waveform generation; electronic protection techniques; threat system analyses; applications to communication and infra-red countermeasures concepts; and testing and evaluation methods and limitations

Instructor
Brian Moore has over 25 years experience in systems engineering in EW, ES / ESM, and ELINT, including electronic attack and radar systems. He has a BSEE from Michigan Technological University and an MSEE from Syracuse University. Mr. Moore has performed system engineering and analysis to integrate new EW technology and techniques with existing systems and platforms throughout his career. In addition, Mr. Moore provides technical inputs to the government for ELINT R&D and provides consulting for EW system architecture and processing, specific emitter identification and tracking, intentional modulation on pulse, signal detection and feature extraction, and wideband / LPI processing. Mr. Moore has performed various EW/ESM systems engineering, analysis, development, integration, and test efforts (INEWS, F-22, A-12, B-2, special projects). Mr. Moore is currently the Senior Vice President and Technical Director for a major research company.

What You Will Learn
• ES, EW, and ELINT receiver architectures and techniques. • Radar range equation, sensitivity, detection, Pd and Pfa. • Direction finding and location. • Electronic attack techniques. • Fundamental ECM principles. • Basic jamming equations and J/S. • Interactions between electronic attack and electronic protection. From this course you will obtain knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals and principals of electronic attack and electronic protection

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

ELINT Interception and Analysis 101

Course Outline

September 22, 2010
Laurel, Maryland

$600

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This one day introductory course covers analysis techniques and limitations of electronic intelligence (ELINT) in inferring radar performance. Each attendee will receive a copy of ELINT: The Interception and Analysis of Radar Signals (by R.G. Wiley, Artech House 2006)

Instructor
Richard G. Wiley, Ph.D., has over 30 years of experience in ELINT/EW, specializing in signal analysis and receivers. He has BS/MSEE degrees from Carnegie-Mellon University and a Ph.D. from Syracuse University. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and has written four books and over twenty technical papers. He has taught continuing education courses for George Washington University,, Research Associates of Syracuse, and the Association of Old Crows in addition to ATI. He served as Chairman of the AOC’s professional Development Committee.. He helped design and provide initial quality control on ELINT and EW databases. He has designed and tested various ELINT receiver and analysis devices and techniques.
8 – Vol. 103

Character and Basics of ELINT. An introduction to ELIT. Radar Fundamentals. Some of the basic radar performance characteristics and relationships. 5. ELINT Range Advantage. 6. How the range equations affect ELINT operations. 7. ERP Analysis. 8. Techniques for inferring the power of the threat emitter. 9. Polarization and Beam Analysis. 10. Antenna Scans. 11. Pulse Shape and Intrapulse Analysis. 12. Basic ideas fori dentification of emitters using pulse shape. 13. PRI Types and Pulse Doppler. 14. Key for both inferring radar performance and identifying threats. 15. PRI Measurements and Deinterleaving. 16. Limitations on PRI accuracy and also on how many pulse trans can be deinterleaved. 17. ELINT Parameter Limits and EW Applications. 18. Explore some of the statistical problems associated withdetermining parameter limits.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Who Should Attend
This seminar explores the fundamentals of analyzing radar signals and their major parameters, opening the door to the world of ELINT. It is suitable for ELINT analysts and managers, along with those who use ELINT information and who must be aware of its limitations as well as its capabilities. The material describes modern radar signals and then shows how ELINT techniques have evolved in response.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

EW / ELINT Receivers
with Digital Signal Processing Techniques

Course Outline
Module 1:
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • Electronic Warfare Overview - ELINT / ESM (ES). Signals and the Electromagnetic Environment. Antenna and Receiver Parameters. Sensitivity, Dynamic Range, TOI, Noise Figure, Inst. BW. Detection Fundamentals - Pd, Pfa, SNR, Effective BW. Receiver Architectures. Crystal Video, IFM, Channelized. Superheterodyne (Narrowband / Wideband). Compressive (Microscan) and Acousto–Optic (Bragg Cell). Receiver Architecture Advantages / Disadvantages. Architectures for Direction Finding. DF and Location Techniques. Amp. Comparison/TDOA/Interferometer. Trends: Wideband, Multi-Function, Digital.

October 5-7, 2010
Rome, New York

November 9-11, 2010
Washington DC

$1895

(8:30am - 4:03pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Module 2:
• Introduction - Digital Processing. • Basic DSP Operations, Sampling Theory, Quantization. • Nyquist (Low-pass, Band-pass). Aliasing, Fourier, ZTransform. • Hilbert Transforms and the Analytic Signal. • Quadrature Demodulation. • Direct Digital Down-conversion (fs/4 and m*fs/4 IF Sampling). • Digital Receiver “Components”. • Signal Conditioning. • (Pre-ADC) and Anti-Aliasing. • Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC). • Demodulators, CORDICs. • Differentiators. • Interpolators, Decimators, Equalizers. • Detection and Measurement Blocks. • Filters (IIR and FIR). • Multi-Rate Filters and DSP. • Clocks, Timing, Synchronization, Formatters & Embedded Processors. • Channelized Architectures: Poly-Phase and others. • Digital Receiver Advantages and Technology Trends. • Digital Receiver Architecture Examples.

Summary
This three-day course addresses digital signal processing theory, methods, techniques and algorithms with practical applications to ELINT. Digitizing, filtering, demodulation, spectral analysis, correlation, parameter measurement, effects of noise and interference, display techniques and additional areas are included. Directed primarily to ELINT/EW engineers and scientists responsible for ELINT digital signal processing system software and hardware design, installation, operation and evaluation, it is also appropriate for those having management or technical responsibility .

Instructor
Brian Moore has over 25 years experience in systems engineering in EW, ES / ESM, and ELINT, including electronic attack and radar systems. He has a BSEE from Michigan Technological University and an MSEE from Syracuse University. Mr. Moore has performed system engineering and analysis to integrate new EW technology and techniques with existing systems and platforms throughout his career. In addition, Mr. Moore provides technical inputs to the government for ELINT R&D and provides consulting for EW system architecture and processing, specific emitter identification and tracking, feature extraction, intentional modulation on pulse, signal detection, and wideband / LPI processing. Mr. Moore has performed various EW/ESM systems engineering, analysis, development, integration, and test efforts (INEWS, F-22, A-12, B-2, special projects). Mr. Moore is currently the Senior Vice President and Technical Director for a major research company.

Module 3:
• Measurement Basics - Error Definitions, Metrics, Averaging. • Statistics and Confidence Levels for System Assessment. • Error Sources & Statistical Distributions of Interest to System Designers. • Parameter Errors due to Noise. • Thermal, Phase & Quantization Noise impacts on key parameters. • Noise Modeling and SNR Estimation. • Parameter Errors for Correlated Samples. • Simultaneous Signal Interference. • A/D Performance, Parameters and Error Sources. • Freq, Phase, Amp Errors due to Quantization – strict derivation. • Combining Errors, Error Sources, Error Propagation and Sample Error Budget. • Performance Assessment Methods. • Receiver Equalization and Characterization.

What You Will Learn
From this course you will obtain the knowledge and understanding of digital signal processing concepts and theories for digital receivers and their applications to EW/ELINT/ES systems while balancing theory with practice. • EW/ELINT receiver techniques and technologies. • Digital Signal Processing Techniques. • Application of DSP techniques to digital receiver development. • Key digital receiver functions and components. • Fundamental performance analysis and error estimating techniques.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Vol. 103 – 9

Explosives Technology and Modeling
October 4-7, 2010
Santa Fe, New Mexico

$1895

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

4 Day Course!
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline Summary
This four-day course is designed for scientists, engineers and managers interested in the current state of explosive and propellant technology. After an introduction to shock waves, the current explosive technology is described. Numerical methods for evaluating explosive and propellant sensitivity to shock waves are described and applied to vulnerability problems such as projectile impact and burning to detonation.

Instructor
Charles L. Mader, Ph.D.,is a retired Fellow of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and President of a consulting company. Dr. Mader authored the monograph Numerical Modeling of Detonation, and also wrote four dynamic material property data volumes published by the University of California Press. His book and CD-ROM entitled Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants, Third Edition, published in 2008 by CRC Press will be the text for the course. He is the author of Numerical Modeling of Water Waves, Second Edition, published in 2004 by CRC Press. He is listed in Who's Who in America and Who's Who in the World. He has consulted and guest lectured for public and private organizations in several countries.

Who Should Attend
This course is suited for scientists, engineers, and managers interested in the current state of explosive and propellant technology, and in the use of numerical modeling to evaluate the performance and vulnerability of explosives and propellants.

What You Will Learn
• • • • What are Shock Waves and Detonation Waves? What makes an Explosive Hazardous? Where Shock Wave and Explosive Data is available. How to model Explosive and Propellant Performance. • How to model Explosive Hazards and Vulnerability. • How to use the furnished explosive performance and hydrodynamic computer codes. • The current state of explosive and propellant technology. From this course you will obtain the knowledge to evaluate explosive performance, hazards and understand the literature.
10 – Vol. 103

1. Shock Waves. Fundamental Shock Wave Hydrodynamics, Shock Hugoniots, Phase Change, Oblique Shock Reflection, Regular and Mach Shock Reflection. 2. Shock Equation of State Data Bases. Shock Hugoniot Data, Shock Wave Profile Data., Radiographic Data, Explosive Performance Data, Aquarium Data, Russian Shock and Explosive Data. 3. Performance of Explosives and Propellants. Steady-State Explosives. Non-Ideal Explosives – Ammonium Salt-Explosive Mixtures, Ammonium Nitrate-Fuel Oil (ANFO) Explosives, Metal Loaded Explosives. Non-Steady State Detonations – BuildUp in Plane, Diverging and Converging Geometry, Chemistry of Build-Up of Detonation. Propellant Performance. 4. Initiation of Detonation. Thermal Initiation, Explosive Hazard Calibration Tests. Shock Initiation of Homogeneous Explosives. Shock Initiation of Heterogeneous Explosives – Hydrodynamic Hot Spot Model, Shock Sensitivity and Effects on Shock Sensitivity of Composition, Particle Size and Temperature. The FOREST FIRE MODEL – Failure Diameter, Corner Turning, Desensitization of Explosives by Preshocking, Projectile Initiation of Explosives, Burning to Detonation. 5. Modeling Hydodynamics on Personal Computers. Numerical Solution of One-Dimensional and Two-Dimensional Lagrangian Reactive Flow, Numerical Solution of Two-Dimensional and ThreeDimensional Eulerian Reactive Flow. 6. Design and Interpretation of Experiments. Plane-Wave Experiments, Explosions in Water, Plate Dent Experiments, Cylinder Test, Jet Penetration of Inerts and Explosives, Plane Wave Lens, Regular and Mach Reflection of Shock and Detonation Waves, Insensitive High Explosive Initiators, Colliding Detonations, Shaped Charge Jet Formation and Target Penetration. 7. NOBEL Code and Proton Radiography. AMR Reactive Hydrodynamic code with models of both Build-up TO and OF Detonation used to model oblique initiation of Insensitive High Explosives, explosive cavity formation in water, meteorite and nuclear explosion generated cavities, Munroe jets, Failure Cones, Hydrovolcanic explosions.

Course Materials
Participants will receive a copy of Numerical Modeling of Explosives and Propellants, Third Edition by Dr. Charles Mader, 2008 CRC Press. In addition, participants will receive an updated CD-ROM.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS

October 4-5, 2010
Reston, Virginia

(U.S. Air Force photo by Tom Reynolds)

October 7-8, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Course Outline
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Introduction to Link 16. Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Documentation Link 16 Enhancements System Characteristics Time Division Multiple Access Network Participation Groups J-Series Messages JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Development Time Slot Components Message Packing and Pulses JTIDS / MIDS Nets and Networks Access Modes JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Synchronization JTIDS / MIDS Network Time Network Roles JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Navigation JTIDS / MIDS Relays Communications Security JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Deconfliction JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Restrictions Time Slot Duty Factor JTIDS / MIDS Terminals

$1500

(8:00am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
The Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS is a comprehensive two-day course designed to give the student a thorough understanding of every aspect of Link 16 both technical and tactical. The course is designed to support both military and industry and does not require any previous experience or exposure to the subject matter. The course comes with one-year follow-on support, which entitles the student to contact the instructor with course related questions for one year after course completion.

Instructors
Patrick Pierson is president of a Tactical Data Link and Network Centric training, consulting, and software development company with offices in the U.S. and U.K. Patrick has more than 23 years of operational experience, and is internationally recognized as a Tactical Data Link subject matter expert. Patrick has designed more than 30 Tactical Data Link training courses and personally trains hundreds of students around the globe every year. Steve Upton, a retired USAF Joint Interface Control Officer (JICO) and former JICO Instructor, is the Director of U.S. Training Operations for NCS, the world’s leading provider of Tactical Data Link Training (TDL). Steve has more than 25 years of operational experience, and is a recognized Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS subject matter expert. Steve’s vast operational experience includes over 5500 hours of flying time on AWACS and JSTARS and scenario developer for dozens of Joint and Coalition exercises at the USAF Distributed Mission Operation Center (DMOC).

What You Will Learn
• The course is designed to enable the student to be able to speak confidently and with authority about all of the subject matter on the right. The course is suitable for: • Operators • Engineers • Consultants • Sales staff • Software Developers • Business Development Managers • Project / Program Managers
Vol. 103 – 11

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Radar Technology
September 14-16, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

February 15-17, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
First Morning – Introduction The basic nature of radar and its applications, military and civil Radiative physics (an exercise); the radar range equation; the statistical nature of detection Electromagnetic waves, constituent fields and vector representation Radar “timing”, general nature, block diagrams, typical characteristics, First Afternoon – Natural Phenomena: Scattering and Propagation. Scattering: Rayleigh point scattering; target fluctuation models; the nature of clutter. Propagation: Earth surface multipath; atmospheric refraction and “ducting”; atmospheric attenuation. Other tools: the decibel, etc. (a dB exercise). Second Morning – Workshop An example radar and performance calculations, with variations. Second Afternoon – Introduction to the Subsystems. Overview: the role, general nature and challenges of each. The Transmitter, basics of power conversion: power supplies, modulators, rf devices (tubes, solid state). The Antenna: basic principle; microwave optics and pattern formation, weighting, sidelobe concerns, sum and difference patterns; introduction to phased arrays. Third Morning – Subsytems Continued: The Receiver and Signal Processor. Receiver: preamplification, conversion, heterodyne operation “image” frequencies and double conversion. Signal processing: pulse compression. Signal processing: Doppler-sensitive processing Airborne radar – the absolute necessity of Doppler processing. Third Afternoon – Subsystems: Control and Interface Apparatus. Automatic detection and constant-false-alarm-rate (CFAR) techniques of threshold control. Automatic tracking: exponential track filters. Multi-radar fusion, briefly Course review, discussion, current topics and community activity. The course is taught from the student notebook supplied, based heavily on the open literature and with adequate references to the most popular of the many textbooks now available. The student’s own note-taking and participation in the exercises will enhance understanding as well.

Summary
A three-day course covering the basics of radar, taught in a manner for true understanding of the fundamentals, even for the complete newcomer. Covered are electromagnetic waves, frequency bands, the natural phenomena of scattering and propagation, radar performance calculations and other tools used in radar work, and a “walk through” of the four principal subsystems – the transmitter, the antenna, the receiver and signal processor, and the control and interface apparatus – covering in each the underlying principle and componentry. A few simple exercises reinforce the student’s understanding. Both surface-based and airborne radars are addressed.

Instructor
Bob Hill received his BS degree from Iowa State University and the MS from the University of Maryland, both in electrical engineering. After spending a year in microwave work with an electronics firm in Virginia, he was then a ground electronics officer in the U.S. Air Force and began his civil service career with the U.S. Navy . He managed the development of the phased array radar of the Navy’s AEGIS system through its introduction to the fleet. Later in his career he directed the development, acquisition and support of all surveillance radars of the surface navy. Mr. Hill is a Fellow of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished lecturer”, a member of its Radar Systems Panel and previously a member of its Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society Board of Governors for many years. He established and chaired through 1990 the IEEE’s series of international radar conferences and remains on the organizing committee of these, and works with the several other nations cooperating in that series. He has published numerous conference papers, magazine articles and chapters of books, and is the author of the radar, monopulse radar, airborne radar and synthetic aperture radar articles in the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology and contributor for radarrelated entries of their technical dictionary.
12 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Rockets and Missiles
October 12-14, 2010
Las Vegas, Nevada Course Outline
1. Introduction to Rockets and Missiles. The Classifications of guided, and unguided, missile systems is introduced. The practical uses of rocket systems as weapons of war, commerce and the peaceful exploration of space are examined. 2. Rocket Propulsion made Simple. How rocket motors and engines operate to achieve thrust. Including Nozzle Theory, are explained. The use of the rocket equation and related Mass Properties metrics are introduced. The flight environments and conditions of rocket vehicles are presented. Staging theory for rockets and missiles are explained. Non-traditional propulsion is addressed. 3. Introduction to Liquid Propellant Performance, Utility and Applications. Propellant performance issues of specific impulse, Bulk density and mixture ratio decisions are examined. Storable propellants for use in space are described. Other propellant Properties, like cryogenic properties, stability, toxicity, compatibility are explored. Mono-Propellants and single propellant systems are introduced. 4. Introducing Solid Rocket Motor Technology. The advantages and disadvantages of solid rocket motors are examined. Solid rocket motor materials, propellant grains and construction are described. Applications for solid rocket motors as weapons and as cost-effective space transportation systems are explored. Hybrid Rocket Systems are explored. 5. Liquid Rocket System Technology. Rocket Engines, from pressure fed to the three main pump-fed cycles, are examined. Engine cooling methods are explored. Other rocket engine and stage elements are described. Control of Liquid Rocket stage steering is presented. Propellant Tanks, Pressurization systems and Cryogenic propellant Management are explained. 6. Foreign vs. American Rocket Technology and Design. How the former Soviet aerospace system diverged from the American systems, where the Russians came out ahead, and what we can learn from the differences. Contrasts between the Russian and American Design philosophy are observed to provide lessons for future design. Foreign competition from the end of the Cold War to the foreseeable future is explored. 7. Rockets in Spacecraft Propulsion. The difference between launch vehicle booster systems, and that found on spacecraft, satellites and transfer stages, is examined The use of storable and hypergolic propellants in space vehicles is explained. Operation of rocket systems in micro-gravity is studied. 8. Rockets Launch Sites and Operations. Launch Locations in the USA and Russia are examined for the reason the locations have been chosen. The considerations taken in the selection of launch sites are explored. The operations of launch sites in a more efficient manner, is examined for future systems. 9. Rockets as Commercial Ventures. Launch Vehicles as American commercial ventures are examined, including the motivation for commercialization. The Commercial Launch Vehicle market is explored. 10. Useful Orbits and Trajectories Made Simple. The student is introduced to simplified and abbreviated orbital mechanics. Orbital changes using Delta-V to alter an orbit, and the use of transfer orbits, are explored. Special orbits like geostationary, sun synchronous and Molnya are presented. Ballistic Missile trajectories and re-entry penetration is examined. 11. Reliability and Safety of Rocket Systems. Introduction to the issues of safety and reliability of rocket and missile systems is presented. The hazards of rocket operations, and mitigation of the problems, are explored. The theories and realistic practices of understanding failures within rocket systems, and strategies to improve reliability, is discussed. 12. Expendable Launch Vehicle Theory, Performance and Uses. The theory of Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) dominance over alternative Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLV) is explored. The controversy over simplification of liquid systems as a cost effective strategy is addressed. 13. Reusable Launch Vehicle Theory and Performance. The student is provided with an appreciation and understanding of why Reusable Launch Vehicles have had difficulty replacing expendable launch vehicles. Classification of reusable launch vehicle stages is introduced. The extra elements required to bring stages safely back to the starting line is explored. Strategies to make better RLV systems are presented. 14. The Direction of Technology. A final open discussion regarding the direction of rocket technology, science, usage and regulations of rockets and missiles is conducted to close out the class study.

February 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This course provides an overview of rockets and missiles for government and industry officials with limited technical experience in rockets and missiles. The course provides a practical foundation of knowledge in rocket and missile issues and technologies. The seminar is designed for engineers, technical personnel, military specialist, decision makers and managers of current and future projects needing a more complete understanding of the complex issues of rocket and missile technology The seminar provides a solid foundation in the issues that must be decided in the use, operation and development of rocket systems of the future. You will learn a wide spectrum of problems, solutions and choices in the technology of rockets and missile used for military and civil purposes. Attendees will receive a complete set of printed notes. These notes will be an excellent future reference for current trends in the state-of-the-art in rocket and missile technology and decision making.

Instructor
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in integration of launch vehicle technology, design, modeling and business strategies. He is currently an independent consultant, writer and teacher of rocket system technology. He is experienced in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, safety and reliability. He also has 13-years of government experience including five years working launch operations at Vandenberg AFB. Mr. Keith has written over 20 technical papers on various aspects of low cost space transportation over the last two decades.

Who Should Attend
• Aerospace Industry Managers. • Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of rocket or missile projects. • Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket and missile projects. • Contractors or investors involved in missile development. • Military Professionals.

What You Will Learn
• Fundamentals of rocket and missile systems. • The spectrum of rocket uses and technologies. • Differences in technology between foreign and domestic rocket systems. • Fundamentals and uses of solid and liquid rocket systems. • Differences between systems built as weapons and those built for commerce.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Vol. 103 – 13

Modern Missile Analysis
Propulsion, Guidance, Control, Seekers, and Technology

April 4-7, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1790

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This 4-day course presents a broad introduction to major missile subsystems and their integrated performance, explained in practical terms, but including relevant analytical methods. While emphasis is on today’s homing missiles and future trends, the course includes a historical perspective of relevant older missiles. Both endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missiles (missiles that operate in the atmosphere and in space) are addressed. Missile propulsion, guidance, control, and seekers are covered, and their roles and interactions in integrated missile operation are explained. The types and applications of missile simulation and testing are presented. Comparisons of autopilot designs, guidance approaches, seeker alternatives, and instrumentation for various purposes are presented. The course is recommended for analysts, engineers, and technical managers who want to broaden their understanding of modern missiles and missile systems. The analytical descriptions require some technical background, but practical explanations can be appreciated by all students.

Course Outline
1. Introduction. Brief history of missiles. Types of guided missiles. Introduction to ballistic missile defense. Endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missile operation. Missile basing. Missile subsystems overview. Warheads, lethality and hit-to-kill. Power and power conditioning. 2. Missile Propulsion. The rocket equation. Solid and liquid propulsion. Single stage and multistage boosters. Ramjets and scramjets. Axial propulsion. Divert and attitude control systems. Effects of gravity and atmospheric drag. 3. Missile Airframes, Autopilots and Control. Phases of missile flight. Purpose and functions of autopilots. Missile control configurations. Autopilot design. Open-loop autopilots. Inertial instruments and feedback. Autopilot response, stability, and agility. Body modes and rate saturation. Roll control and induced roll in high performance missiles. Radomes and their effects on missile control. Adaptive autopilots. Rolling airframe missiles. 4. Exoatmospheric Missiles for Ballistic Missile Defense. Exoatmospheric missile autopilots, propulsion and attitude control. Pulse width modulation. Exoatmospheric missile autopilots. Limit cycles. 5. Missile Guidance. Seeker types and operation for endo- and exo-atmospheric missiles. Passive, active and semi active missile guidance. Radar basics and radar seekers. Passive sensing basics and passive seekers. Scanning seekers and focal plane arrays. Seeker comparisons and tradeoffs for different missions. Signal processing and noise reduction 6. Missile Seekers. Boost and midcourse guidance. Zero effort miss. Proportional navigation and augmented proportional navigation. Biased proportional navigation. Predictive guidance. Optimum homing guidance. Guidance filters. Homing guidance examples and simulation results. Miss distance comparisons with different homing guidance laws. Sources of miss and miss reduction. Beam rider, pure pursuit, and deviated pursuit guidance. 7. Simulation and its applications. Current simulation capabilities and future trends. Hardware in the loop. Types of missile testing and their uses, advantages and disadvantages of testing alternatives.

Instructor
Dr. Walter R. Dyer is a graduate of UCLA, with a Ph.D. degree in Control Systems Engineering and Applied Mathematics. He has over thirty years of industry, government and academic experience in the analysis and design of tactical and strategic missiles. His experience includes Standard Missile, Stinger, AMRAAM, HARM, MX, Small ICBM, and ballistic missile defense. He is currently a Senior Staff Member at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and was formerly the Chief Technologist at the Missile Defense Agency in Washington, DC. He has authored numerous industry and government reports and published prominent papers on missile technology. He has also taught university courses in engineering at both the graduate and undergraduate levels.

What You Will Learn
You will gain an understanding of the design and analysis of homing missiles and the integrated performance of their subsystems. • Missile propulsion and control in the atmosphere and in space. • Clear explanation of homing guidance. • Types of missile seekers and how they work. • Missile testing and simulation. • Latest developments and future trends. 14 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Multi-Target Tracking and Multi-Sensor Data Fusion
February 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

d With Revise Added y Newl ics Top
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Course Outline
Introduction. The Kalman Filter. Other Linear Filters. Non-Linear Filters. Angle-Only Tracking. Maneuvering Targets: Adaptive Techniques. Maneuvering Targets: Multiple Model Approaches. 8. Single Target Correlation & Association. 9. Track Initiation, Confirmation & Deletion. 10. Using Measured Range Rate (Doppler). 11. Multitarget Correlation & Association. 12. Probabilistic Data Association. 13. Multiple Hypothesis Approaches. 14. Coordinate Conversions. 15. Multiple Sensors. 16. Data Fusion Architectures. 17. Fusion of Data From Multiple Radars. 18. Fusion of Data From Multiple Angle-Only Sensors. 19. Fusion of Data From Radar and Angle-Only Sensor. 20. Sensor Alignment. 21. Fusion of Target Type and Attribute Data. 22. Performance Metrics.

Summary
The objective of this course is to introduce engineers, scientists, managers and military operations personnel to the fields of target tracking and data fusion, and to the key technologies which are available today for application to this field. The course is designed to be rigorous where appropriate, while remaining accessible to students without a specific scientific background in this field. The course will start from the fundamentals and move to more advanced concepts. This course will identify and characterize the principle components of typical tracking systems. A variety of techniques for addressing different aspects of the data fusion problem will be described. Real world examples will be used to emphasize the applicability of some of the algorithms. Specific illustrative examples will be used to show the tradeoffs and systems issues between the application of different techniques.

Instructor
Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff at the Johns Hopkins Univeristy Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, and radar systems analysis and design for the Navy,Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA. Recent work has included the integration of a new radar into an existing multisensor system and in the integration, using a multiple hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and ESM sensors. Previous experience has included analysis and design of multiradar fusion systems, integration of shipboard sensors including radar, IR and ESM, integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-ofarrival sensors with GPS data sources.

What You Will Learn
• State Estimation Techniques – Kalman Filter, constant-gain filters. • Non-linear filtering – When is it needed? Extended Kalman Filter. • Techniques for angle-only tracking. • Tracking algorithms, their advantages and limitations, including: - Nearest Neighbor - Probabilistic Data Association - Multiple Hypothesis Tracking - Interactive Multiple Model (IMM) • How to handle maneuvering targets. • Track initiation – recursive and batch approaches. • Architectures for sensor fusion. • Sensor alignment – Why do we need it and how do we do it? • Attribute Fusion, including Bayesian methods, Dempster-Shafer, Fuzzy Logic.
Vol. 103 – 15

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Propagation Effects of Radar and Communication Systems
Course Outline
1. Fundamental Propagation Phenomena. Introduction to basic propagation concepts including reflection, refraction, diffraction and absorption. 2. Propagation in a Standard Atmosphere. Introduction to the troposphere and its constituents. Discussion of ray propagation in simple atmospheric conditions and explanation of effective-earth radius concept. 3. Non-Standard (Anomalous) Propagation. Definition of subrefraction, supperrefraction and various types of ducting conditions. Discussion of meteorological processes giving rise to these different refractive conditions. 4. Atmospheric Measurement / Sensing Techniques. Discussion of methods used to determine atmospheric refractivity with descriptions of different types of sensors such as balloonsondes, rocketsondes, instrumented aircraft and remote sensors. 5. Quantitative Prediction of Propagation Factor or Propagation Loss. Various methods, current and historical for calculating propagation are described. Several models such as EREPS, RPO, TPEM, TEMPER and APM are examined and contrasted. 6. Propagation Impacts on System Performance. General discussions of enhancements and degradations for communications, radar and weapon systems are presented. Effects covered include radar detection, track continuity, monopulse tracking accuracy, radar clutter, and communication interference and connectivity. 7. Degradation of Propagation in the Troposphere. An overview of the contributors to attenuation in the troposphere for terrestrial and earthsatellite communication scenarios. 8. Attenuation Due to the Gaseous Atmosphere. Methods for determining attenuation coefficient and path attenuation using ITU-R models. 9. Attenuation Due to Precipitation. Attenuation coefficients and path attenuation and their dependence on rain rate. Earth-satellite rain attenuation statistics from which system fade-margins may be designed. ITU-R estimation methods for determining rain attenuation statistics at variable frequencies. 10. Ionospheric Effects at Microwave Frequencies. Description and formulation for Faraday rotation, time delay, range error effects, absorption, dispersion and scintillation. 11. Scattering from Distributed Targets. Received power and propagation factor for bistatic and monostatic scenarios from atmosphere containing rain or turbulent refractivity. 12. Line-of-Sight Propagation Effects. Signal characteristics caused by ducting and extreme subrefraction. Concurrent meteorological and radar measurements and multi-year fading statistics. 13. Over-Horizon Propagation Effects. Signal characteristics caused by tropsocatter and ducting and relation to concurrent meteorology. Propagation factor statistics. 14. Errors in Propagation Assessment. Assessment of errors obtained by assuming lateral homogeneity of the refractivity environment.

April 5-7 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course examines the atmospheric effects that influence the propagation characteristics of radar and communication signals at microwave and millimeter frequencies for both earth and earth-satellite scenarios. These include propagation in standard, ducting, and subrefractive atmospheres, attenuation due to the gaseous atmosphere, precipitation, and ionospheric effects. Propagation estimation techniques are given such as the Tropospheric Electromagnetic Parabolic Equation Routine (TEMPER) and Radio Physical Optics (RPO). Formulations for calculating attenuation due to the gaseous atmosphere and precipitation for terrestrial and earth-satellite scenarios employing International Tele-communication Union (ITU) models are reviewed. Case studies are presented from experimental line-of-sight, over-thehorizon, and earth-satellite communication systems. Example problems, calculation methods, and formulations are presented throughout the course for purpose of providing practical estimation tools.

Instructor
G. Daniel Dockery received the B.S. degree in physics and the M.S. degree in electrical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Since joining The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) in 1983, he has been active in the areas of modeling EM propagation in the troposphere as well as predicting the impact of the environment on radar and communications systems. Mr. Dockery is a principalauthor of the propagation and surface clutter models currently used by the Navy for high-fidelity system performance analyses at frequencies from HF to KaBand.
16 – Vol. 103

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Radar Systems Design & Engineering
Radar Performance Calculations

Course Outline
1. Radar Range Equation. Radar ranging principles, frequencies, architecture, measurements, displays, and parameters. Radar range equation; radar waveforms; antenna patterns types, and parameters. 2. Noise in Receiving Systems and Detection Principles. Noise sources; statistical properties; noise in a receiving chain; noise figure and noise temperature; false alarm and detection probability; pulse integration; target models; detection of steady and fluctuating targets. 3. Propagation of Radio Waves in the Troposphere. Propagation of Radio Waves in the Troposphere. The pattern propagation factor; interference (multipath) and diffraction; refraction; standard and anomalous refractivity; littoral propagation; propagation modeling; low altitude propagation; atmospheric attenuation. 4. CW Radar, Doppler, and Receiver Architecture. Basic properties; CW and high PRF relationships; the Doppler principle; dynamic range, stability; isolation requirements; homodynes and superheterodyne receivers; in-phase and quadrature; signal spectrum; matched filtering; CW ranging; and measurement accuracy. 5. Radar Clutter and Clutter Filtering Principles. Surface and volumetric clutter; reflectivity; stochastic properties; sea, land, rain, chaff, birds, and urban clutter; Pulse Doppler and MTI; transmitter stability; blind speeds and ranges,; Staggered PRFs; filter weighting; performance measures. 6. Airborne Radar. Platform motion; iso-ranges and isoDopplers; mainbeam and sidelobe clutter; the three PRF regimes; ambiguities; real beam Doppler sharpening; synthetic aperture ground mapping modes; GMTI. 7. High Range Resolution Principles: Pulse Compression. The Time-bandwidth product; the pulse compression process; discrete and continuous pulse compression codes; performance measures; mismatched filtering. 8. High Range Resolution Principles: Synthetic Wideband. Motivation; alternative techniques; cross-band calibration. 9. Electronically Scanned Radar Systems. Beam formation; beam steering techniques; grating lobes; phase shifters; multiple beams; array bandwidth; true time delays; ultralow sidelobes and array errors; beam scheduling. 10. Active Phased Array Radar Systems. Active vs. passive arrays; architectural and technological properties; the T/R module; dynamic range; average power; stability; pertinent issues; cost; frequency dependence. 11. Auto-Calibration and Auto-Compensation Techniques in Active Phased. Arrays. Motivation; calibration approaches; description of the mutual coupling approach; an auto-compensation approach. 12. Sidelobe Blanking. Motivation; principle; implementation issues. 13. Adaptive Cancellation. The adaptive space cancellation principle; broad pattern cancellers; high gain cancellers; tap delay lines; the effects of clutter; number of jammers, jammer geometries, and bandwidths on canceller performance; channel matching requirements; sample matrix inverse method. 14. Multiple Target Tracking. Definition of Basic terms. Track Initiation, State Estimation & Filtering, Adaptive and Multiple Model Processing, Data Correlation & Association, Tracker Performance Evaluation. Vol. 103 – 17

March 1-4, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1795

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This four-day course covers the fundamental principles of radar functionality, architecture, and performance. Diverse issues such as transmitter stability, antenna pattern, clutter, jamming, propagation, target cross section, dynamic range, receiver noise, receiver architecture, waveforms, processing, and target detection, are treated in detail within the unifying context of the radar range equation, and examined within the contexts of surface and airborne radar platforms. The fundamentals of radar multi-target tracking principles are covered, and detailed examples of surface and airborne radars are presented. This course is designed for engineers and engineering managers who wish to understand how surface and airborne radar systems work, and to familiarize themselves with pertinent design issues and with the current technological frontiers.

Instructors
Dr. Menachem Levitas is the Chief Scientist of Technology Service Corporation (TSC) / Washington. He has thirty-eight years of experience, thirty of which include radar systems analysis and design for the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. He holds the degree of Ph.D. in physics from the University of Virginia, and a B.S. degree from the University of Portland. Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over thirtyyears of experience in radar systems analysis and design for the Navy, Air Force, and FAA. His areas of specialization include automatic detection and tracking systems, sensor data fusion, simulation, and system evaluation.

What You Will Learn
• • • • • • • • What are radar subsystems. How to calculate radar performance. Key functions, issues, and requirements. How different requirements make radars different. Operating in different modes & environments. Issues unique to multifunction, phased array, radars. How airborne radars differ from surface radars. Today's requirements, technologies & designs.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Rocket Propulsion 101
Rocket Fundamentals & Up-to-Date Information

Course Outline
1. Classification of Rocket Propulsion. Introduction to the types and classification of rocket propulsion, including chemical, solid, liquid, hybrid, electric, nuclear and solarthermal systems. 2. Fundaments and Definitions. Introduction to mass ratios, momentum thrust, pressure balances in rocket engines, specific impulse, energy efficiencies and performance values. 3. Nozzle Theory. Understanding the acceleration of gasses in a nozzle to exchange chemical thermal energy into kinetic energy, pressure and momentum thrust, thermodynamic relationships, area ratios, and the ratio of specific heats. Issues of subsonic, sonic and supersonic nozzles. Equations for coefficient of thrust, and the effects of under and over expanded nozzles. Examination of cone&bell nozzles, and evaluation of nozzle losses. 4. Performance. Evaluation of performance of rocket stages & vehicles. Introduction to coefficient of drag, aerodynamic losses, steering losses and gravity losses. Examination of spaceflight and orbital velocity, elliptical orbits, transfer orbits, staging theory. Discussion of launch vehicles and flight stability. 5. Propellant Performance and Density Implications. Introduction to thermal chemical analysis, exhaust species shift with mixture ratio, and the concepts of frozen and shifting equilibrium. The effects of propellant density on mass properties & performance of rocket systems for advanced design decisions. 6. Liquid Rocket Engines. Liquid rocket engine fundamentals, introduction to practical propellants, propellant feed systems, gas pressure feed systems, propellant tanks, turbo-pump feed systems, flow and pressure balance, RCS and OMS, valves, pipe lines, and engine supporting structure. 7. Liquid Propellants. A survey of the spectrum of practical liquid and gaseous rocket propellants is conducted, including properties, performance, advantages and disadvantages. 8. Thrust Chambers. The examination of injectors, combustion chamber and nozzle and other major engine elements is conducted in-depth. The issues of heat transfer, cooling, film cooling, ablative cooling and radiation cooling are explored. Ignition and engine start problems and solutions are examined. 9. Combustion. Examination of combustion zones, combustion instability and control of instabilities in the design and analysis of rocket engines. 10. Turbopumps. Close examination of the issues of turbo-pumps, the gas generation, turbines, and pumps. Parameters and properties of a good turbo-pump design. 11. Solid Rocket Motors. Introduction to propellant grain design, alternative motor configurations and burning rate issues. Burning rates, and the effects of hot or cold motors. Propellant grain configuration with regressive, neutral and progressive burn motors. Issues of motor case, nozzle, and thrust termination design. Solid propellant formulations, binders, fuels and oxidizers. 12. Hybrid Rockets. Applications and propellants used in hybrid rocket systems. The advantages and disadvantages of hybrid rocket motors. Hybrid rocket grain configurations / combustion instability. 13. Thrust Vector Control. Thrust Vector Control mechanisms and strategies. Issues of hydraulic actuation, gimbals and steering mechanisms. Solid rocket motor flexbearings. Liquid and gas injection thrust vector control. The use of vanes and rings for steering.. 14. Rocket System Design. Integration of rocket system design and selection processes with the lessons of rocket propulsion. How to design rocket systems. 15. Applications and Conclusions. Now that you have an education in rocket propulsion, what else is needed to design rocket systems? A discussion regarding the future of rocket engine and system design.

February 14-16, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course is based on the popular text Rocket Propulsion Elements by Sutton and Biblarz. The course provides practical knowledge in rocket propulsion engineering and design technology issues. It is designed for those needing a more complete understanding of the complex issues. The objective is to give the engineer or manager the tools needed to understand the available choices in rocket propulsion and/or to manage technical experts with greater in-depth knowledge of rocket systems. Attendees will receive a copy of the book Rocket Propulsion Elements, a disk with practical rocket equations in Excel, and a set of printed notes covering advanced additional material.

Instructor
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in integration of launch vehicle technology, design, modeling and business strategies. He is an independent consultant, writer and teacher of rocket system technology, experienced in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, safety and reliability. Mr. Keith’s experience includes reusable & expendable launch vehicles as well as solid & liquid rocket systems.

Who Should Attend
• Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket design projects. • Aerospace Industry Managers. • Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of rocket or missile projects. • Contractors or investors involved in rocket propulsion development projects. 18 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Synthetic Aperture Radar Fundamentals
October 25-26, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

Advanced
October 27-28, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

February 8-9, 2011
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Instructors:

February 10-11, 2011
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Instructors:

Walt McCandless & Bart Huxtable

Bart Huxtable & Sham Chotoo

$1290**

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

$1290**

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

$990 without RadarCalc software

$990 without RadarCalc software

**Includes single user RadarCalc license for Windows PC, for the design of airborne & space-based SAR. Retail price $1000.

What You Will Learn
• Basic concepts and principles of SAR. • What are the key system parameters. • Performance calculations using RadarCalc. • Design and implementation tradeoffs. • Current system performance. Emerging systems.

What You Will Learn
• How to process data from SAR systems for high resolution, wide area coverage, interferometric and/or polarimetric applications. • How to design and build high performance SAR processors. • Perform SAR data calibration. • Ground moving target indication (GMTI) in a SAR context. • Current state-of-the-art.

Course Outline
1. Applications Overview. A survey of important applications and how they influence the SAR system from sensor through processor. A wide number of SAR designs and modes will be presented from the pioneering classic, single channel, strip mapping systems to more advanced all-polarization, spotlight, and interferometric designs. 2. Applications and System Design Tradeoffs and Constraints. System design formulation will begin with a class interactive design workshop using the RadarCalc model designed for the purpose of demonstrating the constraints imposed by range/Doppler ambiguities, minimum antenna area, limitations and related radar physics and engineering constraints. Contemporary pacing technologies in the area of antenna design, on-board data collection and processing and ground system processing and analysis will also be presented along with a projection of SAR technology advancements, in progress, and how they will influence future applications. 3. Civil Applications. A review of the current NASA and foreign scientific applications of SAR. 4. Commercial Applications. The emerging interest in commercial applications is international and is fueled by programs such as Canada’s RadarSat-2, the European ENVISAT and TerraSAR series, the NASA/JPL UAVSAR system, and commercial systems such as Intermap's Star-3i and Fugro's GeoSAR. The applications (surface mapping, change detection, resource exploration and development, etc.) driving this interest will be presented and analyzed in terms of the sensor and platform space/airborne and associated ground systems design.

Course Outline
1. SAR Review Origins. Theory, Design, Engineering, Modes, Applications, System. 2. Processing Basics. Traditional strip map processing steps, theoretical justification, processing systems designs, typical processing systems. 3. Advanced SAR Processing. Processing complexities arising from uncompensated motion and low frequency (e.g., foliage penetrating) SAR processing. 4. Interferometric SAR. Description of the state-ofthe-art IFSAR processing techniques: complex SAR image registration, interferogram and correlogram generation, phase unwrapping, and digital terrain elevation data (DTED) extraction. 5. Spotlight Mode SAR. Theory and implementation of high resolution imaging. Differences from strip map SAR imaging. 6. Polarimetric SAR. Description of the image information provided by polarimetry and how this can be exploited for terrain classification, soil moisture, ATR, etc. 7. High Performance Computing Hardware. Parallel implementations, supercomputers, compact DSP systems, hybrid opto-electronic system. 8. SAR Data Calibration. Internal (e.g., cal-tones) and external calibrations, Doppler centroid aliasing, geolocation, polarimetric calibration, ionospheric effects. 9. Example Systems and Applications. Spacebased: SIR-C, RADARSAT, ENVISAT, TerraSAR, Cosmo-Skymed, PalSAR. Airborne: AirSAR and other current systems. Mapping, change detection, polarimetry, interferometry.
Vol. 103 – 19

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Tactical Missile Design – Integration
September 27-29, 2010
Laurel, Maryland

April 12-14, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Design-Integration Process: Overview of missile design process. Examples of system-of-systems integration. Unique characteristics of tactical missiles. Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis. Attendees vote on course emphasis. 2. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile DesignIntegration: Optimizing missile aerodynamics. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options. Selecting flight control alternatives. Wing and tail sizing. Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment. Maneuver law alternatives. 3. Propulsion Considerations in Missile DesignIntegration: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. High density fuels. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Motor case and nozzle materials. 4. Weight Considerations in Missile Design-Integration: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting airframe materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades. Dome material alternatives and sizing. Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing. 5. Flight Performance Considerations in Missile DesignIntegration: Flight envelope limitations. Aerodynamic sizingequations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, and homing flight. 6. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration: Achieving robustness in adverse weather. Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives. Seeker range prediction. Counter-countermeasures. Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction. Approaches to minimize collateral damage. Alternative guidance laws. Proportional guidance accuracy prediction. Time constant contributors and prediction. Maneuverability design criteria. Radar cross section and infrared signature prediction. Survivability considerations. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Designing within launch platform constraints. Internal vs. external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. launch platform interfaces. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction. 7. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket. Sizing for enhanced maneuverability. Developing a harmonized missile. Lofted range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Turbojet engine rotational speed. Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design. Soda straw rocket design-build-fly competition. House of quality process. Design of experiment process. 8. Development Process: Design validation/technology development process. Developing a technology roadmap. History of transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. Alternative proposal win strategies. New missile follow-on projections. Examples of development tests and facilities. Example of technology demonstration flight envelope. Examples of technology development. New technologies for tactical missiles. 9. Summary and Lessons Learned.

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day short course covers the fundamentals of tactical missile design, development, and integration. The course provides a system-level, integrated method for missile aerodynamic configuration/propulsion design and analysis. It addresses the broad range of alternatives in meeting cost and performance requirements. The methods presented are generally simple closed-form analytical expressions that are physics-based, to provide insight into the primary driving parameters. Configuration sizing examples are presented for rocket-powered, ramjet-powered, and turbo-jet powered baseline missiles. Typical values of missile parameters and the characteristics of current operational missiles are discussed as well as the enabling subsystems and technologies for tactical missiles and the current/projected state-of-the-art. Videos illustrate missile development activities and missile performance. Finally, each attendee will design, build, and fly a small air powered rocket. Attendees will vote on the relative emphasis of the material to be presented. Attendees receive course notes as well as the textbook, Tactical Missile Design, 2nd edition.

Instructor
Eugene L. Fleeman has more than 40 years of government, industry, and academia experience in missile system and technology development. Formerly a manager of missile programs at Air Force Research Laboratory, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Georgia Tech, he is an international lecturer on missiles and the author of over 80 publications, including the AIAA textbook, Tactical Missile Design. 2nd Ed.

What You Will Learn
• Key drivers in the missile design process. • Critical tradeoffs, methods and technologies in subsystems, aerodynamic, propulsion, and structure sizing. • Launch platform-missile integration. • Robustness, lethality, accuracy, observables, survivability, reliability, and cost considerations. • Missile sizing examples. • Missile development process.

Who Should Attend
The course is oriented toward the needs of missile engineers, analysts, marketing personnel, program managers, university professors, and others working in the area of missile systems and technology development. Attendees will gain an understanding of missile design, missile technologies, launch platform integration, missile system measures of merit, and the missile system development process. 20 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Applications
Engineering, Spectrum, and Regulatory Issues Associated with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

NEW!

November 9, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

March 1, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland Summary
This one-day course is designed for engineers, aviation experts and project managers who wish to enhance their understanding of UAS. The course provides the "big picture" for those who work outside of the discipline. Each topic addresses real systems (Predator, Shadow, Warrior and others) and real-world problems and issues concerning the use and expansion of their applications.

$650

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

Course Outline
1. Historic Development of UAS Post 1960’s. 2. Components and latest developments of a UAS. Ground Control Station, Radio Links (LOS and BLOS), UAV, Payloads. 3. UAS Manufacturers. Domestic, International. 4. Classes, Characteristics and Comparisons of UAS. 5. Operational Scenarios for UAS. Phases of Flight, Federal Government Use of UAS, State and Local government use of UAS. Civil and commercial use of UAS. 6. ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) of UAS. Optical, Infrared, Radar. 7. Comparative Study of the Safety of UAS. In the Air and On the ground. 8. UAS Access to the National Airspace System (NAS). Overview of the NAS, Classes of Airspace, Requirements for Access to the NAS, Issues Being Addressed, Issues Needing to be Addressed. 9. Bandwidth and Spectrum Issues. Bandwidth of single UAV, Aggregate bandwidth of UAS population. 10. International UAS issues. WRC Process, Agenda Item 1.3 and Resolution 421. 11. UAS Centers of Excellence. North Dakota, Las Cruses, NM, DoD. 12. Worked Examples of Channeling Plans and Link/Interference Budgets. Shadow, Predator/Warrior. 13. UAS Interactive Deployment Scenarios.
Vol. 103 – 21

Instructor
Mr. Mark N. Lewellen has nearly 25 years of experience with a wide variety of space, satellite and aviation related projects, including the Predator/Shadow/Warrior/Global Hawk UAVs, Orbcomm, Iridium, Sky Station, and aeronautical mobile telemetry systems. More recently he has been working in the exciting field of UAS. He is currently the Vice Chairman of a UAS Sub-group under Working Party 5B which is leading the US preparations to find new radio spectrum for UAS operations for the next World Radiocommunication Conference in 2011 under Agenda Item 1.3. He is also a technical advisor to the US State Department and a member of the National Committee which reviews and comments on all US submissions to international telecommunication groups, including the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

What You Will Learn
• Categories of current UAS and their aeronautical capabilities? • Major manufactures of UAS? • The latest developments and major components of a UAS? • What type of sensor data can UAS provide? • Regulatory and spectrum issues associated with UAS? • National Airspace System including the different classes of airspace • How will UAS gain access to the National Airspace System (NAS)?

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Applied Systems Engineering
A 4-Day Practical Workshop
Planned and Controlled Methods are Essential to Successful Systems. Participants in this course practice the skills by designing and building interoperating robots that solve a larger problem.

October 18-21, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Small groups build actual interoperating robots to solve a larger problem. Create these interesting and challenging robotic systems while practicing: • Requirements development from a stakeholder description. • System architecting, including quantified, stakeholder-oriented trade-offs. • Implementation in software and hardware • Systm integration, verification and validation

Course Outline
1. How do We Work With Complexity? Basic definitions and concepts. Problemsolving approaches; system thinking; systems engineering overview; what systems engineering is NOT. 2. Systems Engineering Model. An underlying process model that ties together all the concepts and methods. Overview of the systems engineering model; technical aspects of systems engineering; management aspects of systems engineering. 3. A System Challenge Application. Practical application of the systems engineering model against an interesting and entertaining system development. Small groups build actual interoperating robots to solve a larger problem. Small group development of system requirements and design, with presentations for mutual learning. 4. Where Do Requirements Come From? Requirements as the primary method of measurement and control for systems development. How to translate an undefined need into requirements; how to measure a system; how to create, analyze, manage requirements; writing a specification. 5. Where Does a Solution Come From? Designing a system using the best methods known today. System architecting processes; alternate sources for solutions; how to allocate requirements to the system components; how to develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how to trade off results and make decisions. Getting from the system design to the system. 6. Ensuring System Quality. Building in quality during the development, and then checking it frequently. The relationship between systems engineering and systems testing. 7. Systems Engineering Management. How to successfully manage the technical aspects of the system development; virtual, collaborative teams; design reviews; technical performance measurement; technical baselines and configuration management.

Summary
Systems engineering is a simple flow of concepts, frequently neglected in the press of day-to-day work, that reduces risk step by step. In this workshop, you will learn the latest systems principles, processes, products, and methods. This is a practical course, in which students apply the methods to build real, interacting systems during the workshop. You can use the results now in your work. This workshop provides an in-depth look at the latest principles for systems engineering in context of standard development cycles, with realistic practice on how to apply them. The focus is on the underlying thought patterns, to help the participant understand why rather than just teach what to do.

Instructor
Eric Honour, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. This course is designed for systems engineers, technical team leaders, program managers, project managers, logistic support leaders, design engineers, and others who participate in defining and developing complex systems.

Who Should Attend
• A leader or a key member of a complex system development team. • Concerned about the team’s technical success. • Interested in how to fit your system into its system environment. • Looking for practical methods to use in your team.
22 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Architecting with DODAF
Effectively Using The DOD Architecture Framework (DODAF)

NEW!
The DOD Architecture Framework (DODAF) provides an underlying structure to work with complexity. Today’s systems do not stand alone; each system fits within an increasingly complex system-of-systems, a network of interconnection that virtually guarantees surprise behavior. Systems science recognizes this type of interconnectivity as one essence of complexity. It requires new tools, new methods, and new paradigms for effective system design.

November 9-10 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

$990

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This course provides knowledge and exercises at a practical level in the use of the DODAF. You will learn about architecting processes, methods and thought patterns. You will practice architecting by creating DODAF representations of a familiar, complex system-of-systems. By the end of this course, you will be able to use DODAF effectively in your work. This course is intended for systems engineers, technical team leaders, program or project managers, and others who participate in defining and developing complex systems.
Practice architecting on a creative “Mars Rotor” complex system. Define the operations, technical structure, and migration for this future space program.

Course Outline
1. Introduction. The relationship between architecting and systems engineering. Course objectives and expectations.. 2. Architectures and Architecting. Fundamental concepts. Terms and definitions. Origin of the terms within systems development. Understanding of the components of an architecture. Architecting key activities. Foundations of modern architecting. 3. Architectural Tools. Architectural frameworks: DODAF, TOGAF, Zachman, FEAF. Why frameworks exist, and what they hope to provide. Design patterns and their origin. Using patterns to generate alternatives. Pattern language and the communication of patterns. System architecting patterns. Binding patterns into architectures. 4. DODAF Overview. Viewpoints within DoDAF (All, Capability, Data/Information, Operational, Project, Services, Standards, Systems). How Viewpoints support models. Diagram types (views) within each viewpoint. 5. DODAF Operational Definition. Describing an operational environment, and then modifying it to incorporate new capabilities. Sequences of creation. How to convert concepts into DODAF views. Practical exercises on each DODAF view, with review and critique. Teaching method includes three passes for each product: (a) describing the views, (b) instructorled exercise, (c) group work to create views. 6. DODAF Technical Definition Processes. Converting the operational definition into serviceoriented technical architecture. Matching the new architecture with legacy systems. Sequences of creation. Linkages between the technical viewpoints and the operational viewpoints. Practical exercises on each DODAF view, with review and critique, again using the three-pass method. 7. DODAF Migration Definition Processes. How to depict the migration of current systems into future systems while maintaining operability at each step. Practical exercises on migration planning.
Vol. 103 – 23

What You Will Learn
• Three aspects of an architecture • Four primary architecting activities • Eight DoDAF 2.0 viewpoints • The entire set of DoDAF 2.0 views and how they relate to each other • A useful sequence to create views • Different “Fit-for-Purpose” versions of the views. • How to plan future changes.

Instructor
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 years. His projects have made contributions ranging from increasing optical fiber bandwidth to creating new CAD technology. He currently teaches courses on management and engineering and consults on strategic issues in management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from Stanford.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Certified Systems Engineering Professional - CSEP Preparation

NEW!

Guaranteed Training to Pass the CSEP Certification Exam
For additional 2011 dates, see our Schedule at www.ATIcourses.com

Course Outline
1. Introduction. What is the CSEP and what are the requirements to obtain it? Terms and definitions. Basis of the examination. Study plans and sample examination questions and how to use them. Plan for the course. Introduction to the INCOSE Handbook. Self-assessment quiz. Filling out the CSEP application. 2. Systems Engineering and Life Cycles. Definitions and origins of systems engineering, including the latest concepts of “systems of systems.” Hierarchy of system terms. Value of systems engineering. Life cycle characteristics and stages, and the relationship of systems engineering to life cycles. Development approaches. The INCOSE Handbook system development examples. 3. Technical Processes. The processes that take a system from concept in the eye to operation, maintenance and disposal. Stakeholder requirements and technical requirements, including concept of operations, requirements analysis, requirements definition, requirements management. Architectural design, including functional analysis and allocation, system architecture synthesis. Implementation, integration, verification, transition, validation, operation, maintenance and disposal of a system. 4. Project Processes. Technical management and the role of systems engineering in guiding a project. Project planning, including the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD), Integrated Product Teams (IPT), and tailoring methods. Project assessment, including Technical Performance Measurement (TPM). Project control. Decision-making and trade-offs. Risk and opportunity management, configuration management, information management. 5. Enterprise & Agreement Processes. How to define the need for a system, from the viewpoint of stakeholders and the enterprise. Acquisition and supply processes, including defining the need. Managing the environment, investment, and resources. Enterprise environment management. Investment management including life cycle cost analysis. Life cycle processes management standard processes, and process improvement. Resource management and quality management. 6. Specialty Engineering Activities. Unique technical disciplines used in the systems engineering processes: integrated logistics support, electromagnetic and environmental analysis, human systems integration, mass properties, modeling & simulation including the system modeling language (SysML), safety & hazards analysis, sustainment and training needs. 7. After-Class Plan. Study plans and methods. Using the self-assessment to personalize your study plan. Five rules for test-taking. How to use the sample examinations. How to reach us after class, and what to do when you succeed. The INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering Professional (CSEP) rating is a coveted milestone in the career of a systems engineer, demonstrating knowledge, education and experience that are of high value to systems organizations. This two-day course provides you with the detailed knowledge and practice that you need to pass the CSEP examination.

August 9-10, 2010
Seattle, Washington

September 15-16, 2010
Chantilly, Virginia

November 12-13, 2010
Orlando, Florida

December 9-10, 2010
Los Angeles, CA

$990

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This two-day course walks through the CSEP requirements and the INCOSE Handbook Version 3.1 to cover all topics on the CSEP exam. Interactive work, study plans, and sample examination questions help you to prepare effectively for the exam. Participants leave the course with solid knowledge, a hard copy of the INCOSE Handbook, study plans, and a sample examination. Attend the CSEP course to learn what you need. Follow the study plan to seal in the knowledge. Use the sample exam to test yourself and check your readiness. Contact our instructor for questions if needed. Then take the exam. If you do not pass, you can retake the course at no cost.

Instructor
Eric Honour, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. Author of the “Value of SE” material in the INCOSE Handbook. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia.

What You Will Learn
• How to pass the CSEP examination! • Details of the INCOSE Handbook, the source for the exam. • Your own strengths and weaknesses, to target your study. • The key processes and definitions in the INCOSE language of the exam. • How to tailor the INCOSE processes. • Five rules for test-taking.
24 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

CSEP Acquisition Preparation
September 17, 2010
Chantilly, Virginia
CSEP Acquisition Prep is designed to complement CSEP Preparation – Consider taking them together.

$650

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

NEW!

Course Outline
1. Introduction. What is the CSEP Acquisition and what are the requirements to obtain it? Terms and definitions. Basis of the examination. Study plans and sample examination questions and how to use them. Plan for the course. Introduction to the DAG. Selfassessment quiz. 2. Differences between CSEP and CSEP Acquisition. Terminology, philosophy, policy and approaches between DoD DAG and INCOSE V3.1 SE handbook. 3. DOD Systems Engineering Overview. From user capability needs to system specifications to system deployed and eventually disposal. This covers section 4.0 of DAG. 4. Systems Engineering in DOD Acquisition Process. The DoD processes that take a system from concept to operation, maintenance and disposal. Stakeholder requirements and technical requirements, including concept of operations, requirements analysis, requirements definition, requirements management. Architectural design, including functional analysis and allocation, system architecture synthesis. Implementation, integration, verification, transition, validation, operation, maintenance and disposal of a system. This covers section 4.1 in the DAG. 5. SE Process Implementation and Activities. Technical management and the role of systems engineering in guiding a project. Project planning, including the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD), Integrated Product Teams (IPT), and tailoring methods. This covers section 4.2 in the DAG. 6. SE in System LC Phases. DoD Life cycle phases and what activities should happen in each phase and prior to the next milestone. This is the exam largest area and covers section 4.3 in DAG. 7. SE Decisions. DoD Systems Engineering decisions and design considerations like open systems, HIS, RMA, supportability, COTS, ESOH etc. This covers section 4.4 in the DAG. 8. SE Execution. It includes technical, cost and schedule oversight methods and techniques. Also covers general knowledge management. This covers section 4.5 in the DAG. 9. SE Resources. This provides links to resources in government, industry and academia. This covers section 4.6 in the DAG. AFTER-CLASS PLAN. Study plans and methods. Using the self-assessment to personalize your study plan. How to use the sample examinations. How to reach us after class and what to do when you succeed.
Vol. 103 – 25

Summary
Professor of Engineering Management rating is a useful and coveted milestone in the career of a DoD systems engineer, demonstrating knowledge, education and experience that are of high value to systems organizations. The certification requires passing an extensive examination based on the Defense Acquisition Guidebook Chapter 4. This course provides you with the detailed knowledge and practice that you need to pass the CSEP Acquisition examination. This can be taken after the CSEP Preparation exam.

Instructor
Mr. William "Bill" Fournier is Senior Software Systems Engineering with 30 years experience, the last 11 for a Major Defense Contractor. Mr. Fournier taught DoD Systems Engineering full time for over three years at DSMC/DAU as a Professor of Engineering Management. Mr. Fournier has taught Systems Engineering at least part time for more than the last 20 years. Mr. Fournier holds a MBA and BS Industrial Engineering / Operations Research and is DOORS trained. He is a certified CSEP, CSEP DoD Acquisition, and PMP. He is a contributor to DAU/DSMC, and INCOSE publications.

What You Will Learn
• How to pass the CSEP acquisition examination! • Details of the DAG chapter 4, the source for the exam. • Your own strengths and weaknesses, to target your study. • The key processes and definitions in the DoD SE language of the exam and differences from INCOSE handbook terminology. • How to tailor the DoD SE processes. • Five rules for test-taking.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Systems Engineering
September 13-14, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

February 15-16, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

March 28-29, 2011
Minneapolis, Minnesota

$990

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline Summary
Today's complex systems present difficult challenges to develop. From military systems to aircraft to environmental and electronic control systems, development teams must face the challenges with an arsenal of proven methods. Individual systems are more complex, and systems operate in much closer relationship, requiring a system-of-systems approach to the overall design. This two-day workshop presents the fundamentals of a systems engineering approach to solving complex problems. It covers the underlying attitudes as well as the process definitions that make up systems engineering. The model presented is a researchproven combination of the best existing standards. Participants in this workshop practice the processes on a realistic system development.
1. Systems Engineering Model. An underlying process model that ties together all the concepts and methods. System thinking attitudes. Overview of the systems engineering processes. Incremental, concurrent processes and process loops for iteration. Technical and management aspects. 2. Where Do Requirements Come From? Requirements as the primary method of measurement and control for systems development. Three steps to translate an undefined need into requirements; determining the system purpose/mission from an operational view; how to measure system quality, analyzing missions and environments; requirements types; defining functions and requirements. 3. Where Does a Solution Come From? Designing a system using the best methods known today. What is an architecture? System architecting processes; defining alternative concepts; alternate sources for solutions; how to allocate requirements to the system components; how to develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how to trade off results and make decisions. Establishing an allocated baseline, and getting from the system design to the system. Systems engineering during ongoing operation. 4. Ensuring System Quality. Building in quality during the development, and then checking it frequently. The relationship between systems engineering and systems testing. Technical analysis as a system tool. Verification at multiple levels: architecture, design, product. Validation at multiple levels; requirements, operations design, product. 5. Systems Engineering Management. How to successfully manage the technical aspects of the system development; planning the technical processes; assessing and controlling the technical processes, with corrective actions; use of risk management, configuration management, interface management to guide the technical development. 6. Systems Engineering Concepts of Leadership. How to guide and motivate technical teams; technical teamwork and leadership; virtual, collaborative teams; design reviews; technical performance measurement. 7. Summary. Review of the important points of the workshop. Interactive discussion of participant experiences that add to the material.

Instructors
Eric Honour has been in international leadership of the engineering of systems for over a decade, part of a 40-year career of complex systems development and operation. His energetic and informative presentation style actively involves class participants. He is a former President of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE). He has been a systems engineer, engineering manager, and program manager at Harris, ESystems, and Link, and was a Navy pilot. He has contributed to the development of 17 major systems, including Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation, Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System, and National Crime Information Center. BSSE (Systems Engineering) from US Naval Academy and MSEE from Naval Postgraduate School. Dr. Scott Workinger has led innovative technology development efforts in complex, riskladen environments for 30 years. He currently teaches courses on program management and engineering and consults on strategic management and technology issues. Scott has a B.S in Engineering Physics from Lehigh University, an M.S. in Systems Engineering from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in Civil and Environment Engineering from Stanford University.
26 – Vol. 103

Who Should Attend
You Should Attend This Workshop If You Are: • Working in any sort of system development • Project leader or key member in a product development team • Looking for practical methods to use today This Course Is Aimed At: • Project leaders, • Technical team leaders, • Design engineers, and • Others participating in system development

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Modern Requirements Verification
Comprehensive ways to improve confidence per dollar in Requirements proofs

September 29-30, 2010
Arlington, Virginia

$990

(8:30am - 4:30pm)
00

Course Outline
1. Overview. This module includes a preassessment, and definitions of Verification terms such as, significance, processes, tools, approaches, tailoring, traces, rollups, and Requirements influence. Also the module includes references, lessons learned on overall Verification. It concludes with an exploration of the relationships of Requirements Verification to SW IV&V, M&S VV&A, Systems Engineering, and Project Management. 2. Requirements Verification Methods. This module answers the question of why we use Verification Methods. It explores the tradeoff between Test, Analysis, Demonstration, and Inspection. The module also covers certification, lessons learned. It concludes with a practical exercise/case study on Verification methods selection. 3. Requirements Verification Planning. This module discusses topics of the three levels, Verification Cross Reference Matrix / Requirements, Traceability Verification Matrix, and Verification Event Matrix. Also it includes detail planning, Configuration Management, Regression, Assessment, and lessons learned. The module contains a practical exercise on Verification planning. 4. Requirements Verification Processes. This module includes process selection tradeoff factors. It covers Verification Logic Networks, Verification Summary Sheets, Test Information sheets, Verification Objectives, Certification Objectives, and other Verification processes. The practical exercise applies Verification process selection factors. 5. Verification Events. This module includes event Types, risk, observer, data capture, and event planning. The practical exercise applies eventplanning approaches to improve confidence per dollar. 6. Verification Closure. This module includes selection of Processes, and use of forms, and data. The practical exercise applies verification closure lessons learned. The module concludes with a course post-Assessment.

"Register 3 or More & Receive $100 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This 2-day comprehensive course is designed for Verification Engineers, Test Engineers, Performance Analyst, Inspectors, Systems Engineers, Project Management, and Technical Managers. They will enhance their understanding of Requirements Verification and its overlap and synergy with Software Independent Verification & Validation, Models & Simulation Verification, Validation & Accreditation, Systems Engineers, and Project Management. The class will include lecture/discussion with real life DoD Space, Aviation, Communication, Signal Processing and Radar examples and have students apply these skills to Verification of Requirements.

Instructor
Mr. William "Bill" Fournier is Senior Software Systems Engineering with 30 years experience for a Major Defense Contractor. Mr. Fournier was the Requirements Verification lead for over eight years on Ground-Based Mid-Course Missile Defense Program and is currently involved in verification activities supporting the Navy. He served as the team Chief for System Assessment and Verification. He lead the web based IV&V course development, Verification course material lead, company’s Verification plan process and lesson learned article. Mr. Fournier has taught Systems Engineering at least part time for the last 20 years including ten years as a full time Professor of Engineering Management at DSMC/ DAU. Mr. Fournier holds a MBA and BS Industrial Engineering / Operations Research and is DOORS trained. He is a certified CSEP, CSEP DoD Acquisition, and PMP. He is a contributor to DAU/DSMC, Major Defense Contractor internal Systems Engineering Courses and Process, and INCOSE publications.

What You Will Learn
• How to target verification efforts for a specific system. • How do you plan a lead-time for verification. • How to optimize tradeoff of Verification methods • What should be included in each level of Verification planning. • How to decide the best process for Verification. • How to optimize the interface to Verification events. • How to balance the Verification closure process for rigor, risk, and completeness. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform requirements verification and take advantage of the related areas to maximize confidence per dollar.
Vol. 103 – 27

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Principles of Test & Evaluation
Assuring Required Product Performance

February 17-18, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. What is Test and Evaluation? Basic definitions and concepts. Test and evaluation overview; application to complex systems. A model of T&E that covers the activities needed (requirements, planning, testing, analysis & reporting). Roles of test and evaluation throughout product development, and the life cycle, test economics and risk and their impact on test planning.. 2. Test Requirements. Requirements as the primary method for measurement and control of product development. Where requirements come from; evaluation of requirements for testability; deriving test requirements; the Requirements Verification Matrix (RVM); Qualification vs. Acceptance requirements; design proof vs. first article vs. production requirements, design for testability.. 3. Test Planning. Evaluating the product concept to plan verification and validation by test. T&E strategy and the Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP); verification planning and the Verification Plan document; analyzing and evaluating alternatives; test resource planning; establishing a verification baseline; developing a verification schedule; test procedures and their format for success. 4. Integration Testing. How to successfully manage the intricate aspects of system integration testing; levels of integration planning; development test concepts; integration test planning (architecture-based integration versus build-based integration); preferred order of events; integration facilities; daily schedules; the importance of regression testing. 5. Formal Testing. How to perform a test; differences in testing for design proof, first article qualification, recurring production acceptance; rules for test conduct. Testing for different purposes, verification vs. validation; test procedures and test records; test readiness certification, test article configuration; troubleshooting and anomaly handling. 6. Data Collection, Analysis and Reporting. Statistical methods; test data collection methods and equipment, timeliness in data collection, accuracy, sampling; data analysis using statistical rigor, the importance of doing the analysis before the test;, sample size, design of experiments, Taguchi method, hypothesis testing, FRACAS, failure data analysis; report formats and records, use of data as recurring metrics, Cum Sum method. This course provides the knowledge and ability to plan and execute testing procedures in a rigorous, practical manner to assure that a product meets its requirements.

March 15-16, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$990

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This two day workshop is an overview of test and evaluation from product concept through operations. The purpose of the course is to give participants a solid grounding in practical testing methodology for assuring that a product performs as intended. The course is designed for Test Engineers, Design Engineers, Project Engineers, Systems Engineers, Technical Team Leaders, System Support Leaders Technical and Management Staff and Project Managers. The course work includes a case study in several parts for practicing testing techniques.

Instructors
Eric Honour, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 years. His projects have made contributions ranging from increasing optical fiber bandwidth to creating new CAD technology. He currently teaches courses on management and engineering and consults on strategic issues in management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from Stanford.

What You Will Learn
• • • • Create effective test requirements. Plan tests for complete coverage. Manage testing during integration and verification. Develop rigorous test conclusions with sound collection, analysis, and reporting methods.

28 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Risk & Opportunity Management
A Workshop in Identifying and Managing Risk

NEW!
Summary
This workshop presents standard and advanced risk management processes: how to identify risks, risk analysis using both intuitive and quantitative methods, risk mitigation methods, and risk monitoring and control. Projects frequently involve great technical uncertainty, made more challenging by an environment with dozens to hundreds of people from conflicting disciplines. Yet uncertainty has two sides: with great risk comes great opportunity. Risks and opportunities can be handled together to seek the best balance for each project. Uncertainty issues can be quantified to better understand the expected impact on your project. Technical, cost and schedule issues can be balanced against each other. This course provides detailed, useful techniques to evaluate and manage the many uncertainties that accompany complex system projects.

August 11-13, 2010
Seattle, Washington

March 8-10, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1490

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Practice the skills on a realistic “Submarine Explorer” case study. Identify, analyze, and quantify the uncertainties, then create effective risk mitigation plans.

Course Outline
1. Managing Uncertainty. Concepts of uncertainty, both risk and opportunity. Uncertainty as a central feature of system development. The important concept of risk efficiency. Expectations for what to achieve with risk management. Terms and definitions. Roles of a project leader in relation to uncertainty. 2. Subjective Probabilities. Review of essential mathematical concepts related to uncertainty, including the psychological aspects of probability. 3. Risk Identification. Methods to find the risk and opportunity issues. Potential sources and how to exploit them. Guiding a team through the mire of uncertainty. Possible sources of risk. Identifying possible responses and secondary risk sources. Identifying issue ownership. Class exercise in identifying risks 4. Risk Analysis. How to determine the size of risk relative to other risks and relative to the project. Qualitative vs. quantitative analysis. 5. Qualitative Analysis: Understanding the issues and their subjective relationships using simple methods and more comprehensive graphical methods. The 5x5 matrix. Structuring risk issues to examine links. Source-response diagrams, fault trees, influence diagrams. Class exercise in doing simple risk analysis. 6. Quantitative Analysis: What to do when the level of risk is not yet clear. Mathematical methods to quantify uncertainty in a world of subjectivity. Sizing the uncertainty, merging subjective and objective data. Using probability math to diagnose the implications. Portraying the effect with probability charts, probabilistic PERT and Gantt diagrams. Class exercise in quantified risk analysis. 7. Risk Response & Planning. Possible responses to risk, and how to select an effective response using the risk efficiency concept. Tracking the risks over time, while taking effective action. How to monitor the risks. Balancing analysis and its results to prevent “paralysis by analysis” and still get the benefits. A minimalist approach that makes risk management simply, easy, inexpensive, and effective. Class exercise in designing a risk mitigation.
Vol. 103 – 29

Instructor
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia.

What You Will Learn
• Four major sources of risk. • The risk of efficiency concept, balancing cost of action against cost of risk. • The structure of a risk issue. • Five effective ways to identify risks. • The basic 5x5 risk matrix. • Three diagrams for structuring risks. • How to quantify risks. • 29 possible risk responses. • Efficient risk management that can apply to even the smallest project.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Systems Engineering - Requirements

NEW!
January 11-13, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. Introduction 2. Introduction (Continued) 3. Requirements Fundamentals – Defines what a requirement is and identifies 4 kinds. 4. Requirements Relationships – How are requirements related to each other? We will look at several kinds of traceability. 5. Initial System Analysis – The whole process begins with a clear understanding of the user’s needs. 6. Functional Analysis – Several kinds of functional analysis are covered including simple functional flow diagrams, EFFBD, IDEF-0, and Behavioral Diagramming. 7. Functional Analysis (Continued) – 8. Performance Requirements Analysis – Performance requirements are derived from functions and tell what the item or system must do and how well. 9. Product Entity Synthesis – The course encourages Sullivan’s idea of form follows function so the product structure is derived from its functionality. 10. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – Interface definition is the weak link in traditional structured analysis but n-square analysis helps recognize all of the ways function allocation has predefined all of the interface needs. 11. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – (Continued) 12. Specialty Engineering Requirements – A specialty engineering scoping matrix allows system engineers to define product entity-specialty domain relationships that the indicated domains then apply their models to. 13. Environmental Requirements – A three-layer model involving tailored standards mapped to system spaces, a three-dimensional service use profile for end items, and end item zoning for component requirements. 14. Structured Analysis Documentation – How can we capture and configuration manage our modeling basis for requirements? 15. Software Modeling Using MSA/PSARE – Modern structured analysis is extended to PSARE as Hatley and Pirbhai did to improve real-time control system development but PSARE did something else not clearly understood. 16. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML – The latest models are covered. 17. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML – (Continued). 18. Software Modeling Using DoDAF – DoD has evolved a very complex model to define systems of tremendous complexity involving global reach. 19. Universal Architecture Description Framework – A method that any enterprise can apply to develop any system using a single comprehensive model no matter how the system is to be implemented. 20. Universal Architecture Description Framework – (Continued) 21. Specification Management – Specification formats and management methods are discussed. 22. Requirements Risk Abatement - Special requirements-related risk methods are covered including validation, TPM, margins and budgets. 23. Tools Discussion 24. Requirements Verification Overview – You should be basing verification of three kinds on the requirements that were intended to drive design. These links are emphasized.

March 22-24, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course provides system engineers, team leaders, and managers with a clear understanding about how to develop good specifications affordably using modeling methods that encourage identification of the essential characteristics that must be respected in the subsequent design process. Both the analysis and management aspects are covered. Each student will receive a full set of course notes and textbook, “System Requirements Analysis,” by the instructor Jeff Grady.

Instructor
Jeffrey O. Grady is the president of a System Engineering company. He has 30 years of industry experience in aerospace companies as a system engineer, engineering manager, field engineer, and project engineer. Jeff has authored seven published books in the system engineering field and holds a Master of Science in System Management from USC. He teaches system engineering courses nation-wide. Jeff is an INCOSE Founder, Fellow, and CSEP.

What You Will Learn
• How to model a problem space using proven methods where the product will be implemented in hardware or software. • How to link requirements with traceability and reduce risk through proven techniques. • How to identify all requirements using modeling that encourages completeness and avoidance of unnecessary requirements. • How to structure specifications and manage their development. This course will show you how to build good specifications based on effective models. It is not difficult to write requirements; the hard job is to know what to write them about and determine appropriate values. Modeling tells us what to write them about and good domain engineering encourages identification of good values in them.
30 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Systems of Systems
Sound Collaborative Engineering to Ensure Architectural Integrity

December 6-8, 2010
Los Angeles, California Course Outline
1. Systems of Systems (SoS) Concepts. What SoS can achieve. Capabilities engineering vs. requirements engineering. Operational issues: geographic distribution, concurrent operations. Development issues: evolutionary, large scale, distributed. Roles of a project leader in relation to integration and scope control. 2. Complexity Concepts. Complexity and chaos; scale-free networks; complex adaptive systems; small worlds; synchronization; strange attraction; emergent behaviors. Introduction to the theories and how to work with them in a practical world. 3. Architecture. Design strategies for large scale architectures. Architectural Frameworks including the DOD Architectural Framework (DODAF), TOGAF, Zachman Framework, and FEAF. How to use design patterns, constitutions, synergy. Re-Architecting in an evolutionary environment. Working with legacy systems. Robustness and graceful degradation at the design limits. Optimization and measurement of quality. 4. Integration. Integration strategies for SoS with systems that originated outside the immediate control of the project staff, the difficulty of shifting SoS priorities over the operating life of the systems. Loose coupling integration strategies, the design of open systems, integration planning and implementation, interface design, use of legacy systems and COTS. 5. Collaboration. The SoS environment and its special demands on systems engineering. Collaborative efforts that extend over long periods of time and require effort across organizations. Collaboration occurring explicitly or implicitly, at the same time or at disjoint times, even over decades. Responsibilities from the SoS side and from the component systems side, strategies for managing collaboration, concurrent and disjoint systems engineering; building on the past to meet the future. Strategies for maintaining integrity of systems engineering efforts over long periods of time when working in independent organizations. 6. Testing and Evaluation. Testing and evaluation in the SoS environment with unique challenges in the evolutionary development. Multiple levels of T&E, why the usual success criteria no longer suffice. Why interface testing is necessary but isn’t enough. Operational definitions for evaluation. Testing for chaotic behavior and emergent behavior. Testing responsibilities in the SoS environment.

April 19-21, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1490

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three day workshop presents detailed, useful techniques to develop effective systems of systems and to manage the engineering activities associated with them. The course is designed for program managers, project managers, systems engineers, technical team leaders, logistic support leaders, and others who take part in developing today’s complex systems.

Modify a legacy robotic system of systems as a class exercise, using the course principles.

Instructors
Eric Honour, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 years. His projects have made contributions ranging from increasing optical fiber bandwidth to creating new CAD technology. He currently teaches courses on management and engineering and consults on strategic issues in management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from Stanford.

What You Will Learn
• • • • Capabilities engineering methods. Architecture frameworks. Practical uses of complexity theory. Integration strategies to achieve higher-level capabilities. • Effective collaboration methods. • T&E for large-scale architectures.
Vol. 103 – 31

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Test Design and Analysis
Getting the Right Results from a Test Requires Effective Test Design

February 7-9, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1490

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Systems are growing more complex and are developed at high stakes. With unprecedented complexity, effective test engineering plays an essential role in development. Student groups participate in a detailed practical exercise designed to demonstrate the application of testing tools and methods for system evaluation.

Summary
This three-day course is designed for military and commercial program managers, systems engineers, test project managers, test engineers, and test analysts. The focus of the course is giving individuals practical insights into how to acquire and use data to make sound management and technical decisions in support of a development program. Numerous examples of test design or analysis “traps or pitfalls” are highlighted in class. Many design methods and analytic tools are introduced.

Instructor
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 years. His projects have made contributions ranging from increasing optical fiber bandwidth to creating new CAD technology. He currently teaches courses on management and engineering and consults on strategic issues in management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from Stanford.

Course Outline
1. Testing and Evaluation. Basic concepts for testing and evaluation. Verification and validation concepts. Common T&E objectives. Types of Test. Context and relationships between T&E and systems engineering. T&E support to acquisition programs. The Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP). 2. Testability What is testability? How is it achieved? What is Built in Test? What are the types of BIT and how are they applied? 3. A Well Structured Testing and Evaluation Program. - What are the elements of a well structured testing and evaluation program? How do the pieces fit together? How does testing
32 – Vol. 103

and evaluation fit into the lifecycle? What are the levels of testing? 4. Needs and Requirements. Identifying the need for a test. The requirements envelope and how the edge of the envelope defines testing. Understanding the design structure. Stakeholders, system, boundaries, motivation for a test. Design structure and how it affects the test. 5. Issues, Criteria and Measures. Identifying the issues for a test. Evaluation planning techniques. Other sources of data. The Requirements Verification Matrix. Developing evaluation criteria: Measures of Effectiveness (MOE), Measures of Performance (MOP). Test planning analysis: Operational analysis, engineering analysis, Matrix analysis, Dendritic analysis. Modeling and simulation for test planning. 6. Designing Evaluations & Tests. Specific methods to design a test. Relationships of different units. Input/output analysis - where test variable come from, choosing what to measure, types of variables. Review of statistics and probability distributions. Statistical design of tests - basic types of statistical techniques, choosing the techniques, variability, assumptions and pitfalls. Sequencing test events - the low level tactics of planning the test procedure. 7. Conducting Tests. Preparation for a test. Writing the report first to get the analysis methods in place. How to work with failure. Test preparation. Forms of the test report. Evaluating the test design. Determining when failure occurs. 8. Evaluation. Analyzing test results. Comparing results to the criteria. Test results and their indications of performance. Types of test problems and how to solve them. Test failure analysis - analytic techniques to find fault. Test program documents. Pressed Funnels Case Study - How evaluation shows the path ahead. 9. Testing and Evaluation Environments. 12 common testing and evaluation environments in a system lifecycle, what evaluation questions are answered in each environment and how the test equipment and processes differ from environment to environment. 10. Special Types and Best Practices of T&E. Survey of special techniques and best practices. Special types: Software testing, Design for testability, Combined testing, Evolutionary development, Human factors, Reliability testing, Environmental issues, Safety, Live fire testing, Interoperability. The Nine Best Practices of T&E. 11. Emerging Opportunities and Issues with Testing and Evaluation. The use of prognosis and sense and respond logistics. Integration between testing and simulation. Large scale systems. Complexity in tested systems. Systems of Systems.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Total Systems Engineering Development & Management
January 31-February 3, 2011
Chantilly, Virginia

March 1-4, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1790

(8:00am - 5:00pm)

Call for information about our six-course systems engineering certificate program or for “on-site” training to prepare for the INCOSE systems engineering exam.

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. System Management. Introduction to System Engineering, Development Process Overview, Enterprise Engineering, Program Design, Risk, Configuration Management / Data Management, System Engineering Maturity. 2. System Requirements. Introduction and Development Environments, R e q u i r e m e n t s Elicitation and Mission Analysis, System and Hardware Structured Analysis, Performance Requirements Analysis, Product Architecture Synthesis and Interface Development, Constraints Analysis, Computer Software Structured Analysis, Requirements Management Topics. 3. System Synthesis. Introduction, Design, Product Sources, Interface Development, Integration, Risk, Design Reviews. 4. System Verification. Introduction to Verification, Item Qualification Requirements Identification, Item Qualification Planning and Documentation, Item Qualification Verification Reporting, Item Qualification Implementation, Management, and Audit, Item Acceptance Overview, System Test and Evaluation Overview, Process Verification.

Summary
This four-day course covers four system development fundamentals: (1) a sound engineering management infrastructure within which work may be efficiently accomplished, (2) define the problem to be solved (requirements and specifications), (3) solve the problem (design, integration, and optimization), and (4) prove that the design solves the defined problem (verification). Proven, practical techniques are presented for the key tasks in the development of sound solutions for extremely difficult customer needs. This course prepares students to both learn practical systems engineering and to learn the information and terminology that is tested in the newest INCOSE CSEP exam.

Instructor
Jeffrey O. Grady is the president of a System Engineering company. He has 30 years of industry experience in aerospace companies as a system engineer, engineering manager, field engineer, and project engineer. Jeff has authored seven published books in the system engineering field and holds a Master of Science in System Management from USC. He teaches system engineering courses nationwide at universities as well as commercially on site at companies. Jeff is an INCOSE CSEP, Fellow, and Founder.

What You Will Learn
• How to identify and organize all of the work an enterprise must perform on programs, plan a project, map enterprise work capabilities to the plan, and quality audit work performance against the plan. • How to accomplish structured analysis using one of several structured analysis models yielding every kind of requirement appropriate for every kind of specification coordinated with specification templates. • An appreciation for design development through original design, COTS, procured items, and selection of parts, materials, and processes. • How to develop interfaces under associate contracting relationships using ICWG/TIM meetings and Interface Control Documents. • How to define verification requirements, map and organize them into verification tasks, plan and proceduralize the verification tasks, capture the verification evidence, and audit the evidence for compliance.
Vol. 103 – 33

WHAT STUDENTS SAY: "This course tied the whole development cycle together for me." "I had mastered some of the details before this course, but did not understand how the pieces fit together. Now I do!" "I really appreciated the practical methods to accomplish this important work."

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Antenna and Array Fundamentals
Basic concepts in antennas, antenna arrays, and antennas systems

November 16-18, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

March 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

NEW!
Summary
This three-day course teaches the basics of antenna and antenna array theory. Fundamental concepts such as beam patterns, radiation resistance, polarization, gain/directivity, aperture size, reciprocity, and matching techniques are presented. Different types of antennas such as dipole, loop, patch, horn, dish, and helical antennas are discussed and compared and contrasted from a performanceapplications standpoint. The locations of the reactive near-field, radiating near-field (Fresnel region), and farfield (Fraunhofer region) are described and the Friis transmission formula is presented with worked examples. Propagation effects are presented. Antenna arrays are discussed, and array factors for different types of distributions (e.g., uniform, binomial, and Tschebyscheff arrays) are analyzed giving insight to sidelobe levels, null locations, and beam broadening (as the array scans from broadside.) The end-fire condition is discussed. Beam steering is described using phase shifters and true-time delay devices. Problems such as grating lobes, beam squint, quantization errors, and scan blindness are presented. Antenna systems (transmit/receive) with active amplifiers are introduced. Finally, measurement techniques commonly used in anechoic chambers are outlined. The textbook, Antenna Theory, Analysis & Design, is included as well as a comprehensive set of course notes.

Course Outline
1. Basic concepts in antenna theory. Beam patterns, radiation resistance, polarization, gain/directivity, aperture size, reciprocity, and matching techniques. 2. Locations. Reactive near-field, radiating nearfield (Fresnel region), far-field (Fraunhofer region) and the Friis transmission formula. 3. Types of antennas. Dipole, loop, patch, horn, dish, and helical antennas are discussed, compared, and contrasted from a performance/applications standpoint. 4. Propagation effects. Direct, sky, and ground waves. Diffraction and scattering. 5. Antenna arrays and array factors. (e.g., uniform, binomial, and Tschebyscheff arrays). 6. Scanning from broadside. Sidelobe levels, null locations, and beam broadening. The end-fire condition. Problems such as grating lobes, beam squint, quantization errors, and scan blindness. 7. Beam steering. Phase shifters and true-time delay devices. Some commonly used components and delay devices (e.g., the Rotman lens) are compared. 8. Measurement techniques used in anechoic chambers. Pattern measurements, polarization patterns, gain comparison test, spinning dipole (for CP measurements). Items of concern relative to anechoic chambers such as the quality of the absorbent material, quiet zone, and measurement errors. Compact, outdoor, and near-field ranges. 9. Questions and answers.

What You Will Learn
• Basic antenna concepts that pertain to all antennas and antenna arrays. • The appropriate antenna for your application. • Factors that affect antenna array designs and antenna systems. • Measurement techniques commonly used in anechoic chambers. This course is invaluable to engineers seeking to work with experts in the field and for those desiring a deeper understanding of antenna concepts. At its completion, you will have a solid understanding of the appropriate antenna for your application and the technical difficulties you can expect to encounter as your design is brought from the conceptual stage to a working prototype.

Instructor
Dr. Steven Weiss is a senior design engineer with the Army Research Lab in Adelphi, MD. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from the Rochester Institute of Technology with Master’s and Doctoral Degrees from The George Washington University. He has numerous publications in the IEEE on antenna theory. He teaches both introductory and advanced, graduate level courses at Johns Hopkins University on antenna systems. He is active in the IEEE. In his job at the Army Research Lab, he is actively involved with all stages of antenna development from initial design, to first prototype, to measurements. He is a licensed Professional Engineer in both Maryland and Delaware.
34 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples
August 23-24, 2010
Laurel, Maryland

NEW!

February 8-9, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1040

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Introduction to Statistics. Definition of terms and concepts with simple illustrations. Measures of central tendency: Mean, mode, medium. Measures of dispersion: Variance, standard deviation, range. Organizing random data. Introduction to Excel statistics tools. 2. Basic Probability. Probability based on: equally likely events, frequency, axioms. Permutations and combinations of distinct objects. Total, joint, conditional probabilities. Examples related to systems engineering. 3. Discrete Random Variables. Bernoulli trial. Binomial distributions. Poisson distribution. Discrete probability density functions and cumulative distribution functions. Excel examples. 4. Continuous Random Variables. Normal distribution. Uniform distribution. Triangular distribution. Log-normal distributions. Discrete probability density functions and cumulative distribution functions. Excel examples. 5. Sampling Distributions. Sample size considerations. Central limit theorem. Student-t distribution. 6. Functions of Random Variables. (Propagation of errors) Sums and products of random variables. Tolerance of mechanical components. Electrical system gains. 7. System Reliability. Failure and reliability statistics. Mean time to failure. Exponential distribution. Gamma distribution. Weibull distribution. 8. Confidence Level. Confidence intervals. Significance of data. Margin of error. Sample size considerations. P-values. 9. Hypotheses Testing. Error analysis. Decision and detection theory. Operating characteristic curves. Inferences of two-samples testing, e.g. assessment of before and after treatments. 10. Probability Plots and Parameter Estimation. Percentiles of data. Box whisker plots. Probability plot characteristics. Excel examples of Normal, Exponential and Weibull plots.. 11. Data Analysis. Introduction to linear regression, Error variance, Pearson linear correlation coefficients, Residuals pattern, Principal component analysis (PCA) of large data sets. Excel examples. 12. Special Topics of Interest to Class.
Vol. 103 – 35

Summary
This two day course covers the basics of probability and statistic analysis. The course is selfcontained and practical, using Excel to perform the fundamental calculations. Students are encouraged to bring their laptops to work provided Excel example problems. By the end of the course you will be comfortable with statistical concepts and able to perform and understand statistical calculations by hand and using Excel. You will understand probabilities, statistical distributions, confidence levels and hypothesis testing, using tools that are available in Excel. Participants will receive a complete set of notes and the textbook Statistical Analysis with Excel.

Instructor
Dr. Alan D. Stuart, Associate Professor Emeritus of Acoustics, Penn State, has over forty years in the field of sound and vibration where he applied statistics to the design of experiments and analysis of data. He has degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and engineering acoustics and has taught for over thirty years on both the graduate and undergraduate levels. For the last eight years, he has taught Applied Statistics courses at government and industrial organizations throughout the country.

What You Will Learn
• Working knowledge of statistical terms. • Use of distribution functions to estimate probabilities. • How to apply confidence levels to real-world problems. • Applications of hypothesis testing. • Useful ways of summarizing statistical data. • How to use Excel to analyze statistical data.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Grounding & Shielding for EMC

November 9-11, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

February 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

April 26-28, 2011
Instructor
Dr. William G. Duff (Bill) received a BEE degree from George Washington University in 1959, a MSEE degree from Syracuse University in 1969, and a DScEE degree from Clayton University in 1977. Bill is an independent consultant specializing in EMI/EMC. He worked for SENTEL and Atlantic Research and taught courses on electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). He is internationally recognized as a leader in the development of engineering technology for achieving EMC in communication and electronic systems. He has more than 40 years of experience in EMI/EMC analysis, design, test and problem solving for a wide variety of communication and electronic systems. He has extensive experience in assessing EMI at the circuit, equipment and/or the system level and applying EMI mitigation techniques to "fix" problems. Bill has written more than 40 technical papers and four books on EMC. He is a NARTE Certified EMC Engineer. Bill has been very active in the IEEE EMC Society. He served on the Board of Directors, is currently Chairman of the Fellow Evaluation Committee and is an Associate Editor for the Newsletter. He is a past president of the IEEE EMC Society and a past Director of the Electromagnetics and Radiation Division of IEEE.

Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course is designed for technicians, operators, and engineers who need an understanding of all facets of grounding and shielding at the circuit, PCB, box or equipment level, cable-interconnected boxes (subsystem), system and building, facilities or vehicle levels. The course offers a discussion of the qualitative techniques for EMI control through grounding and shielding at all levels. It provides for selection of EMI suppression methods via math modeling and graphics of grounding and shielding parameters. Our instructor will use computer software to provide real world examples and case histories. The computer software simulates and demonstrates various concepts and helps bridge the gap between theory and the real world. The computer software will be made available to the attendees. One of the computer programs is used to design interconnecting equipments. This program demonstrates the impact of various grounding schemes and different "fixes" that are applied. Another computer program is used to design a shielded enclosure. The program considers the box material; seams and gaskets; cooling and viewing apertures; and various "fixes" that may be used for aperture protection. There are also hardware demonstrations of the effect of various compromises and resulting "fixes" on the shielding effectiveness of an enclosure. The compromises that are demonstrated are seam leakage, and a conductor penetrating the enclosure. The hardware demonstrations also include incorporating various "fixes" and illustrating their impact.

What You Will Learn
• Examples Of Potential EMI Threats. • Safety Earthing/Grounding Versus Coupling. • Field Coupling Into Ground Loops. • Coupling Reduction Methods. • Victim Sensitivities. • Common Ground Impedance Coupling. • Ground Loop Coupling. • Shielding Theory.
36 – Vol. 103

Noise

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Introduction to EMI / EMC
March 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Examples Of Communications System. A Discussion Of Case Histories Of Communications System EMI, Definitions Of Systems, Both Military And Industrial, And Typical Modes Of System Interactions Including Antennas, Transmitters And Receivers And Receiver Responses. 2. Quantification Of Communication System EMI. A Discussion Of The Elements Of Interference, Including Antennas, Transmitters, Receivers And Propagation. 3. Electronic Equipment And System EMI Concepts. A Description Of Examples Of EMI Coupling Modes To Include Equipment Emissions And Susceptibilities. 4. Common-Mode Coupling. A Discussion Of Common-Mode Coupling Mechanisms Including Field To Cable, Ground Impedance, Ground Loop And Coupling Reduction Techniques. 5. Differential-Mode Coupling. A Discussion Of Differential-Mode Coupling Mechanisms Including Field To Cable, Cable To Cable And Coupling Reduction Techniques. 6. Other Coupling Mechanisms. A Discussion Of Power Supplies And Victim Amplifiers. 7. The Importance Of Grounding For Achieving EMC. A Discussion Of Grounding, Including The Reasons (I.E., Safety, Lightning Control, EMC, Etc.), Grounding Schemes (Single Point, Multi-Point And Hybrid), Shield Grounding And Bonding. 8. The Importance Of Shielding. A Discussion Of Shielding Effectiveness, Including Shielding Considerations (Reflective And Absorptive). 9. Shielding Design. A Description Of Shielding Compromises (I.E., Apertures, Gaskets, Waveguide Beyond Cut-Off). 10. EMI Diagnostics And Fixes. A Discussion Of Techniques Used In EMI Diagnostics And Fixes. 11. EMC Specifications, Standards And Measurements. A Discussion Of The Genesis Of EMC Documentation Including A Historical Summary, The Rationale, And A Review Of MILStds, FCC And CISPR Requirements.

Summary
This three day course is designed for technicians, operators and engineers who need an understanding of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)/Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) methodology and concepts. The course provides a basic working knowledge of the principles of EMC. The course will provide real world examples and case histories. Computer software will be used to simulate and demonstrate various concepts and help to bridge the gap between theory and the real world. The computer software will be made available to the attendees. One of the computer programs is used to design interconnecting equipments. This program demonstrates the impact of various EMI “EMI mitigation techniques" that are applied. Another computer program is used to design a shielded enclosure. The program considers the box material; seams and gaskets; cooling and viewing apertures; and various "EMI mitigation techniques" that may be used for aperture protection. There are also hardware demonstrations of the effect of various compromises on the shielding effectiveness of an enclosure. The compromises that are demonstrated are seam leakage, and a conductor penetrating the enclosure. The hardware demonstrations also include incorporating various "EMI mitigation techniques" and illustrating their impact.

Instructor
Dr. William G. Duff (Bill) is an independent consultant. Previously, he was the Chief Technology Officer of the Advanced Technology Group of SENTEL. Prior to working for SENTEL, he worked for Atlantic Research and taught courses on electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). He is internationally recognized as a leader in the development of engineering technology for achieving EMC in communication and electronic systems. He has 42 years of experience in EMI/EMC analysis, design, test and problem solving for a wide variety of communication and electronic systems. He has extensive experience in assessing EMI at the equipment and/or the system level and applying EMI suppression and control techniques to "fix" problems. Bill has written more than 40 technical papers and four books on EMC. He also regularly teaches seminar courses on EMC. He is a past president of the IEEE EMC Society. He served a number of terms as a member of the EMC Society Board of Directors and is currently Chairman of the EMC Society Fellow Evaluation Committee and an Associate Editor for the EMC Society Newsletter. He is a NARTE Certified EMC Engineer.

What You Will Learn
• • • • • • • • Examples of Communications Systems EMI. Quantification of Systems EMI. Equipment and System EMI Concepts. Source and Victim Coupling Modes. Importance of Grounding. Shielding Designs. EMI Diagnostics. EMC/EMI Specifications and Standards.
Vol. 103 – 37

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Signal & Image Processing And Analysis For Scientists And Engineers

NEW!
Summary
This three-day course is designed is designed for engineers, scientists, technicians, implementers, and managers who need to understand basic and advanced methods of signal and image processing and analysis techniques for the measurement and imaging sciences. This course will jump start individuals who have little or no experience in the field to implement these methods, as well as provide valuable insight, new methods, and examples for those with some experience in the field.

December 14-16, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Recent attendee comments ...
"This course provided insight and explanations that saved me hours of research time."

Instructor
Dr. Donald J. Roth is the Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Team Lead at a major NASA center, as well as a senior research engineer with 26 years of experience in NDE, measurement and imaging sciences, and software design. His primary areas of expertise over his career include research and development in the imaging modalities of ultrasound, infrared, x-ray, computed tomography, and terahertz. He has been heavily involved in the development of software for custom data and control systems, and for signal and image processing software systems. Dr. Roth holds the degree of Ph.D. in Materials Science from the Case Western Reserve University and has published over 100 articles, presentations, book chapters, and software products.

Course Outline
1. Introduction. Basic Descriptions, Terminology, and Concepts Related to Signals, Imaging, and Processing for science and engineering. Analog and Digital. Data acquisition concepts. Sampling and Quantization. Signal Processing. Basic operations, Frequency-domain filtering, Wavelet filtering, Wavelet Decomposition and Reconstruction, Signal Deconvolution, Joint Time-Frequency Processing, Model-based Curve Fitting. 2. Signal Analysis. Parameter Extraction, Peak Detection, Signal Statistics, Joint Time – Frequency Analysis. 3. Image Processing. Basic and Advanced Methods, Spatial frequency Filtering, Wavelet filtering, lookup tables, Kernel convolution/filtering (e.g. Sobel, Gradient, Median), Directional Filtering, Image Deconvolution, Wavelet Decomposition and Reconstruction, Thresholding. Colorizing. Batch Processing. 4. Image Analysis. Region-of-interest Analysis, Line profiles, Feature Selection and Measurement, Principal Component Analysis, Derivative Images. Image Math, Logical Operators, Masks, Areal fraction and particle analysis. 5. Integrated Signal and Image Processing and Analysis Software and algorithm strategies. The instructor will draw on his extensive experience to demonstrate how these methods can be combined and utilized in a post-processing software package. 6. Software strategies including code and interface design concepts for versatile signal and image processing and analysis software development will be provided. These strategies are applicable for any language including LabVIEW, MATLAB, and IDL. Practical considerations and approaches will be emphasized.

What You Will Learn
• Basic terminology, definitions, and concepts related to signal and image processing. • Basic and advanced methods in practice. • Case histories where these methods have proven applicable. • The underlying methods behind popular signal and image processing software. • A strategy for developing integrated signal and image processing and analysis software. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform basic and advanced signal and image processing and analysis that can be applied to many signal and image acquisition scenarios in order to improve and analyze signal and image data
38 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach
“This course uses very little math, yet provides an indepth understanding of the concepts and real-world applications of these powerful tools.”

February 22-24, 2011
San Diego, California

Summary
Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) are in wide use and work very well if your signal stays at a constant frequency (“stationary”). But if the signal could vary, have pulses, “blips” or any other kind of interesting behavior then you need Wavelets. Wavelets are remarkable tools that can stretch and move like an amoeba to find the hidden “events” and then simultaneously give you their location, frequency, and shape. Wavelet Transforms allow this and many other capabilities not possible with conventional methods like the FFT. This course is vastly different from traditional mathoriented Wavelet courses or books in that we use examples, figures, and computer demonstrations to show how to understand and work with Wavelets. This is a comprehensive, in-depth. up-to-date treatment of the subject, but from an intuitive, conceptual point of view. We do look at some key equations but only AFTER the concepts are demonstrated and understood so you can see the wavelets and equations “in action”. Each student will receive extensive course slides, a CD with MATLAB demonstrations, and a copy of the instructor’s new book, Conceptual Wavelets.

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

"Your Wavelets course was very helpful in our Radar studies. We often use wavelets now instead of the Fourier Transform for precision denoising." –Long To, NAWC WD, Point Wugu, CA "I was looking forward to this course and it was very rewarding–Your clear explanations starting with the big picture immediately contextualized the material allowing us to drill a little deeper with a fuller understanding" –Steve Van Albert, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research "Good overview of key wavelet concepts and literature. The course provided a good physical understanding of wavelet transforms and applications." –Stanley Radzevicius, ENSCO, Inc.

Course Outline
1. What is a Wavelet? Examples and Uses. “Waves” that can start, stop, move and stretch. Real-world applications in many fields: Signal and Image Processing, Internet Traffic, Airport Security, Medicine, JPEG, Finance, Pulse and Target Recognition, Radar, Sonar, etc. 2. Comparison with traditional methods. The concept of the FFT, the STFT, and Wavelets as all being various types of comparisons (correlations) with the data. Strengths, weaknesses, optimal choices. 3. The Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT). Stretching and shifting the Wavelet for optimal correlation. Predefined vs. Constructed Wavelets. 4. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). Shrinking the signal by factors of 2 through downsampling. Understanding the DWT in terms of correlations with the data. Relating the DWT to the CWT. Demonstrations and uses. 5. The Redundant Discrete Wavelet Transform (RDWT). Stretching the Wavelet by factors of 2 without downsampling. Tradeoffs between the alias-free processing and the extra storage and computational burdens. A hybrid process using both the DWT and the RDWT. Demonstrations and uses. 6. “Perfect Reconstruction Filters”. How to cancel the effects of aliasing. How to recognize and avoid any traps. A breakthrough method to see the filters as basic Wavelets. The “magic” of alias cancellation demonstrated in both the time and frequency domains. 7. Highly useful properties of popular Wavelets. How to choose the best Wavelet for your application. When to create your own and when to stay with proven favorites. 8. Compression and De-Noising using Wavelets. How to remove unwanted or non-critical data without throwing away the alias cancellation capability. A new, powerful method to extract signals from large amounts of noise. Demonstrations. 9. Additional Methods and Applications. Image Processing. Detecting Discontinuities, Self-Similarities and Transitory Events. Speech Processing. Human Vision. Audio and Video. BPSK/QPSK Signals. Wavelet Packet Analysis. Matched Filtering. How to read and use the various Wavelet Displays. Demonstrations. 10. Further Resources. The very best of Wavelet references. Vol. 103 – 39

Instructor
D. Lee Fugal is the Founder and President of an independent consulting firm. He has over 30 years of industry experience in Digital Signal Processing (including Wavelets) and Satellite Communications. He has been a fulltime consultant on numerous assignments since 1991. Recent projects include Excision of Chirp Jammer Signals using Wavelets, design of Space-Based Geolocation Systems (GPS & Non-GPS), and Advanced Pulse Detection using Wavelet Technology. He has taught upper-division University courses in DSP and in Satellites as well as Wavelet short courses and seminars for Practicing Engineers and Management. He holds a Masters in Applied Physics (DSP) from the University of Utah, is a Senior Member of IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE Third Millennium Medal.

What You Will Learn
• How to use Wavelets as a “microscope” to analyze data that changes over time or has hidden “events” that would not show up on an FFT. • How to understand and efficiently use the 3 types of Wavelet Transforms to better analyze and process your data. State-of-the-art methods and applications. • How to compress and de-noise data using advanced Wavelet techniques. How to avoid potential pitfalls by understanding the concepts. A “safe” method if in doubt. • How to increase productivity and reduce cost by choosing (or building) a Wavelet that best matches your particular application.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Advanced Satellite Communications Systems:
Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems

January 25-27, 2011
Cocoa Beach, Florida

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course covers all the technology of advanced satellite communications as well as the principles behind current state-of-the-art satellite communications equipment. New and promising technologies will be covered to develop an understanding of the major approaches. Network topologies, VSAT, and IP networking over satellite.

Course Outline
1. Introduction to SATCOM. History and overview. Examples of current military and commercial systems. 2. Satellite orbits and transponder characteristics. 3. Traffic Connectivities: Mesh, Hub-Spoke, Point-to-Point, Broadcast. 4. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Random Access. DAMA and Bandwidth-onDemand. 5. Communications Link Calculations. Definition of EIRP, G/T, Eb/No. Noise Temperature and Figure. Transponder gain and SFD. Link Budget Calculations. 6. Digital Modulation Techniques. BPSK, QPSK. Standard pulse formats and bandwidth. Nyquist signal shaping. Ideal BER performance. 7. PSK Receiver Design Techniques. Carrier recovery, phase slips, ambiguity resolution, differential coding. Optimum data detection, clock recovery, bit count integrity. 8. Overview of Error Correction Coding, Encryption, and Frame Synchronization. Standard FEC types. Coding Gain. 9. RF Components. HPA, SSPA, LNA, Up/down converters. Intermodulation, band limiting, oscillator phase noise. Examples of BER Degradation. 10. TDMA Networks. Time Slots. Preambles. Suitability for DAMA and BoD. 11. Characteristics of IP and TCP/UDP over satellite. Unicast and Multicast. Need for Performance Enhancing Proxy (PEP) techniques. 12. VSAT Networks and their system characteristics; DVB standards and MF-TDMA. 13. Earth Station Antenna types. Pointing / Tracking. Small antennas at Ku band. FCC - Intelsat - ITU antenna requirements and EIRP density limitations. 14. Spread Spectrum Techniques. Military use and commercial PSD spreading with DS PN systems. Acquisition and tracking. Frequency Hop systems. 15. Overview of Bandwidth Efficient Modulation (BEM) Techniques. M-ary PSK, Trellis Coded 8PSK, QAM. 16. Convolutional coding and Viterbi decoding. Concatenated coding. Turbo coding. 17. Emerging Technology Developments and Future Trends.

Instructor
Dr. John Roach is a leading authority in satellite communications with 35+ years in the SATCOM industry. He has worked on many development projects both as employee and consultant / contractor. His experience has focused on the systems engineering of state-of-the-art system developments, military and commercial, from the worldwide architectural level to detailed terminal tradeoffs and designs. He has been an adjunct faculty member at Florida Institute of Technology where he taught a range of graduate communications courses. He has also taught SATCOM short courses all over the US and in London and Toronto, both publicly and in-house for both government and commercial organizations. In addition, he has been an expert witness in patent, trade secret, and government contracting cases. Dr. Roach has a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Georgia Tech. Advanced Satellite Communications Systems: Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems.

What You Will Learn
• Major Characteristics of satellites. • Characteristics of satellite networks. • The tradeoffs between major alternatives in SATCOM system design. • SATCOM system tradeoffs and link budget analysis. • DAMA/BoD for FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA systems. • Critical RF parameters in terminal equipment and their effects on performance. • Technical details of digital receivers. • Tradeoffs among different FEC coding choices. • Use of spread spectrum for Comm-on-the-Move. • Characteristics of IP traffic over satellite. • Overview of bandwidth efficient modulation types.
40 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Attitude Determination and Control
February 28 - March 3, 2011
Chantilly, Virginia Summary
This 4 – day course provides a detailed introduction to spacecraft attitude estimation and control. This course emphasizes many practical aspects of attitude control system design but with a solid theoretical foundation. The principles of operation and characteristics of attitude sensors and actuators are discussed. Spacecraft kinematics and dynamics are developed for use in control design and system simulation. Attitude determination methods are discussed in detail, including TRIAD, QUEST, Kalman filters. Sensor alignment and calibration is also covered. Environmental factors that affect pointing accuracy and attitude dynamics are presented. Pointing accuracy, stability (smear), and jitter definitions and analysis methods are presented. The various types of spacecraft pointing controllers and design, and analysis methods are presented. Students should have an engineering background including calculus and linear algebra. Sufficient background mathematics are presented in the course but is kept to the minimum necessary.

$1790

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Recent attendee comments ...

“Very thorough!” “Relevant and comprehensive.”
Course Outline
1. Kinematics. Vectors, direction-cosine matrices, Euler angles, quaternions, frame transformations, and rotating frames. Conversion between attitude representations. 2. Dynamics. Rigid-body rotational dynamics, Euler's equation. Slosh dynamics. Spinning spacecraft with long wire booms. 3. Sensors. Sun sensors, Earth Horizon sensors, Magnetometers, Gyros, Allan Variance & Green Charts, Angular Displacement sensors, Star Trackers. Principles of operation and error modeling. 4. Actuators. Reaction and momentum wheels, dynamic and static imbalance, wheel configurations, magnetic torque rods, reaction control jets. Principles of operation and modeling. 5. Environmental Disturbance Torques. Aerodynamic, solar pressure, gravity-gradient, magnetic dipole torque, dust impacts, and internal disturbances. 6. Pointing Error Metrics. Accuracy, Stability (Smear), and Jitter. Definitions and methods of design and analysis for specification and verification of requirements. 7. Attitude Control. B-dot and H X B rate damping laws. Gravity-gradient, spin stabilization, and momentum bias control. Three-axis zero-momentum control. Controller design and stability. Back-of-the envelope equations for actuator sizing and controller design. Flexible-body modeling, control-structure interaction, structural-mode (flex-mode) filters, and control of flexible structures. Verification and Validation, and Polarity and Phase testing. 8. Attitude Determination. TRIAD and QUEST algorithms. Introduction to Kalman filtering. Potential problems and reliable solutions in Kalman filtering. Attitude determination using the Kalman filter. Calibration of attitude sensors and gyros. 9. Coordinate Systems and Time. J2000 and ICRF inertial reference frames. Earth Orientation, WGS-84, geodetic, geographic coordinates. Time systems. Conversion between time scales. Standard epochs. Spacecraft time and timing.
Vol. 103 – 41

Instructor
Dr. Mark E. Pittelkau is an independent consultant. He was previously with the Applied Physics Laboratory, Orbital Sciences Corporation, CTA Space Systems, and Swales Aerospace. His early career at the Naval Surface Warfare Center involved target tracking, gun pointing control, and gun system calibration, and he has recently worked in target track fusion. His experience in satellite systems covers all phases of design and operation, including conceptual desig, implemen-tation, and testing of attitude control systems, attitude and orbit determination, and attitude sensor alignment and calibration, control-structure interaction analysis, stability and jitter analysis, and post-launch support. His current interests are precision attitude determination, attitude sensor calibration, orbit determination, and formation flying. Dr. Pittelkau earned the Bachelor's and Ph. D. degrees in Electrical Engineering at Tennessee Technological University and the Master's degree in EE at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

What You Will Learn
• Characteristics and principles of operation of attitude sensors and actuators. • Kinematics and dynamics. • Principles of time and coordinate systems. • Attitude determination methods, algorithms, and limits of performance; • Pointing accuracy, stability (smear), and jitter definitions and analysis methods. • Various types of pointing control systems and hardware necessary to meet particular control objectives. • Back-of-the envelope design techniques.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Communications Payload Design and Satellite System Architecture
November 16-18, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

NEW!
Course Outline
1. Communications Payloads and Service Requirements. Bandwidth, coverage, services and applications; RF link characteristics and appropriate use of link budgets; bent pipe payloads using passive and active components; specific demands for broadband data, IP over satellite, mobile communications and service availability; principles for using digital processing in system architecture, and on-board processor examples at L band (non-GEO and GEO) and Ka band. 2. Systems Engineering to Meet Service Requirements. Transmission engineering of the satellite link and payload (modulation and FEC, standards such as DVB-S2 and Adaptive Coding and Modulation, ATM and IP routing in space); optimizing link and payload design through consideration of traffic distribution and dynamics, link margin, RF interference and frequency coordination requirements. 3. Bent-pipe Repeater Design. Example of a detailed block and level diagram, design for low noise amplification, down-conversion design, IMUX and band-pass filtering, group delay and gain slope, AGC and linearizaton, power amplification (SSPA and TWTA, linearization and parallel combining), OMUX and design for high power/multipactor, redundancy switching and reliability assessment. 4. Spacecraft Antenna Design and Performance. Fixed reflector systems (offset parabola, Gregorian, Cassegrain) feeds and feed systems, movable and reconfigurable antennas; shaped reflectors; linear and circular polarization. 5. Communications Payload Performance Budgeting. Gain to Noise Temperature Ratio (G/T), Saturation Flux Density (SFD), and Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP); repeater gain/loss budgeting; frequency stability and phase noise; third-order intercept (3ICP), gain flatness, group delay; non-linear phase shift (AM/PM); out of band rejection and amplitude non-linearity (C3IM and NPR). 6. On-board Digital Processor Technology. A/D and D/A conversion, digital signal processing for typical channels and formats (FDMA, TDMA, CDMA); demodulation and remodulation, multiplexing and packet switching; static and dynamic beam forming; design requirements and service impacts. 7. Multi-beam Antennas. Fixed multi-beam antennas using multiple feeds, feed layout and isloation; phased array approaches using reflectors and direct radiating arrays; onboard versus ground-based beamforming. 8. RF Interference and Spectrum Management Considerations. Unraveling the FCC and ITU international regulatory and coordination process; choosing frequency bands that address service needs; development of regulatory and frequency coordination strategy based on successful case studies. 9. Ground Segment Selection and Optimization. Overall architecture of the ground segment: satellite TT&C and communications services; earth station and user terminal capabilities and specifications (fixed and mobile); modems and baseband systems; selection of appropriate antenna based on link requirements and end-user/platform considerations. 10. Earth station and User Terminal Tradeoffs: RF tradeoffs (RF power, EIRP, G/T); network design for provision of service (star, mesh and hybrid networks); portability and mobility. 11. Performance and Capacity Assessment. Determining capacity requirements in terms of bandwidth, power and network operation; selection of the air interface (multiple access, modulation and coding); interfaces with satellite and ground segment; relationship to available standards in current use and under development. 12. Satellite System Verification Methodology. Verification engineering for the payload and ground segment; where and how to review sources of available technology and software to evaluate subsystem and system performance; guidelines for overseeing development and evaluating alternate technologies and their sources; example of a complete design of a communications payload and system architecture.

April 5-7, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course provides communications and satellite systems engineers and system architects with a comprehensive and accurate approach for the specification and detailed design of the communications payload and its integration into a satellite system. Both standard bent pipe repeaters and digital processors (on board and ground-based) are studied in depth, and optimized from the standpoint of maximizing throughput and coverage (single footprint and multi-beam). Applications in Fixed Satellite Service (C, X, Ku and Ka bands) and Mobile Satellite Service (L and S bands) are addressed as are the requirements of the associated ground segment for satellite control and the provision of services to end users.

Instructor
Bruce R. Elbert (MSEE, MBA) is an independent consultant and Adjunct Prof of Engineering, Univ of Wisc, Madison. He is a recognized satellite communications expert with 40 years of experience in satellite communications payload and systems design engineering beginning at COMSAT Laboratories and including 25 years with Hughes Electronics. He has contributed to the design and construction of major communications, including Intelsat, Inmarsat, Galaxy, Thuraya, DIRECTV and Palapa A. He has written eight books, including: The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook, Second Edition, The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, and Introduction to Satellite Communication, Third Edition.

What You Will Learn
• How to transform system and service requirements into payload specifications and design elements. • What are the specific characteristics of payload components, such as antennas, LNAs, microwave filters, channel and power amplifiers, and power combiners. • What space and ground architecture to employ when evaluating on-board processing and multiple beam antennas, and how these may be configured for optimum end-to-end performance. • How to understand the overall system architecture and the capabilities of ground segment elements - hubs and remote terminals - to integrate with the payload, constellation and end-to-end system. • From this course you will obtain the knowledge, skill and ability to configure a communications payload based on its service requirements and technical features. You will understand the engineering processes and device characteristics that determine how the payload is put together and operates in a state - of - the - art telecommunications system to meet user needs. 42 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Orbital & Launch Mechanics
Military, Civilian and Deep-Space Applications

Summary
Award-winning rocket scientist Thomas S. Logsdon has carefully tailored this comprehensive 4-day short course to serve the needs of those military, aerospace, and defense-industry professionals who must understand, design, and manage today’s increasingly complicated and demanding aerospace missions. Each topic is illustrated with one-page mathematical derivations and numerical examples that use actual published inputs from real-world rockets, satellites, and spacecraft missions. The lessons help you lay out performance-optimal missions in concert with your professional colleagues.

Eac will rece h student ive a fr Navigato ee GPS r!

September 13-16, 2010
Manhattan Beach, California

January 10-13, 2011
Cape Canaveral, Florida

March 7-10, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1895

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Instructor
For more than 30 years, Thomas S. Logsdon, has worked on the Navstar GPS and other related technologies at the Naval Ordinance Laboratory, McDonnell Douglas, Lockheed Martin, Boeing Aerospace, and Rockwell International. His research projects and consulting assignments have included the Transit Navigation Satellites, The Tartar and Talos shipboard missiles, and the Navstar GPS. In addition, he has helped put astronauts on the moon and guide their colleagues on rendezvous missions headed toward the Skylab capsule, and helped fly space probes to the nearby planets. Some of his more challenging assignments have included trajectory optimization, constellation design, booster rocket performance enhancement, spacecraft survivability, differential navigation and booster rocket guidance using the GPS signals. Tom Logsdon has taught short courses and lectured in 31 different countries. He has written and published 40 technical papers and journal articles, a dozen of which have dealt with military and civilian radionavigation techniques. He is also the author of 29 technical books on a variet of mathematical, engineering and scientific subjects. These include Understanding the Navstar, Orbital Mechanics: Theory and Applications, Mobile Communication Satellites, and The Navstar Global Positioning System.

Course Outline
1. Concepts from Astrodynamics. Kepler’s Laws. Newton’s clever generalizations. Evaluating the earth’s gravitational parameter. Launch azimuths and groundtrace geometry. Orbital perturbations. 2. Satellite Orbits. Isaac Newton’s vis viva equation. Orbital energy and angular momentum. Gravity wells. The six classical Keplerian orbital elements. Station-keeping maneuvers. 3. Rocket Propulsion Fundamentals. Momentum calculations. Specific impulse. The rocket equation. Building efficient liquid and solid rockets. Performance calculations. Multi-stage rocket design. 4. Enhancing a Rocket’s Performance. Optimal fuel biasing techniques. The programmed mixture ratio scheme. Optimal trajectory shaping. Iterative least squares hunting procedures. Trajectory reconstruction. Determining the best estimate of propellant mass. 5. Expendable Rockets and Reusable Space Shuttles. Operational characteristics, performance curves. Single-stage-to-orbit vehicles. 6. Powered Flight Maneuvers. The classical Hohmann transfer maneuver. Multi-impulse and lowthrust maneuvers. Plane-change maneuvers. The bielliptic transfer. Relative motion plots. Military evasive maneuvers. Deorbit techniques. Planetary swingbys and ballistic capture maneuvers. 7. Optimal Orbit Selection. Polar and sunsynchronous orbits. Geostationary orbits and their major perturbations. ACE-orbit constellations. Lagrangian libration point orbits. Halo orbits. Interplanetary trajectories. Mars-mission opportunities and deep-space trajectories. 8. Constellation Selection Trades. Existing civilian and military constellations. Constellation design techniques. John Walker’s rosette configurations. Captain Draim’s constellations. Repeating groundtrace orbits. Earth coverage simulation routines. 9. Cruising along JPL’s Invisible Rivers of Gravity in Space. Equipotential surfaces. 3dimensional manifolds. Developing NASA’s clever Genesis mission. Capturing stardust in space. Simulating thick bundles of chaotic trajectories. Experiencing tomorrow’s unpaved freeways in the sky.
Vol. 103 – 43

What You Will Learn
• How do we launch a satellite into orbit and maneuver it to a new location? • How do we design a performance-optimal constellation of satellites? • Why do planetary swingby maneuvers provide such profound gains in performance, and what do we pay for these important performance gains? • How can we design the best multistage rocket for a particular mission? • What are Lagrangian libration-point orbits? Which ones are dynamically stable? How can we place satellites into halo orbits circling around these moving points in space? • What are JPL’s gravity tubes? How were they discovered? How are they revolutionizing the exploration of space?

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Fundamentals of Space Missions
August 3-5, 2010
Los Angeles, California

$1800

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day course provides an overview of the fundamental concepts and technologies of modern space mission systems. Space missions and satellite systems combine science, engineering, and external phenomena. The course will concentrate on scientific and engineering foundations of space missions, spacecraft systems, and interactions among various subsystems.

Course Outline
The fundamentals of space environment, orbital mechanics, propulsion, and subsystem technologies provide an indispensable basis for system engineering. The introduced basic nomenclature, vocabulary, and concepts will make it possible to converse with understanding with mission planners, designers, operators, and subsystem specialists. The extensive set of course notes provide a concise reference for understanding, planning, and designing space missions and operating modern spacecraft.

Instructor
Dr. Mike Gruntman is Professor of Astronautics at the University of Southern California. He is a specialist in astronautics, space technology, space sensors and instrumentation, and space physics. Gruntman participates in several theoretical and experimental programs in space science and space technology, including space missions. He authored and co-authored more 200 publications (including two books) in various areas of astronautics, space technology, space physics, scientific instrumentation, space and rocket history, and space education.

Topics Covered include:
1. Common space mission and spacecraft bus configurations, requirements, and constraints. 2. Fundamentals of space environment and its effects on space systems. 3. Common orbits and velocity increments and propellant amounts for typical maneuvers. 4. Fundamentals of spacecraft subsystems and their interactions. 5. Elements of space mission system engineering.

Who Should Attend
Engineers and managers in the aerospace/defense industry, FFRDCs and government R&D laboratories and centers who are involved in planning, designing, building, launching and operating space systems and spacecraft subsystems and components.
44 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

GPS Technology
GPS Solutions for Military, Civilian & Aerospace Applications

August 23-26, 2010
Eac will rece h student ive a fr Navigato ee GPS r!

Laurel, Maryland

October 25-28, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico

March 14-17, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1895
Summary
In this popular 4-day short course, GPS expert Tom Logsdon will describe in detail how precise radionavigation systems work and review the many practical benefits they provide to military and civilian users in space and around the globe. Through practical demonstration you will learn how a GPS receiver works, how to operate it in various situations, and how to interpret the positioning solutions it provides. Each topic includes practical derivations and realworld examples using published inputs from the literature and from the instructors personal and professional experiences.

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Radionavigation Principles. Active and passive radionavigation systems. Spherical and hyperbolic lines of position. Position and velocity solutions. Spaceborne atomic clocks. Websites and other sources of information. Building a $143 billion business in space. 2. The Three Major Segments of the GPS. Signal structure and pseudorandom codes. Modulation techniques. Military performance enhancements. Relativistic time dilations. Inverted navigation solutions. 3. Navigation Solutions and Kalman Filtering Techniques. Taylor series expansions. Numerical iteration. Doppler shift solutions. Satellite selection algorithms. Kalman filtering algorithms. 4. Designing an Effective GPS Receiver. Annotated block diagrams. Antenna design. Code tracking and carrier tracking loops. Software modules. Commercial chipsets. Military receivers. Shuttle and space station receivers. 5. Military Applications. The worldwide common grid. Military test-range applications.Tactical and strategic applications. Autonomy and survivability enhancements. Precision guided munitions. Smart bombs and artillery projectiles. 6. Integrated Navigation Systems. Mechanical and Strapdown implementations. Ring lasers and fiber-optic gyros. Integrated navigation. Military applications. Key features of the C-MIGITS integrated nav system. 7. Differential Navigation and Pseudosatellites. Special committee 104’s data exchange protocols. Global data distribution. Wide-area differential navigation. Pseudosatellite concepts and test results. 8. Carrier-Aided Solutions. The interferometry concept. Double differencing techniques. Attitude determination receivers. Navigation of the Topex and NASA’s twin Grace satellites. Dynamic and Kinematic orbit determination. Motorola’s Spaceborne Monarch receiver. Relativistic time dilation derivations. 9. The Navstar Satellites. Subsystem descriptions. On-orbit test results. The Block I, II, IIR, and IIF satellites, Block III concepts. Orbital Perturbations and modeling techniques. Stationkeeping maneuvers. Earth shadowing characteristic. Repeating ground-trace geometry. 10. Russia’s Glonass Constellation. Performance comparisons between the GPS and Glonass. Orbital mechanics considerations. Military survivability. Spacecraft subsystems. Russia’s SL-12 Proton booster. Building dual-capability GPS/Glonass receivers.
Vol. 103 – 45

"The presenter was very energetic and truly passionate about the material" " Tom Logsdon is the best teacher I have ever had. His knowledge is excellent. He is a 10!" "The instructor displayed awesome knowledge of the GPS and space technology…very knowledgeable instructor. Spoke clearly…Good teaching style. Encouraged questions and discussion." "Mr. Logsdon did a bang-up job explaining and deriving the theories of special/general relativity–and how they are associated with the GPS navigation solutions." "I loved his one-page mathematical derivations and the important points they illustrate." "Instructor was very knowledgeable and related to his students very well–and with sparkling good humor!" "The lecture was truly an expert in his field and delivered an entertaining and technically well-balanced presentation." "Excellent instructor! Wonderful teaching skills! This was honestly, the best class I have had since leaving the university."

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Ground Systems Design and Operation
September 27-29, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico

$1590
Summary
This course provides a practical introduction to all aspects of ground system design and operation. Starting with basic communications principles, an understanding is developed of ground system architectures and system design issues. The function of major ground system elements is explained, leading to a discussion of day-to-day operations. The course concludes with a discussion of current trends in Ground System design and operations. This course is intended for engineers, technical managers, and scientists who are interested in acquiring a working understanding of ground systems as an introduction to the field or to help broaden their overall understanding of space mission systems and mission operations. It is also ideal for technical professionals who need to use, manage, operate, or purchase a ground system.

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. The Link Budget. An introduction to basic communications system principles and theory; system losses, propagation effects, Ground Station performance, and frequency selection. 2. Ground System Architecture and System Design. An overview of ground system topology providing an introduction to ground system elements and technologies. 3. Ground System Elements. An element by element review of the major ground station subsystems, explaining roles, parameters, limitations, tradeoffs, and current technology. 4. Figure of Merit (G/T). An introduction to the key parameter used to characterize satellite ground station performance, bringing all ground station elements together to form a complete system. 5. Modulation Basics. An introduction to modulation types, signal sets, analog and digital modulation schemes, and modulator demodulator performance characteristics. 6. Ranging and Tracking. A discussion of ranging and tracking for orbit determination. 7. Ground System Networks and Standards. A survey of several ground system networks and standards with a discussion of applicability, advantages, disadvantages, and alternatives. 8. Ground System Operations. A discussion of day-to-day operations in a typical ground system including planning and staffing, spacecraft commanding, health and status monitoring, data recovery, orbit determination, and orbit maintenance. 9. Trends in Ground System Design. A discussion of the impact of the current cost and schedule constrained approach on Ground System design and operation, including COTS hardware and software systems, autonomy, and unattended “lights out” operations.

Instructor
Steve Gemeny is Principal Program Engineer. Formerly Senior Member of the Professional Staff at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he served as Ground Station Lead for the TIMED mission to explore Earth’s atmosphere and Lead Ground System Engineer on the New Horizons mission to explore Pluto by 2020. Prior to joining the Applied Physics Laboratory, Mr. Gemeny held numerous engineering and technical sales positions with Orbital Sciences Corporation, Mobile TeleSystems Inc. and COMSAT Corporation beginning in 1980. Mr. Gemeny is an experienced professional in the field of Ground Station and Ground System design in both the commercial world and on NASA Science missions with a wealth of practical knowledge spanning nearly three decades. Mr. Gemeny delivers his experiences and knowledge to his students with an informative and entertaining presentation style.

What You Will Learn
• The fundamentals of ground system design, architecture and technology. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the spacecraft-toground communications link. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the design and implementation of a ground system. • The capabilities and limitations of the various modulation types (FM, PSK, QPSK). • The fundamentals of ranging and orbit determination for orbit maintenance. • Basic day-to-day operations practices and procedures for typical ground systems. • Current trends and recent experiences in cost and schedule constrained operations.
46 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging
September 21-23, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico

March 8-10, 2011
Beltsville. Maryland

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day class is designed for engineers, scientists and other remote sensing professionals who wish to become familiar with multispectral and hyperspectral remote sensing technology. Students in this course will learn the basic physics of spectroscopy, the types of spectral sensors currently used by government and industry, and the types of data processing used for various applications. Lectures will be enhanced by computer demonstrations. After taking this course, students should be able to communicate and work productively with other professionals in this field. Each student will receive a complete set of notes and the textbook, Remote Sensing: The Image Chain Approach.

Taught by an internationally recognized leader & expert in spectral remote sensing!
Course Outline
1. Introduction to multispectral and hyperspectral remote sensing. 2. Sensor types and characterization. Design tradeoffs. Data formats and systems. 3. Optical properties for remote sensing. Solar radiation. Atmospheric transmittance, absorption and scattering. 4. Sensor modeling and evaluation. Spatial, spectral, and radiometric resolution. 5. Statistics for multivariate data analysis. Scatterplots. Impact of sensor performance on data characteristics. 6. Spectral data processing. Data visualization and interpretation. 7. Radiometric calibration. Partial calibration. Relative normalization. 8. Image registration. Resampling and its effect on spectral analysis. 9. Data and sensor fusion. Spatial versus spectral algorithms. 10. Classification of remote sensing data. Supervised and unsupervised classification. Parametric and nonparametric classifiers. Application examples. 11. Hyperspectral data analysis.

Instructor
Dr. Richard B. Gomez over the years has served as a physical scientist, director, and instructor in industry, government, and academia. In industry he has worked for Texas Instruments and the Analytic Services (ANSER), INC. In the government, he has served in the Civil Senior Executive Service for the United States Army Corps of Engineers. In academia, he has served as Research Professor at George Mason University (GMU) and as Principal Research Scientist at the Center for Earth Observing and Space Research (CEOSR). In the 2010 spring semester at GMU he taught both undergraduate and graduate courses that involved the scientific and technology fields of hyperspectral imaging and high resolution remote sensing. Dr. Gomez is internationally recognized as a leader and expert in the field of spectral remote sensing (multispectral, hyperspectral and ultraspectral) and has published extensively in scientific journals. He has organized and chaired national and international conferences, symposia and workshops. He earned his doctoral degree in physics from New Mexico State University. He also holds an M.S. and a B.S. in physics. Dr. Gomez has served as Director for the ASPRS Potomac Region and as Remote Sensing Chair for the IEEE-USA Committee on Transportation and Aerospace Technology Policy.

What You Will Learn
• The limitations on passive optical remote sensing. • The properties of current sensors. • Component modeling for sensor performance. • How to calibrate remote sensors. • The types of data processing used for applications such as spectral angle mapping, multisensor fusion, and pixel mixture analysis. • How to evaluate the performance of different hyperspectral systems.
Vol. 103 – 47

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

IP Networking Over Satellite
For Government, Military & Commercial Enterprises

Summary
This three-day course is designed for satellite engineers and managers in government and industry who need to increase their understanding of the Internet and how Internet Protocols (IP) can be used to transmit data and voice over satellites. IP has become the worldwide standard for data communications. Satellites extend the reach of the Internet and Intranets. Satellites deliver multicast content efficiently anywhere in the world. With these benefits come challenges. Satellite delay and bit errors can impact performance. Satellite links must be integrated with terrestrial networks. Space segment is expensive; there are routing and security issues. This course explains the techniques and architectures used to mitigate these challenges. Quantitative techniques for understanding throughput and response time are presented. System diagrams describe the satellite/terrestrial interface. The course notes provide an up-to-date reference. An extensive bibliography is supplied.

November 16-18, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 5:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Introduction. 2. Fundamentals of Data Networking. Packet switching, circuit switching, Seven Layer Model (ISO). Wide Area Networks including, Frame Relay, ATM, Aloha, DVB. Local Area Networks, Ethernet. Physical communications layer. 3. The Internet and its P rotocols. The Internet Protocol (IP). Addressing, Routing, Multicasting. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Impact of bit errors and propagation delay on TCP-based applications. User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Introduction to higher level services. NAT and tunneling. Impact of IP Version 6. 4. Quality of Service Issues in the Internet. QoS factors for streams and files. Performance of voice and video over IP. Response time for web object retrievals using HTTP. Methods for improving QoS: ATM, MPLS, Differentiated services, RSVP. Priority processing and packet discard in routers. Caching and performance enhancement. Network Management and Security issues including the impact of encryption in a satellite network. 5. Satellite Data Networking Architectures. Geosynchronous satellites. The link budget, modulation and coding techniques, bandwidth efficiency. Ground station architectures for data networking: Point to Point, Point to Multipoint. Shared outbound carriers incorporating Frame Relay, DVB. Return channels for shared outbound systems: TDMA, CDMA, Aloha, DVB/RCS. Meshed networks for Intranets. Suppliers of DAMA systems. 6. System Design and Economic Issues. Cost factors for Backbone Internet and Direct to the home Internet services. Mission critical Intranet issues including asymmetric routing, reliable multicast, impact of user mobility. A content delivery case history. 7. A TDMA/DAMA Design Example. Integrating voice and data requirements in a mission-critical Intranet. Cost and bandwidth efficiency comparison of SCPC, standards-based TDMA/DAMA and proprietary TDMA/DAMA approaches. Tradeoffs associated with VOIP approach and use of encryption. 8. Predicting Performance in Mission Critical Networks. Queuing theory helps predict response time. Single server and priority queues. A design case history, using queuing theory to determine how much bandwidth is needed to meet response time goals in a voice and data network. Use of simulation to predict performance. 9. A View of the Future. Impact of Ka-band and spot beam satellites. Benefits and issues associated with Onboard Processing. LEO, MEO, GEOs. Descriptions of current and proposed commercial and military satellite systems. Low-cost ground station technology.

Instructor
Burt H. Liebowitz is Principal Network Engineer at the MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia, specializing in the analysis of wireless services. He has more than 30 years experience in computer networking, the last six of which have focused on Internet-over-satellite services. He was President of NetSat Express Inc., a leading provider of such services. Before that he was Chief Technical Officer for Loral Orion (now Cyberstar), responsible for Internet-oversatellite access products. Mr. Liebowitz has authored two books on distributed processing and numerous articles on computing and communications systems. He has lectured extensively on computer networking. He holds three patents for a satellite-based data networking system. Mr. Liebowitz has B.E.E. and M.S. in Mathematics degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and an M.S.E.E. from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. After taking this course you will understand how the Internet works and how to implement satellite-based networks that provide Internet access, multicast content delivery services, and mission-critical Intranet services to users around the world.

What You Will Learn
• How packet switching works and how it enables voice and data networking. • The rules and protocols for packet switching in the Internet. • How to use satellites as essential elements in mission critical data networks. • How to understand and overcome the impact of propagation delay and bit errors on throughput and response time in satellite-based IP networks. • How to link satellite and terrestrial circuits to create hybrid IP networks. • How to select the appropriate system architectures for Internet access, enterprise and content delivery networks. • How to design satellite-based networks to meet user throughput and response time requirements. • The impact on cost and performance of new technology, such as LEOs, Ka band, on-board processing, intersatellite links. 48 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Remote Sensing Information Extraction
March 15-17, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)
00

Course Outline
1. Remote Sensing Introduction. Definitions, resolutions, active-passive. 2. Platforms. Airborne, spaceborne, advantages and limitations. 3. Energy Flow Profile. Energy sources, atmospheric interactions, reflectance curves, emittance. 4. Aerial Photography. Photogrammetric fundamentals of photo acquisition. 5. Film Types. Panchormatic, normal color, color infrared, panchromatic infrared. 6. Scale Determination. Point versus average scale. Methods of determination of scale. 7. Area and Height Measurements. Tools and procedures including relative accuracies. 8. Feature Extraction. Tone, texture, shadow, size, shape, association. 9. Land Use and Land Cover. Examples, classification systems definitions, minimum mapping units, cartographic generalization. 10. Source materials. Image processing software, organizations, literature, reference materials. 11. Spaceborne Remote Sensing. Basic terminology and orbit characteristics. Distinction between research/experimental, national technical assets, and operational systems. 12. Multispectral Systems. Cameras, scanners linear arrays, spectral matching. 13. Moderate Resolution MSS. Landsat, SPOT, IRS, JERS. 14. Coarse Resolution MSS. Meteorological Systems, AVHRR, Vegetation Mapper. 15. High Spatial Resolution. IKONOS, EarthView, Orbview. 16. Radar. Basic concepts, RADARSAT, ALMAZ, SIR. 17. Hyperspectral. AVIRIS, MODIS, Hyperion. 18. GIS-Remote Sensing Integration. Two directional relationships between remote sensing and GIS. Data structures. 19. Geometric Rectification. Procedures to rectify remote sensing imagery. 20. Digital Image Processing. Preprocessing, image enhancements, automated digital classification. 21. Accuracy Assessments. Contingency matrix, Kappa coefficient, sample size and selection. 22. Multiscale techniques. Ratio estimators, double and nested sampling, area frame procedures.
Vol. 103 – 49

"Register 3 or More & Receive $100 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This 3-day workshop will review remote sensing concepts and vocabulary including resolution, sensing platforms, electromagnetic spectrum and energy flow profile. The workshop will provide an overview of the current and near-term status of operational platforms and sensor systems. The focus will be on methods to extract information from these data sources. The spaceborne systems include the following; 1) high spatial resolution (< 5m) systems, 2) medium spatial resolution (5-100m) multispectral, 3) low spatial resolution (>100m) multispectral, 4) radar, and 5) hyperspectral. The two directional relationships between remote sensing and GIS will be examined. Procedures for geometric registration and issues of cartographic generalization for creating GIS layers from remote sensing information will also be discussed.

Instructor
Dr. Barry Haack is a Professor of Geographic and Cartographic Sciences at George Mason University. He was a Research Engineer at ERIM and has held fellowships with NASA Goddard, the US Air Force and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. His primary professional interest is basic and applied science using remote sensing and he has over 100 professional publications and has been a recipient of a Leica-ERDAS award for a research manuscript in Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. He has served as a consultant to the UN, FAO, World Bank, and various governmental agencies in Africa, Asia and South America. He has provided workshops to USDA, US intelligence agencies, US Census, and ASPRS. Recently he was a Visiting Fulbright Professor at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and has current projects in Nepal with support from the National Geographic Society.

What You Will Learn
• Operational parameters of current sensors. • Visual and digital information extraction procedures. • Photogrammetric rectification procedures. • Integration of GIS and remote sensing. • Accuracy assessments. • Availability and costs of remote sensing data.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Satellite Communications
An Essential Introduction

September 21-23, 2010
Testimonial:
…I truly enjoyed your course and hearing of your adventures in the Satellite business. You have a definite gift in teaching style and explanations.”

Los Angeles, California

December 14-16, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

March 8-10, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1690

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

Summary
This introductory course has recently been expanded to three days by popular demand. It has been taught to thousands of industry professionals for more than two decades, to rave reviews. The course is intended primarily for non-technical people who must understand the entire field of commercial satellite communications, and who must understand and communicate with engineers and other technical personnel. The secondary audience is technical personnel moving into the industry who need a quick and thorough overview of what is going on in the industry, and who need an example of how to communicate with less technical individuals. The course is a primer to the concepts, jargon, buzzwords, and acronyms of the industry, plus an overview of commercial satellite communications hardware, operations, and business environment. Concepts are explained at a basic level, minimizing the use of math, and providing real-world examples. Several calculations of important concepts such as link budgets are presented for illustrative purposes, but the details need not be understood in depth to gain an understanding of the concepts illustrated. The first section provides non-technical people with the technical background necessary to understand the space and earth segments of the industry, culminating with the importance of the link budget. The concluding section of the course provides an overview of the business issues, including major operators, regulation and legal issues, and issues and trends affecting the industry. Attendees receive a copy of the instructor's new textbook, Satellite Communications for the Non-Specialist, and will have time to discuss issues pertinent to their interests.

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Satellites and Telecommunication. Introduction and historical background. Legal and regulatory environment of satellite telecommunications: industry issues; standards and protocols; regulatory bodies; satellite services and applications; steps to licensing a system. Telecommunications users, applications, and markets: fixed services, broadcast services, mobile services, navigation services. 2. Communications Fundamentals. Basic definitions and measurements: decibels. The spectrum and its uses: properties of waves; frequency bands; bandwidth. Analog and digital signals. Carrying information on waves: coding, modulation, multiplexing, networks and protocols. Signal quality, quantity, and noise: measures of signal quality; noise; limits to capacity; advantages of digital. 3. The Space Segment. The space environment: gravity, radiation, solid material. Orbits: types of orbits; geostationary orbits; non-geostationary orbits. Orbital slots, frequencies, footprints, and coverage: slots; satellite spacing; eclipses; sun interference. Out to launch: launcher’s job; launch vehicles; the launch campaign; launch bases. Satellite systems and construction: structure and busses; antennas; power; thermal control; stationkeeping and orientation; telemetry and command. Satellite operations: housekeeping and communications. 4. The Ground Segment. Earth stations: types, hardware, and pointing. Antenna properties: gain; directionality; limits on sidelobe gain. Space loss, electronics, EIRP, and G/T: LNA-B-C’s; signal flow through an earth station. 5. The Satellite Earth Link. Atmospheric effects on signals: rain; rain climate models; rain fade margins. Link budgets: C/N and Eb/No. Multiple access: SDMA, FDMA, TDMA, CDMA; demand assignment; on-board multiplexing. 6. Satellite Communications Systems. Satellite communications providers: satellite competitiveness; competitors; basic economics; satellite systems and operators; using satellite systems. Issues, trends, and the future.

Instructor
Dr. Mark R. Chartrand is a consultant and lecturer in satellite telecommunications and the space sciences. For a more than twenty-five years he has presented professional seminars on satellite technology and on telecommunications to satisfied individuals and businesses throughout the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe and Asia. Dr. Chartrand has served as a technical and/or business consultant to NASA, Arianespace, GTE Spacenet, Intelsat, Antares Satellite Corp., Moffett-LarsonJohnson, Arianespace, Delmarva Power, Hewlett-Packard, and the International Communications Satellite Society of Japan, among others. He has appeared as an invited expert witness before Congressional subcommittees and was an invited witness before the National Commission on Space. He was the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the annual The World Satellite Systems Guide, and later the publication Strategic Directions in Satellite Communication. He is author of six books and hundreds of articles in the space sciences. He has been chairman of several international satellite conferences, and a speaker at many others. 50 – Vol. 103

What You Will Learn
• How do commercial satellites fit into the telecommunications industry? • How are satellites planned, built, launched, and operated? • How do earth stations function? • What is a link budget and why is it important? • What legal and regulatory restrictions affect the industry? • What are the issues and trends driving the industry?

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Satellite Communication Systems Engineering
A comprehensive, quantitative tutorial designed for satellite professionals

September 14-16, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. Mission Analysis. Kepler’s laws. Circular and elliptical satellite orbits. Altitude regimes. Period of revolution. Geostationary Orbit. Orbital elements. Ground trace. 2. Earth-Satellite Geometry. Azimuth and elevation. Slant range. Coverage area. 3. Signals and Spectra. Properties of a sinusoidal wave. Synthesis and analysis of an arbitrary waveform. Fourier Principle. Harmonics. Fourier series and Fourier transform. Frequency spectrum. 4. Methods of Modulation. Overview of modulation. Carrier. Sidebands. Analog and digital modulation. Need for RF frequencies. 5. Analog Modulation. Amplitude Modulation (AM). Frequency Modulation (FM). 6. Digital Modulation. Analog to digital conversion. BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, QAM. Coherent detection and carrier recovery. NRZ and RZ pulse shapes. Power spectral density. ISI. Nyquist pulse shaping. Raised cosine filtering. 7. Bit Error Rate. Performance objectives. Eb/No. Relationship between BER and Eb/No. Constellation diagrams. Why do BPSK and QPSK require the same power? 8. Coding. Shannon’s theorem. Code rate. Coding gain. Methods of FEC coding. Hamming, BCH, and ReedSolomon block codes. Convolutional codes. Viterbi and sequential decoding. Hard and soft decisions. Concatenated coding. Turbo coding. Trellis coding. 9. Bandwidth. Equivalent (noise) bandwidth. Occupied bandwidth. Allocated bandwidth. Relationship between bandwidth and data rate. Dependence of bandwidth on methods of modulation and coding. Tradeoff between bandwidth and power. Emerging trends for bandwidth efficient modulation. 10. The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Frequency bands used for satellite communication. ITU regulations. Fixed Satellite Service. Direct Broadcast Service. Digital Audio Radio Service. Mobile Satellite Service. 11. Earth Stations. Facility layout. RF components. Network Operations Center. Data displays. 12. Antennas. Antenna patterns. Gain. Half power beamwidth. Efficiency. Sidelobes. 13. System Temperature. Antenna temperature. LNA. Noise figure. Total system noise temperature. 14. Satellite Transponders. Satellite communications payload architecture. Frequency plan. Transponder gain. TWTA and SSPA. Amplifier characteristics. Nonlinearity. Intermodulation products. SFD. Backoff. 15. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency division multiple access (FDMA). Time division multiple access (TDMA). Code division multiple access (CDMA) or spread spectrum. Capacity estimates. 16. Polarization. Linear and circular polarization. Misalignment angle. 17. Rain Loss. Rain attenuation. Crane rain model. Effect on G/T. 18. The RF Link. Decibel (dB) notation. Equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Figure of Merit (G/T). Free space loss. WhyPower flux density. Carrier to noise ratio. The RF link equation. 19. Link Budgets. Communications link calculations. Uplink, downlink, and composite performance. Link budgets for single carrier and multiple carrier operation. Detailed worked examples. 20. Performance Measurements. Satellite modem. Use of a spectrum analyzer to measure bandwidth, C/N, and Eb/No. Comparison of actual measurements with theory using a mobile antenna and a geostationary satellite.
Vol. 103 – 51

December 7-9, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

March 15-17, 2011
Boulder, Colorado

$1740

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Instructor
Dr. Robert A. Nelson is president of Satellite Engineering Research Corporation, a consulting firm in Bethesda, Maryland, with clients in both commercial industry and government. Dr. Nelson holds the degree of Ph.D. in physics from the University of Maryland and is a licensed Professional Engineer. He is coauthor of the textbook Satellite Communication Systems Engineering, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1993). He is a member of IEEE, AIAA, APS, AAPT, AAS, IAU, and ION.

Additional Materials
In addition to the course notes, each participant will receive a book of collected tutorial articles written by the instructor and soft copies of the link budgets discussed in the course.

Testimonials
“Instructor truly knows material. 1hour sessions are brilliant.” The

“Exceptional knowledge. Very effective presentation.” “Great handouts. Great presentation. Great real-life course note examples and cd. The instructor made good use of student’s experiences.” “Very well prepared and presented. The instructor has an excellent grasp of material and articulates it well” “Outstanding at explaining and defining quantifiably the theory underlying the concepts.” “Very well organized. Excellent reference equations and theory. Good examples.” “Good broad general coverage of a complex subject.”

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Satellite Design & Technology
Cost-Effective Design for Today's Missions

October 25-28, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. Space Systems Engineering. Elements of space systems engineering. Setting the objective. Establishing requirements. System "drivers." Mission analysis and design. Budgeted items. Margins. Project phases. Design reviews. 2. Designing for the Space Environment. Vacuum and drag. Microgravity. Temperature and thermal gradients. Magnetic field. Ultraviolet. Solar pressure. Ionizing radiation. Spacecraft charging. Space debris. Pre-launch and launch environments. 3. Orbits and Astrodynamics. Review of spacecraft orbital mechanics. Coordinate systems. Orbital elements. Selecting an orbit. Orbital transfer. Specialized orbits. Orbit perturbations. Interplanetary missions. 4. On-Orbit Propulsion and Launch Systems. Mathematical formulation of rocket equations. Spacecraft onboard propulsion systems. Station keeping and attitude control. Satellite launch options. 5. Attitude Determination and Control. Spacecraft attitude dynamics. Attitude torque modeling. Attitude sensors and actuators. Passive and active attitude control. Attitude estimators and controllers. New applications, methods, HW. 6. Spacecraft Power Systems. Power source options. Energy storage, control, and distribution. Power converters. Designing the small satellite power system. 7. Spacecraft Thermal Control. Heat transfer fundamentals for spacecraft.Modern thermal materials. Active vs. passive thermal control. The thermal design procedure. 8. Spacecraft Configuration and Structure. Structural design requirements and interfaces. Requirements for launch, staging, spin stabilization. Design, analysis, and test. Modern structural materials and design concepts. Margins of safety. Structural dynamics and testing. 9. Spacecraft RF Communications. RF signal transmission. Antennas. One-way range equation. Properties and peculiarities of the space channel. Modulating the RF. Dealing with noise. Link margin. Error correction. RF link design. 10. Spacecraft Command and Telemetry. Command receivers, decoders, and processors. Command messages. Synchronization, error detection and correction. Encryption and authentication. Telemetry systems. Sensors, signal conditioning, and A/D conversion. Frame formatting. Packetization. Data compression. 11. Spacecraft On-board Computing. Central processing units for space. Memory types. Mass storage. Processor input/output. Spacecraft buses. Fault tolerance and redundancy. Radiation hardness, upset, and latchup. Hardware/software tradeoffs. Software development and engineering. 12. Reliability and Quality Assurance. Hi-rel principles: lessons learned. Designing for reliability. Using redundancy effectively. Margins and derating. Parts quality and process control. Configuration management. Quality assurance, inspection, and test. ISO 9000. 13. Integration and Test. Planning for I&T. Ground support systems. I&T facilities. Verification matrix. Test plans and other important documents. Testing subsystems. Spacecraft level testing. Launch site operations. Which tests are worthwhile, which aren’t?

April 25-28, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1790

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
Renewed emphasis on cost effective missions requires up-to-date knowledge of satellite technology and an indepth understanding of the systems engineering issues. Together, these give satellite engineers and managers options in selecting lower cost approaches to building reliable spacecraft. This 3-1/2 day course covers all the important technologies needed to develop lower cost space systems. In addition to covering the traditional flight hardware disciplines, attention is given to integration and testing, software, and R&QA. The emphasis is on the enabling technology developments, including new space launch options that permit doing more with less in space today. Case studies and examples drawn from modern satellite missions pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs in modern design and illustrate lessons learned from past successes and failures. Technical specialists will also find the broad perspective and system engineering viewpoint useful in communicating with other specialists to analyze design options and tradeoffs. The course notes provide an authoritative reference that focuses on proven techniques and guidelines for understanding, designing, and managing modern satellite systems.

Instructors
Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience including 19 years as Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Space Department, which has designed and built 64 spacecraft. He joined APL in 1964, designing high reliability spacecraft command, communications, and navigation systems and holds several patents in this field. He has led many of APL's system and spacecraft conceptual designs. Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society, Associate Fellow of the AIAA, and coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems. Dr. Jerry Krassner has been involved in aerospace R&D for over 30 years. Over this time, he has participated in or led a variety of activities with primary technical focus on sensor systems R&D, and business focus on new concept development and marketing. He has authored over 60 research papers, served on advisory panels for DARPA and the Navy, and was a member of the US Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (for which he was awarded the USAF Civilian Exemplary Service Award). Jerry was a founding member, and past Chairman, of the MASINT Association. Currently, he is a consultant to a National Security organization, and acting chief scientist for an office in OSD, responsible for identification and assessment of new enabling technologies. Jerry has a PhD in Physics and Astronomy from the University of Rochester. 52 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Satellite Laser Communications
February 8-10, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

NEW!
Summary
This course will provide an introduction and overview of laser communication principles and technologies for unguided, free-space beam propagation. Special emphasis is placed on highlighting the differences, as well as similarities to RF communications and other laser systems, and design issues and options relevant to future laser communication terminals.

Course Outline
1. Introduction. Brief historical background, RF/Optical comparison; basic Block diagrams; and applications overview. 2. Link Analysis. Parameters influencing the link; frequency dependence of noise; link performance comparison to RF; and beam profiles. 3. Laser Transmitter. Laser sources; semiconductor lasers; fiber amplifiers; amplitude modulation; phase modulation; noise figure; nonlinear effects; and coherent transmitters. 4. Modulation & Error Correction Encoding. PPM; OOK and binary codes; and forward error correction. 5. Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing. Requirements; acquisition scenarios; acquisition; pointahead angles, pointing error budget; host platform vibration environment; inertial stabilization: trackers; passive/active isolation; gimbaled transceiver; and fast steering mirrors. 6. Opto-Mechanical Assembly. Transmit telescope; receive telescope; shared transmit/receive telescope; thermo-Optical-Mechanical stability. 7. Atmospheric Effects. Attenuation, beam wander; turbulence/scintillation; signal fades; beam spread; turbid; and mitigation techniques. 8. Detectors and Detections. Discussion of available photo-detectors noise figure; amplification; background radiation/ filtering; and mitigation techniques. Poisson photon counting; channel capacity; modulation schemes; detection statistics; and SNR / Bit error probability. Advantages / complexities of coherent detection; optical mixing; SNR, heterodyne and homodyne; laser linewidth. 9. Crosslinks and Networking. LEO-GEO & GEOGEO; orbital clusters; and future/advanced. 10. Flight Qualification. Radiation environment; environmental testing; and test procedure. 11. Eye Safety. Regulations; classifications; wavelength dependence, and CDRH notices. 12. Cost Estimation. Methodology, models; and examples. 13. Terrestrial Optical Comm. Communications systems developed for terrestrial links.

Instructor
Hamid Hemmati, Ph.D. , is with the Jet propulsion laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology where he is a Principal member of staff and the Supervisor of the Optical Communications Group. Prior to joining JPL in 1986, he worked at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and at the NIST (Boulder, CO) as a researcher. Dr. Hemmati has published over 40 journal and over 100 conference papers, holds seven patents, received 3 NASA Space Act Board Awards, and 36 NASA certificates of appreciation. He is a Fellow of SPIE and teaches optical communications courses at CSULA and the UCLA Extension. He is the editor and author of two books: “Deep Space Optical Communications” and “near-Earth Laser Communications”. Dr. Hemmati’s current research interests are in developing laser-communications technologies and systems for planetary and satellite communications, including: systems engineering for electro-optical systems, solid-state laser, particularly pulsed fiber lasers, flight qualification of optical and electro-optical systems and components; low-cost multi-meter diameter optical ground receiver telescope; active and adaptive optics; and laser beam acquisition, tracking and pointing.

What You Will Learn
• This course will provide you the knowledge and ability to perform basic satellite laser communication analysis, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, and understand the literature. • How is a laser-communication system superior to conventional technology? • How link performance is analyzed. • What are the options for acquisition, tracking and beam pointing? • What are the options for laser transmitters, receivers and optical systems. • What are the atmospheric effects on the beam and how to counter them. • What are the typical characteristics of lasercommunication system hardware? • How to calculate mass, power and cost of flight systems.

Who should attend
Engineers, scientists, managers, or professionals who desire greater technical depth, or RF communication engineers who need to assess this competing technology.
Vol. 103 – 53

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Satellite RF Communications and Onboard Processing
Effective Design for Today’s Spacecraft Systems

April 12-14, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
Successful systems engineering requires a broad understanding of the important principles of modern satellite communications and onboard data processing. This course covers both theory and practice, with emphasis on the important system engineering principles, tradeoffs, and rules of thumb. The latest technologies are covered, including those needed for constellations of satellites. This course is recommended for engineers and scientists interested in acquiring an understanding of satellite communications, command and telemetry, onboard computing, and tracking. Each participant will receive a complete set of notes.

Course Outline
1. RF Signal Transmission. Propagation of radio waves, antenna properties and types, one-way radar range equation. Peculiarities of the space channel. Special communications orbits. Modulation of RF carriers. 2. Noise and Link Budgets. Sources of noise, effects of noise on communications, system noise temperature. Signal-to-noise ratio, bit error rate, link margin. Communications link design example. 3. Special Topics. Optical communications, error correcting codes, encryption and authentication. Lowprobability-of-intercept communications. Spreadspectrum and anti-jam techniques. 4. Command Systems. Command receivers, decoders, and processors. Synchronization words, error detection and correction. Command types, command validation and authentication, delayed commands. Uploading software. 5. Telemetry Systems. Sensors and signal conditioning, signal selection and data sampling, analog-to-digital conversion. Frame formatting, commutation, data storage, data compression. Packetizing. Implementing spacecraft autonomy. 6. Data Processor Systems. Central processing units, memory types, mass storage, input/output techniques. Fault tolerance and redundancy, radiation hardness, single event upsets, CMOS latchup. Memory error detection and correction. Reliability and cross-strapping. Very large scale integration. Choosing between RISC and CISC. 7. Reliable Software Design. Specifying the requirements. Levels of criticality. Design reviews and code walkthroughs. Fault protection and autonomy. Testing and IV&V. When is testing finished? Configuration management, documentation. Rules of thumb for schedule and manpower. 8. Spacecraft Tracking. Orbital elements. Tracking by ranging, laser tracking. Tracking by range rate, tracking by line-of-site observation. Autonomous satellite navigation. 9. Typical Ground Network Operations. Central and remote tracking sites, equipment complements, command data flow, telemetry data flow. NASA Deep Space Network, NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS), and commercial operations. 10. Constellations of Satellites. Optical and RF crosslinks. Command and control issues. Timing and tracking. Iridium and other system examples.

Instructors
Eric J. Hoffman has degrees in electrical engineering and over 40 years of spacecraft experience. He has designed spaceborne communications and navigation equipment and performed systems engineering on many APL satellites and communications systems. He has authored over 60 papers and holds 8 patents in these fields and served as APL’s Space Dept Chief Engineer. Robert C. Moore worked in the Electronic Systems Group at the APL Space Department from 1965 until his retirement in 2007. He designed embedded microprocessor systems for space applications. Mr. Moore holds four U.S. patents. He teaches the command-telemetrydata processing segment of "Space Systems" at the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering. Satellite RF Communications & Onboard Processing will give you a thorough understanding of the important principles and modern technologies behind today's satellite communications and onboard computing systems.

What You Will Learn
• The important systems engineering principles and latest technologies for spacecraft communications and onboard computing. • The design drivers for today’s command, telemetry, communications, and processor systems. • How to design an RF link. • How to deal with noise, radiation, bit errors, and spoofing. • Keys to developing hi-rel, realtime, embedded software. • How spacecraft are tracked. • Working with government and commercial ground stations. • Command and control for satellite constellations. 54 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Solid Rocket Motor Design and Applications
For onsite presentations, course can be tailored to specific SRM applications and technologies.

April 19-21, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

Summary
This three-day course provides an overall look - with increasing levels of details-at solid rocket motors (SRMs) including a general understanding of solid propellant motor and component technologies, design drivers; motor internal ballistic parameters and combustion phenomena; sensitivity of system performance requirements on SRM design, reliability, and cost; insight into the physical limitations; comparisons to liquid and hybrid propulsion systems; a detailed review of component design and analysis; critical manufacturing process parameters; transportation and handling, and integration of motors into launch vehicles and missiles. General approaches used in the development of new motors. Also discussed is the importance of employing formal systems engineering practices, for the definition of requirements, design and cost trade studies, development of technologies and associated analyses and codes used to balance customer and manufacturer requirements, All types of SRMs are included, with emphasis on current and recently developed motors for commercial and DoD/NASA launch vehicles such as Lockheed Martin's Athena series, Orbital Sciences' Pegasus and Taurus series, the strap-on motors for the Delta series (III and IV), Titan V, and the propulsion systems for Ares / Constellation vehicle. The course summarizes the use of surplus military motors (including Minuteman, Peacekeeper, etc.) for DoD target and sensor development and university research programs.

$1590

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Introduction to Solid Rocket Motors (SRMs). SRM terminology and nomenclature, survey of types and applications of SRMs, and SRM component description and characteristics. 2. SRM Design and Applications. Fundamental principles of SRMs, key performance and configuration parameters such as total impulse, specific impulse, thrust vs. motor operating time, size constraints; basic performance equations, internal ballistic principles, preliminary approach for designing SRMs; propellant combustion characteristics (instability, burning rate), limitations of SRMs based on the laws of physics, and comparison of solid to liquid propellant and hybrid rocket motors. 3. Definition of SRM Requirements. Impact of customer/system imposed requirements on design, reliability, and cost; SRM manufacturer imposed requirements and constraints based on computer optimization codes and general engineering practices and management philosophy. 4. SRM Design Drivers and Technology Trade-Offs. Identification and sensitivity of design requirements that affect motor design, reliability, and cost. Understanding of , interrelationship of performance parameters, component design trades versus cost and maturity of technology; exchange ratios and Rules of Thumb used in back-of-the envelope preliminary design evaluations. 5. Key SRM Component Design Characteristics and Materials. Detailed description and comparison of performance parameters and properties of solid propellants including composite (i.e., HTPB, PBAN, and CTPB), nitroplasticized composites, and double based or cross-linked propellants and why they are used for different motor and/or vehicle objectives and applications; motor cases, nozzles, thrust vector control & actuation systems; motor igniters, and other initiation and flight termination electrical and ordnance systems.. 6. SRM Manufacturing/Processing Parameters. Description of critical manufacturing operations for propellant mixing, propellant loading into the SRM, propellant inspection and acceptance testing, and propellant facilities and tooling, and SRM components fabrication. 7. SRM Transportation and Handling Considerations. General understanding of requirements and solutions for transporting, handling, and processing different motor sizes and DOT propellant explosive classifications and licensing and regulations. 8. Launch Vehicle Interfaces, Processing and Integration. Key mechanical, functional, and electrical interfaces between the SRM and launch vehicle and launch facility. Comparison of interfaces for both strap-on and straight stack applications. 9. SRM Development Requirements and Processes. Approaches and timelines for developing new SRMs. Description of a demonstration and qualification program for both commercial and government programs. Impact of decisions regarding design philosophy (state-of-the-art versus advanced technology) and design safety factors. Motor sizing methodology and studies (using computer aided design models). Customer oversight and quality program. Motor cost reduction approaches through design, manufacturing, and acceptance. Castor 120 motor development example.
Vol. 103 – 55

Instructor
Richard Lee has more than 43 years of experience in the space and missile industry. He was a Senior Program Manager at Thiokol where he directed and managed the development and qualification of many DoD SRM subsystems and components for Peacekeeper, Small ICBM and Castor 120 SRM programs. Mr. Lee has extensive experience in defining and synthesizing customer requirements, developing and coordinating SRM performance and interface requirements at all levels in the space and missile industry, including government agencies, prime contractors and suppliers. He has been active in coordinating functional and physical interfaces with commercial spaceports in Florida, California, and Alaska. He is active in developing safety criteria and government/industry standards with participation of representatives from academia, private industry and government agencies including the United States Air Force (SMC, 45th Space Wing); FAA/AST; Army Space and Strategic Defense Command, and NASA centers at Kennedy, Johnson, Marshall, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He has also consulted with domestic and foreign launch vehicle contractors in the development, material selection, and testing of SRM propulsion systems. Mr. Lee has a MS in Engineering Administration and a BS in EE from the University of Utah.5

What You Will Learn
• Solid rocket motor principles and key requirements. • Motor design drivers and sensitivity on the design, reliability, and cost. • Detailed propellant and component design features and characteristics. • Propellant and component manufacturing processes. • SRM/Vehicle interfaces, transportation, and handling considerations. • Development approach for qualifying new SRMs.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Space Environment –
Implications for Spacecraft Design

Summary
Adverse interactions between the space environment and an orbiting spacecraft may lead to a degradation of spacecraft subsystem performance and possibly even loss of the spacecraft itself. This course presents an introduction to the space environment and its effect on spacecraft. Emphasis is placed on problem solving techniques and design guidelines that will provide the student with an understanding of how space environment effects may be minimized through proactive spacecraft design. Each student will receive a copy of the course text, a complete set of course notes, including copies of all viewgraphs used in the presentation, and a comprehensive bibliography.

Instructor
Dr. Alan C. Tribble has provided space environments effects analysis to more than one dozen NASA, DoD, and commercial programs, including the International Space Station, the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites, and several surveillance spacecraft. He holds a Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Iowa and has been twice a Principal Investigator for the NASA Space Environments and Effects Program. He is the author of four books, including the course text: The Space Environment - Implications for Space Design, and over 20 additional technical publications. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a Senior Member of the IEEE, and was previously an Associate Editor of the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. Dr. Tribble recently won the 2008 AIAA James A. Van Allen Space Environments Award. He has taught a variety of classes at the University of Southern California, California State University Long Beach, the University of Iowa, and has been teaching courses on space environments and effects since 1992.

February 1-2, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1095

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Introduction. Spacecraft Subsystem Design, Orbital Mechanics, The Solar-Planetary Relationship, Space Weather. 2. The Vacuum Environment. Basic Description – Pressure vs. Altitude, Solar UV Radiation. 3. Vacuum Environment Effects. Solar UV Degradation, Molecular Contamination, Particulate Contamination. 4. The Neutral Environment. Basic Atmospheric Physics, Elementary Kinetic Theory, Hydrostatic Equilibrium, Neutral Atmospheric Models. 5. Neutral Environment Effects. Aerodynamic Drag, Sputtering, Atomic Oxygen Attack, Spacecraft Glow. 6. The Plasma Environment. Basic Plasma Physics Single Particle Motion, Debye Shielding, Plasma Oscillations. 7. Plasma Environment Effects. Spacecraft Charging, Arc Discharging. 8. The Radiation Environment. Basic Radiation Physics, Stopping Charged Particles, Stopping Energetic Photons, Stopping Neutrons. 9. Radiation in Space. Trapped Radiation Belts, Solar Proton Events, Galactic Cosmic Rays, Hostile Environments. 10. Radiation Environment Effects. Total Dose Effects - Solar Cell Degradation, Electronics Degradation; Single Event Effects - Upset, Latchup, Burnout; Dose Rate Effects. 11. The Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Environment. Hypervelocity Impact Physics, Micrometeoroids, Orbital Debris. 12. Additional Topics. Design Examples - The Long Duration Exposure Facility; Effects on Humans; Models and Tools; Available Internet Resources.

Who Should Attend:
Engineers who need to know how to design systems with adequate performance margins, program managers who oversee spacecraft survivability tasks, and scientists who need to understand how environmental interactions can affect instrument performance.

Review of the Course Text:
“There is, to my knowledge, no other book that provides its intended readership with an comprehensive and authoritative, yet compact and accessible, coverage of the subject of spacecraft environmental engineering.” – James A. Van Allen, Regent Distinguished Professor, University of Iowa.

“I got exactly what I wanted from this course – an overview of the spacecraft environment. The charts outlining the interactions and synergism were excellent. The list of references is extensive and will be consulted often.” “Broad experience over many design teams allowed for excellent examples of applications of this information.”
56 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Space Mission Analysis and Design

NEW!

October 19-21, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This three-day class is intended for both students and professionals in astronautics and space science. It is appropriate for engineers, scientists, and managers trying to obtain the best mission possible within a limited budget and for students working on advanced design projects or just beginning in space systems engineering. It is the indispensable traveling companion for seasoned veterans or those just beginning to explore the highways and by-ways of space mission engineering. Each student will be provided with a copy of Space Mission Analysis and Design [Third Edition], for his or her own professional reference library.

Course Outline
1. The Space Missions Analysis and Design Process 2. Mission Characterization 3. Mission Evaluation 4. Requirements Definition 5. Space Mission Geometry 6. Introduction to Astro-dynamics 7. Orbit and Constellation Design 8. The Space Environment and Survivability 9. Space Payload Design and Sizing 10. Spacecraft Design and Sizing 11. Spacecraft Subsystems 12. Space Manufacture and Test 13. Communications Architecture 14. Mission Operations 15. Ground System Design and Sizing 16. Spacecraft Computer Systems 17. Space Propulsion Systems 18. Launch Systems 19. Space Manufacturing and Reliability 20. Cost Modeling 21. Limits on Mission Design 22. Design of Low-Cost Spacecraft 23. Applying Space Mission Analysis and Design

Instructor
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in the integration of launch vehicle technology, design, and business strategies. He is currently conducting business case strategic analysis, risk reduction and modeling for the Boeing Space Launch Initiative Reusable Launch Vehicle team. For the past five years, Ed has supported the technical and business case efforts at Boeing to advance the state-of-the-art for reusable launch vehicles. Mr. Keith has designed complete rocket engines, rocket vehicles, small propulsion systems, and composite propellant tank systems, especially designed for low cost, as a propulsion and launch vehicle engineer. His travels have taken him to Russia, China, Australia and many other launch operation centers throughout the world. Mr. Keith has worked as a Systems Engineer for Rockwell International, on the Brillant Eyes Satellite Program and on the Space Shuttle Advanced Solid Rocket Motor project. Mr. Keith served for five years with Aerojet in Australia, evaluating all space mission operations that originated in the Eastern Hemisphere. Mr. Keith also served for five years on Launch Operations at Vandenberg AFB, California. Mr. Keith has written 18 papers on various aspects of Low Cost Space Transportation over the last decade.

What You Will Learn
• • • • • • Conceptual mission design. Defining top-level mission requirements. Mission operational concepts. Mission operations analysis and design. Estimating space system costs. Spacecraft design development, verification and validation. • System design review .
Vol. 103 – 57

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Space-Based Laser Systems
March 23-24, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland Course Outline
1. Introduction to Laser Radar Systems. Definitions Remote sensing and altimetry, Space object identification and tracking. 2. Review of Basic Theory. How Laser Radar Systems Function. 3. Direct-detection systems. Coherentdetection systems, Altimetry application, Radar (tracking) application, Target identification application. 4. Laser Radar Design Approach. Constraints, Spacecraft resources, Cost drivers, Proven technologies, Matching instrument with application. 5. System Performance Evaluation. Development of laser radar performance equations, Review of secondary considerations, Speckle, Glint, Trade-off studies, Aperture vs. power, Coherent vs. incoherent detection, Spacecraft pointing vs. beam steering optics. 6. Laser Radar Functional Implementation. Component descriptions, System implementations. 7. Case Studies. Altimeters, Apollo 17, Clementine, Detailed study of the NEAR laser altimeter design & implementation, selection of system components for high-rel requirements, testing of space-based laser systems, nuances associated with operating space-based lasers, Mars Global Surveyor, Radars, LOWKATR (BMD midcourse sensing), FIREPOND (BMD target ID), TMD/BMD Laser Systems, COIL: A TMD Airborne Laser System (TMD target lethal interception). 8. Emerging Developments and Future Trends. PN coding, Laser vibrometry, Signal processing hardware Implementation issues.

$1040

(8:30am - 4:30pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This two-day short course reviews the underlying technology areas used to construct and operate space-based laser altimeters and laser radar systems. The course presents background information to allow an appreciation for designing and evaluating space-based laser radars. Fundamental descriptions are given for directdetection and coherent-detection laser radar systems, and, details associated with space applications are presented. System requirements are developed and methodology of system component selection is given. Performance evaluation criteria are developed based on system requirements. Design considerations for spacebased laser radars are discussed and case studies describing previous and current space instrumentation are presented. In particular, the development, test, and operation of the NEAR Laser Radar is discussed in detailed to illustrate design decisions. Emerging technologies pushing next-generation laser altimeters are discussed, the use of lasers in BMD and TMD architectures are summarized, and additional topics addressing laser radar target identification and tracking aspects are provided. Fundamentals associated with lasers and optics are not covered in this course, a generalized level of understanding is assumed.

Instructor
Timothy D. Cole is a leading authority with 33 years of experience exclusively working in electrooptical systems as a systems and design engineer. Mr. Cole is the Chief Scientist within the Special Operations Department of Northrop Grumman (TASC). He has presented several technical papers addressing space-based laser altimetry all over the US and Europe. His industry experience has been focused on the systems engineering and analysis associated development of optical detectors, exoatmospheric sensor design and calibration, and the design, fabrication and operation of the Near-Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Laser Radar. He has recently designed and fabricated remote sensors based upon micro-laser radars and coherent lasers for the military and various Intel organizations.
58 – Vol. 103

Who should attend:
Engineers, scientists, and technical managers interested in obtaining a fundamental knowledge of the technologies and system engineering aspects underlying laser radar systems. The course presents mathematical equations (e.g., link budget) and design rules (e.g., bi-static, mono-static, coherent, direct detection configurations), survey and discussion of key technologies employed (laser transmitters, receiver optics and transducer, postdetection signal processing), performance measurement and examples, and an overview of special topics (e.g., space qualification and operation, scintillation effects, signal processing implementations) to allow appreciation towards the design and operation of laser radars in space.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Space-Based Radar
Summary
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is the most versatile remote sensor. It is an all-weather sensor that can penetrate cloud cover and operate day or night from space-based or airborne systems. This 4.5-day course provides a survey of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) applications and how they influence and are constrained by instrument, platform (satellite) and image signal processing and extraction technologies/design. The course will introduce advanced systems design and associated signal processing concepts and implementation details. The course covers the fundamental concepts and principles for SAR, the key design parameters and system features, space-based systems used for collecting SAR data, signal processing techniques, and many applications of SAR data.

March 7-11, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1990

(8:30am - 4:00pm) Last Day 8:30am - 12:30pm
3 top experts in 1 week!

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Radar Basics. Nature of EM waves, Vector representation of waves, Scattering and Propagation. 2. Tools and Conventions. Radar sensitivity and accuracy performance. 3. Subsystems and Critical Radar Components. Transmitter, Antenna, Receiver and Signal Processor, Control and Interface Apparatus, Comparison to Commsats. 4. Fundamentals of Aperture Synthesis. Motivation for SAR, SAR image formation. 5. Fourier Imaging. Bragg resonance condition, Born approximation. 6. Signal Processing. Pulse compression: range resolution and signal bandwidth, Overview of StripMap Algorithms including Range-Doppler algorithm, Range migration algorithm, Chirp scaling algorithm, Overview of Spotlight Algorithms including Polar format algorithm, Motion Compensation, Autofocusing using the Map-Drift and PGA algorithms. 7. Radar Phenomenology and Image Interpretation. Radar and target interaction including radar cross-section, attenuation & penetration (atmosphere, foliage), and frequency dependence, Imagery examples. 8. Visual Presentation of SAR Imagery. Nonlinear remapping, Apodization, Super resolution, Speckle reduction (Multi-look). 9. Interferometry. Topographic mapping, Differential topography (crustal deformation & subsidence), Change detection. 10. Polarimetry. Terrain classification, Scatterer characterization. 11. Miscellaneous SAR Applications. Mapping, Forestry, Oceanographic, etc. 12. Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI). Theory and Applications. 13. Image Quality Parameters. Peak-to-sidelobe ratio, Integrated sidelobe ratio, Multiplicative noise ratio and major contributors. 14. Radar Equation for SAR. Key radar equation parameters, Signal-to-Noise ratio, Clutter-to-Noise ratio, Noise equivalent backscatter, Electronic counter measures and electronic counter counter measures. 15. Ambiguity Constraints for SAR. Range ambiguities, Azimuth ambiguities, Minimum antenna area, Maximum area coverage rate, ScanSAR. 16. SAR Specification. System specification overview, Design drivers. 17. Orbit Selection. LEO, MEO, GEO, Access area, Formation flying (e.g., cartwheel). 18. Example SAR Systems. History, Airborne, Space-Based, Future.
Vol. 103 – 59

Instructors
Bob Hill received his BS degree in 1957 (Iowa State University) and the MS in 1967 (University of Maryland), both in electrical engineering. He managed the development of the phased array radar of the Navy’s AEGIS system from the early 1960s through its introduction to the fleet in 1975. Later in his career he directed the development, acquisition and support of all surveillance radars of the surface navy. Mr. Hill is a Fellow of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished lecturer” and a member of its Radar Systems Panel. Bart Huxtable has a Ph.D. in Physics from the California Institute of Technology, and a B.Sc. degree in Physics and Math from the University of Delaware. Dr. Huxtable is President of User Systems, Inc. He has over twenty years experience in signal processing and numerical algorithm design and implementation emphasizing application-specific data processing and analysis for remote sensor systems including radars, sonars, and lidars. He integrates his broad experience in physics, mathematics, numerical algorithms, and statistical detection and estimation theory to develop processing algorithms and performance simulations for many of the modern remote sensing applications using radars, sonars, and lidars. Dr. Keith Raney has a Ph.D. in Computer, Information and Control Engineering from the University of Michigan, an M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, and a B.S. degree from Harvard University. He works for the Space Department of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, with responsibilities for earth observation systems development, and radar system analysis. He holds United States and international patents on the Delay/Doppler Radar Altimeter. He was on NASA’s Europa Orbiter Radar Sounder instrument design team, and on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter instrument definition team. Dr. Raney has an extensive background in imaging radar theory, and in interdisciplinary applications using sensing systems.

What You Will Learn
• Basic concepts and principles of SAR and its applications. • What are the key system parameters. • How is performance calculated. • Design implementation and tradeoffs. • How to design and build high performance signal processors. • Current state-of-the-art systems. • SAR image interpretation.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Spacecraft Quality Assurance, Integration & Testing
March 23-24, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$990

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline
1. Spacecraft Systems Reliability and Assessment. Quality, reliability, and confidence levels. Reliability block diagrams and proper use of reliability predictions. Redundancy pro's and con's. Environmental stresses and derating. 2. Quality Assurance and Component Selection. Screening and qualification testing. Accelerated testing. Using plastic parts (PEMs) reliably. 3. Radiation and Survivability. The space radiation environment. Total dose. Stopping power. MOS response. Annealing and super-recovery. Displacement damage. 4. Single Event Effects. Transient upset, latch-up, and burn-out. Critical charge. Testing for single event effects. Upset rates. Shielding and other mitigation techniques. 5. ISO 9000. Process control through ISO 9001 and AS9100. 6. Software Quality Assurance and Testing. The magnitude of the software QA problem. Characteristics of good software process. Software testing and when is it finished? 7. The Role of the I&T Engineer. Why I&T planning must be started early. 8. Integrating I&T into electrical, thermal, and mechanical designs. Coupling I&T to mission operations. 9. Ground Support Systems. Electrical and mechanical ground support equipment (GSE). I&T facilities. Clean rooms. Environmental test facilities. 10. Test Planning and Test Flow. Which tests are worthwhile? Which ones aren't? What is the right order to perform tests? Test Plans and other important documents. 11. Spacecraft Level Testing. Ground station compatibility testing and other special tests. 12. Launch Site Operations. Launch vehicle operations. Safety. Dress rehearsals. The Launch Readiness Review. 13. Human Error. What we can learn from the airline industry. 14. Case Studies. NEAR, Ariane 5, Mid-course Space Experiment (MSX).

Summary
Quality assurance, reliability, and testing are critical elements in low-cost space missions. The selection of lower cost parts and the most effective use of redundancy require careful tradeoff analysis when designing new space missions. Designing for low cost and allowing some risk are new ways of doing business in today's cost-conscious environment. This course uses case studies and examples from recent space missions to pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs in design, reviews, quality assurance, and testing of spacecraft. Lessons learned from past successes and failures are discussed and trends for future missions are highlighted.

Instructor
Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience, including 19 years as the Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Space Department, which has designed and built 64 spacecraft and nearly 200 instruments. His experience includes systems engineering, design integrity, performance assurance, and test standards. He has led many of APL's system and spacecraft conceptual designs and coauthored APL's quality assurance plans. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems.

What You Will Learn
• Why reliable design is so important and techniques for achieving it. • Dealing with today's issues of parts availability, radiation hardness, software reliability, process control, and human error. • Best practices for design reviews and configuration management. • Modern, efficient integration and test practices.

Recent attendee comments ... “Instructor demonstrated excellent knowledge of topics.” “Material was presented clearly and thoroughly. An incredible depth of expertise for our questions.”
60 – Vol. 103 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Spacecraft Systems Integration and Test
A Complete Systems Engineering Approach to System Test

December 6-9, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland

Course Outline
1. System Level I&T Overview. Comparison of system, subsystem and component test. Introduction to the various stages of I&T and overview of the course subject matter. 2. Main Technical Disciplines Influencing I&T. Mechanical, Electrical and Thermal systems. Optical, Magnetics, Robotics, Propulsion, Flight Software and others. Safety, EMC and Contamination Control. Resultant requirements pertaining to I&T and how to use them in planning an effective campaign. 3. Lunar/Mars Initiative and Manned Space Flight. Safety first. Telerobotics, rendezvous & capture and control system testing (data latency, range sensors, object recognition, gravity compensation, etc.). Verification of multi-fault-tolerant systems. Testing ergonomic systems and support infrastructure. Future trends. 4. Staffing the Job. Building a strong team and establishing leadership roles. Human factors in team building and scheduling of this critical resource. 5. Test and Processing Facilities. Budgeting and scheduling tests. Ambient, environmental (T/V, Vibe, Shock, EMC/RF, etc.) and launch site (VAFB, CCAFB, KSC) test and processing facilities. Special considerations for hazardous processing facilities. 6. Ground Support Systems. Electrical ground support equipment (GSE) including SAS, RF, Umbilical, Front End, etc. and Mechanical GSE, such as stands, fixtures and 1-G negation for deployments and robotics. I&T ground test systems and software. Ground Segment elements (MOCC, SOCC, SDPF, FDF, CTV, network & flight resources). 7. Preparation and Planning for I&T. Planning tools. Effective use of block diagrams, exploded views, system schematics. Storyboard and schedule development. Configuration management of I&T, development of C&T database to leverage and empower ground software. Understanding verification and validation requirements. 8. System Test Procedures. Engineering efficient, effective test procedures to meet your goals. Installation and integration procedures. Critical system tests; their roles and goals (Aliveness, Functional, Performance, Mission Simulations). Environmental and Launch Site test procedures, including hazardous and contingency operations. 9. Data Products for Verification and Tracking. Criterion for data trending. Tracking operational constraints, limited life items, expendables, trouble free hours. Producing comprehensive, useful test reports. 10. Tracking and Resolving Problems. Troubleshooting and recovery strategies. Methods for accurately documenting, categorizing and tracking problems and converging toward solutions. How to handle problems when you cannot reach closure. 11. Milestone Progress Reviews. Preparing the I&T presentation for major program reviews (PDR, CDR, L-12, PreEnvironmental, Pre-ship, MRR). 12. Subsystem and Instrument Level Testing. Distinctions from system test. Expectations and preparations prior to delivery to higher level of assembly. 13. The Integration Phase. Integration strategies to get the core of the bus up and running. Standard Operating Procedures. Pitfalls, precautions and other considerations. 14. The System Test Phase. Building a successful test program. Technical vs. schedule risk and risk management. Establishing baselines for performance, flight software, alignment and more. Environmental Testing, launch rehearsals, Mission Sims, Special tests. 15. The Launch Campaign. Scheduling the Launch campaign. Transportation and set-up. Test scenarios for arrival and checkout, hazardous processing, On-stand and Launch day. Contingency planning and scrub turn-arounds. 16. Post Launch Support. Launch day, T+. L+30 day support. Staffing logistics. 17. I&T Contingencies and Work-arounds. Using your schedule as a tool to ensure success. Contingency and recovery strategies. Trading off risks. 18. Summary. Wrap up of ideas and concepts. Final Q & A session.

April 18-21, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$1790

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This four-day course is designed for engineers and managers interested in a systems engineering approach to space systems integration, test and launch site processing. It provides critical insight to the design drivers that inevitably arise from the need to verify and validate complex space systems. Each topic is covered in significant detail, including interactive team exercises, with an emphasis on a systems engineering approach to getting the job done. Actual test and processing facilities/capabilities at GSFC, VAFB, CCAFB and KSC are introduced, providing familiarity with these critical space industry resources.

Instructor
Mr. Robert K. Vernot has over twenty years of experience in the space industry, serving as I&T Manager, Systems and Electrical Systems engineer for a wide variety of space missions. These missions include the UARS, EOS Terra, EO-1, AIM (Earth atmospheric and land resource), GGS (Earth/Sun magnetics), DSCS (military communications), FUSE (space based UV telescope), MESSENGER (interplanetary probe).

What You Will Learn
• How are systems engineering principals applied to system test? • How can a comprehensive, realistic & achievable schedule be developed? • What facilities are available and how is planning accomplished? • What are the critical system level tests and how do their verification goals drive scheduling? • What are the characteristics of a strong, competent I&T team/program? • What are the viable trades and options when I&T doesn’t go as planned? This course provides the participant with knowledge and systems engineering perspective to plan and conduct successful space system I&T and launch campaigns. All engineers and managers will attain an understanding of the verification and validation factors critical to the design of hardware, software and test procedures.

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

Vol. 103 – 61

Spacecraft Thermal Control
March 2-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland

$990

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Summary
This is a fast paced two-day course for system engineers and managers with an interest in improving their understanding of spacecraft thermal design. All phases of thermal design analysis are covered in enough depth to give a deeper understanding of the design process and of the materials used in thermal design. Program managers and systems engineers will also benefit from the bigger picture information and tradeoff issues. The goal is to have the student come away from this course with an understanding of how analysis, design, thermal devices, thermal testing and the interactions of thermal design with the overall system design fit into the overall picture of satellite design. Case studies and lessons learned illustrate the importance of thermal design and the current state of the art.

Course Outline
1. The Role of Thermal Control. Requirements, Constraints, Regimes of thermal control. 2. The basics of Thermal Analysis, conduction, radiation, Energy balance, Numerical analysis, The solar spectrum. 3. Overall Thermal Analysis. Orbital mechanics for thermal engineers, Basic orbital energy balance. 4. Model Building. How to choose the nodal structure, how to calculate the conductors capacitors and Radfacs, Use of the computer. 5. System Interactions. Power, Attitude and Thermal system interactions, other system considerations. 6. Thermal Control Surfaces. Availability, Factors in choosing, Stability, Environmental factors. 7. Thermal control Devices. Heatpipes, MLI, Louvers, Heaters, Phase change devices, Radiators, Cryogenic devices. 8. Thermal Design Procedure. Basic design procedure, Choosing radiator locations, When to use heat pipes, When to use louvers, Where to use MLI, When to use Phase change, When to use heaters. 9. Thermal Testing. Thermal requirements, basic analysis techniques, the thermal design process, thermal control materials and devices, and thermal vacuum testing. 10. Case Studies. The key topics and tradeoffs are illustrated by case studies for actual spacecraft and satellite thermal designs. Systems engineering implications.

Instructor
Douglas Mehoke is the Assistant Group Supervisor and Technology Manager for the Mechanical System Group in the Space Department at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has worked in the field of spacecraft and instrument thermal design for 30 years, and has a wide background in the fields of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. He has been the lead thermal engineer on a variety spacecraft and scientific instruments, including MSX, CONTOUR, and New Horizons. He is presently the Technical Lead for the development of the Solar Probe Plus Thermal Protection System.

What You Will Learn
• How requirements are defined. • Why thermal design cannot be purchased off the shelf. • How to test thermal systems. • Basic conduction and radiation analysis. • Overall thermal analysis methods. • Computer calculations for thermal design. • How to choose thermal control surfaces. • When to use active devices. • How the thermal system interacts with other systems. • How to apply thermal devices.
62 – Vol. 103

Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805

TOPICS for ON-SITE courses
ATI offers these courses AT YOUR LOCATION...customized for you!
Spacecraft & Aerospace Engineering Advanced Satellite Communications Systems Attitude Determination & Control Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications Design & Analysis of Bolted Joints Effective Design Reviews for Aerospace Programs Fundamentals of Orbital & Launch Mechanics GIS, GPS & Remote Sensing (Geomatics) GPS Technology Ground System Design & Operation Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging Introduction To Space IP Networking Over Satellite Launch Vehicle Selection, Performance & Use Launch Vehicle Systems - Reusable New Directions in Space Remote Sensing Orbital & Launch Mechanics Payload Integration & Processing Reducing Space Launch Costs Remote Sensing for Earth Applications Risk Assessment for Space Flight Satellite Communication Introduction Satellite Communication Systems Engineering Satellite Design & Technology Satellite Laser Communications Satellite RF Comm & Onboard Processing Space-Based Laser Systems Space Based Radar Space Environment Space Hardware Instrumentation Space Mission Structures Space Systems Intermediate Design Space Systems Subsystems Design Space Systems Fundamentals Spacecraft Power Systems Spacecraft QA, Integration & Testing Spacecraft Structural Design Spacecraft Systems Design & Engineering Spacecraft Thermal Control Engineering & Data Analysis Aerospace Simulations in C++ Advanced Topics in Digital Signal Processing Antenna & Array Fundamentals Applied Measurement Engineering Digital Processing Systems Design Exploring Data: Visualization Fiber Optics Systems Engineering Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples Grounding & Shielding for EMC Introduction To Control Systems Introduction to EMI/EMC Practical EMI Fixes Kalman Filtering with Applications Optimization, Modeling & Simulation Practical Signal Processing Using MATLAB
Practical Design of Experiments Self-Organizing Wireless Networks Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach

Sonar & Acoustic Engineering Acoustics, Fundamentals, Measurements and Applications Advanced Undersea Warfare Applied Physical Oceanography AUV & ROV Technology Design & Use of Sonar Transducers Developments In Mine Warfare Fundamentals of Sonar Transducers Mechanics of Underwater Noise Practical Sonar Systems Engineering Sonar Principles & ASW Analysis Sonar Signal Processing Submarines & Combat Systems Underwater Acoustic Modeling Underwater Acoustic Systems Vibration & Noise Control Vibration & Shock Measurement & Testing Radar/Missile/Defense Advanced Developments in Radar Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar Combat Systems Engineering C4ISR Requirements & Systems Electronic Warfare Overview Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Fundamentals of Radar Fundamentals of Rockets & Missiles GPS Technology Microwave & RF Circuit Design Missile Autopilots Modern Infrared Sensor Technology Modern Missile Analysis Propagation Effects for Radar & Comm Radar Signal Processing. Radar System Design & Engineering Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Space-Based Radar Synthetic Aperture Radar Tactical Missile Design
Systems Engineering and Project Management Certified Systems Engineer Professional Exam Preparation Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Principles Of Test & Evaluation Project Management Fundamentals Project Management Series Systems Of Systems Kalman Filtering with Applications Test Design And Analysis Total Systems Engineering Development

Other Topics
Call us to discuss your requirements and objectives. Our experts can tailor leading-edge cost-effective courses to your specifications.

OUTLINES & INSTRUCTOR BIOS at www.ATIcourses.com
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 103 – 63

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Any Course Can Be Taught Economically For 8 or More

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Onsite Training Benefits
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• Call or e-mail us with your course interest(s). • Discuss your training objectives and audience. • Identify which courses will meet your goals. • ATI will prepare and send you a quote to review with sample course material to present to your supervisor. • Schedule the presentation at your convenience. • Conference with the instructor prior to the event. • ATI prepares and presents all materials and delivers measurable results.

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