1.0 Basic Requirements
‘Some men see things around them and wonder why! we dream of things and say why not?’ Motto, Dougeldyne Astrosystems and Flechtel Constructors We provide Excellent infrastructure for human expansion in space. A transfer station for cargo and passengers en route between lunar surface and other space locations. A magnificent world with modern amenities for comfortable living. Unique features Serve as a base and a repair depot for lunar Landers. Collecting, packaging and exporting lunar raw materials to other settlements yielding high benefits. Provide technical lunar training facility for the visitors en route to the moon so as to make them familiar with lunar environment. User friendly wrist watches that notify the visitors about the arrival and departure of space flights.

Total cost- $193,861,294,600
Key details Date of contract awarded Population Date of completion Payback period 28 January 2044 7500+600(transient) 29 December 2054 10 years

2.0 Structural Design

Fig 2.0.1 Side View

Fig 2.0.2 Top View

Design features •Torus for agriculture and residential purpose. •Dual quad torus for lunar training facilities and transit accommodation •Shielding mechanism for radiation and debris penetration. •Moving reflecting mirrors to provide natural sunlight. •Non-rotating central hub. •Four Widely separated docks. 3

2.1 Structural Components
2.1.1 Structural Components Structural components Dimensions Down Surface area(m2) L B H Surface(m2) area Volume(m3) Primary use

Major radii( m) TORUS1(Residential and agriculture) Dual quad torus(Lunar training facility /transit accommodation) Central hub Spokes (4) Mirror(1) 867.5 150

Minor radii(m) 139 -




1255500 94200

4883844 163880

330990074 75360000

Living area and agriculture Training facility for people en route to Luna and industries Storage and industries Transportation

40 1810



900 868

974100 911352

48694686 17443328

2.1.2 Volumes and their uses Quad torii system Torus Central hub Dual quad torii Uses Residential and agricultural area Storage, industries, maintenance and repair Lunar training facility, accommodations for in transit visitors 4

2.1.2 Construction Materials
2.1.2 Construction Materials 2.1.3 Construction Materials: Materials Super adobe Kevlar-49 Properties •High tensile strength •Low thermal conductivity •High service temperature •High tensile strength •Excellent curing properties •Capable of sustaining minor impacts without damage •Excellent corrosion resistance •Light weight, high thermal and electrical resistance •Extremely low magnetism •High tensile strength •Ozone resistance, thermal resistance Cost($)/unit 115/lbs


Aluminum titanate Spectra 2000





•Resist UV rays •Ozone resistance •Thermal resistance
•Temporary fixation •Withstanding high temperature •Dispersing the radiations


Sealant gel Polyethyle ne foam


7/lbs 7/lbs

2.1.3 Radiation and debris protection: All the materials shall be compiled together hermetically using adhesives and gels such as RTV-3145 adhesive and sealant gel shall be used for the temporary fixation of the materials incase any penetration occurs in the settlement by the fast moving debris in space. Polyethylene foam shall also be used for it is capable of withstanding high temperature and helps in dispersing the radiations. These materials shall be put together in form of tiles in order to make replacement easier in case of any disturbance to the settlement.


2.1.4 Layer Concept
2.1.4 LAYER CONCEPT: Part Torus Layer concept 8 Layers (13 m) 8 Layers (9.7m) 8Layers (11m) 8layers (7.7m) 8layers (6.2m) Explanation Super adobe(2m), Polymer M5(1.5m), Spectra-2000(2m), Polyethylene Foam(1.5m), RTV-3145 Adhesive(1m), Aluminum titanate(2m), Kevlar-49(2m) Super adobe(1.5m), Polymer M5(1m), Spectra-2000(1.5m), Polyethylene Foam(1.5m), RTV-3145 Adhesive(1m), Aluminum titanate(1.5m), Kevlar-49(1.7m) Super adobe(1.5m), Polymer M5(1.5m), Spectra-2000(1.5m), Polyethylene Foam(1.5m), RTV-3145 Adhesive(1.5m), Aluminum titanate(2m), Kevlar-49(1.5m) Super adobe(1m), Polymer M5(1m), Spectra-2000(1m), Polyethylene Foam(1m), RTV-3145 Adhesive(1m), Aluminum titanate(1m), Kevlar-49(1.7m) Super adobe(1m), Polymer M5(0.3m), Spectra-2000(1m), Polyethylene Foam(0.2m), RTV-3145 Adhesive(1m), Aluminum titanate(0.7m), Kevlar-49(1m)


Central hub

Connecting spokes Docks

Glass concept-The glass shall be manufactured in space at the construction site in order to enhance its ability to work in space and make the settlement much safer for the people living in it. The glass shall be strong enough to protect the inner parts of the settlement from dangers of space like solar radiations, cosmic rays and debris penetration.

Gravity is generated by rotating the settlement with rocket boosters. Once the spin is started, it would be maintained indefinitely. Due to possible degradation of spin, the boosters will provide the necessary thrust. Rpm. -1 (using ώt = 2πr) Gravity-9.8 •Will prevent corriolis force •Psychologically viable

2.2 Area Utilisation
2.1.5 Pressure and gravity Structural components Torus 1 Dual quad torus Central hub Docking ports Pressure .82 atm .82 atm g (m/s2) 9.8 1.6 zero zero Justification Best suited for human dwelling Increases human efficiency Training facility for people in route to Luna Storage in zero g Recreation and entertainment in zero g Saves fuel

Table 2.2.1 Area Utilization
Spaces to be used Residential Offices and Shops School Hospitals Meditation centers Recreation and Entertainment Public open spaces Industries/ Storage Communication Lunar training facility Roads and Paths Waste and water management Agricultural land Miscellaneous Total % of area utilized 29.5 5.1 1.1 1.6 0.9 5.4 5.2 10.2 0.5 3 7.5 2.8 22.2 4.9 100 Total Area utilization (m2) 398161.5 68834.7 14846.7 21595.2 12147.3 72883.8 70184.4 137669.4 6748.5 40491 101227.5 37791.6 299633.4 32392.8 1349700

2.1.3Structure Interface between rotating and non-rotating sections The central hub shall be made nonrotating by the help of radial ball bearing which are the lowest friction causing ball bearings. The friction shall also be reduced by using solid hydrated diamond-like carbon which is one of the best lubricants that can 7 be used in space.

2.3 Construction Sequence

Phase 1- Construction of central hub Duration- 2 years

Phase 2- Construction of spokes Duration – 2years

Phase 3- construction of dual quad torii Duration-2.5years

Phase 4- construction of residential torus into mesh Duration- 2.5 years

Phase 5- settlement construction is over in a time period of 10 years Duration -2 years 8

2.4 Port Facilities
Location and configuration of port areas

2.4 Port Facilities
•The elevators shall be used to carry the goods from the docking area to the storage area. •For maintenance and repair of space ships they shall be transferred to the repair center. •Scope for expansion has also been provided for future fleet growth. •The central cylinder shall also have industrial area.

Fig. 2.4.1


3.1: Orbital location:
Arial shall be located in the polar lunar orbit 1100km above the Luna’s surface. The orbit has the following features: TABLE 3.1.1 ORBITAL DETAILS Radius Revolution period RPM Orbital speed circumference Inclination 1100 km 3 days 1 17.8 km/s 17822km 86 degrees Close proximity from the sources of material Possibility of eclipse Other assets TABLE 3.1.2 JUSTIFICATION OF SELECTED LOCATION Stability The elliptical orbit of Arial rules out the possibility of Earth’s dominance. The altitudes below 1200km makes it difficult for Earth to disturb orbit of the settlement. Placement of the settlement at an altitude of 1100km shall provide easy access to lunar resources. Several extraction techniques and plants shall be built on Moon itself. Arial shall not come in the shadow of the moon but shadow of the Earth effects it once in 28 days for 24 hours. Apart for providing stability, a polar orbit shall reduce he time period of an eclipse. Also minimum energy for the spaceships shall make it easy for them to dock. 3.1.2 Sources of materials and methods for transportation: •Construction of Arial shall take place at lunar orbit below an altitude of 1200 km. • The construction materials shall be stored in modules at Luna. •These materials shall be transported to site by various cargo ships. Arial Spaceships Luna 10


Kevlar 49 Aluminum titanate Shielding material Super adobe Polyethylene foam RTV 3145 Adhesive

Earth Alaskol Luna Earth Earth Luna

Polyparaphenylene terephthalamide Aluminum and titanium Propylene sand tubes Carbon and hydrogen Silicon and oxygen

Method of transportation

3.2 Community infrastructure
Moon orbit

3.1.3 Calculations: According to the theory of gravitation Orbital velocity= (GM/r + h)½ (i) Where, G= 6.67x 10^-11Nm^2/kg^2 M(mass of Luna)=7.35x10^22 kg Therefore, by substituting its value in (i) We get, orbital velocity= 17.8 km/s Velocity= Circumference of orbit/total time taken Where, Circumference=2x3.14x(1100+1738)= 17822km Therefore, time taken=3.0 days TABLE 3.2.1 FOOD PRODUCTION Growing




Fig.3.1.1 Orbital location of Arial

The food shall be grown by using BHAS (Bernoulli hydroponics and aeroponics systems). This method not only increases the yield but also reduces the area and water consumed. In this method, the plants not only pull water through capillarity but are artificially made to do so in a shorter period of time. The pressure shall be lowered by using air suckers and velocity of water increases. AGRICULTURE Robot shall monitor the harvesting of the crops. A round of human examination shall ensure the prevention of malfunctioning of BHAS. HCVP(high capacity vacuum packs) shall be used for the storage of crops and different food items. Delivery by PSP(Pascal split pipeline) system shall be done so as to generate pressure for faster delivery. This systems shall function between the production units and retail markets via underground. Since pressure at both ends shall be uniform (Pascal’s law) so no damage to the food is possible. Selling shall directly be done in the markets to which the people have full access.

Harvesting Packaging Delivering

Selling Food storage The storage of food shall be divided into 2 categories: 1.Provisionong storage:Since the food shall be consumed on a continuous basis, the processing and production units shall be used for its storage. 11 2.Emergency storage:Warehouses shall be used for emergency of food. Refrigerated sections shall provide longer life to the products.


3.2 Community infrastructure
TABLE 3.2.1 FOOD REQUIREMENTS Crop g/person/d ay Yield(g/ m2 /day) Area(m2 /person) Total area(m2 ) No. of growing days 3.2.2 Power production and distribution Conventional solar cells reflect most of the light striking them • Use of photon crystals on their surface shall increase the efficiency by 37% • Distribution of power shall be done using a mixture of silver and copper wires acquired from the Earth. TABLE 3.2.2 POWER DISTRIBUTION AREA 150 250-300 10 150-200 g/person/d ay 250-300 13.5 72.2 15 51.56 Area (animal/ m2 ) 1.2 11.1 3.8 1.5 3.3 Area (person/m 2 ) 8.8 88800 30400 12000 26400 80 Seasonal 250-300 -NaIndustrial Residential Agricultural Others (Docks, systems e.t.c.) POWER REQUIRED 22800kW 24000kW 7000kW 3000kW Fig.3.2.2: Photon crystal

Pulses Sugarcane(fo r sugar ) Vegetables Fruits Beverage crops Others ANIMAL

46 40

3.16 2.89

14.5 13.8

116000 110400

90-110 180

Total area (m2) Area per person X population 71280

TABLE POWER PRODUCTION AND STORAGE Area under solar cells Total power required by the settlement/day 750000meter square 56800KW


Total power generated 75000KW Other Power production methods: by the settlement/day •Power shall also be generated by A.S.P.D(Aeronautical solar power devices) which store power by using XANTREX XW series Power stored 18200KW+ ASPD •These power production units shall be placed in orbit around the settlement so Storage technique Using XANTREX XW series that they receive continuous Sunlight and thus produce power enough for10 days batteries use . •One of these device shall be used and when storage capacities of batteries exceeds the limit then power shall be directly beamed to the 12 settlement using microwaves.Rectenna field shall catch these waves and convert it directly into power.

3.2 Community infrastructure
3.2.3 Internal and external communication Internal communication shall be divided into two categories: 1. Wireless communication: For wireless communication, Wi-MAX technology shall be used(refer 5.0.x). 2. Wired communication: For wired communication, Optic fiber cables shall be used (refer 5.0.x) . Other infrastructural facilities for communication shall include Ethernet switches, Wi-MAX towers and optic fiber routers. External communication: •External communication shall be provided by using MEO satellites that are based on S-band communication antennas capable of forming 490 beams For satellites •C-band antennas for ground based station link. These satellites shall also be used for preventing the loss of data. •Its frequency ranges from 7 THz to 10THz. TABLE PLACEMENT OF TABLE DIMENSIONS SATELLITES OF SATELLITES NO. OF LOCATION Length 10m SATELLITES Height 5m Fig3.2 2 60 degrees, height of 3.2.4 Transportation systems 10^8 meter square Width 3m from Earth and Luna. internal transportation system in settlement shall be divided into 3 categories: 1 Halo orbit *PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION: Using cycles, except this people can walk to their destinations. *PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION: Public transportation includes provision of a fast and a slow walking escalator. *TRANSPORTATION THROUGH SPOKES: Transportation through the spokes shall be done by the use of SMB (spoke mass belts), it can carry up to 50 people at a time. It shall be a 13 manual vehicle based on principle of conservation of Fig3.2.3: Satellite transmission 3.2.3: MEO Satellite momentum.

3.2 Community infrastructure
3.2.5 Atmosphere and weather control TABLE3.2.5.1 ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION Substance Nitrogen Percentage 78.08% Requirement(m3) 250000000 Source Earth TABLE3.2.5.2 REMOVAL OR REPLENISHEMENT OF SUSTANCES Oxygen replenishment • Electrolysis of water. •Procurement from Luna via LWEP •Photosynthesis CARBON DIOXIDE removal pumps and Sabatier process HEPA(HIGH EFFICIENCY PARTICULATE) AIR FILTER Using RainNex RAIN MACHINES SW(snow woofer) machines. Descissant dehumidifier

Carbon dioxide Hydrogen Argon Other gases

0.0314% 0.00005% 0.934% 0.0026%

103000 165 3090000 8600

Agricultural section Moon Bellevistat Bellevistat

Carbon dioxide removal Air purification Artificial rain Artificial snowfall Humidity control 3.2.6: Fire management

Table CLIMATE SIMULATION (OPEN PLACES) Simulated Climate Daylight hours Temperature Humidit y

Autumn Winter Spring

11-13 9-11 11-13

20°C - 30°C
15°C -25°C 10°C - 20°C 15°C - 25°C

40-50% 30-40% 40-50%

Smoke detectors fit in all parts of Arial • Detection done by very early smoke detectors • Further the smoke shall be repressed.

3.2.7:Thrusting sections Two thrusters shall be placed on the outer ends of the torii to provide maximum torque. The thrusters shall be placed in a way that they provide thrust in opposite directions. Also Arial’s orbit allows lesser usage of propellant.

Fig3.2.5: Process of maintaining air composition 14

3.2 Community infrastructure
3.2.8 Waste management Table 3.2.8 INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT Type of Industry Chemical Agricultural, Food Metal, Construction Oil Treatment Process of Waste Neutralization, Ultrafiltration Activated Sludge process, Trickling Filter Advanced Oxidation process, Metal Precipitation API oil-water separator, Carbon adsorption Fig. Domestic Waste Water treatment NCM
(Nirmalakar clarifier mechanical system) Bio-degradable Non Bio-degradable Waste Waste Water Oxygen Regeneration

(Mechanical biological treatment) Materials E.g. Metal, Glass Recycling Industry

Untreatable Waste

3.2.9 Transportation corridors and infrastructure allocation

Biomass Briquetting
Compressed Final Waste

Released into space towards sun
Solid Waste Treatment

Fig 3.2.8 Solid Waste management

Fig Infrastructure allocation


3.2 Community infrastructure
3.2.10 Water management Water production: Water shall be produced and extracted from the lunar surface using different processes as mentioned : •Using LWEP(Lunar water extraction plant): This system shall extract water from the lunar soil using the processes of hydrothermal reduction, carbothermal reduction and pyrolysis. •Using Sabatier process: Carbon dioxide + Hydrogen Methane + Water • Using water recycled by the NCM waste management system. The amount of water required by residents per day is 1215kl, industries is 42.84kl and agricultural region is 3.06 kl. Emergency storage facilities At the time of an emergency , water shall be stored in the riverine as well in the underground water storage tanks. Each of these tanks can store up to 300 kl of water and only 33 of these tanks shall assure storage for 2 days. Also the riverine shall store water enough for 2 days. Meantime the intellowave and LWEP production shall be increased . 3.2.11 Rights of way TABLE 3.2.11: RIGHTS OF WAY Roads Footpaths Fire land ambulance lanes Robot lanes Cycle lanes 10m Breadth:1.2m 3.4m 3.5m Width:1.9m 3.2.12 Day night cycle Fig3.2.10.1. LWEP mechanism

Day night cycle shall be provided by using mirrors and electrochromic glasses as shutters. The light shall enter Arial via glasses, as day passes electrochromic glasses shall be used to control the light’s intensity at entering points. These mirrors become darker as electricity is supplied . The reflecting mirrors to be used shall be 1.81 km in radius. 3.2.13 Security measures Vein geometry ,Iris scan ,Facial thermography and laser security shall be taken as security measures to prevent the attack of other settlements. This attack can be in terms of takeover or leaking of information. 16

3.3: Machinery infrastructure
3.3.1 The working of construction robots ROBOTS Exterior Construction robots Nova Meshext Tilolax Soldering machine, ultrasonic sensor, thermograph sensor, communication antenna, laser welder mesh holders, dual mesh building machines, tri-laser welders, bi-propellant tiling and glass laying-Dual tiling machine, solar panels, tile builder/container SPECIFICATIONS

Interior Construction Robots Tilanol Roadon painting brush, paint container, dual tiling machine Vacuum lifter, piping machine, wiring/taping machine and road building machine

2.Exterior construction robot Meshext: •The subassemblies that is aluminum titanate wires shall be out together by this robot. •The holder shall hold the rods. •The laser welders shall emit the beams to put the mesh together.

Fig 2 Meshext Fig 1: Nova

•This robot supervises the working of the exterior construction robots. •The communication antenna shall regulate communication with the other robots. •The Ultrasound sensors and Thermograph sensor shall detect the defects and the Laser welder and Soldering machine shall work upon for 17 improving those defects.

3.3: Machinery infrastructure
3.Exterior tiling :Tilolax •The raw material sand tubes(silicate) shall be provided in the robot which shall turn it to slides using the pressing machine. •The geometrical tile shall be put on the outer surface by dual tiling machine on the robot. •The solar panel fitted on the robot shall help it provide power to keep working.

Fig3 Tilolax 4.Interior wall constructor: Roadon •It shall be provided with raw material for bricks, the silica and clay that shall be used to build walls using vacuum lifter. •The pipes shall be laid using the pipe machine. •The road builder shall use the gravel and charcoal to complete the roads. •The wire tapping machine shall install the wire systems in the houses and other buildings. 5.Interior tiling robot: Tilanol •This machine shall provide the interior buildings with the final finishing. •The paint brush shall use the stored paint to color the wall. •The tiling machine shall follow the placement of tiles. Fig 5 Tilanol

Fig 4 Roadon 3.3.3: Monitoring of robots: Monitoring of robots shall be doing using server. A supervising robot shall be used to monitor the functioning of such robots involved in interior construction. The monitoring of exterior construction robots shall be done by NOVA robot. 18

3.4 Raw material handling
3.4.1Unloading the ships •The on-coming cargoes containing the raw materials shall dock on the ports of Arial. •The payload shall be shifted to the central hub •The conveyer belts installed at the entrance of ports shall be used for transport. 3.4.2Packaging and storage of the raw materials •The stored materials shall be sent to the packaging industries in the central hub. These packs shall prevent the spoilage of the specified articles. •The packed materials shall be stored in the warehouse in the central hub. 3.4.3Uploading the ships •The cargo receiving ships from other settlements •be uploaded with the packed construction material • transported from the central hub using conveyer belts. 3.4.4Dust Removal Device •An apparatus for cleaning electro statically charged dust particles •Has a plurality of fibers extending outward from the base member •Mechanical movement of this artificial fleece developing electrostatic charge on the polymer fibers •These fibers attract electro statically charged particles

3.4.5Storage of fuel Different of fuels such as hydrazine and helium-3 for usage by spaceships like KTX 23 or ORION III shall be stored in the warehouses. These fuels shall be extracted from Luna’s surface by the lunar Base.

Fig 3.4.2 Central hub

Fig 3.4.1: Conveyor belt system(SMB)


Human Engineering
Human needs are to be well taken care of in a frontier environment and our company shall provide the best of the facilities to make the life comfortable.
4.0 COMMUNITY ATTRIBUTES Attributes Fine Food Entertainment Natural sunlight views of space and Luna 4.1.1Housing •Hemtron assisting the residents in day to day house work •Well equipped houses with interactive wallpapers implanted with OLEDs and study desks with TOLED glass. •Mirrors implanted with OLED that shall tell the details of the clothes held infront of it and they could also be used for video conferencing. 4.1.2Entertainment fig 4.1.1 Sports stadium Description Restaurants and hotels providing all types of cuisines. nutritious food made according to the balanced diet. entertainment: Space Olympics, city center, futuristic theaters and a space cruise shall cater to the entertainment needs of the residents 24x7. Hugh windows on the sides of the residential torus and reflecting mirrors provide natural sunlight inside the settlement( refer 3.2.8 for day and night cycle) picturesque scenes of the outer space, other planets and heavenly bodies available. The positioning of Arial at lunar orbit provides magnificent views of the moon(Luna)

•City hall: Rock concerts, theater shows, dance parties, theme parties, music/dance competitions shall be organized in the city hall weekly. Holographic shows in which holograms shall act. •Festivals: A theme festival after 2 months in the city hall with themes like Food, shopping, dance-music, orchid plants , art and science fair In returning generating a big revenue and boosting the tourism greatly. •Space Olympics: Major sports bonanza taking place every 2 years in which athletes from other settlement and even earth shall participate.


4.1 Basic Requirements and consumables
4.1.3 Education 4.1.4 Medical

•One education center with a capacity of 170 students. This could be expanded •2 main hospitals in the residential torus later on according to the needs •Each student shall be provided with FOLED screen where all latest news and •2 mobile clinics “Life lines” •First aid provided in houses by “hemtron” developments shall regularly be flashed. •Seminars by scientists and from earth and other settlements shall take place. •University at Alexandriat shall be used for higher studies 4.1.5Recreation and parks TABLE 4.1.1 FOOD ITEMS •Yoga center, meditation center, riverine , beach, Food Proteins Fats Carbohydr Energy shopping centers and observatories shall be provided items (gm) (gm) ates (gm) (kcal) •Animal safari with exotic animals shall ease the stress •Space cruise to venture into the infinities of universe Wheat 23.25 9.72 50 360 Rice Maize Peas Cabbage Apple Onion Banana Potato 7.13 3.5 5.4 1.28 0 1.3 1.09 2 0.66 1.2 0.4 0.1 0 0.1 .40 0.1 80 15 15 6 10.7 9.34 24 10 370 125 80 20 56 50 90 45

Pork Fish meat Egg Milk

18.7 87 3 3.2

4.9 1.5 3 4.5

0 0 .2 4.6

114 364 40 67 21

4.1 Quantity of other supplies and physiological factors
TABLE4.1.2 QUANTITY OF OTHER BASIC NECESSITIES other consumable Medicine Kitchen ware Electrical appliances Stationary Quantity (per person per year) 1.5 kg 44 units 102 units 64 units Distribution Through hospitals and clinics Through malls and shops Through malls and shops Through shops TABLE 4.1.3 AREA ALLOCATION Space to be used Percentage area (%) Residential 29.5 Offices and shops 5.1 School 1.1 Hospitals 1.6 Recreation and 5.4 entertainment Public open spaces 5.2 Industries and storage 10.2 Communication 0.5 Lunar training 3 facility/transient accomodation Meditation center 0.9 Roads and paths 7.5 Waste and water 2.8 management Agricultural land 22.2 Miscellaneous 4.9 Total 100

House ware Batteries furniture

2 kg
30 units 1.1 kg 23 units

Through malls
Through malls and shops Through shops Through malls

TABLE 4.1.5 PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AND REMEDIES Problem Remedy Reduction of bone mass (during  Artificial gravity space flight and in settlement)  Radiation Shielding Cardiovascular deconditioning  Regular medical check ups Weightlessness  Regular exercise Osteoporosis (weakness of bones)  Proper medication Asthenia Syndrome (fatigue)  Space suit for EVA Growth of kidney stones  Safety measures in low g areas Neurophysiologic


4.1, 4.2 Area Allocation and demographics
TABLE 4.1.4 PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEM AND REMEDY Problem Remedy Home sickness  Earth like isolation environment Boredom  Meditation and Depression yoga Aviophobia (fear of  Maintained day height) night cycle Kenophobia (fear of large  Proper medication empty space)  open spaces Solipsism syndrome  Systematic Loss of sense of taste desensitization Asphyxiation (on entering (consecutively low pressure area) exposing of phobic Insomnia things) Stress  Recreational Confinement activities Hallucination  Entertainment Lipism syndrome (person  Suitable jobs feels everything is dream)  Cognitive behavior therapy  Proper physiotherapist

4.2 Community layout

Type Married adults Single men Single women children

Permanent 4125 1950 1275 150 23

4.2 Exterior and interior layouts
4.2.2Exterior drawings

The apartments shall accommodate both families and singles

Fig 4.2.1 For Suburban house
4.2.3Differentiated neighborhood

Fig 4.2.2 For Suburban house

Fig 4.2.3 For Suburban house
4.2.4Interior floor plans

Residents shall be provided with differentiated neighborhood to suit various preferences of architectural design and lifestyle choices. These settling shall be closely knit and the residents shall interact a lot River-side settling: for nature lovers Urban settling: for contemporary living Suburban settling : for peace lovers

For 2 Ground floor For 3-4 First floor24

4.2, 4.3 House plans and Safety devices
For 2 (Apartment) TABLE 4.2.1 AREA OF HOUSES houses Type No of houses Area of house For 1 (apartment) Total area covered For 2 4000 832 3328000 For 3-4 150 1260 189000 Apartments For 1 985 315 310275 For 2 215 759 163185


4.3 Designs of Systems and devices
•FOLED screens: personal screens serving the purpose of computer, communication device •Cyclomax: Cycles used for transportation in the residential area 4.3.1Space Suit bio suit with special features(use in unpressurized areas) consisting of : • Skin tight body suit and pressurized helmet • Hard torso shell and Velcro like gecko boots with thrusters for easy movement. • Portable life support system (PLSS) having oxygen tank, cooling water system and carbon dioxide filters. • Easy to don and doff taking only 20 minutes and weighing 9 kg. • Piezoelectric pumps. • Computer display in helmet, keypad/control panel on hand, health monitoring system.


Fig 4.3.1 Cyclomax

4.3.2 Materials used in bio suit •Kevlar 49 •Nickel titanium layer •Nylon-spandex •Elastic •Urethane painted foam 25

4.3, 4.4 Space suit and lunar training

4.3.3 Human Safety and Mobility

Movement in low-g areas •handholds attached to walls. •Tethers •Handrails •Elevators in central hub

Safety in low-g areas •Padded walls in low and 0-g areas avoid injury. •Robotic Arms Provided •Space suit provided

The contract for air lock systems at the entrance and exit of the spokes shall be given to “Lossless Airlocks”

For humans in pressurized low-g areas spacesuit shall not be but in fact tether and hand rail for better adaptability

Fig. 4.3.2 Space suit

4.4 Lunar training and transient accommodation

In-transit population accommodated in the hotels in quad-torii

Training facility given for lunar mobility and operations on rugged-terrains constructed for about a month

Depart for moon in the lunar-landers 26

4.4 Lunar training
4.4.1 Training procedures •Training centre available in the Quad torii with a staff of well trained-personnel. •Automated and manual training for operating lunar-rovers. •In the quad-torii 1/6 g will be available creating atmosphere similar to moon. •Rugged-terrains will be constructed in few area for training for lunar mobility. •Training for mobility: Training for driving moon rovers and perfecting the technique of moon walk •Making the visitors as familiar as we can with the lunar terrain 4.4.3 Lunar training facility 4.4.2 Facilities for the in-transit population: •2 hotels with provision of accommodation for 400 each •Convenience stores in the hotels, 1 shopping mall. •1 recreational sector and amusement park


5 Automation Design And Services
Streamlined and Unproblematic automated systems shall play a major role to ensure that ‘Arial’ remains the pinnacle of modern technology. It shall also ensure convenience of the residents, provide them comfort and increase their standard of living.

5.0 Number And Types Of Softwares Installed In The Settlement
TABLE 5.0.1 TYPES AND NUMBER OF COMPUTERS Types Servers Nodes •Administrative Desktops •FOLED Screen Processor 3.8 GHz (15-20 cores) 3.8 GHz (8-12 cores) •900 •7500+Variant Number 8 Control propulsion, rotation and revolution Control agricultural activities TABLE 5.0.2 NUMBER AND TYPES OF SERVERS Purpose Processing Speed 15 PFLOPS 8 PFLOPS Storage 32 PB 8 PB RAM 1 PB 512 TB # 1 1

TABLE 5.0.3 TYPES OF SOFTWARES Name Ducktron -Xi Rebnite Nexus-1 Nexus-2 OS-flickr Safox pro M-X1 Backexi31 Purpose Control settlement’s propulsion, rotation, revolution and docking facilities Helps to locate and personify robots Controls internal and external communication systems Controls climate, weather and atmosphere GUI Operating System for desktops, FOLED Screens, servers and Arial passenger facilitation bands. Provides protection against viruses, Trojans and spyware Allows authorized personnel to control servers remotely while being in the residential area. Creates backup of all critical data in the MEO satellite.

Control industrial activities
Control activities of residential area Manage docks and communication facilities


8 PB
16 PB 32 PB

768 TB
768 TB 1 PB

1 2

Control functioning of robots
Monitor Security Systems


32 PB
8 PB

1 PB
512 TB


5.0.1 Transportation Corridors For Robots
Transportation in the Central Hub- It shall be carried out through spokes Transportation Through Spokes- It shall carried by the use of SMB (spoke mass belts), it can carry up to 50 people at a time. It shall be a manual vehicle based on principle of conservation of momentum. 28

5.1 Automation for Construction, assembly and transport 5.1 Automation for Construction, assembly and transport
5.0.2 Data Storage Media
DAFC shall make a contract with Litigation Limiters to contact Grumbo Aerospace to provide the data storage devices required: •These systems fit into a pocket •Have no rotating parts and do not require cooling. •Can tolerate severe environments •Will not destroy data if they fail •Can be connected in groups to increase storage capacity TABLE 5.0.4 NETWORKING DEVICES Wired Ethernet Switch Specifications Ethernet switch with 256-512 Ethernet ports 32 TBps (Bandwidth) 1 TBps(transfer speed) Wireless Wi-MAX Towers Specifications 2.6 GHz frequency providing connectivity at a speed of 64 GBps in a radius of 50 m. 10 GBps (transfer speed)

Optic Fiber Cables Optic Fiber Routers

Wi-MAX routers

5.1 Automation For Construction
Exterior Construction Robots (refer to 3. 3.1-2) Interior Construction Robots (refer to 3. 3.2) Automation for transport and delivery of materials (refer to 3. 1.3)

Fig 5.2.1 Physical Locations of Computers and Robots For Critical Function

5.2 Automation for Settlement Maintenance 5.2 Automation for Settlement Maintenance
TABLE 5.2.1 AUTOMATION FOR SETTLEMENT MAINTENANCE,REPAIR AND SAFETY Name CleanGeck Cleaneex Repanox Sniper-89 Quadrotor Purpose Clean the settlement windows, homes and other station areas. Clean settlement wall and floors on a tri-weekly bases Repair machinery and other settlement parts. Checks any unauthorized behavior and tackles it using its features. It shall hover inside the settlement to detect any unauthorized behavior and violence

Fig 5.2.2 Sniper-89

Fig 5.2.3 Cleaneex

5.2.1 Backup Systems
•Sensors shall send signals about environment to the servers which in turn shall automatically send signals to output devices that control environmental factors. • Backup thrusters to function during primary thruster’s failure. • Electricity stored in Xantrex-XW batteries shall be used during the cut off from the main electricity supplier. • In case of any damage to a Wi-MAX tower, the other towers in the vicinity shall lower down their working frequency so as to increase the wavelength so that no area is cut off from the network. •Stored food shall be provided to the residents during a food crisis.

Fig 5.2.4Quadrotor

Fig 5.2.5 CleanGeck

5.2.2Location and Sizes Of Repair
Minor repairs shall take place on spot by the Repanox • Major repairs of devices and transport shall be completed in the device repair and communication center located in the central hub. •Structure Repairs shall be carried out at the device repair center located in each divisional area.

Fig 5.2.6 Repanox


5.2 Automation for Contingency 5.2 Automation for Contingency
TABLE 5.2.1 CONTINGENCY PLANS Contingency Hull breach Step Minor Debirs Penetration •Walls of the settlement temporarily sealed with Polyethylene foam •Walls repaired by the Tilolax and Repanox using RTV 3145 Adhesive. Air contamination Fire •Residents evacuated and area sealed •Air purified with air purifiers •People in the area evacuated •Mono ammonium phosphate along with dry ice sprinkled •Sensors detect the radioactive tiles and send the information to the server •Tilolax shall replace the tiles •The polyethylene layer of the settlement acts as a shield. •Tilolax and Nova shall be sent to the exterior, to check and repair any damaged parts. •System or network shall be jammed by the security software •Culprit shall be taken into custody by the Sniper-89. •Modified Hemotron shall be sent to handle minor situations, whereas patient shall be transported to the hospital to be under the care of experienced medical staff. •Patients shall be quarantined till the time they are totally fit •Traffic shall be distributed among other docks •Repair robot shall repair the damaged dock •Backup server shall start functioning. Secondary network shall start functioning. •Repanox shall repair the server and bring it back into operation. Major Asteroid Penetration •Outlets to the bunkers from the floors of the buildings shall be used for the evacuation of residents. •Residents shall be transported to Alaskol temporarily via space vehicles during re-construction. Response Time •Instantaneous

•10 sec – 5 min

< 1 min < 2 min < 10 sec < 1 min < 4 min < 7 min Instantaneous < 2 min Instantaneous < 5 min < 5 min <15 min < 5 min < 1 hr Instantaneous 31 < 5 min

Radioactivity of exterior tiles Solar flare

Unauthorized access of data Medical emergency Docking accident Network/ Server Failure

5.2 Security Measures for Authorized Access
TABLE 5.2.2 SECURITY MEASURES TO ASSURE AUTHORIZED ACCESS Security Measures Iris Scan Features •Analyzes the eye using a CCD camera and a near infra-red sensor •The eye is scanned in a way so that is secured in a ‘barcode format’. •An infra-red beam penetrates the hand and identifies the vein geometry •The pattern of facial heat caused by the flow of blood is detected by infrared cameras. •Special lasers will encompass areas of high security. •When broken by an intruder an alarm will sound and the security system alerted. TABLE 5.2.4 MATERIALS TO PROTECT ROBOTS FROM SOLAR FLARES AND DEBRIS PENETRATION Material Thickened aluminium bumper Multi Layer Insulation (MLI) Nextel RTV 3145 adhesive Specification Used to bump back the debris falling on the surface of the robot Thermal insulation composed of multiple layers of thin sheets, reduce thermal loss A strong material with a tensile strength of 2000MPa Resists U.V. radiations, thermal resistance and fills cracks if any in other layers

Fig 5.2.1Materials For robots to resist solar flare activity

Vein Geometry Facial Thermograph Laser Security

TABLE 5.2.3 LOCATIONS OF SECURITY MEASURES Location Server Access Security Measures • Iris Scan •Facial thermograph •Laser Security •Vein Geometry •Vein Geometry •Iris Scan •Facial Thermograph • Iris Scan •Vein Geometry •Iris Scan Reason •High Levels of security required •Laser Security will protect valuable data, software and expensive hardware •Security required in offices to ensure safety of data. • Easy to use and very secure. •Allows only the owners to enter the house.

Administrative Places Public Places Houses

Graphite support Thickened aluminum pressure wall

Resists solar radiation, rigid, strong with a tensile strength of 3686MPa
Used to provide rigidity, poor conductor of heat Base for the other layers, provides 32 rigidity

5.3 Automation in the community 5.3 Automation in the community
5.3.1 Enhancing Livability in the Community •Self-charging batteries: The silver–zinc cells, used in robots shall be recharged: 1) By the heat produced 2) Solar Power •Using Optical fiber as wires in the robots shall increase their efficiency. •Robots shall be equipped with Wi-MAX which shall help in connecting various devices including FOLED screens to help the user have full control over the robot. 5.3.2 Enhancing Livability of Residents FOLED Screens (Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode Screens) •High Tech screens given to each citizen for easy access to and processing of information. •It shall have the ability to connect to the computers within the settlement •It shall have 2 modes namely1)Household Mode shall allow the person to control all the appliances of the house wirelessly 2)Private Mode shall allow a person to view pictures, play videos and games, check E-mail, chat and video conference. For real-time interaction back We give contract to Orbit-Link Communications for Earth users to make contact with settlement 5.3.3 Automation to perform Maintenance and Routine Tasks

Fig 5.3.1 FOLED Screens
Fig 5.3.1 Productivity in Work Environments
•Offices - A modified version of Hemtron shall be used to increase productivity in work environments •Industries – A modified version of Meshext, Tilolax and Roadon shall be used in industries. TABLE 5.3.1 FREQUENCY AND DATA DISTRIBUTION Frequency Use 3.8 GHz to 5.6 GHz Internal Communication 6 GHz to 8 GHz Data Exchange 22.5 GHz to 22.5 GHz Communication of high security information

Device repair and Command center (DRCC) •The Device Repair and Command Center shall be situated in the central hub. •It shall have servers as well as robots required for maintenance of Arial. •Repanox, Cleaneex and Sniper-89 shall be commanded from DRCC by Main Settlement Server. •The major repairs shall be done inside DRCC whereas TABLE 5.3.2 INFRASTRUCTURE FOR COMMUNICATION Use the minor repairs at the place where the damage has Infrastructure taken place. Communication Transmits and receives signals and makes a temporary storage of •The routine tasks like cleaning shall be Antennae data accomplished by Cleaneex and CleanGeck . MEO Satellites Communication between Arial, Earth and Moon. •Cooking and provision of medical aid would be 33 Wi-MAX Towers Internet Access and communication within the residential torus done by Hemtron

5.3 Automation in Residences
Fig 5.3.4 Convenience In Residences

Fig 5.3.5 Hemtron
•It shall have a holograpic settings screen and voice identifier enabling the resident to command easily. •Digital camera shall send direct images to the FOLED screen of the resident when demanded. •Fire extinguisher installed shall be used incase of a fire hazard. •It shall have two attachments-One for lawn mowing and second a vacuum cleaner.

5.3.4 Security Systems to prevent unauthorized access to robots
RFID recognition: a) It shall use a Radio Frequency Identification Number. b) The RFID number shall be matched with the code saved in database before allowing permission to access robots.


5. Networking

Fig 5.3.6 Network Plan

To ensure authorized access, we have the above security measures. •In addition to the previous measures, a separate file will be made in the main system •After identifying the users, any track changes will automatically be saved into the system along with time stamps and user identification codes using a real-time system for future references. •The software developed; MX-1 also ensures authorized access for users working from home.

•The settlements network system consists of a main server, servers and work stations • There are two backup systems. The first one being on the MEO satellite which receives data from the settlement . •The second backup is on the settlement in the form of data storage devices. 35

5.4 Passenger Facilitation 5.4 Passenger Facilitation
Temporary visitors (stay<2day) Passenger arrival Given passenger facilitation bands.

long-term visitors

Passenger facilitation software enabled

Fig 5.4.1 Flow Chart Tracking and Alert Structure for Passengers
Permanent Visitors: FOLED screens: •On arrival these passengers will be given FOLED screens, along with a password and a user ID to enable passenger facilitation software. •The screens will display the flight schedules and status on request. •Also contains a satellite tracking device. •Passengers will keep these as long as they are residents.

Fig 5.4.2 Facilitation Band

Temporary visitors: Passenger facilitation bands •Comprises of a touch screen built into a 2- inch wide band, given to passengers on arrival. •The screen displays; the flight schedule and status on request. •Alerts passengers on flight delays, arrivals and boarding calls. •Also contains a MEO satellite tracking device, to keep track of passengers. •These bands will be taken away once the passengers reach their destination and be reused.


year20++ 44
Contract awarded Research and feasibility studies Construction of Earth control systems and Lunar base Awarding of Sub-contractors Construction of Robots Construction of Central Hub Construction of Spokes Construction of Quadtori Construction of Outer Torus Addition of Thrusters Installation of Power System Installation of Day and Night Cycle Addition of Atmosphere Installation of Water management System Installation of Waste Management System Addition of External Communication System Installation of Mirror Construction of Agricultural Systems Installation of Industries Addition of Internal Communication Systems Addition of Automated Systems Installation of Contingency Plans Interior Finishing Testing of the Settlement Approval by Foundation Society Rechecking and Assessment of the Settlement Transference of Residents Grand Inauguration











Key Contract awarded Design+Research Transportation Construction Usage Phases Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5


dates of completion of phases Phase 1 28 January 2044-28 January 2046

Phase 2
Phase 3 Phase 4 Phase 5

29 January 2046-30 December 2048
31 December 2048- 2 January 2051 3 January 2051-31 December 2052 1 January 2053-29 December 2054 COST PHASE 1

The construction of Arial shall complete in 11 years which shall be made possible through use of heavy duty simultaneous multitasking by Dougeldyne Astrosystems and Flechtel Constructors
COST PHASE 2 MATERIAL TOTAL COST($) Research studies 9,450,000 Constructio n materials Shielding materials Mirror Robots 970 people 8589447.59kgs 2544678kgs 1unit 1015units 24718245kgs 15000/unit Varied Varied 700,000,000 Varied 1000$/kg 14,550,000 904,468,831.2 310,221,695 700m 261,889,465 24,718,245,000 QUANTITY COST($)/QU ANTITY TOTAL COST($)




Research studies Construction materials Shielding materials Robots Transit cost Miscellaneous Delay cost

630 people








890units 10869104kgs Varied Varied

Varied 1000$/kg Varied Varied

125,465,998 10,869,104,000 2b 1b

Transit cost

Miscellane ous
Delay cost Total cost



2b 38 $35,209,374,990

Total cost


COST PHASE 3 MATERIAL Research studies Docks Warehouse DRCC Water management system Wastemanagem ent system Thrusters Solar panels MEO satellite Spaceships Agriculture Day/night cycle Robots Transit cost Miscellaneous Delay cost Total cost QUANTITY 1055 people 6units 2units 1unit 3units COST($)/QU ANTITY 15000/unit 4b/unit 1b/unit 2b/unit 8.3m/unit TOTAL COST($) 15,825,000 24b 2b 2b 24.9m MATERIAL Research studies Houses Tethers Handrails Hospitals Roads 4units 2units 20$/m2 3units 140units 561000m2 10unit 1015units 42433210kg Varied Varied 10.5m/unit 47m/unit 750,000 150000/unit Varied Varied 700,000 Varied 1000$/kg Varied Varied 42m 94m 15m 450000 15.7b 841,500,000 7m 261,889,465 42,433,210, 000 10b 6b $103,435,774,500 COST PHASE 4 QUANTITY 550 people 5350units 9000m 6000units 2units 607.5m2 COST($)/QUANTI TY 15000/unit Varied 25/m 77/unit 678,456/unit 75$/m2 TOTAL COST($) 8,250,000 893,450,000 225,000 462,000 1,356,912 45562.5

Recreational centers &theatres
Spacesuits school Robotic arm

10000units 1unit 2units

21000/unit 246,711/unit 500,000/unit

210,000,000 246,771 1m

Training center Stadium Offices Robots Transit costs Miscellaneous Delay Total cost

1unit 1unit 100units 12600units 12546678kg Varied Varied

4.5m 1.5b/unit 176250/unit Varied 1000$/kg Varied Varied

4.5m 1.5b 17625000 4,314,556,980 9,546,678,000 3b 2.5b 39 $22,215,082,910


Research studies Internal communication system Servers data storage devices Desktops Softwares Robots Transit cost Miscellaneous

570 people Varied 10units 8500units 900units 15000units 10450units 5,245,667kgs Varied

15000/unit Varied Varied Varied 1000/unit Varied Varied 1000$/kg Varied

8,550,000 10m 6.3b 800,000 900,000 254,766 896,340, 5,245,667,000 6b

Delay cost
Total cost




The billed cost to the foundation society shall be around $193,861,294,600 and the payback period shall be around 10 years


7 BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT 7. Business Requirements: Docking Port Passenger Boarding Cargo Loading

Passenger Landing

•Passengers : Elevators in the passenger corridors allow safe transfer •Hotels and communities where passengers will stay allows passengers to enjoy their time at Arial before their next flight departs •Cargo Facilities : Large docking port allows ships of all sizes to port •Cargo is transported through conveyer belts in between ships and dock ports

Track Cargo Unloading

•Ware housing and bulk provided beneath loading and unloading areas which will hold cargo for ships which have not yet arrived •Middle base provides: Fuel Repair And Maintenance Docking port for out of service ships

Landing For Ships


Structural Design
Ch. no. 2.0 Requirements Settlement to provide a safe living environment to an initial population of 7500 and a transient population of not more than 600 at any time and exterior design drawings Means for providing protection form radiation and debris penetration To show the rotating and non-rotating parts of the settlement, means for supplying and maintaining gravity Specifications of area utilizations Orientation of down surfaces The construction sequence and the time taken for each phase Fulfillment A torus and a dual quad system .proper dimensioned drawings A multi-material shield Labeled diagrams A table A diagram Multiple diagrams and a schedule for the phases Proper dimensioned drawings along with justification Justification The proposed structure provides a total down surface area of which is sufficient to accommodate residential, agricultural as well as industrial activities and for lunar training facilities. along with accurate drawings to show how the settlement looks The shield that is provided has materials keeping in mind their various properties to protect the settlement from radiation , debris penetration and from meteorites. The rotating and non-rotating parts of he settlement are shown diagrammatically for better presentation. Table containing the percentage of area utilized for various purposes. Diagram depicts the orientation of the total down surface area The diagrams are on the basis of various phases of construction and the duration depicts the time that will be taken to built each phase. Diagrams show the usage of the central hub with areas designated for the various uses such as storage Slide no. 3





2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3

7 7 8


Port facilities



Operations And Infrastructure
Chapter no. 3.1 Requirement Reasons for the selection of the orbit Basic infrastructure Fulfillment A table describing the reasons for the selection of the orbit a fully fledged and reasonable explanation of the various life support systems. Moreover we shall use the most efficient techniques to operate the settlement. A fully dimensioned drawing of the various machines. Various robots and their detailed description is shown A detailed description about the storage and packaging facilities present in the settlement justification Easy availability of materials, safety, economic feasibility These will provide some of the basic facilities to Arial. We have used microwaves to create electricity, food by aeroponics and hydroponics,waste disposal by NCM and so on. These machines shall efficiently handle the construction processes These various machines shall completely automate settlement’s construction The space elevators shall serve the purpose of transport. Packaging industry shall carry out the packaging. Slide no.





Various machines and their conceptual designs Machines with their functions and automations Various storing, packaging techniques to assist the spaceships that travel to moon.


Human Engineering
4.0 Community attributes(food, entertainment, views of space Basic facilities ( housing, education entertainment, etc.) Design of exterior and interior layout Restaurants, Hugh windows, Space olympics, etc Educational center, smart automated houses, city hall House designs including floor plans for the 3 different neighborhoods For the community attributes hotels, windows are provided Education centers, smart houses, city hall, parks will be provided 3 types of differentiated neighbor hoods will be provided




Design of system device vehicles and space suits.
Training facilities for transit passengers

Cycles, walking accelerators and bio space suit.
Rugged terrains , 1.6th Gravity shall be provided

Bio suit , cycled, FOLED screen will be provided
In quad torii, 1.6 gravity is provided for easy adaptation and training



Automation Design And Services
Chapter no. 5.0 Rrequirement No. and types of computers,softwares , networking devices for arial faility, community and business Automation for construction, assembling and transportation Facility automation Fulfillment Tables showing types of computers, softwares and networking devces to be used in Arial Various robots mentioned in operations which shall help in construction processes We provided all the facilities to the residents(refer to the slides) Various robots and automated measures which help to enhance livability Facilitation Bands shall be used to track passengers Justification Shall help in efficient working of the settlement Slide no.


This shall help in quick construction of the settlement These shall help them to live conveniently These enhance livability in the settlement It is given 5.4



Automation to enhance livability in work environments Automation for passengers