1.3K views

Original Title: Doubly Reinforced Concrete Design.pdf

Uploaded by John

- Reinforced Concrete Structures R. Park T.paulay
- Limit State Design -Doubly Reinforced Beams.pdf
- Analysis and Design of Beams Problems
- Doubly Reinforced Beams – Theory
- Beam End Force Summary
- Numerical Problems on Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beams
- Unit 5 ( DESIGN OF FLANGED BEAM: T-BEAM )
- Design of Reinforced Concrete Structure Volume 1
- Strength of Materials- Combined Stresses- Hani Aziz Ameen
- Pile CAP Design Example + 2 piles
- Column Design Procedure PDF
- 232989638 Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design 2010 NSCP
- Staad Pro Tutorial
- Examples on Design of Singly Reinforced Beams Using Limit State Design Method
- Illustrated Design of Reeinforced concrete Buildings - Karve & Shah
- Pile Cap Design
- Staadpro 2007 International Codes 2007 Complete
- Two - Way Slab Design - 2
- Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete Design (2)
- Design of Pile Cap

You are on page 1of 20

4

Doubly Reinforced

Beams Theory and

Problems

Lesson

9

Doubly Reinforced

Beams Theory

Instructional Objectives:

At the end of this lesson, the student should be able to:

fck, fy and Mu are given, and

determine the moment of resistance of a beam if b, d, d', fck, fy, Asc and Ast are

given.

4.9.1 Introduction

This lesson illustrates the application of the theory of doubly reinforced

beams in solving the two types of problems mentioned in Lesson 8. Both the

design and analysis types of problems are solved by (i) direct computation

method, and (ii) using tables of SP-16. The step by step solution of the problems

will help in understanding the theory of Lesson 8 and its application.

4.9.2.1 Problem 4.1

loads of 35 kN/m. The beam dimensions and other data are: b = 300 mm, D =

700 mm, M 20 concrete, Fe 415 steel (Fig. 4.9.1). Determine fsc from d'/d as

given in Table 4.2 of Lesson 8.

(a) Solution by direct computation method

wl 2 ( 1.5 ) ( 40.25 ) ( 8 )( 8 )

Factored bending moment = (1.5 ) = = 482.96 kNm

8 8

xu, max

= 0.48 gives xu, max = 0.48 (630) = 302.4 mm

d

M u, lim = 0.36 ( ) (1 - 0.42 ) b d 2 f ck

d d

(4.2)

= 328.55 kNm

M u, lim

Ast, lim = (6.8)

0.87 f y (d - 0.42 xu, max )

So, Ast1 = = 1809.14 mm 2

0.87 (415) { 630 0.42 (0.48) 630 }

(Please refer to Eqs. 4.1, 4.4, 4.6 and 4.7 of Lesson 8.)

353 - 342

f sc = 353 - = 350.8 N/mm2

5

Asc = = = 806.517 mm 2

( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' ) {350.8 0.446 (20)} (630 - 70) N/mm

Ast 2 = = = 763.694 mm 2

0.87 f y (0.87) (415)

Step 3: Check for minimum and maximum tension and compression steel.

(i) In compression:

0.2

(a) Minimum Asc = (300) (700) = 420 mm 2

100

4

(b) Maximum Asc = (300) (700) = 8400 mm 2

100

Thus, 420 mm2 < 806.517 mm2 < 8400 mm2 . Hence, o.k.

(ii) In tension:

(a) Minimum Ast = = 387.1 mm 2

fy 415

4

(b) Maximum Ast = (300) (700) = 8400 mm 2

100

Here, 387.1 mm2 < 2572.834 mm2 < 8400 mm2 . Hence, o.k.

(i) for Asc: Provide 2-20 T + 2-12 T (= 628 + 226 = 854 mm2)

(ii) for Ast: Provide 4-25 T + 2-20 T (= 1963 + 628 = 2591 mm2)

It may be noted that Ast is provided in two layers in order to provide adequate

space for concreting around reinforcement. Also the centroid of the tensile bars is

at 70 mm from bottom (Fig. 4.9.1).

Mu 482.96 (10 6 ) 70

For this problem, = = 4.056 and d'/d = = 0.11.

bd 2

300 (630) 2

630

Mu

Table 50 of SP-16 gives pt and pc for = 4 and 4.1 and d'/d = 0.1 and 0.15.

b d2

The required pt and pc are determined by linear interpolation. The values are

presented in Table 4.3 to get the final pt and pc of this problem.

b d2

pt 1.337 1.360 0.023 (0.01)

1.337 + = 1.342

4.0 0.05

pc 0.401 0.437 0.036 (0.01)

0.433 + = 0.408

0.05

pt 1.368 1.392 0.024 (0.01)

1.368 + = 1.373

0.05

4.1 pc 0.433 0.472 0.039 (0.01)

0.433 + = 0.441

0.05

pt Not NA 0.031 (0.056)

1.342 + = 1.3594

Applicable 0 .1

4.056 (NA)

pc NA NA 0.033 (0.056)

0.408 + = 0.426

0 .1

So, Ast = = 2569.26 m 2

100

and Asc = = 805.14 mm 2

100

These values are close to those obtained by direct computation method where

Ast = 2572.834 mm2 and Asc = 806.517 mm2. Thus, by using table of SP-16 we

get the reinforcement very close to that of direct computation method. Hence,

provide

350 mm, d' = 60 mm, d = 600 mm, Ast = 2945 mm2 (6-25 T), Asc = 1256 mm2

(4-20 T), using M 20 and Fe 415 (Fig.4.9.2). Use direct computation method only.

st = = = 0.00379

xu, max 288

fy 415

Yield strain of Fe 415 = + 0.002 = + 0.002

1.15 ( E s ) (1.15) (2) (10 5 )

(vide Eq. 4.2 of Lesson 8 and Table 3.1 of Lesson 5)

M u , lim = 0.36 ( ) ( 1 - 0.42 ) b d 2 f ck

d d

= 347.67 kNm

From Table 3.1 of Lesson 5, for fck = 20 N/mm2 and fy = 415 N/mm2,

Ast , lim = = 2016 mm 2

100

(vide Eqs.4.7 and 4.6 of Lesson 8)

The required Asc will have the compression force equal to the tensile force as

given by 929 mm2 of Ast2.

Ast 2 (0.87 f y )

So, Asc =

( f sc - f cc )

sc = = = 0.002771

xu, max 288

f sc = 351.8 + = 351.896 N/mm 2

(0.00380 0.00276)

929 (0.87) (415)

So, Asc = = 977.956 mm 2

{351.89 0.446 (20)}

(Please refer to Eqs. 4.4 and 4.1 of Lesson 8)

M u 2 = Asc ( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' )

= 181.12 kNm

Therefore, with Ast = Ast, lim + Ast2 = 2016 + 929 = 2945 mm2 the required

Asc = 977.956 mm2 (much less than the provided 1256 mm2). Hence, o.k.

Q.1: Design a doubly reinforced beam (Fig. 4.9.3) to resist Mu = 375 kNm

when b = 250 mm, d = 500 mm, d' = 75 mm, fck = 30 N/mm2 and fy =

500 N/mm2, using (i) direct computation method and (ii) using table of SP-

16.

A.1: (A) Solution by direct computation method:

xu ,max xu ,max

Mu, lim = 0.36 ( ) (1 0.42 ) b d 2 f ck

d d

= 250.51 kNm

Using the value of pt = 1.13 from Table 3.1 of Lesson 5 for fck = 30 N/mm2

and fy = 500 N/mm2,

Ast, lim = = 1412.5 mm 2

100

From Table 4.2 of Lesson 8, for d'/d = 75/500 = 0.15 and fy = 500 N/mm2

, we get fsc = 395 N/mm2

M u2 124.49 (10 6 )

Asc = = = 767.56 mm 2

( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' ) {395 0.446 (30)} (500 - 75)

Ast 2 = = = 673.37 mm 2

0.87 f y 0.87 (500)

sc = = = 0.002359

230 230

(413.0 - 391.3) (0.002359 - 0.00226)

f sc = 391.3 + = 395.512 N/mm 2

(0.00277 - 0.00226)

M u2 124.49 (10 6 )

Asc = = = 766.53 mm 2

( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' ) {395.512 0.446 (30)} (500 - 75)

Ast 2 = = = 673.369 mm 2

0.87 f y 0.87 (500)

(i) Minimum Ast = = 212.5 mm 2

fy 500

(iii) Minimum Ast = = 287.5 mm 2

100 100

So, provide (i) 6-20 T + 2-12 T = 1885 + 226 = 2111 mm2 for Ast

Mu 375 (10 6 )

= = 6.0

b d2 250 (500) 2

d'/d = 75/500 = 0.15

So, Ast = = 2095 mm 2

100

and Asc = = 773.75 mm 2

100

These values are close to those of (A). Hence, provide 6-20 T + 2-12 T as

Ast and 4-16 T as Asc.

Q.2: Determine the moment of resistance of the doubly reinforced beam (Fig.

4.9.4) with b = 300 mm, d = 600 mm, d' = 90 mm, fck = 30 N/mm2, fy =

500 N/mm2, Asc = 2236 mm2 (2-32 T + 2-20 T), and Ast = 4021 mm2 (4-

32 T + 4-16 T). Use (i) direct computation method and (ii) tables of SP-16.

0.0035 (600 - 276)

st = = 0.0041086

276

For d'/d = 0.15 and fy = 500 N/mm2, Table 4.2 of Lesson 8 gives: fsc = 395

N/mm2 and with fck = 30 N/mm2 , Table 3.1 of Lesson 5 gives pt, lim =

1.13.

Ast ,lim = = 2034 mm 2

100

xu ,max xu ,max

Mu,lim = 0.36 ( ) (1 0.42 ) b d 2 f ck

d d

= 432.88 kNm

( Asc ) required = = = 2264.94 mm 2 > 2236 mm 2

( f sc - f cc ) {395 0.446 (30)}

So, Ast2 of 1987 mm2 is not fully used. Let us determine Ast2 required

when Asc = 2236 mm2.

Ast 2 = = = 1961.61 mm 2

0.87 f y (0.87) (500)

Ast = Ast, lim + Ast2 = 2034 + 1961.61 = 3995.61 mm2 < 4021 mm2.

Hence, o.k.

M u 2 = Asc ( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' )

= 2236 {395 - 0.446 (30)} (600 - 75) (10-6) kNm = 447.9837 kNm

Mu = Mu, lim + Mu2 = 432.88 + 447.98 (Mu2 is taken the lower of the

two)

= 880.86 kNm

To find (Asc)required

st = = 0.00236

276

f sc = 391.3 + = 395.55 N/mm 2

(0.00277 - 0.00226)

( Asc ) required = =

( f sc - f cc ) {395.55 0.446 (30)}

Asc ( f sc - f cc ) 2236 {395.55 - 0.446 (30)}

Ast 2 = = = 1964.44 mm 2

0.87 f y (0.87) (500)

Ast = Ast, lim + Ast2 = 2034 + 1964.44 = 3998.44 mm2 < 4021 mm2.

So, o.k.

= 448.63 kNm

M u 2 = Asc ( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' )

= 448.63 kNm

= 881.51 kNm

4021 (100)

pt = = 2.234

300 (600)

2236 (100)

pc = = 1.242

300 (600)

d'/d = 0.15

Table 56 of SP-16 is used first considering d'/d = 0.15 and pt = 2.234,

and secondly, considering d'/d = 0.15 and pc = 1.242. The calculated

values of pc and Mu/bd2 for the first and pt and Mu/bd2 for the second

cases are presented below separately. Linear interpolation has been

done.

= 8.00 + = 8.06

bd 2

(2.245 - 2.218)

p c = 1.235 + = 1.253 > 1.242

(0.027)

= 8.00 + = 8.022

bd 2

(1.266 - 1.235)

pt = 2.218 + = 2.224 < 2.234

(1.266 1.235)

Hence, o.k.

4.9.4 References

1. Reinforced Concrete Limit State Design, 6th Edition, by Ashok K. Jain,

Nem Chand & Bros, Roorkee, 2002.

2. Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete, 2nd Edition, by P.C.Varghese,

Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2002.

3. Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design, by P.C.Varghese, Prentice-Hall of

India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2001.

4. Reinforced Concrete Design, 2nd Edition, by S.Unnikrishna Pillai and

Devdas Menon, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New

Delhi, 2003.

5. Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures, by P.Dayaratnam,

Oxford & I.B.H. Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2004.

6. Reinforced Concrete Design, 1st Revised Edition, by S.N.Sinha, Tata

McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. New Delhi, 1990.

7. Reinforced Concrete, 6th Edition, by S.K.Mallick and A.P.Gupta, Oxford &

IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, 1996.

8. Behaviour, Analysis & Design of Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements,

by I.C.Syal and R.K.Ummat, A.H.Wheeler & Co. Ltd., Allahabad, 1989.

9. Reinforced Concrete Structures, 3rd Edition, by I.C.Syal and A.K.Goel,

A.H.Wheeler & Co. Ltd., Allahabad, 1992.

10. Textbook of R.C.C, by G.S.Birdie and J.S.Birdie, Wiley Eastern Limited,

New Delhi, 1993.

11. Design of Concrete Structures, 13th Edition, by Arthur H. Nilson, David

Darwin and Charles W. Dolan, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

Limited, New Delhi, 2004.

12. Concrete Technology, by A.M.Neville and J.J.Brooks, ELBS with

Longman, 1994.

13. Properties of Concrete, 4th Edition, 1st Indian reprint, by A.M.Neville,

Longman, 2000.

14. Reinforced Concrete Designers Handbook, 10th Edition, by C.E.Reynolds

and J.C.Steedman, E & FN SPON, London, 1997.

15. Indian Standard Plain and Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice (4th

Revision), IS 456: 2000, BIS, New Delhi.

16. Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete to IS: 456 1978, BIS, New Delhi.

Maximum Marks = 50, Maximum Time = 30 minutes

imposed loads of 35 kN/m. The beam dimensions and other data are: b =

300 mm, D = 700 mm, M 20 concrete, Fe 415 steel (Fig. 4.9.1).

Determine fsc from strain sc as given in Table 4.1 of Lesson 8.

A.TQ.1: This problem is the same as Problem 4.1 in sec. 4.9.2.1 except that here

the fsc is to be calculated using Table 4.1 instead of Table 4.2.

Step 1: Here, the Step 1 will remain the same as that of Problem 4.1.

From strain triangle: (Fig. 4.8.2 of Lesson 8)

sc = = 0.00269

302.4

(351.8 - 342.8)

f sc (from Table 4.1 of Lesson 8) = 342.8 + (0.00269 - 0.00241)

(0.00276 - 0.00241)

= 350 N/mm 2

M u2 154.41 (10 6 )

Asc = = = 808.41 mm 2

( f sc - f cc ) (d - d' ) {350 0.446 (20)} (630 - 70) N/mm

Ast 2 = = = 763.696 mm 2

0.87 f y (0.87) (415)

Steps 3 & 4 will also remain the same as those of Problem 4.1.

Hence, provide 2-20 T + 2-12 T (854 mm2) as Asc and 4-25 T + 2-20 T (2591

mm2) as Ast .

TQ.2: Determine the ultimate moment capacity of the doubly reinforced beam of

b = 350 mm, d' = 60 mm, d = 600 mm, Ast = 2945 mm2 (6-25 T), Asc =

1256 mm2 (4-20 T), using M 20 and Fe 415 (Fig. 4.9.2). Use table of SP-16

only.

This problem is the same as that of Problem 4.2 of sec. 4.9.2.2, which has

been solved by direct computation method. Here, the same is to be solved

by using SP-16.

pt = = = 1.402

bd 350(600)

Asc (100) 1256 (100)

pc = = = 0.5981

bd 350 (600)

Here, we need to use Table 50 for fck = 20 N/mm2 and fy = 415 N/mm2. The

table gives values of Mu/bd2 for (I) d'/d and pt and (ii) d'/d and pc. So, we

will consider both the possibilities and determine Mu.

= 4.2 + = 4.21

b d pt = 1.402

2

(1.429 - 1.399)

(0.498 - 0.466) (1.402 - 1.399)

= 0.4692

(1.429 1.399)

been used.

So, we get

2 2 2

2945 mm and Asc = 985.32 mm , i.e. 270.69 mm (= 1256 - 985.32) of

compression steel is extra.

= 4.6 + = 4.61

b d pc = 0.5981

2

(0.628 - 0.595)

( pt ) pc = 0.5981 = 1.522 +

(1.533 - 1.522) (0.5981 - 0.595)

= 1.5231

(0.628 0.595)

The provided pt = 1.402 indicates that the tension steel is insufficient by 254.31

mm2 as shown below:

(1.5231 - 1.402) (350) (600)

= 254.31 mm 2

100

The above two results show that the moment of resistance of this beam is

the lower of the two. So, Mu = 530.46 kNm. By direct computation the Mu =

528.79 kNm. The two results are in good agreement.

This lesson presents solutions of four numerical problems covering both

design and analysis types. These problems are solved by two methods: (i) direct

computation method and (ii) using table of SP-16. Two problems are illustrated

in the lesson and the other two are given in the practice problem and test of this

lesson. The solutions will help in understanding the step by step application of

the theory of doubly reinforced beams given in Lesson 8.

- Reinforced Concrete Structures R. Park T.paulayUploaded byamir
- Limit State Design -Doubly Reinforced Beams.pdfUploaded byFrank Stephens
- Analysis and Design of Beams ProblemsUploaded byBai Alleha Musa
- Doubly Reinforced Beams – TheoryUploaded byganesh_2514
- Beam End Force SummaryUploaded byAlo
- Numerical Problems on Singly Reinforced Rectangular BeamsUploaded byganesh_2514
- Unit 5 ( DESIGN OF FLANGED BEAM: T-BEAM )Uploaded byZara Nabilah
- Design of Reinforced Concrete Structure Volume 1Uploaded byJatinder Bhatia
- Strength of Materials- Combined Stresses- Hani Aziz AmeenUploaded byHani Aziz Ameen
- Pile CAP Design Example + 2 pilesUploaded byTharanga Pradeep
- Column Design Procedure PDFUploaded bySarah
- 232989638 Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design 2010 NSCPUploaded byIrene B. Quiñones
- Staad Pro TutorialUploaded byAndrei Chiriac
- Examples on Design of Singly Reinforced Beams Using Limit State Design MethodUploaded byfieramina
- Illustrated Design of Reeinforced concrete Buildings - Karve & ShahUploaded byMihail Koprivchin
- Pile Cap DesignUploaded byসন্দীপ চন্দ্র
- Staadpro 2007 International Codes 2007 CompleteUploaded bywesprit23
- Two - Way Slab Design - 2Uploaded byArnel Dodong
- Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete Design (2)Uploaded byZamir Mear
- Design of Pile CapUploaded bycivilaskar
- Reinforced Concrete Design IUploaded byMohamed Seghir Benzemrane
- Design of RC Rectangular Section-NSCP(ACI-318)Uploaded byBong-Bong Rodriguez Bianzon
- 6.0 Doubly Reinforced Concrete Beam (USD) (1)Uploaded byVinCEdemonteverde
- 43193809-Highway-Engg-Lab-CopyUploaded bymanisaibaba
- RCC11 Element Design.xlsUploaded byASQ
- Steel-concrete composite coupling beams — behavior and designUploaded bycyrusnasirai
- Trial Rc4 Tcc11 Element DesignUploaded byPaul Nelmes
- OneSteel_DesignBooklet_db1.1Uploaded bymystphil
- Column-design-as-per-is-456-pdf.pdfUploaded byAns
- Weld Thru DeckUploaded bycrazyboy0072000

- Application for Driver's License FormUploaded byOliver380
- Payroll (April 7-12, 2017)Uploaded byJohn
- App Form UMID 2013Uploaded byMoleño Asilo Adrian
- Affidavit of Loss Drivers License ATM Card etc due to Loss of Wallet.docxUploaded byMarie Jade Ebol Araneta
- Convert UnitUploaded by2508127
- Construction Cost Data WorkbookUploaded byM HAFEEZ RAJA
- Chapter3eUploaded byStefan Stanca
- Doubly Reinforced Concrete Design LectureUploaded byJohn
- Lecture 5- Estimating Activity DurationsUploaded byLance Lindsey
- ConcreteUploaded byalditikos
- PRUploaded byJohn
- Order FormUploaded byJohn
- John Carl SalasUploaded byJohn
- vol20_11.pdfUploaded byluckyreign
- Sec 6Uploaded byAlmira Robles
- Const Estimate Made Easy by Engr Cajilla v0.99Uploaded byLiseth Styles
- Work Schedule Template With Shifts and Labor CostsUploaded byJohn
- 10.5923.j.ijcem.20150404.05.pdfUploaded byJohn
- Classaconstcostestimatesample 1-26-11fsdfUploaded byKarl Anne Domingo
- Cover + ContentsUploaded byJohn
- Design of Beam Aci 11-01-05Uploaded bymr.xinbombay
- Concrete DesignUploaded byGihan Perera
- 124477240-Production-Rates-Table.pdfUploaded byJohn
- ANNEX E.pdfUploaded byhalder_kalyan9216
- Construction Cost EstimatingUploaded byDilip Kumar
- residential-2013.pdfUploaded byMac Shaik

- FIBRE REINFORCED PLASTICSUploaded bySujay Raghavendra N
- Mud brick architecture in ancient egypt pdfUploaded byArchaeologist
- Design of a Sewer System Collection 1.2Uploaded byG.Ramesh
- Greenstar 12-14 Ri ErP Operating InstructionsUploaded byKevin Jordan
- Construction Project Manager Estimator in Orlando FL Resume Thomas HoodUploaded byThomasHood2
- CVG3106_Chp3_Bearing Capacity of Shallow FoundationUploaded byJuan Villa
- Datasheet True Union Ball Check Valves UpdatedUploaded byOzin Trung
- CT-ORBit-VALVE-01.pdfUploaded byHieu
- Intro Bridge ProjectUploaded byKaushik Reja
- Industry Day SlidesUploaded bythamestunnel
- 89 108ECOline Dikili Tip EnUploaded byJovan Stoimenovski
- Planet Dewy 60 BFRUploaded byRaja Matharu
- ES-LFFBV-4Uploaded byWatts
- Drilling ProgramUploaded byErika Lisseth Castillo Castillo
- Hazen Williams Pressure Loss CalculatorUploaded byChristian O. Huamaní Quispe
- Rundown Tank MtoUploaded bynaveen_86
- Nozzle loads - Part 3- _ Piping-engineering.pdfUploaded byShaikh Aftab
- Sto Ewi Systems for Refurbishment BrochureUploaded byYury Lorenz
- basalt fibersUploaded byyaswanth1992
- 2.8 Lv Type Test ResultUploaded byasifaliabid
- 47416946-aqueductUploaded byMani Deep
- A Simplified Method of Evaluating the Seismic Performance of BuildingsUploaded byAna Miranda
- Hdpe Flow ChartUploaded byShaiju Ebrahim
- Priemetz O.N., Samoilov K.I. THE ORNAMENT EVOLUTION IN THE ALMATY ARCHITECTUREUploaded byKonstantin Samoilov
- 34-143350657487-90Uploaded byNugraha Bintang
- Structural TermsUploaded bykharen
- Assessing the Reliability of Construction cost data in Lagos stateUploaded bysola
- Lifting Beam CalculationUploaded byAnonymous BzGb2fnfE
- E 50 Parts ManualUploaded bysteve@air-innovations.co.za
- Final InfrastructureUploaded byZyreen Kate BC