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Ian Leggett

First published in 2001: Oxfam GB 2001
In Uganda, for East and Central Africa, by ISBN o 85598 454 6 (Oxfam GB)
Fountain Publishers Ltd, Fountain House,
ISBN 9970 02 270 9 (Fountain Publishers)
Plot 55 Nkrumah Road, PO Box 488,
Kampala, Uganda A catalogue record for this publication is available from the
Tel: +256 41 259163/251112 British Library.
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Printed by
Information Press, Eynsham
Published simultaneously by
Oxfam GB in the UK and Fountain Publishers in Uganda
Series designed by
Richard Morris, Stonesfield Design
Typeset in Scala and Gill Sans.

Oxfam GB is a registered charity, no. 202 918, and is a

member of Oxfam International.

This book converted to digital file in 2010


Introduction: the creation of a state I

The country and its people 6

Pre-colonial and colonial Uganda: legacies of the past 13

Twenty terrible years 18

The conflict in the north 26

Fighting HIV and AIDS in Uganda 36

Karamoja: the rangelands of the north 43

Economy and livelihoods 54

Education 65

Politics and freedoms 70

Conclusion: an end to conflict 78

Facts and figures 80

Dates and events 81

Sources and further reading 83

Acknowledgements 84

Oxfam in Uganda 85

Index 86