Digital Technology

Digital Sensors Aps -h1.3x smaller than full frame Aps n 1.5 smaller lower cost Aps c 1.6 smaller Four-thirds system, 2.0 system lens interchangeable Ccd Cmos 35mm film 1 ½ x 1 full frame point and shoots use small sensors mega pixels increase is only subtle increase. Canon 5d 12 mp to 21 mp is 29% print size increase. Print size 12 mb 10x15 16x24 20 x 30 21mp 12x18 20x30 26 x40 increased mp is good for cropping 10 mp to 21 mp is 210 % mp increase 43% resolution increase fine details show this Low light image quality, pixel size – larger pixel size is more light sensitive 1.7 to 2.0 microns for average point and shoot 4.2 micron on Nikon d5000 4.3-micron canon 7d 5.5 d300 5.9Nikon D3x 6.4 micron Canon 1ds and 5d MKII 8.5 micron Nikon D3S D700 small pixel, = noise in low light full frame is smoother larger pixels render smoother areas. High quality image Pixel count, more is better Pixel size, larger is better Pixel quality new tech is better Processor quality, new tech is better Aps choices $400-$1700 Full frame choices $2500-$7500 sensor is very expensive to make, i.e. medium format digital

Low light image quality, pixel size – larger pixel size is more light sensitive 1.7 to 2.0 microns for average point and shoot 4.2 micron on Nikon d5000 4.3-micron canon 7d 5.5 d300 5.9Nikon D3x 6.4 micron Canon 1ds and 5d MKII 8.5 micron Nikon D3S D700 small pixel, = noise in low light full frame is smoother larger pixels render smoother areas. High quality image Pixel count, more is better Pixel size, larger is better Pixel quality new tech is better Processor quality, new tech is better Full Frame APS Field of view, full frame has advantage Focus filed Full Frame vs. APS, focusing array is same size on aps and full frame advantage aps because more % of frame is focusing array. Field of view aps crops as opposed to full frame 16-35 on full frame = 10-22 on aps, 1.6 factor ----full frame has more lensing options for wide lenses, Nikon 1.5 crop Canon 1.6-crop 1.3-crop full frame is more expensive Telephoto, aps is better, closer Depth of field, framed up the same i.e. 160mm on ff vs. 100mm on aps, full frame has better bokeh and less depth of field. Closure you are less depth of field Bokeh, smooth area of out of focus are usually better, lens blades and lens characteristics show bokeh, typically fixed lenses are better, faster lens more bokeh Aps has more depth of field Round lens, rectangular sensor Lens quality, corner sharpness , aps uses center, better part of lens Chromatic aberration, aps uses center, better part of lens

Distortion, barrel distortion, less on aps Fall off/ vignetting circle of light, less fall off on sensor Aps lens have circle of light set for aps sensor, smaller circle of light, wider Full frame , usually larger mega pixels better resolution Low light image quality, pixel size – larger pixel size is more light sensitive 1.7 to 2.0 microns for average point and shoot 4.2 micron on Nikon d5000 4.3-micron canon 7d 5.5 d300 5.9Nikon D3x 6.4 micron Canon 1ds and 5d MKII 8.5 micron Nikon D3S D700 small pixel, = noise in low light full frame is smoother larger pixels render smoother areas. High quality image Pixel count, more is better Pixel size, larger is better Pixel quality new tech is better Processor quality, new tech is better Aps choices $400-$1700 Full frame choices $2500-$7500 sensor is very expensive to make, i.e. medium format digital Lens package for aps vs. full frame could be half for same focal range Recommendation Full frame camera, professional, highest image resolution, low light, good bokeh, need wide angel Aps, affordable, value lots of features for the money, good telephoto, good depth of field Full frame is an expensive road to go down. Most current lens fit on most aps cameras, aps lens have smaller circle

color space white balance color temperature cool to warm candle 2000 60-watt tungsten noon daylight 5400 500 clear blue sky at high elevation 10000 daylight shade 7000cloudy5000 flash5000 tungsten 2500florecent 4000 Kelvin setting Proper wb setting insures neutral color rendition Custom setting, shooting a white card Awb camera does a good job 90 % of time, raw allows to set wb afterwards without image degrading Raw unprocessed data from sensor , highest quality way to shoot. Wide range of corrections Larger file sizes Not widely accepted format Each camera has unique raw formats JPEG joint photographers expert group small file size, lower image quality limited corrections Higher compression reduces colors causes banding. sRAW all data less pixels. Raw + jpeg fast dual formats. Digital images go into a image buffer, memory, then processed to card Fast cards = faster buffer clearing Batteries have extras Viewfinder The window which you look through full frame is larger