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# Definitions and Terminologies

## 1. What is the reliable measurement for comparing amplifier noise characteristics?

Noise factor

2. _________ is measured on a circuit when it is correctly terminated but does not have any
traffic.

White noise

## 3. Which noise is produced by lighting discharges in thunderstorms?

Atmospheric noise

## 5. ________ is an electric noise produced by thermal agitation of electrons in conductor and

semiconductor.

Thermal noise
6. A large emission of hydrogen from the sun that affects communications.

Solar flare

static

Sun

## 9. Which of the following is not a source of external noise?

Thermal agitation

## narrowing the bandwidth

Problem Solving
1. A 300 ohm resistor is connected across the 300 ohm antenna input of the television
receiver. The bandwidth of the receiver is 6 MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature.
Find the noise power.

PN =kTB

## 2. A diode noise generator is required to produce a 10 uV of noise in a receiver with an

input impedance of 75 ohms, resistive, and a noise power bandwidth of 200 kHz. What
must be the current through the diode be?

I N =2 q I O B

## 3. Two noise-source resistors R1 and R2 connected in series at different temperatures, 300K

and 400K respectively. If R1 = 100, R2 = 200, find the total noise voltage

V NT = 4 kB (T 1 R1+ T 2 R2)

4. A 300 ohm resistor is connected across the 300 ohm antenna input of the television
receiver. The bandwidth of the receiver is 6 MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature.
Find the noise power.

V N = 4 kTBR

5. A receiver produces a noise power of 200mW with no signal. The output level increases
to 5W when a signal is applied. Calculate (S+N)/N as a power ratio.

( S+N ) POUT
=
N P
6. A receiver produces a noise power of 200mW with no signal. The output level increases
to 5W when a signal is applied. Calculate (S+N)/N as a power ratio and in decibels.

( S+N ) POUT
=
N P
7. A 300 resistor is connected across the 300 antenna input of a television receiver. The
bandwidth of the receiver is 6MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature .Find the
noise voltage applied to the receiver input.

V N = 4 kTBR

## 8. A Satellite receiving system includes a dish antenna ( Teq = 35 K) connected via a

coupling network (Teq= 40 K) to a microwave receiver (Teq=52 K referred to its input).
What is the noise power to the receivers input over a 1-MHz frequency range?

## Solution: Answer: 1.75 x 10-15W

PN = KTf
9. The noise voltage produced across a 50 is input resistance at a temperature of 302C
with a bandwidth of 6 MHz is ______.

V N = 4 kTBR

10. Two noise-source resistors R1 and R2 connected in series at different temperatures, 300K
and 400K respectively. If R1 = 100, R2 = 200, find noise power at the load with RL =
300, over a BW = 100 kHz.

2
V
P=
R
11. The signal power at the input to an amplifier is 100 uW and the noise power is 1 uW. At
the output, the signal power is 1W and the noise power is 30 mW. What is the amplifier
noise figure, as a ratio?

( S /N )input
NF=
( S/ N )output

12. An amplifier has a noise figure of 2 dB. What is the equivalent noise temperature?

T eq=290( NF 1)

13. The signal power at the input to an amplifier is 100 uW and the noise power is 1 uW. At
the output, the signal power is 1W and the noise power is 30 mW. What is the amplifier
noise figure in dB?

( S / N )input
NF=
( S/ N )out put

14. The signal at the input of an amplifier has an S/N of 42 dB. If the amplifier has a noise
figure of 6 dB, what is the S/N at the output in decibels?