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Noise factor

2. _________ is measured on a circuit when it is correctly terminated but does not have any

traffic.

White noise

Atmospheric noise

semiconductor.

Thermal noise

6. A large emission of hydrogen from the sun that affects communications.

Solar flare

static

Sun

Thermal agitation

Problem Solving

1. A 300 ohm resistor is connected across the 300 ohm antenna input of the television

receiver. The bandwidth of the receiver is 6 MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature.

Find the noise power.

PN =kTB

input impedance of 75 ohms, resistive, and a noise power bandwidth of 200 kHz. What

must be the current through the diode be?

I N =2 q I O B

and 400K respectively. If R1 = 100, R2 = 200, find the total noise voltage

V NT = 4 kB (T 1 R1+ T 2 R2)

4. A 300 ohm resistor is connected across the 300 ohm antenna input of the television

receiver. The bandwidth of the receiver is 6 MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature.

Find the noise power.

V N = 4 kTBR

5. A receiver produces a noise power of 200mW with no signal. The output level increases

to 5W when a signal is applied. Calculate (S+N)/N as a power ratio.

Solution: Answer: 25

( S+N ) POUT

=

N P

6. A receiver produces a noise power of 200mW with no signal. The output level increases

to 5W when a signal is applied. Calculate (S+N)/N as a power ratio and in decibels.

Solution: Answer: 25

( S+N ) POUT

=

N P

7. A 300 resistor is connected across the 300 antenna input of a television receiver. The

bandwidth of the receiver is 6MHz, and the resistor is at room temperature .Find the

noise voltage applied to the receiver input.

V N = 4 kTBR

coupling network (Teq= 40 K) to a microwave receiver (Teq=52 K referred to its input).

What is the noise power to the receivers input over a 1-MHz frequency range?

PN = KTf

9. The noise voltage produced across a 50 is input resistance at a temperature of 302C

with a bandwidth of 6 MHz is ______.

V N = 4 kTBR

10. Two noise-source resistors R1 and R2 connected in series at different temperatures, 300K

and 400K respectively. If R1 = 100, R2 = 200, find noise power at the load with RL =

300, over a BW = 100 kHz.

2

V

P=

R

11. The signal power at the input to an amplifier is 100 uW and the noise power is 1 uW. At

the output, the signal power is 1W and the noise power is 30 mW. What is the amplifier

noise figure, as a ratio?

Solution: Answer: 3

( S /N )input

NF=

( S/ N )output

12. An amplifier has a noise figure of 2 dB. What is the equivalent noise temperature?

T eq=290( NF 1)

13. The signal power at the input to an amplifier is 100 uW and the noise power is 1 uW. At

the output, the signal power is 1W and the noise power is 30 mW. What is the amplifier

noise figure in dB?

( S / N )input

NF=

( S/ N )out put

14. The signal at the input of an amplifier has an S/N of 42 dB. If the amplifier has a noise

figure of 6 dB, what is the S/N at the output in decibels?

Solution: Answer: 36 dB

15. The noise voltage produced across a 50 is input resistance at a temperature of 302C

with a bandwidth of 6 MHz is ______.

V N = 4 kTBR

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