ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN PROJECTS FOR CONSTRUCTION As already discussed earlier, the project consists of a set of elements with rep

resentations of a previous product to be achieved at the end of your process. In construction, to achieve the goal, which is the building in full state of use a nd functionality is made use of various types of projects that are listed below: • • Architectural Design; Complementary Projects; • Hydraulic; - - - - Structural Electrical, Fire Prevention; Topographical project. Besides the projects mentioned above, is of great value other elements used to c omplement these projects as: • • • • • Memorial Description, Budget, Schedule Ph ysical, Financial, Contract Specifications, Journal of the Society. These set of elements cited, along with the production design, which also uses these element s form the design of the building. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN The design architecture is the process by which a work of a rchitecture is also designed and its final representation. It is considered the written part of a project. It is the project "father", ie is the landmark for al l other projects (projects and complementary specifications), designs using comp lementary information contained in the architectural design to the shape of the building, its likely use, the materials to be used etc.. It is important to reme mber that complementary projects and specifications must comply with the archite ctural design, but this does not mean that the architectural design can not be a ltered under a complementary project, since the act a feedback of information to all other design elements. Regulatory Standard architectural drawings • NBR-6492 - Representation of architectural projects; • NBR-10067 - General pri nciples of representation in technical drawings. NOTE: It is assumed some level of freedom from the rules in some contexts. During the process of elaboration an d development of the project, for example, typically the architects are used to drawing methods appropriate to their own momentary needs, which may differ from determinations of the rules. This freedom is given by the need to elaborate desi gns, which require a greater ease of reading by laymen or to suit different publ ications, for example. The architectural design of a building comprising at least: floor plan and a cro ss section of the building at a height of 1.50 meters. Through the floorplan, we can see the environments that make up the project. Close your eyes and imagine a house, visualizing the street, now imagine if you could get the roof and view it from above, this is the vision of a floor plan. The floor plan provides the b asis for implementing the cuts, facades, plant cover, plant location, table fram es and sheet statistics. Elements that make up a floor plan: Walls, windows, doo rs, Quota, Quota Level; Projections; Indications of Cortes; Indications North; Ladders; ramps; Indications Comfortabl e; indication of the area Comfortable; Display Flooring. The floor plan has a derivation widely used in interior design projects and proj ects for commercial and industrial buildings that have equipment / furniture wit h dimensions already defined, this floor plan we call the plant furnished or lay out. The plant furnished or layout, can also be used in residential buildings, i f the designer finds it necessary. In the plan or layout is furnished to the wal ls, windows, doors, stairs, ramps, an indication of the rooms, but mostly it ind icates the position of equipment and furniture that will be inside the building.

Floor Plans Floor plans • • • • cuts are made at each floor by means of horizontal planes, the cutting p lanes are situated at a height of 1.5 m. The portion of the building above the c ut is eliminated; represents is what an observer positioned to an infinite dista nce would see when looking from above the building cut. NOTE: The floor plan serves as a reference for all other elements of a project. Floor Plans 25 200x150/90 290 LIVING ROOM 11.95 m2 25 40x210 220 3.65 m2 HALL Toilet 60x210 90x210 15 Mounting the steps to Low Plan Demarcate the walls; Represent casings; Represent sanitary ware, represent the " cold floors" represent the projection of the eaves, represent the texts and dime nsioning. Elements of Design in Architectural Floor Plans WINDOW: DOOR: LINE AND DIRECTION OF THE COURT: STATEMENT OF LEVEL ONE: STATEMENT OF NORTH: STATEMENT OF STAIRS AND ITS MEANING: FACADE OR HIGH Facade: the designation of each side of a building. Frontage or frontage is usua lly the name given to the front facade, which faces the street. In common langua ge, is only this case, the "façade". The others will be named later facade, or f ront side. The set of plastic facades and its composition will, in volume, the c haracter, the physiognomy of the building. This composition of the facades is ma de through the treatment plan, substrates of full and empty, the materials and t heir texture and color. With these elements the architect works and makes up a f acade, giving final expression to the architectural creation. Cortes Are obtained by the vertical planes that intersect the walls, windows, doors and tiles, in order to allow clarification that will facilitate the execution of wo

rk. • The lines should be made indicating ject plans. If we draw the sectioned view e design a demonstration of the different s, lintels and the thickness of the floor cover and foundations. • Cortes Cortes

where the cuts are ALWAYS drawn on pro of the building in a vertical plane, w heights of window sills, windows, door slabs, and the lining, the details of

Almost always a single section is not sufficient to show every detail of the int erior of a building, requiring at least two cuts. Therefore, when a project pres ents itself, we represent two sections: the longitudinal and transverse. Must al ways pass one section of a chamber tiled, the walls are covered with tiles. Indi cate the sections in plants by thick lines interrupted by dots and finished by a rrows indicating the status of observer in relation to the plane of section. Poi nted out the cuts for capital letters. The sectioned walls must be represented a s they appear on the plants. Steps for mounting a cutting - Demarcate the upper and lower limits of the cut (the counter, slab lining, etc .). - Demarcate the walls in cuts - Representing the frames - Representing the b athroom fixtures - Representing the tiles - Represent the foundation beams; - Re presentation of the roof - Representing the texts and dimensioning; - Estimate t he size of the drawings. Cortes Cortes PLANT LOCATION Indicates the position of construction within the site. You can make a unique de sign with the lease and plant coverage. The plant location is not confined to ho me or building. It should show the walls, gates, or planting trees in the sidewa lk or ride, and if necessary the neighboring buildings. The ranges indicated for the plan are the lease 1:100 or 1:200. PLANT LOCATION One must be careful not to confuse the concepts of plant location, view above, a nd plant situation. The plant is located on the ground situation in relation to land and neighboring courts, in the plant situation it is essential to the north ern location and the coordinates that show the dimensions of the field also requ ires the identification code of the site, this plant will be very useful in maki ng the sheet of statistics. PLANT COVER It is in plan coverage that is indicated by the trim of the coverage of future c onstruction, it will also contain the type of support used for the tiles, the ki nd of telhamento used, the dimensions of the overhang, tilt the scissors, gutter s and flashings, if any. MITER TABLE Legend which has information on openings, doors and windows. When the reference is to the window, is called with the letter J, and when the reference is to door s, the name is the letter P. These representations of letters are supplemented b y other characters that serve as reference for the caption and also may indicate the size of the object or the material to be used in its implementation, as in the example below:

• As can be seen in the descriptions of the windows, their codes refer to the mate rial used, but make no reference to its size, and codes of doors, some refer to the type of material, but all refer to the dimension of length doors . SPREADSHEET OF STATISTICS This is a table where statistical values and descriptions of the project, import ant to the overall architectural design as: Identification Code field; identification code block where the land is included; Land area, Construction area; Area demolition (if necessary) existing area (if necessary); remaining area, occupancy rate, index of recovery . • The spreadsheet of statistics is a very important tool to analyze whether the project meets and compliance with legislation.