General inspection: Examine your dog to detect any abnormality in the body confo rmation.

You look for any evidence of external bleeding and examine the color of mucous membranes, the frequency and quality of breathing, as well as pulse, tem perature, state of consciousness or unconsciousness and odors. Head and Neck: As sess your dog to find conditions of the face and skull, or neck stiffness and pa in in it. Examine it the pupils and their response to light, the emission of liq uid or blood from the nose and both his ears, the color of the oral mucosa, tong ue position and the position of the teeth. Carefully palpated her neck to find l ocal pain, muscle stiffness, crackling or snap-crackle-to see if there is any lu mp or hematoma, and if you notice altered the arterial pulse. Throat and chest: Find any external injuries and see if the animal shows difficulty swallowing or broken ribs. Palpal carefully rib cage for abnormalities, pain and subcutaneous air. Try to sell any traumatic injury at moderate pressure and identifies abnorm alities in breathing. Abdomen: Ausculta your dog to check for external injuries, contractions, pain, stooping, general increase in the volume, presence or absen ce of peristaltic sounds, or vomiting. Members and column: Examine the dog to de termine the color, position and temperature of the members. Palpal for potential fractures or dislocations. Do the same with the column. If you identify any pro blems, take him to the vet urgently Neurological examination: The anxiety and ag itation that shows your dog often coincide with the lack of air, internal bleedi ng, and pain. Examine it for surface reflection values, the presence of flaccidi ty or rigidity of limbs and / or paralysis. Also assesses the sensation of pain with his finger pinching the membrane between the fingers of each of the limbs. Also, touch the eye for flash and touch your dog's anus to warn if contracted Back to Index It is very important to control and prevent diseases of our pets. Basic requirem ents for this are: a proportional performance, which means, lots of exercise, he althy eating and balanced, and timely, routine vaccination against the worst dis eases that may affect the dog, such as distemper, leptospirosis, hepatitis, rabi es , gastroenteritis and every so often a parasite. On this page are some of the most common and infectious diseases: Leptospirosis (Canine typhus) is a serious infectious type that can be gained even by man (zoonoses). I passed the urine o f rats and also by contaminated water, and when a dog is infected, it becomes a vector through your urine. Currently you can treat most cases. Aperros can affec t any age, but preference for males, has an incubation period of 5-15 days later spreads throughout the body and concentrates in the kidney. Symptoms: disc omfort in the movement, loss of appetite, depression, thirst, vomiting, rapid we ight decrease, bad smell in the mouth, fever (35.5 to 40 ° C), sometimes mild c onjunctivitis, abdominal tenderness, mucous bleeding. death is rare (10%), but c an occur at 5 days after the onset of first symptoms Treatment: The use of tetra cyclines, streptomycin, doxycycline and serum ringer. Prevention: the best and t he only prevention is through vaccination at an early age. At the slightest susp icion, we must come urgently to the M. Veterinary otherwise, the dog's death is inevitable. Distemper (canine distemper) is a contagious disease of the mucous m embranes of the eyes, respiratory, digestive, nervous system, urinary system, ly mph node and skin manifestations. As it has digestive gastroenteritis. It is hig hly contagious in humans postulates that produces sclerosis but has not been pro ven. The irus (paramyxovirus) is sensitive to disinfectants such as chlorine, is unstable in the environment. Symptoms: Fever is usually observed 3-5 days after infection, low fever for several days thereafter, then rises and takes several weeks, this second increase is accompanied by a serous nasal discharge, ocular m ucoporulenta and loss of appetite. Then you can have bloody diarrhea (causing de hydration), vomiting, cough, pneumonia, etc.. at an early stage there is a local ized contraction of a muscle or muscle groups, including the muscles of the thig h, arm, face or neck.€In a second phase will see that there is paralysis in the back room or back and may or may not get to before. In the third phase is chara cterized by seizure of chewing jaw movements, salivation, which become more freq

uent and severe (some clinicians relate to the Petit-mal epilepsy or small, in h umans). These seizures can lead to the animal falls and does ulna side-footed pe daling movements or stenter, sometimes urinate and defecate in voluntarily. The course of the disease may be only 10 days (the mortality is very high in puppies ), but can last for weeks or months, sometimes better, but may relapse. If you a re recovering neurological sequelae. Treatment: It is directed at limiting secon dary bacterial invasion and support with fluids, maintaining patient comfort and control nervous manifestations, for it is recommended the use of serum, broad-s pectrum antibiotics, analgesics, anticonvulsants and sedatives, all supported wi th care intensive. Prevention: The best way to prevent this is to vaccinate our friend from the first 8 or 10 weeks, with intervals of 2-4 weeks until 16 weeks of life. Vaccination is recommended annually. At the slightest suspicion of this disease lead immediately to M. Vet. INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS: global infectious dis ease of dogs, with highly variable signs ranging from fever to severe depression and prolonged bleeding. has been observed in foxes, wolves, coyotes and bears. It is caused by canine adenovirus type 2, associated with Canine Infectious trac heobronchitis. these adenovirus weeks or months living outside the host (in the environment), but 1-3% chlorine as a disinfectant is effective. feces, urine and saliva are the routes of infection. Dogs that are better, shed the virus in uri ne for 6 or more months. Symptoms: is an infectious inflammation of the liver wh ose first symptom is fever (40 ° C), which lasts between 1-6 days and is of type biphasic tachycardia is disproportio nate in relation to fever. The nose and throat become inflamed. The intestinal d iscomfort and diarrhea are as typical as the pains in the stomach area. The mort ality rate is high in young dogs, there is apathy, loss of appetite, thirst, con junctivitis, serous nasal discharge and eye, there may be vomiting, edema of the head, torso and neck, sometimes bleeding deciguos teeth, increases the time coa gulation, symptoms of blindness, etc. Treatment: useful in large dogs is a trans fer of blood. Isotonic saline (subcutaneously). Broad-spectrum antibiotics such as tetracycline, when there are clinical signs dental. Also eye ointments and av oid bright light. Prevention: The best protection is vaccination. There are shot s of the modified virus, allowing puppies vaccinated at 9-12 days of life and an nual revaccination. RABIES: is an infectious disease that spreads from one indiv idual to another, often by extreme irritability and aggressiveness of the animal , which attacks anything that comes its front. Rabies can be infected all animal s apart from man, rat, and most rodents, fox, coyote, wolf, horse, ox, sheep, go at, pig, and a particular kind of bat: the vampire. Symptoms: Early symptoms of rabies in a dog are easy to detect, because the animal has a condition very clea r customs. Showing elusive to deal with the man, grumpy, little or no attention to our call and generally will be indifferent to the orders given to him not pla ying, and try to hide in dark places that the light bothers you. If the dog was playful and cheerful, made sad, quiet and shy, and if on the other hand was quie t now will become extremely excitable. After 2 or 3 trips this behavior will com e a stage which will be extremely excited and violent. Begin to refuse food that we give, but others do not ingest food, such as coal, wood, carpets, straw, sto nes, pieces of cloth or sack, etc.. A striking symptom is that the dog acts as i f hunted imaginary flies. If you come to escape from the house, almost always do es forever. In their adventures going to bite that crosses his real or imagined, animals, people or soft or hard, but rarely go to find that going to bite, ie o ne runs into a dog with rabies in same path, do not come to seek us. The animal is affected, may die as a result of one of the attacks of violence which is prey , or by asphyxiation. The paralysis is seen in progressively€starting with the hind limbs and then invading the whole body of the individual. Animals with rabi es are exhausted, they die completely insane and unable to urine or feces, betwe en seven and twelve days after the first symptoms appeared. Treatment: When the first symptoms of rabies make their appearance, it is virtually impossible to cu re. If someone is bitten by an infected dog should be taken as soon as possible to a specialized center to watch closely. if you have doubts you can not catch t he animal, or if the test result is positive in person should start anti-rabies

treatment mediate, which should not be stopped under any circumstances. Bites mo re dangerous are those near the head or neck. We recommend washing the bite woun d with soap and water and rub vigorously with a brush. Then apply a local disinf ectant. According to studies wash the wound in the first hour after the bite the chances of avoiding it and develop it is 90% this percentage is diminishing as time increases without sanitation. Prevention: is easily avoided if the dog is k ept to date on vaccines (the first at 6 months, after a year and a dose is repea ted every year.