Course: Introduction to Psychoanalysis with the hysterical Clinic The foundation of psychoanalysis May 2009 Teacher: Elina Lane

04/03/1909 Course: Introduction to Psychoanalysis Theorist: The clinic with the hysterical 04/03/1909 Manager: Elina Lane Hysteria and women • The descriptions found in the Egyptian medical papyrus Ebers Kahun and substan tiate the strange behavior of women, mobility matrix (1900 BC) 04/03/1909 04/03/1909 "Hysteria" from the Greek "hysteron" and means "womb." Hippocrates (370 BC) argu ed that the fundamental cause of women's psychological suffering was due to dise ases of the uterus and as the body "migrant" means the uterus had the ability to travel to other parts of the body, and cite cases that bound to different organ s: the heart, liver, brain, bladder and rectum that led Hippocrates to consider an exclusive disease of women 2265 years later, hysterical women allow Freud founded psychoanalysis 04/03/1909 1895 Freud traveled to Paris on a scholarship Classes on Tuesdays from Charcot at the Salpetriere (Paris) 04/03/1909 The hysteria by Charcot Charcot introduces the hysteria in the field of nervous system disturbances, it out of the anatomic locations Became hysteria and functional nervous disease of hereditary origin and organi c The / hysterics / as are not simulators / as. To distinguish once and for al l of the simulation, resorted to hypnosis: sleeping women on stage at the Hospit al de la Salpêtrière, experimentally created immediately hysterical symptoms did disappear, thereby demonstrating the neurotic character of the disease suggests the notion of Trauma: something in the SN which can lead to a state hypnoid

He used the hypnotic method for referral and / or improvement of their symptom s 04/03/1909 What was present in the sexual hysterics. Freud in Vienna, was soon informed of the contemporary academic psychiatry. Al l his interest was on the histology and physiology of nervous processes Freud, travels to Paris with the story of "Anna O", in his head that had been discusse d by Breuer some time before your trip to Paris but he knew nothing of the neuro

ses Charcot Freud allows to emancipate of Neuroscience 04/03/1909 Anna O Bertha Pappenheim Joseph Breuer Anna O " 04/03/1909 Breuer • Treating Anna O and the attempt to reverse their symptoms, inaugurates a metho d: the cathartic method • Related the time the symptoms appeared first, with the cathartic abreaction of the method itself. • This method was to leave "out" the love that was strangled and associated with the traumatic situation. Trauma to the source of symptoms • Showed that the symptom disappeared from oblivion to ex tract causal ideas • With the cathartic method opens the understanding of neuros is 04/03/1909 • In practice Freud, dealt mainly of women from the Viennese bourgeoisie describ ed as "sick nervous and hysterical disorders affected • The characteristics of h ysterical symptoms, he was attracting the interest to unravel and to establish t heoretical hypotheses about the genesis of the disease • diseases calls "nerve" was associated by Freud 3/4/1909 to difficulties • 1893: Freud proposed the first theorization of hysteria, including it within t he category of traumatic neuroses • The symptoms disappeared when he could locat e, detail and put into words the traumatic event, thus freeing up the / the emot ions associated with the same • The doctor's task: to overcome the resistance of fered by the sick way to get to the memories, which are considered pathogenic 04/03/1909 Studies on hysteria (1895) Collection of essays on Hysteria, written jointly with Joseph Breuer 04/03/1909 Patients • Emmy von N, Miss Lucy, Katerina, Rosalie, Cecilie, Elizabeth von R and other a nonymous • This book will show the ways that Freud moves down, from the use of t he cathartic method, that of suggestion, "the pressure on the forehead "to free association. • Freud took the task of remembering beyond the moment which is the symptom, was history. And in this attempt in all, a failure of memory. The past is always appear as something painful to forget. Discovered and defined the rol e of sexuality in the etiology of neurosis 04/03/1909, the importance of child l ife • Gaps in the memories, the resistance to speak on certain topics,€the state of consciousness that fell under hypnosis, or hysterical attacks, made him think of the idea of a place where irreconcilable that staying for consciousness: the un conscious • "In the altered state of consciousness sick have discerned some memories and some links that allegedly were not present in t heir normal state of consciousness memories (...) 03/04/1909 pathogens are absen t from the memory of • You see the first theories of repression as a defense against this is not tole rable to consciousness by social norms. The idea of repression was gradually imp osed increasingly harder "The genuinely traumatic moment is one in which the contradiction is necessary t o expel me and this resolves the contradictory representation ... expulsion may not annihilated but merely the effort to the unconscious "(Freud, 1985, Miss Luc y)

• discovered the relationship between the contents of memory and forgetting them 04/03/1909 • He discovered and identified: The unconscious repression / defense The r ole of sexuality in the etiology of neurosis The importance of child life Th e significance of dreams unconscious symbolism Method 04/03/1909 Bibliography: • Freud S. (1895) Preliminary Communication Studies on Hysteria. Works Completas .Tomo II. Amorrortu Publishers • Ellenberger, H. (1976) The discovery of the unc onscious. History and evolution of dynamic psychiatry. Cap. VII. Editorial Gredo s. Madrid. • 04/03/1909