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com DURANGO STATE GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SECRETARIA T FOR MANAGEMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION "A" DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY EDUCAT ION Head of Technology Education Technical High School No. 62 Ponciano Arriaga s / n Col. Benito Juárez Tel 8130734 FIELD OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES TO SUPPORT THE PRODUCTION WORKSHOP COMPUTERS SH EET REGIONAL STAGE Name of the sheet: the hoist Author: Rodrigo Alonzo Date: January 22, 2008 1 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com CONTENTS TITLE PAGE HISTORICAL SOCIAL ASPECT ORIGIN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... DEVELOPMENTS ........... ...................................... ......................................... ......... ............. SOCIAL IMPACT .......................................... ...... .................................................. .. IMPLICATIONS ...... ........................................... .................................... .............. . April 3 April 4 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 1. PURPOSE FUNCTIONALITY FOR WHAT WAS BUILT .................................... ....... .......... POSSIBLE USES AND SCOPE ..................................... ....... ...... UTILITY FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH THE SATISFACTION OF THE NEED 2 . STRUCTURE IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES TO OBJECT comprising ................. . GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION ................................................ .... .......................... CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ORIGIN OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... GENERAL PROPERTIES ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES .. ............................................. ............................. MAIN TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE .................. 3. EXTERNAL OPERATION ........ ....................................... ............................. STRENGTH A ND TYPES OF ENERGY TO DO THE WORK SCOPE ..... APPLICATION OF PRINCIPLES OF SCIEN CE ............................................ ...... ......................... ...................... Innovation proposals ......................... August 7 S eptember 9 May 5 June 6 June 7 April 7 May 4 2 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com The hoist History-Social Aspect ORIGIN. To find the origin of the hoist we need to know the origin of other obje cts through which came the hoist. The wheel was invented around 4000 BC, and sin ce then has been one of the most useful technologies. The invention of the wheel has had important effects on the development of peoples around the world, its f

irst effect was to make it easier to transport goods from one place to another. The efficiency of transport in turn had resulted in the migration of small towns in which, both as food and basic necessities, were to reach and settle in large cities where such items could be supplied by traders. The first improvement was introduced in the original design was the addition of a wood edge to the three plates, whereby the wheel wore out equally throughout its surface. The first car s had wooden wheels with axles, metal or artillery, they were only copies of the cast iron wood. in the late 30s, the steel wheel took its place. They recently appeared on the market again cast wheels, which are made of magnesium alloy and aluminum. are used in sports cars. The history of technology is the story of the invention of tools and techniques with a practical purpose. Modern history is c losely linked to the history of science, for the discovery of new knowledge has created new things and, conversely, have been able to make new scientific discov eries through the development of new technologies that have expanded the possibi lities of experimentation and knowledge acquisition. Technological artifacts are products of an economy, a force for economic growth and a good part of life. Te chnological innovations affect and are affected by cultural traditions of societ y. They are also a means of obtaining military power. 3 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com EVOLUTION. The evolution of the hoist has been large enough not arise because of the overnight as some other objects, because as we realized in the text above with the invention of the wheel shaft and pulle y hoist comprising arises various pulleys. There are different types of hoists, €and raising young at least until some larger capable of lifting heavier weights . SOCIAL IMPACT. The impact on society was the invention of the hoist was great because we help in the construction of large buildings helping to raise differen t materials. But the invention of the wheel which gave rise to different objects had a much bigger impact on society because it facilitates trade and freight as the main effect. IMPLICATIONS. As we have seen the hoist has gone through sever al changes as there is no doubt that in the future be achieved a greater number of changes in the same course with the help of technology. Scientific and Technical Dimension FUNCTIONALITY. The main function of a hoist is provide an easier movement of hea vy materials. Possible Uses and Scope. Buildings Application Example is widely u sed in building buildings. Workshops Automotive Used to lift automobiles. Utility or Frequency of Use in Relation to the Need Satisfaction 4 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com This technical object is in direct proportion to the satisfaction of the need is increasing because it is widely used in the c onstruction and automotive workshops. STRUCTURE. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES u p the object. The hoist is made up of only lines and pulleys. Graphic representa tion. 5 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATERIALS. Source Mater ials. Steel Materials Inorg. x Org. Renov. Not to renew. Animal Vegetable Minera l x x PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS USED. General Properties

The properties depend on the total amount of matter in the body are called gener al properties, among them are the shape, size, weight, temperature. Gral Mass Volume Property Definition Amount of matter contained in a body. It is measured in (kg) place or area occup ied by a body in space. It is measured in (m3). The volume not only depends on t he amount of material, but also temperature gravitational force that Earth exert s on all bodies. Is proportional to the mass Where is manifested In weighing the hoist on a scale is the place of the hoist i n a space Weight It is the force of gravitational attraction exerted by earth on the hoist. It ma nifests itself by moving or at rest Inertia Quality that have the bodies to preserve the state of rest or motion in a straig ht line until it found an external force acted upon property that has the bodies to split into ever smaller pieces Divisibility Very unlikely that may damage or break the deal somewhere with no porosity norma l because steel and is very dense atomic structure Porosity property of matter that is to present pores or voids MANUFACTURING PROCESS. Manufacturing Systems and Techniques. 6 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com System Coating Union Technique Assembled Painted Enamel Which expresses In assembling the pulley and shaft. Whole object is painted to give technical pr esentation. It is covered with enamel paint applied throughout to polish and pro tect paint Fold to shape the steel. Conformation Bent Tools used in the manufacture of the object. No Description Features 1 Tools

Function Develop sensitive parts of the hoist and assemble the parts. OPERATION. In a pulley, the wheel is in conjunction with a rope, chain or strap. In a gear, the edge of the wheel has teeth or a spiral thread to mesh with othe r gear similar relief. Pulleys and gears can be used to transmit rotary motion b etween two or more trees or axes. If these are close like a watch or a car engin e, gears are commonly used, if they are far, commonly used pulleys. The gears ar e also used to change up to 90 º direction rotation of a tree. Wheels of various diameters, either gears or pulleys, can ch ange the speed of rotation. A circular belt transmits motion between a pulley at the motor shaft and another in the tree of a machine, for example, a lathe. Giv ing the motor pulley or other driving shaft diameter from the pulley machine. Cr anes and rigging are another common application of the pulleys on them, the move ment is often transmitted to obtain a mechanical development. The force applied by the operator, is amplified by a provision of two or more pulleys, which can r aise heavy weights. 7 OPERATION http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com The paper is inserted into the roller or plate. A ribbon spool rotates continuously through a narrow space in front of the rolle r. Press the buttons to start writing the document. READY Types of Forces and Energy Causing the function object. ENERGY MECHANICS DEFINITION The mechanical energy is created or generated when an external power source feed s the mechanical device and spinning, fast forward, rewind, etc.. Which expresses When lifting with the pulley. Scientific Principles Every machine is built by machines made simple in this cas e are as follows: 8 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com Principle Lever Shaft Pulley Which expresses By pulling weight lifting. The pulleys that contains the hoist are the ones who are on the pulleys and allow these spin .. Innovation Proposals Proposal Lesser Pulleys Possible Application

Add more pulleys for the application of force to lift is less. Make it smaller b ut with equal force. 9