HEALTH A INTERRRELAÇÃO Campinas 2009 MARIA JOAO CARLOS JOB 2: EDUCATION, CITIZENSHIP AND CHILD HEALTH A INTERRRELAÇÃO Paper presented to the Course (pedagogy) UNOPAR University of Northern Parana, t o the discipline [Education, Citizenship and Child Health]. Advisor: Prof.. Fabi o Andrade. Campinas 2009 EDUCATION, CITIZENSHIP AND CHILD HEALTH - A INTERRELATIONSHIP Continuing further discipline education, citizenship and Child Health, Professor Fabio, we will read two articles about this issue. Soon after, through these re adings, we will start the text, taking into account all the work done in this di scipline as well as see the interrelationship between education, health and citi zenship, as proposed by the teacher. The economic, political, social, cultural a nd technological changes have produced in recent times, significant changes in p eople's behavior. Thus, the school as an institution is being challenged to cope with these changes, both in terms of technology on the human being himself, ref lected in the psychological health of students. The importance of these reflexes should bring this theme to be discussed in class. Analyzing the issue of psycho logical health of students, we are taken to address the theme of "compliments to o much," still considering the bargaining process triggered by the untimely prai se. It passed without much effort at the thought of Karl Marx and Engels, in his book "Das Kapital", referring to earnings. Costa also says: The worker, as we saw, is one who, possessing nothing and is obliged to survive on the sale of its workforce. Capialismo in the work force becomes a commodity, something useful that you can buy and sell. This leads to a contract between the capitalist and worker, whereby the first purchase or "rent for a while" the wor k force and, in turn, pays the worker a sum of money wages. (COSTA, 1993, p. 76. ) We see today many families and schools transforming education of their children and students in a great bargaining process, where "if you do have it," if you ac t like this is over. " Thus begins the child (unconsciously) to see that she has a work force and salary is the reward for doing something. They have produced i n excess elogios1 one hand and on the other end 1 By the way, we can see just how childish the adult world is just searching for t he compliment. Many adults, even in professional life, have done everything to w in praise and not complain when they make them. There is something more childish ? After all, the other must seek recognition of our existence, not approval, and the two things are quite different. (ROSELY SAYÃO is punição2 in excess. The child grows up learning to play. Is this is the society we want for ourselves and children? We need a generation that bargain everything , even an affection, even the word "friend"? Children subjected to this "game" w ill become better people (or simply can become citizens)?. Over time the relatio nships will become fragile and unstable, the physical and mental health at risk. Even with all the technological apparatus and other achievements of our society can not achieve the necessary clarification on this. Kant says:

Clarification [Aufklärung] is the output of the man of his minority, of which he himself is guilty. Immaturity is the inability to make use of his understanding without direction from another. Man is himself guilty of that minority is the c ause lies not in lack of understanding but in lack of resolve and courage to hel p yourself to yourself without direction from others. Sapere aude! Have courage to use your own understanding, this is the motto of enlightenment. (Kant, 2009, atheists net). Free man, or rather a whole society of this minority and to seek clarification a re challenges for all - School, Society and State - as well as families, who kno w are not the same as before. We therefore conclude that education can not and s hould only be concerned with the cognitive aspects, but with the formation of th e whole child, including as to their psychologist and author of "How to Teach My Child?" (Ed. Publifolha) 2 Pediatricians Eder Souza Carvalho advocates positive reinforcement instead of co rporal punishment in the education of children. According to the doctor, parents should exercise authority without resorting to violence, which undermines selfesteem. "Parents who beat his son to show strength is power," justified. Souza c ites one case some years ago€when a boy of five came to the ICU of Ourinhos and said he had caught the mother in Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo. "He went to the operat ing room with a ruptured spleen and then died. This is the tip of an iceberg to show the following: there is no reason to beat, "he says. The punishment, accord ing to Souza, should be restricted to very specific situations, for example, end angers the life of the child or affront the authority. "The father who raised an d will need very little punishment," he explains. The pediatrician directs paren ts to apply positive reinforcement - praise, appreciate the good things and gene rously ignore bad behavior, which tends to decrease. "If the bad behavior drew t he attention, the child will repeat," he says. The punishment "correct" would be what Spencer calls the blackout or "leave the scene." "When the child is doing many, is like giving an artist show on stage: the worst punishment is to have no audience. You get her out of that environment and let her know that transcend t he limits will be denied the right to stay there. You establish a relationship o f proportionality between fault and punishment. But punishment should not be par t of everyday life, "he says. The punishment can be harmful to the emotional dev elopment of children. "If it is done with the beating, will hurt. When you pick up, you feel completely humiliated, worthless. That hurts flagrant self-esteem. There is an educational value of good, "he says. Souza also points out that this kind of punishment generates anxiety in the child, which affect learning. (SOUZ A, 2009 Source: Woman's). physical appearance and mental (health), and their integration in society (citiz enship). Making this intersection is our role. Referencing Andrade, Fábio Goulart; Espoli, Rita Resquetti Tarifa. Education, citizenship an d child health. (Unopar virtual pedagogy module 7). New York: Pearson Education, 2009. ASSIS, Simone Gonçalves de et al. Situation of Brazilian children and ado lescents in relation to mental health and violence. Bull World Health Organ, Rio de Janeiro, v. 14, n. 2, Apr. 2009. Available at: < lo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S141381232009000200002&lng=en&nrm=iso>. Accessed: 08 Apr. 2009. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000200002. COSTA, Maria Cristina Castil ho. Sociology: Introduction to the science of sociedade.São Paulo: Moderna, 1993 . CRUZ, Glenda Demes da. The best teacher in the world. Abec, São Paulo, 02 apr 2009. Available at: egorias/artigos-educacao/O_melhor_professor_do_mundo.pdf. Accessed on 09 Apr. 20 09. GONTIJO, Daniela Tavares; MEDEIROS, Marcelo. Children and adolescents on the street: contributions to the understanding of vulnerability and disaffiliation. Bull World Health Organ, Rio de Janeiro, v. 14, n. 2, Apr. 2009. Available at:

< 5&lng=en&nrm=iso>. Accessed: 04 Apr. 2009. doi: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000200015. Kant, Immanuel. What is Enlightenment? Ateus.Net, São Paulo Apr. 2009. Availabl e at: <> Accessed: 09 A pr. 2009. SAYÃO, Roseli. How to Educate My Son. Udem, São Paulo Apr. 2009. Avail able in <>. Accessed: 01 Apr. 2009.