academiasanz Comparative and superlative adjectives The most common use of adjectives is as positive adjectives, ie, we use to assig n a property

to a noun: car fast> fast car But the adjective can also be used to compare: slower car (comparative inferiori ty) car as fast as ... (equality comparisons) Car faster (comparative of superio rity) and also we used to say that they are "more": This car is the fastest. The latter is what we know as superlative. Let's see then training in English fo r comparison (of inferiority and superiority of equality) and the superlative. COMPARATIVE The comparative of inferiority: The comparative of inferiority is used following this structure: + adjective + Less Than ("than" may not be necessary) less + ad jective + that This car is less fast (than this motorbike)> This car is slower ( this bike). This car is less expensive (than this motorbike)> This car is less e xpensive (this bike). English is seldom used in the comparative inferiority. It usually occurs around the phrase to use the comparative superiority: This bike i s faster than this car. Avda Jose Antonio 2, 28 924 Alcorcón. r: 91 642 72 41 academiasanz The comparative of equality: The comparative of equality uses the following stru cture: As + adjective + as + adjective + as Tan This car is as fast as this moto rbike> This car is as fast as this bike. This car is as expensive as this motorb ike> This car is as expensive as this bike. Of course, any sentence of this styl e can be negative: This car isn't as fast as this motorbike> This car is not as fast as this bike The comparative of superiority: In the comparative superiority we must take into account the number of syllables the adjective, since according to this training will be one way or another: • one-syllable adjectives: Adjective +-er + than ( "than" may not be necessary) More + adjective + that This car is faster (than th is motorbike)> This car is quicker (this bike). One-syllable adjectives ending in consonant-vowel-consonant double their final c onsonant before adding er: - big> bigger • Adjectives of three or more syllables : More + adjective + than ("than" may not be necessary) More + This car adjectiv e + that is more expensive (than this motorbike)> This car is more expensive (th is bike). Avda Jose Antonio 2, 28 924 Alcorcón. r: 91 642 72 41 academiasanz • adjectives of two syllables: Some adjectives of two syllables used the first s tructure (-er) while others use the second (more). There are no fixed rules tell us which of the two structures must be used with a particular adjective of two syllables. We must learn adjective for adjective. - Nice> NICER - Modern> more m odern 2-syllable adjectives ending in e add only r: - Fine> finer 2-syllable adj ectives ending in and change the y to an i and add er: - Happy> Happier - Easy> Easier The superlative The superlative follow a similar structure to that of the comparative superiorit y. Again we must take into account the number of syllables of the adjective: • o

ne-syllable adjectives: The + adjective +-est The most + adjective This car is t he fastest> This car is the fastest. One-syllable adjectives ending in consonant-vowel-consonant double their final c onsonant before adding est: • big> The Biggest adjectives of three or more sylla bles: The most + adjective + adjective Plus This is the most expensive car> This is the most expensive car. Avda Jose Antonio 2, 28 924 Alcorcón. r: 91 642 72 41 academiasanz • adjectives of two syllables, adjectives of two syllables that employ-er in the comparative superiority using the-est in the superlative while using more used the most: - Nice> the nicest - Modern> the most modern Adjectives of two syllabl es ending in e add only st: - Fine> the finest 2-syllable adjectives ending in a nd change the y to an i, and add est: - Happy> The Happiest - Easy> The Easiest Finally, three very common adjectives have an irregular formation of both the co mparative and superlative superiority. Son: Good (good) / Better (better) / The best (best) Bad (bad) / Worse (worst) / The worst (worst) Far (far) / Farther, w eitere (far) / The farthest, the furtherst (the farthest) Avda Jose Antonio 2, 28 924 Alcorcón. r: 91 642 72 41