HMS College - very beginning of life NOTEBOOK ON ISSUES OF SOCIOLOGY (classes from 1st to 3rd year high school

) Prof. Claudio de Almeida ________________________ ________________________________________________________ Marica 2 b 2009 Proof of Sociology - 1st year * Content: Renaissance Absolutism, Scientism, Enli ghtenment, etc.. 1) The development of the bourgeoisie as social class on the ri se, which was related to events? a) Emergence of feudalism and the Crusader move ment, b) Artistic Renaissance and Protestantism, c) Nazi-Fascism and the French Revolution d) War of the Roses (England and France) and the Hundred Years War, e ) and the English Revolution Puritan Movement. 2) The Patronage - the practice o f supporting and sustaining various artists getting in exchange for his artistic production - was associated with such concerns as: a) the Church, b) Nobility c ) the Bourgeoisie, d) the monarchs and nobility in general; e) NRA. 3) One of th e most representative of the Renaissance can be deployed: a) exclusive use of th emes of religious origin, b) on the value of a life of resignation and toward de termining the fate of the soul; c) the exaltation of human values and a pleasant life, expressed in humanism and hedonism, d) in the return to a simple, rustic, countrified, where the abandonment of cities and the decline of trade were his words, e) all alternatives are correct and complete . 4) The emergence of centra lized monarchies that have been imposed on social groups, is related to the adve nt: a) the tyrannies in the Roman Senate, b) the emergence of democracy in the G reek polis; c) the institution of parliamentary systems, d) the advent of writte n laws, e) the formation of the Modern Absolutism. 5) Observed together, the Ren aissance, the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century and the Enlighten ment have: a) the notion of progress, b) the idea of the supremacy of instinct over reason, c) the humanist concept of involution, d) the perception that all progress corr esponds to a deterioration of human conditions, e) NRA. 6) The development of sc ientific knowledge, mathematics, chemistry and physics, for example, is allowed to occur within the western European society a process called: a) geographic det erminism b) geocentric Ptolemaic c) heliocentrism Copernican d) secularization o f society, e) social ruralization. 7) The development of secular values and lait y, between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, reflected on the religious va lues to: a) its revitalization and reaffirmation of the importance of religion, b) with the extinction of religion as a reference behavior; c) the development o f a science mixed with religion, like Catholicism, d) the condemnation of the th eses Protestants because they are considered mere mystical manifestations and d) the submission of science to religion, e) all are correct and complete. 8) The Enlightenment was characterized by an emphasis on political philosophy. Tick the alternative that correctly shows representatives of the Enlightenment movement. a) Machiavelli and Socrates, b) John Locke and Thomas Morus c) Jacques Bossuet and Jean Bodin, d) Montesquieu and Voltaire, e) Rousseau and Giordano Bruno. 9) As opposed to so-called Divine Right of Kings, called the Right of Revolution st ood out: a) the society's submission to the will of the prince, b) that the sove reignty of the people was ultimately, and the governors to submit to it; c) when the monarchs were no longer bearers of legitimate governing authority, it was t he people themselves among the rulers; d) all powers are established by the will monarchist, which as sovereign power is legitimized on the whole society, and) only that the king governs by consent of the Church a nd God. 10) Montesquieu contributed to developing the Enlightenment in the Spiri t of Laws, the idea of: a) that the powers should be divided between the legisla tive, executive and judiciary, b) only in the centralization of sovereign powers is that the subjects would have their rights guaranteed, c ) in the results was that the true policy goal and fulfill his destiny, d) above all, was the streng th that lay the right of the individual and the exercise of their freedom; e) NR

A. 11) The development of capitalism was mainly associated with the appearance o f: a) Lutheranism b) of Calvinism; c) Catholic d) of the Orthodox Movement, e) o f Islam. 12) Among the new bourgeois values that emerged and was consolidated af ter the fifteenth century was the idea of profit, which was contrary to the conc ept of a) salvation of the soul for wealth b) fair price, c) Predestination d) P aradise , Purgatory and Hell; e) Salvation by Faith Speech 1) The economic liberalism of so-called Manchester School, or English, we highlight the work of Adam Smith.€What is its importance to the economic thoug ht of the eighteenth century? __________________________________________________ ______________________________ _________________________________________________ _______________________________ ________________________________________________ ___________. 2) Relate this division of functions with the introduction of machi nery in the production process. ________________________________________________ ________________________________ _______________________________________________ _________________________________ ______________________________________________ _____________. 2nd Year * Content: Capital Gains, mode-of-Production, Marxist theories. 1) In the capitalist system call added value analyzed by Marx meant: a) all unpa id work, b) the total of goods produced in a given period of time, c) the qualif ication obtained by the employee with the development of techniques; d) the aggr egate amount of capital to agricultural production, e) NRA. 2) When a particular company extends the workday aiming at increasing the profitability of the produ ction process, it is termed as a) falling profits, b) law of declining yields, c ) shrinkage of production, d) absolute surplus value, and ) NRA. 3) The so-calle d relative surplus value is associated with: a) the extraction of surplus value simultaneously in various stages of production, b) an expansion of earnings by i ncreasing productivity, c) the asymmetric growth between production and populati on, d) the conversion of a rural economy in manufacturing, e) all are correct an d complement one another. 4) Mode-of-Production Marx understood: a) the speciali zation of production of a company in a single product, b) the production of mate rial goods in a primitive society, c) the form of organization of family labor a nd d) the meeting productive forces and means of production, e) the alternatives A and B are complementary. 5) "In his analysis, Marx never treated 'production in general', but refers to production at a certain stage of social development. It is the production of individuals living in society and what is society, he sa ys, but the product of the reciprocal action of men? "Sociology, Vol.1 p.29. The above leaves the impression that a) the predominance of individual over social relations; b) are the collective actions related to production that serve as study object, c) social relationships predominate over economic relations, d) religion overlap those individuals, contributing to the social coercion that limits and directs the behavior; e) NRA. 6) About the social contradictions implicit in the capital ist system, Marx believes that a) these contradictions stem from the historical evolution of each society, b) the unequal division of the results of capitalist production has its origins in the different levels of education exist, is the so urce of social inequality, c) the ongoing conflict between a collective producti on and its appropriation by the elite of nobles, characteristic of the ancien re gime, fed all the other contradictions, d) is the private appropriation of socia l production of material goods lies the conflict between producers and employers , e) all contradictions would be limited or eliminated the reconciliation betwee n the different social classes. 7) The establishment of socialism corresponds to Marx: a) a step for the installation of Communism, b) the overcoming of capital ism by socialism Utopian c) the transformation of an economic system for a socia l system, d) a way to eliminate class struggle for social acceptance of exploita tion e) the immediate installation of communism, synonymous with socialism. 8) I n a capitalist society, commodities are configured as "labor embodied" in many w

ays. Therefore, the strength-of-work can be understood as: a) a commodity, b) a share capital of an enterprise, c) a factor of production, d) part of the produc tive forces, e) all are correct and that complete. 9) Considering the following statements, indicate which is correct. According to Durkheim, the social fact ha d the following characteristics: I - Every phenomenon that occasionally occurs i n society is a Social Fact. II - The Social Fact is characterized by exercise co ercive power over the individual conscience. III - The Social Fact is outside th e individual and presents generally in the collectivity. IV - The Social Fact ex pressed the dominance of the individual being on the social being. a) I and II only are correct b) only I and IV are correct c) II and III only are correct d) only alternatives I, III and IV are correct e) the only alternative I, II and IV are correct. 10) Comparing the social division of labor with the co ncept of solidarity in Durkheim, mark the correct alternative: a) the greater th e social division of labor (DST)€the greater the mechanical solidarity, typical of pre-capitalist societies, b) the greater the DST, the greater the organic so lidarity, characteristic of capitalist societies, c) the role of DST is its econ omic output, d) does not have a relationship thing to another, e) NRA. Speech 1) As Marx understands and uses the concept of alienation. _______________________ _________________________________________________________ ______________________ __________________________________________________________ _____________________ ______________________________________ 2) How work relates Marx and value? _____ ___________________________________________________________________________ ____ ____________________________________________________________________________ ___ ________________________________________________________. 3 years * Content: Evolution of Capitalism, Developmentalism and Dualism, Global ization, 3rd RI, Colonialism and Imperialism. 1) The deployment of the 2nd Industrial Revolution is related to: a) the commerc ial expansion of the centuries XV / XVI, b) imperialism c) the Urban Renaissance and Commercial; d) the Cold War; e) NRA. 2) The division of Africa and Asia between 1870 to 1914 was more intense than the previous period. This was related to: a) the search f or consumer markets, b) the obtaining of areas that supply raw materials, c) dom inion over areas of investment, d) denial of access to other powers on regions p otentially important e) all are correct. 3) Choose the alternative that correctl y demonstrates the different stages of capitalism. a) primitive accumulation - m onopoly capitalism - neo b) liberal capitalism - neoliberalism - financial capit alism c) primitive accumulation - the 1929 crisis - nationalization d) liberalis m - monopoly capitalism - crisis "sub-prime mortgages or low quality e) crisis i n 1929 - liberal capitalism - nationalization. 4) Globalization as a phenomenon of the late twentieth century threat, in cultural terms: a) the homogenization o f cultural processes, b) the convergence of the models of family relations, c) t he standardization of consumer habits and d) the uniqueness of cultures as a stu dy object, e) the imposition of a global consumer society. 5) The so-called 3rd Industrial Revolution is associated with: a) the use of computer and microelectr onics b) robotics and encouragement for the railroads, c) shipbuilding and the u se of steam and d) the substitution of electricity by coal Stone e) all are corr ect. 6) The term "Third World" applies to: a) the set of nations subjected to co lonialism, b) the former colonial nations in Africa, Asia and the Americas, c) t he countries that embraced socialism; d) the set of U.S. allies during the Cold War; e) NRA. 7) One of the most important interpretations of social structures was th e call chain Developmental, which Rostow was one of the leading exponents. His m ain thesis was that a) the development of a given society depended on their reje ction of the way-of-capitalist production, b) all companies experienced a contin uous evolution toward industrial capitalism c) companies experiencing an associa

tive process with capitalism, condemned to the disappearance of a "culture shock ", d) capitalism was a step toward the establishment of an egalitarian society, with the result that their stage of development was related to the proximity of the socialist ideal; e) All are correct and complete. 8) In its political develo pment, the Brazilian showed different phases. Tick the alternative that correctl y lists. a) a colony, the Republic and Empire; b) empire, colony and Republic, c ) Republic, colony and empire, d) Colony, Empire and Republic, e) colony viceroy alty Republic. 9) In a capitalist society, commodities are configured as "labor embodied" in many ways. Therefore, the strength-of-work can be understood as: a) a commodity, b) a share capital of an enterprise, c) a factor of production, d) part of the productive forces, e) all are correct and that complete. 10) Consid ering the following statements, indicate which is correct. According to Durkheim , the social fact had the following characteristics: I - Every phenomenon that o ccasionally occurs in society is a Social Fact. II - The Social Fact is characte rized by exercise coercive power over the individual conscience. III - The Socia l Fact is outside the individual and presents generally in the collectivity. IV - The Social Fact expressed the dominance of the individual being on the social being. a) I and II only are correct b) only I and IV are correct; c) only II and III are correct d) only alternatives I, III and IV are correct e) the only alternative I,€II and IV are correct. Speech 1) Name one of the criti cisms made of Developmental. ___________________________________________________ _____________________________ __________________________________________________ ______________________________ _________________________________________________ _______________________________. 2) Explain the view of so-called dualistic theo ries and criticism that they do. _______________________________________________ _________________________________ ______________________________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________________ __________________________________.