GENERAL BACCALAUREATE 2009 Session MATHEMATICS EDUCATION SPECIALTY S Series Time allowed: 4:00 Coefficient: 9 The electronic pocket calculators

are permitted, in accordance with the regulati ons. The subject is composed of four independent exercises. Applicants must address a ll the exercises. In each exercise, the candidate may accept a result previously given in the text to address the following questions, if clearly stated on the copy. The candidate is invited to appear on the copy all traces of research, eve n incomplete or not successful, it has developed. It is recalled that the qualit y of writing, clarity and accuracy of reasoning come for a significant part in a ssessing copies. The subject has a schedule to go with the copy. Before dialing, the candidate will ensure that the subject property has six page s numbered 1 / 6 6 / 6 9MASSME 2 Page 1 / 6 EXERCISE 1: (4 points) Common to all candidates the two issues of this exercise are independent. 1) Consider the sequence (a) defined by u0 = 1 and 1 for any na tural number n, u n +1 = a + 4. 3 We set for any natural number n, vn = 1 to 6. a) For any natural number n, calculated according to a vn vn .. What is the natu re of the sequence (vn)? 1 b) Prove that for any natural number n, a = -5 + 6. 3 c) Study the convergence of the sequence (a). 2) Consider the sequence (wn) whose terms determine, for any integer n ≥ 1: wn = n (n +1) -1 + wn 1 and w0 = 1. The following table gives the first ten terms of this sequence. w0 w1 w2 w3 w4 w5 w6 w7 W8 w9 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 a) Expand the calculation to obta in w10. b) In this issue any trace of research, even incomplete, or even not suc cessful initiative will be taken into account in the assessment. Give the nature of the sequence (wn). Calculate w2009. n EXERCISE 2: (6 points) 9MASSME 2 Page 2 / 6 Common to all applicants Let f be the function defined on the interval [0, + ∞ [ f (x) = ln 1 + xe - x. We note f 'the derivative of the function f on the interv al [0, + ∞ [. We note c the graph of the function f in a Cartesian coordinate sy stem. The curve c is shown in Annex 1 (to go with the copy). PART I 1) Justify t hat xlim f (x) = 0. → + ∞ 2) Explain that for any positive real number x, the si gn of f '(x) is 1 - x. 3) To study changes in the function f on the interval [0, + ∞ [. PART II Let λ a positive rea number. We set A (λ) = ( ) ∫ λ

 

f (x) dx. 0 It is proposed to increase A (λ) using two different methods. 1) First method. a) Represent, on the appendix (to go with the copy), the part of the p an area i n unit area is equa to A (λ). b) Show that for any rea number λ strict y posit ive 2) Second method. λ 0 A (λ) ≤ λ × f (1). a) Ca cu ate using integration by parts b) It is assumed that for any positive rea number u, n (1 + u) ≤ u. Demonstrat e when, for any rea number λ strict y positive, A (λ) ≤ - λe - λ - e - λ + 1. 3) Numerica app ication. ∫ xe - x dx as a function of λ. With both methods, finding an upper bound of A (5), rounded to the nearest hundr edth. Which method gives the best upper bound in the case where λ = 5? 9MASSME 2 Page 3 / 6 EXERCISE 3: (5 points) Common to a the candidates I This is a refund of organi zed know edge. n n! Remember that if n and p are two natura numbers such tha t p ≤ n then p = p! (N - p)! . Prove that for any natura number n and for any natura number p such that n n - 1 n - 1 1 ≤ p <n we have: = p p - 1 + p . II A bag contains 10 coins indistinguishab e to the touch: 7 white chips numbered 1 to 7 and 3 b ack chips numbered 1 thro ugh 3. It draws together two tokens of that bag. 1) a) Denote by A the event "to get two white chips. Demonstrate that the probabi ity of event A is equa to 7. 15 b) We note B the event "to get two tokens with odd numbers. Ca cu ate the probab i ity of B. c) The events A and B are independent? 2) Let X be the random variab e taking the va ue the number of white chips obtained in this draw simu taneous y. a) Determine the probabi ity aw of X. b) Ca cu ate the expected va ue of X. 9MASSME 2 Page 4 / 6 YEAR 4: (5 points) For app icants who fo owed the teaching of specia ty Three i ssues of this exercise are independent. 1) a) Determine a pairs (x, y) of inte gers, the so ution of equation (E): 8 x - 5 y = 3. b) Let m be an integer such that there exists a pair (p, q) of integers satisfyi ng m = 8 p + 1 and m = 5q + 4. Show that the pair (p, q) is the so ution of equatio n (E) and deduce that m ≡ 9 (mod 40). c) Determine the sma est of these integers m greater than 2000. 2) Let n be a n

 

 

   

 

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

  

 

 

 

  

   

 

 

 

 

 

     

     

 

atura number. a) Prove that for any natura number k we have: 23k ≡ 1 (modu o 7 ). b) What is the remainder in the Euc idean division of 22,009 by 7? 3) In this issue, any trace of research, even incomp ete, or initiative, even if not succe ssfu , wi be taken into account in the assessment. Let a and b be two natura numbers ess than or equa to 9 with a ≠ 0. Consider the number N = a + b × 103. We reca that in base 10 this number is written as N = a 00b It is proposed to determine which of these natura numbers N are those divisib e by 7. a) Verify that 103 ≡ -1 (mod 7). b) Deduce a integers N sought. 9MASSME 2 Page 5 / 6 APPENDIX 1 Exercise 2 (To go with the copy) 1 j c i O 1 λ 9MASSME 2 Page 6 / 6