Timeline of Computing I Computers in Mathematics and Computer Education Monica Gallardo Gonzalez Osorno, March 2007 Timeline of computing

A.C. 2500 The abacus. It was the first instrument used by man to facilitate thei r arithmetic. Abacus a.C 2500 A.C 200 600 500 a.C a.C Sist. Electron Binary Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Pascaline Multiply Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole S ystem Mechanical Calculation tab dora Timeline of computing 2000 a.C. In the "Book of Changes (I Ching), is the first formulation of the bin ary system. Abacus a.C 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 600 a.C. Thales described aspects of static electricity. In his writing comes fr om the word electron. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642

1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 500 a.C. The Romans used the abacus with pebbles, which they called calculations . Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 1633 The Englishman William Oughtred created the slide rule, used until recently by engineers. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833

1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 1642 The Frenchman Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) invented and built the first mechan ical adding. The Pascaline was addition and subtraction. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 1671 The German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Leibniz developed a mach ine gearbox. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890

Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 1833 Charles Babbage (17,921,871) devised the first machine information processi ng. Augusta Ada Byron, helped by the concept of the difference engine. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing 1847 British George Boole developed a new type of algebra (Boolean algebra) and began studying symbolic logic. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab

Timeline of computing 1890 Hermann Hollerith uses a mechanical drill to represent letters of the alpha bet and digits in paper cards. In 1924, IBM founded. Abacus a.C a.C 2500 2500 200 a.C Sist. Binary Electron a.C 600 500 a.C Calculations 1633 1642 1671 1833 1847 1890 Multiply Pascaline Rule 1st. Comp. Algebra Boole mechanical system dora Calculat ion tab Timeline of computing Suze 1941 Konrad presented the Z3, the first electromagnetic computer programmin g through a punched tape. Had two thousand electromagnets, a memory of 64 words of 22 bits, it weighed a thousand kilos and four thousand watts consumed. An add ition delayed 0.7 seconds, while in a multiplication or division took 3 seconds. Z3 1941 1944 1943 Colossus Mark I, ENIAC 1947 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIV AC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Altair 8800. 5 1 / April 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1943 Experts in the British army led by Alan Turing built the Colossus, a comput er that allowed in a few seconds to decipher secret messages automatically from the Nazis during World War II, the Enigma machine ciphers. 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1944 Howard Aiken begins building the first American computer, type-based electr o-magnets. The Mark I began operating in 1944. He received and gave information on punched tape, it took a second to perform ten operations. It measured 18 m. l ong and 2.5 m. high. Z3 1941 1944 1943 Colossus Mark I, ENIAC 1947 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIV

AC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Altair 8800. 5 1 / April 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1947 Engineers John Eckert and John W. Mauchly, developed for the U.S. Army Rese arch Laboratory in Aberdeen ballistics, the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrat or And Calculator). Considered the first computer, and that its operation was fu lly electronic Z3 1941 1944 1943 Colossus Mark I, ENIAC 1947 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIV AC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Altair 8800. 5 1 / April 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1949 John Von Neumann created the EDVAC, ideo put the instructions on the same m emory as data, writing in the same way, in binary code. "Von Neumann Architectur e" 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1951 The first commercial computer UNIVAC 1, manufactured by Howard Aiken Sperry -Rand Corporation and purchased by the U.S. Census Bureau U.S.. It had a thousan d words of core memory and could read magnetic tapes. 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1957 An IBM team led by John Backus, created the first programming language call ed Fortran, formulated for the IBM 704. 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4

1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1969 Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie, Bell Labs, developed the Unix operatin g system. 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1971 The company launched the first Intel microprocessor, the Intel 4004, a small sil icon chip. It was an integrated circuit specially built to perform the basic ope rations of Babbage and according to the Von Neumann architecture. It was the fir st Central Process Unit (CPU). Alan Shugart, IBM invented the floppy disk or flo ppy disk, a floppy disk 5 1 / 4 inches. Z3 1941 1944 1943 Colossus Mark I, ENIAC 1947 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIV AC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Altair 8800. 5 1 / April 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1974 Surge the Altair 8800, the first computer desktop market with the Intel 8080 mic roprocessor. It did not include keyboard, monitor, or application software .. 1941 Z3 Colossus 1943 1944 Mark I 1947 ENIAC 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIVAC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Alta ir 8800. 5 1 / 4 1975 Apple II Timeline of computing 1975 - Steve Jobs and Steven Wozniak teamed up to build a microcomputer that could be used more widely. Wozniak designed a single board capable of supporting all the essential components and developed the Basic programming language. The result w as the first Apple computer. In late 1976 is ready the model Apple II. - Bill Ga tes and Paul Allen founded the Microsoft company Z3 1941 1944 1943 Colossus Mark I, ENIAC 1947 1949 1951 1957 1969 1971 1974 UNIV AC I EDVAC IBM 704 OS Intel UNIX Dis 4004 Altair 8800. 5 1 / April 1975 Microsof

t Apple II Finally, other models 1977 - TRS 80 Model I with external peripherals 1977 - TRS 80 Model II with onboard video 1978 - Commodore International 1980 - Commodore 64 1981 - IBM PC Activity 1

Complete the time line from 1976-2006. â ¢ Search online for information related to the topic. â ¢ In a Word document, type: Year: Description of technological progress, insert image or related images. â ¢ Raise the p latform work in Publishing students at the end of class. (This activity can be d one in groups, no more than two people)