Value constitutional PFRLR: KONE (1996): PFRLR that the State should refuse the extradition of a foreigner when

is sought for political Constitutional value of the preamble of 1946: Prior to 1958: value of principle or PGD Dehaene (1950): principle of continuity of service (value principle) Anna mites PARIS (1956): recognition of the legal After 1958: GISTI (1978 ): recognit ion of the legal secularism EDUCATION (1989): the principle of secularism in pub lic education. Constitutional value of DDHC: Before 1958: value of principle or PGD BAREL (1954): CEO of freedom of opinion. CONDAMINE (1957): recognition of th e legal After 1958: SOCIETY EKY (1960): recognition of the legal secularism EDUC ATION (1989): the principle of freedom of expression and manifestation of religi ous beliefs, subject to compliance freedom of others and the normal functioning of public service. KHERROUAA (1992): the principle of secularism and freedom of expression of religious beliefs, principle of the right of pupils to wear religi ous symbols, in accordance with the requirements concerning the freedom of other s and the normal functioning of public service. Sarran (1998): no hierarchy of c onstitutional values Reconciliation of constitutional principles: Dehaene (1950) : reconciling the principle of strike and the principle of continuity of public services. MISS HAMMER: reconciling the principle of secularity of the state and the principle of freedom of conscience and to manifest her religious beliefs. AH MED B: balancing religious freedom and the principle of continuity of public ser vice theory of law-screen: ARRIGHI: CE does not recognize the right to cancel a regulation under a law unconstitutional. Refusal of constitutional review of leg islation. The law can screen between regulation and constitution if it includes substantive provisions. QUINTIN: If "clear screen" International Law: Control of increasingly comprehensive introduction of international standards CONF. NAT. O F ASSOC. Catho. AND OTHERS: Aggoun (2003): plea directly to the support of an ac tion for abuse of power formed against the order of publication, Or by way of exception, during a dispute involving the application of this inter national commitment, even though the order has not been challenged in the appeal period. Acceptance conditions in domestic law BLOTZHEIM PARK (1997): To be appl icable in domestic law the treaty must be regularly signed, ratified and publish ed in the Official Gazette. The content of the treaties is an act of government GISTI (1997): requirement of a direct effect against individuals AIR FRANCE (200 1): requirement of an effect normateur (EC 2001 Air France) Art. 55 C: condition of reciprocity treaties and conventions, with the exception of Community law an d ECHR. Chevrol-BENKEDDACH (1999): EC's refusal to verify reciprocity Chevrol-BE NKEDDACH ECHR (2003): France is convicted of nonadherence to the principle of th e right to fair trial CC TREATY ON THE STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COU RT (1999): the Preamble paragraph 5 of the 1946 Constitution proclaims that the French Republic "in accordance with the rules of public international law" and i n paragraph 15 that "subject to reciprocity, France agrees to the limitations of sovereignty necessary for the organization and defense of peace. " No condition of reciprocity for commitments international documents that protect human dignity. Control of conventionality: GISTI (1990): The administrative judge in charge of interpreting international standards, rather than the Minister of Foreign Affair s abortion CC (1975): Decline of the CC to control the laws of conventionality N ICOLO (1989): CE abandon its refusal to control the conventionality of laws pass ed after the Treaty on the basis of art. KONE C 55 (1996): Value constitutional principles are superior to treaties Sarran (1998): The Constitution and constitu tional laws have a greater value than treated AQUARONE (1997): The international custom does not prevail over the law,€in case of conflict PAULIN (2000): idem for the international CEO Decerf (1937): unable to cancel an administrative act for violation of international law LADY KIRKWOOD (1952): The EC recognizes the r ight to determine whether an act is consistent with international law ASTIDULLO (1977), cancellation of administrative acts for violation of a treaty Community

Law: Implementation of Directive: CC DIGITAL LAW FOR THE TRUST (2004): transposi tion into national law an EU directive is the result of a constitutional require ment which could not be impeded by reason of any express provision of the Consti tution otherwise CC ACT ON THE SECTOR OF ENERGY (2006): transposition of a direc tive can not go against a rule or a principle inherent in the constitutional ide ntity of France, except that the grantor's consent Vassilikioti (2001): the implementation must be done within a reasonable time Di rect effect of Directive: Van Duyn, ECJ (1974): direct effect of directives ECJ Tanja Kreil (2000): Community law prevails over domestic law: it 's precludes th e application of national provisions incompatible RATTI ECJ (1979): unable to in voke the principle of "legitimate" before the expiry of the deadline Cancellatio n by action: Cohn-Bendit (1978): not possible invoke a directive to cancel a reg ulatory act which would badly transposed ROTHMANS (1992): recognition of compete nce to check the compatibility of legislation with the legislation. The law cont rary to a directive must be set aside procedure delegalisation: ASSOC. PATIENTS of anthroposophic medicine (1999): the PM should take measures to apply a law wh ich fails to transpose a directive goals AOMSL (1999): PM must outlawing legisla tion incompatible with a directive and modify Repeal by way of exception: HEAD ( 1998): in the absence of transposition, the individual may pleading the illegali ty of the current regulations for founding a request for repeal Belgacem (1991): cancellation administrative measures for violation of the ECHR FRENCH FEDERATIO N OF SOCIETIES OF PROTECTION OF NATURE (1984): in the absence or poor implementa tion, the illegality of the regulatory act can also be raised FRANCE NATURE ENVI RONMENT (2001) : Regulatory act can not compromise the objectives of a directive by the end of the deadline Despujol (1930): Requirement for repeal by the admin istration of a regulatory act became illegal because of the changed circumstance s of fact ALITALIA (1989): in the absence of implementation in a timely manner, the regulations become contrary to the objective of the Directive should be repe aled: PGD repealed regulations become illegal Consistent interpretation: COMMONSUR-ROYA BREIL (2000): The administrative authorities must assess the regulatory acts in accordance with Rule Francovitch Community (1992): The State shall assu me responsibility for people affected by the Directive autonomous regulatory pow er: Under the Third Republic: HEYRIES (1918): Theory exceptional circumstances. The Head of State has an independent regulatory authority to ensure the continui ty of public services in war LABONNE (1919): it has a proper power of general ad ministrative and national policy Under the Fifth Republic: Art. 37 C: the scope of regulatory power autonomous ar t. 21 C: regulatory power of enforcement WH Extensions regulatory power: Under t he Third Republic: COMP. RAILWAYS OF THE EAST (1907): the orders issued by the g overnment have values of administrative acts, and may be canceled. The administr ative judge did rely on organic criterion. Under the Fourth Republic GARGOU (195 6): idem Under the Fifth Republic CHANNEL (1962): Same Limitations: COMPANY EKY (1960): the orders necessary to the establishment of institutions that are taken by the Cabinet are set legislative acts RUBIN OF Serven (1962): the decision to implement art. 16 C constitutes an act of government regulatory power Holders: Art. 13 C: the president has jurisdiction to order and orders in council Ministe r Art.€21 C: PM has a statutory power of law SICARD (1962): The President can s ign decrees that have not been deliberated by the cabinet without their validity being affected MEYET (1992): the decrees referred to the Cabinet st competence of the head of state, although not mentioned in the text that passes the EC. Unl imited power to extend the scope of matters within its regulatory powers to awar d determined by a purely organic COLLAS (1996): If a decree deliberated in the C ouncil of Ministers provides the possibility to modify a decree of the President of the Republic by an decree of the Prime Minister, it reinvests its regulatory jurisdiction. JAMART (1936): the administrative authority shall, as head of ser vice, his own power of regulating the internal organization of the obligation to exercise regulatory power KEVER-Pascal (1962): the authority holding the regula tory authority shall, where necessary, application of the law or when required b

y law, to issue regulations implementing legislation within a reasonable FRANCE NATURE ENVIRONMENT ASSOCIATION (2000): if the law does not set itself a specific term, should not exceed a reasonable time, a requirement disappears if the fulf illment of international commitments preclude VILLEMAIN (2002): This requirement also creates an obligation to draw all the consequences resulting from the situ ation news, providing in a reasonable time, the regulatory changes necessary GEN ERAL UNION OF CONSULTING ENGINEERS (2005): The self-regulatory power is subject to general principles of law ASSOC. OF FORMER STUDENTS OF NAS (1993): no supervi sion and no text beyond the text BENKERROU (2004): When the regulatory authority is empowered to set rules, it is also responsible for administrative sanctions by their purpose and nature are r elated to the regulation ASSOC. FREEDOM INFORMATION, HEALTH (2004): The administ rative authority must comply with the legal ALITALIA (1989): requirement for the administration to repeal the illegal regulations on its own initiative or upon request of interested Despujol (1930): this obligation is that the illegality ei ther ab initio or the result of a change of circumstances of time or place AOMSL (1999): the obligation to exercise regulatory power extends to EU directives CO MMON BREIL SUR ROYA (2000): the administrative authority shall take enforcement measures in line with EU directives ASSOC. PATIENTS of anthroposophic medicine ( 1999), but not enforcement of a law inconsistent ASSOC. FUTURE OF THE FRENCH LAN GUAGE (2003) or give instructions to refrain from applying DC LAW SIMPLIFICATION OF LAW (2004): When the government makes an order under art. 38 C, it must stat e the precise purpose of the measures he wants to, but not their content PGD P. The L-Frier "jurisprudential standards set by the judge from ideological concept ions of national consciousness and / or a mass of international constitutional o r legislative texts "Under the Third Republic: DAME VEUVE Trompier-GRAVEL (1944) : implicit recognition of law unwritten necessary to the administrative authorit y, but the Parliament can change ARAMU (1945): explicit recognition of the CEO M s. Classification Bréchon-Moulène: 1 - Political Principles: THE CONSERVATORY CONCERT SOCIETY (1951): the principle of equality of citizens as equal before th e utilities BAREL (1954): the principle of equal access to public DAUDIGNAC (195 1): the principle of freedom,€such as freedom of trade and industry Chaveneau ( 1949): freedom of conscience Bereciartua-Echarri (1988): the principle that a po litical refugee shall not be returned to its country of origin 2 - Technical Pri nciples: SOCIETY OF JOURNAL OF THE DAWN (1951) principle of non-retroactivity of administrative acts DAME LAMOTTE (1950): the principle that all administrative acts may be subject to judicial review SIEUR QUERALT (1950): the principle that citizens can exercise an appeal to the superior authority of the author conteste d Dehaene (1950): principle of continuity of public services HUTA COMPANY (1961) : principle of adversarial litigation DAVID DAME (1974): the principle of public ity Alitalia judicial hearings (1989): principle of repeal regulations made ille gal LADY Trompier-GRAVEL (1944): implicit recognition of the principle of human defe nse of individuals against administrative sanctions ARAMU (1945): explicit recog nition CIV1 CONTINENTAL LLOYD (1987): the principle that administrative assets a re elusive 3 - Social Principles: GISTI (1978): the principle that every man has the right to lead a normal family life PEYNET DAME (1973): the principle that a woman employee can be dismissed during pregnancy CITY OF TOULOUSE C / ARAGNOU ( 1982): the principle that a public official can not receive a remuneration below the minimum wage value of PGD: Rene Chapus traditional doctrine that the LDP ha d a supra-and infra-decretal legislation: Synd. GEN. CONSULTING ENGINEERS (1959) : superiority regulations autonomous art. 37 C DAVID DAME (1974): it belongs onl y to the legislature to determine, extend or restrict the boundaries of a LDP ma jority Doctrine (P-L Frier) that each floor of the pyramid is composed by writte n rules and unwritten, and the LDP are not linked to any written text Bereciartu a-Echarri (1988): principle under international conventions KONE (1996): PFRLR ( from laws enacted mostly in the Third Republic) LADY LAMOTTE (1996) interpretati on that runs counter or at least very constructive, under a PGD COMPANY KPMG (20

06): PGD Community legitimate applies in national law in cases where the legal p osition before the national court is governed by Community law Usefulness of PGD since the recognition of higher legal sources: ALITALIA (1989): principle of re peal regulations made illegal, that has not been picked up by a text Legislative GISTI (1978): principle of the right to lead a normal family life, which furthe r protects the form of a "growing family" used in the 1946 preamble or "family r eunification" as used in international conventions unilateral administrative act s : ASSOC. OF FORMER STUDENTS OF NAS (1993): a preparatory measure may be a fina l decision when it is not subordinate to another government decision to implemen t it DUVIGNERES MS (2002): mandatory cancellation possible circulars ASSOC. FUTU RE OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE (2003): only the traffic regulations are likely to be a REP FED. ADVICE FOR PARENTS OF STUDENTS OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS (2006): the fact tha t an act may be considered an internal measure does not preclude the circular de aling with sanctions mandatory school is subject to An action for abuse of power CREDIT LAND OF FRANCE (1970): As a principle of equality, it is allowed to devia te from a circular if a particular situation of the individual against the stand ards contained therein is likely to justify it. This prevents the automatic canc ellation of individual decisions and limits the inequalities in the application of ministerial discretion. HARDOUI AND MARY (1995): an internal measure may be c hallenged as being ultra vires if it affects the status of the person. KHERROUAA (1992): Judge agrees to consider appeals against the internal measures if they affect the status of the person.€The unilateral administrative acts issued by p rivate persons MONPEURT (1942): administrative action may come from private orga nizations managing a public service under a statutory authorization BOUGUENNA (1 943): Assignment of the competence of administrative courts in relation to acts Administrative private persons SIEUR MAGNIER (1961): professional organizations managing a public service under a statutory authorization are private parties wh o may be making administrative decisions, provided they have public powers EDF. FRENCH INDUSTRY OF SPORTS (1974): A private person may take administrative actio n, provided that such acts do not exceed the limits of delegation which was gran ted TC PREFECT OF THE GIRONDE C / ASSOC. NEW Girondins de Bordeaux (1992): the f act that empowerment is invalid does not affect the administrative nature of an act of the private person concerned. Exception to the jurisdiction of the admini strative judge for assault. Limit the powers of private law bodies acting in a p ublic service mission WIFE BARBER (1968): Regulations issued by domestic private persons are administrative in nature as they affect the organization of public utility their care The development of unilateral administrative acts: Mr AND MRS Eisenchteter (2001): The administrative judge may verify the correctness and th e opinions given by the advisory bodies during consideration of the final decisi on. To validate the correctness, verify compliance with the texts of the composi tion of the committee, the regularity of the appointment of its chairman, the im partiality of members, voting procedures and the reasoning of the opinion DAME V EUVE Trompier-GRAVEL ( 1944): The recipient must have been able to discuss the c omplaints against him that led to the withdrawal of a unilateral administrative act. PGD defense BAREL (1954): an administrative decision must respect the princ iple of equality. To assess the lawfulness of this act, the judge may ask the ad ministration to provide any useful part in the formation of his belief Génestal HOUSE COMPANY (1968): The judge may require the administration to furnish all r easons of fact and law that motivated its decision SOCIETY OF NEWSPAPER "THE DAW N" (1948): Non-retroactivity of administrative acts ESTATE COMPANY. SAINT-JUST ( 1902): The judicial authority can not undo the effects or prevent the execution of administrative acts. Enforcement does not constitute an assault. Romieu, Comm issioner Government has stated that enforcement is possible only in an emergency, authori zation by a specific text and in the absence of legal sanctions Repeal of unilat eral administrative acts: No makers of law: Despujol (1930 ) obligation of the g overnment to repeal unilateral administrative acts upon a change of circumstance s which ALITALIA (1989): MS or law VEDEL JANNOT AND M. (1995): The competent aut

hority receives a request seeking the repeal of an illegal regulation is require d to defer to them, that the regulation was illegal from the date of signature o r results from circumstances of law or fact subsequent to that date ASSOC. "THE GREEN" (1990): obligation to repeal an act not regulatory and not create law, if it became illegal following a change in the circumstances owes or is made after its enactment Creators rules: STAMP LADY (1922): Prohibition of administrative authority to challenge the creative acts of law, even illegal, which became fina l after expiration of the appeal. Respect for acquired rights is hampering their withdrawal ASSOC. "THE GREENS" (1990): or repeal ASSOC. FOR FREE FROM THE HIGHW AY A8 (2001): if it acts with continuing effects in time, throughout their perio d of validity Criterion organic administrative contract: Agreement between two p ublic entities : TC UNION DES ASSURANCES DE PARIS (1983): the contract between t wo people is presumed public unless the administrative "having regard to its pur pose, the contract does arise between the parties that private law relationships COMMON BOURISP TC (1999 ): If the assignment by a common property is basically a private contract, the existence in the Convention of unconscionability law giv es the administrative nature.€Combination of the PSU case with the test materia l contract between two individuals: INTERLIS TC (1969): contracts between two pr ivate individuals are presumed to private law COMPANY PEYROT TC (1963): A contra ct between a public company mixed and a private company may be administrative in consideration of his subject, which is administrative in nature in construction of roads. Non-accumulation of organic material criteria COMPANY EQUIPMENT FOR T HE REGION Montpellier (1975): A private person may contract administration when it acts on behalf and on behalf of the public entity with a mandate. Test Equipm ent Contract Administration: THEROND (1910): a contract by which a public entrus ts the management of a public service contract is a third public in respect to i ts subject SOCIETY OF GRANITE porphyritic des Vosges (1912): contracts between t wo public entities can be classified as administrative they include a material alternative: test of public service which can be found i n the presence of a term in common law (ie keeping unusual or prohibited in priv ate law, or unequal). Returns on jurisprudence Thérond HUSBAND Bertin (1956) or when the contract involves the contractor directly to the performance of public service. The judge is only interested in the contract, and is not seeking any u nconscionable clause ordinary GRIMOUARD AL (1956) or when the contract is a meth od of execution of public service. The judge is only interested in the subject. Full stop Husband Bertin EXPLOITATIN ELECTRIC COMPANY FOR THE HEALTH OF THE RIVE R (1973) or when the contract is subject to a special body of case law especiall y contract employees SPA: HUSBAND Bertin (1956) criterion of participation: the contract is administrative work which the other party with the administrative pu blic service BERKANI TC (1996) criterion of assignment: personal non-statutory w orking for a spa are public servants under contract irrespective employment. Rep laces Husband jurisprudence administrative Bertin Contract: PREFECT Bouches du R hone (1996): the delegation of public service requires that the contractor's rem uneration is guaranteed by substantially the results of operations. SMITOM (1999 ): a 30% share is substantial legal Privileges of the public entity: COMP. NEW G AS DEVILLE-LES-ROUEN (1902): The law may give notice to the concessionaire to im plement some modifications to the original contract: unilateral power of amendme nt of administrative contracts. In return, the concessionaire is able to claim c ompensation COMP. GEN. FRENCH OF TRAM (1910): Amendment in the public interest. Prefigures the unilateral termination in the interest of public service DEP. THE MOSELLE (1989): Judge accepts the contract now being raised by the parties for annulment directed against the enforcement of contracts where the contract is si gned between two people for public performing a public service rights of the par ties to the contract: COMP. GEN. LIGHTING OF BORDEAUX (1916) theory of foresight : the administration is not required to continue its obligations for as long as unforeseen events, external to the parties and resulting economic turmoil affect ing performance of the contract Contract . In return, the counterparty is entitl ed to assistance from the administration COMP. COURIER OF MARITIME (1909): the f ailure of administrative contracts due to force majeure situation excludes the r

esponsibility of the contractor of the administration. COMP. THE TRAM OF CHERBOU RG (1932): In case of disruption of the economy's final contract outside the wil l of the parties, it is a case of force majeure and the absence of agreement, te rmination of the contract may be applied to judges by the parties. Payment of fi nancial assistance can take place only if the disruption is temporary. End of contract administration: DISTILLERY MAGNAC-LAVAL (1958): administrative c ontract may disappear when no longer meets the needs of public service COMP. COU RIER OF MARITIME (1909): the termination may be imposed where a force majeure e COMP.€THE TRAM OF CHERBOURG (1932): the termination may be invoked by the admin istration on the grounds of a loss to satisfy the public need for judicial Actio n: Martin (1905): act theory detachable: it is possible to make a action for abu se of power against acts detachable, pre-contract. Ends the theory of indivisibl e Synd. OWNERS AND TAXPAYERS OF THE DISTRICT CROSS DESEGUEY-TIVOLI (1906): users of MS may therefore require the proper application of regulatory provisions bef ore the administrative judge. Regarding the admissibility of an association of u sers, the EC ensures that its purpose is specific enough to justify an interest in acting CAYZEELE (1998): the regulatory provisions of the contract can be atta cked. Extension of submission of the contract to act REP Interest: Interest Solo : "The act in question is harming the applicant: COMPANY EKY (1960): current or future SIEUR DAMASIO (1971): the future interest must be certain COMMON NERIS -L ES-BAINS (1902): public interest. The mayor is entitled to challenge the decisio ns of the prefect, however regulator - the applicant must act in a particular wa y because of a special quality in terms of the act: CASANOVA (1901): the applica nt must be part of those covered by the Act SEGHERS (1989): the applicant acting as French citizens do not have such an interest if not specifically covered by the Act in relation to requests for cancellation of permit build: ALBIGEOIS COMP ANY SHOWS AND ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY Castres (1987): the quality of shopping is n ot sufficient to justify a REP cons a building permit Fourel GEORGES (1987): req uirement of visibility of the building by the applicant . Are not sufficient: th e quality of single inhabitant of the town, eager to head to preserve the aesthe tic heritage communal living of wishing to ensure compliance with the POS, store customer rebuilt, a motorist passing by the store of pedestrians likely to use public roads to the store owner's buildable parcels on the town while the plots are not close to the construction, municipal and taxpayer. Control is very restr ictive in this respect. Interest group: Synd. PATTERNS OF HAIRDRESSERS-LIMOGES ( 1906): Unions can act on behalf of all or part of their members if they have an express mandate. Otherwise, they can defend the interests of the profession by a regulatory action against acts against the collective acts, or against individu al decisions that harm the collective interests UNION OF GROUPS OF FRAMES OF THE HIGHER CIVIL SERVICE AND ASSOC. GEN. DIRECTORS OF CIVIL (1984): unions can attack a decree aimed at a professional interest. Re sumed law hairdressers Patterns of Immunity from civil service unions against th e decisions of supervisors: LOT (1903): admissibility cons organizational measur es which adversely affect the service staff, such as the decision affects the ri ghts they derive from their status or privileges of their corps Ex: sanction dec ision or decision affecting the employment conditions and access to employment e xception of parallel action: LAFAGE (1912): admissibility of a PWR against a dec ision which pecuniary object, which is traditionally used in full litigation. So ftens the subsidiarity principle of EPR to facilitate litigation case opening ap peal for abuse of power: Jurisdiction: CITY OF Narbonne (1994): canceled for lac k of material in case of intervention in the functions of another authority Defe ct in form or procedure: DEBLANGEY COMPANY (1998): breach of a legal requirement entails the annulment of the act if it is substantial Misuse of power: SHOE (19 54): cancellation of a measure as an objective foreign to the general interest P ARISET (1875): cancellation of a measure as an aim of general interest, but othe r than lawful purposes. Police powers used for financial CITY OF SOCHAUX (1971): the act may refer to a plurality of goals, one of which must necessarily be pub lic FRAMPAR COMPANY (1960): Cancellation of an act of misappropriation of proced

ure. Use of police powers in place of administrative police powers direct violat ion of the law: KHERROUA (1992): Cancellation of an act that violates the law by a negative act. Absolute prohibition of wearing religious symbols,€while only the ostentatious wearing was sanctioned PEYNET DAME (1973): canceled due to a si tuation of inequality created by the Act Vice in the grounds of the Act: - error of fact or manifest error of assessment: CAMINO (1916): limited review of the f acts are correct TA BEPYJO Nice SCI AND TILES Marmorini Ltd C / JOINT OF THE TRI NITY (1996): Control in the choice of private sites - an error in the legal fact s: GOMEL (1914 ): normal control of the facts, AHMED KHALIL CAA LEL (2003): In case of error, the court may reinstate the quali fication given in law to specific facts HALLAL MS (2004) or administration may s ubstitute the grounds, provided that the defendant is deprived any procedural gu arantee and can submit its observations on these grounds. The judge then conside red whether those reasons are legally capable of making the decision and decide whether the result of the direction that the administration has made the same de cision if it had relied on those grounds - lack of adequacy of the act in relati on to the facts: NEW CITY IS (1971): first, the judge agrees to consider the pro posed actions under the theory of balance. It verifies that the proposed measure s provide benefits outweigh the disadvantages it entails. Abandonment of earlier decisions which denied control measures on behalf of the denial of opportunity to control SIEUR ADAM (1974): Judge refuses to play the theory of the balance sh eet when the administration's decision rests solely with the opportunity ASSOC . AGAINST THE DRAFT OF THE HIGHWAY TRANSCHABLAISIENNE (1997): The measures taken must be proportionate to the interests that emerge Effects of cancellations for abuse of power: ASSOC. AC! (2004): the cancellation of an act is retroactive, un less it appears that the retroactive effect could have consequences manifestly e xcessive because of public or private interests, or that would cause inconvenien ces. Transposition of the theory of balance sheet effects of the cancellation