stable is the place where the cows rest, eat, drink, defecate.

In the stables of modern design environments coexist, distributed in a way that facilitates the l ives of cows, particularly their treatment by keepers. And 'then consists of the milking parlor with robots, by the stable, the engine room, the cooling system of milk from areas of identification and separation from the power station. In e ach of the spaces are planned for the transport of feed, milk cooling and facili ties required for the distribution of food and cleaning. The barn provides shelt er for the cows alone, while other guests of the farm (welcome or not) must find another location. So no pigs or birds to sleep with the cows, much less flies, pests and rodents! If cows are not kept in the wild or semi-wild, the premises u sed for breeding dairy must be progettatti, built, maintained and operated to en sure: - good housing conditions, hygiene, cleanliness and health cows - satisfac tory hygienic conditions in areas used for milking, handling, refrigeration and storage of milk The different types of housing The stables can be free with cows (free stall) or cows linked (tethered). Cows i n the stables with the various free zones can be obtained within a fully enclose d on the sides, or closed by only one or two sides, or completely open. The dair y cow live well at a temperature ranging from less than 12 ° C to 18 ° C. The dairy cow bothers the wind. In areas where you can take strong windbreak network s. The air must circulate in the stables. Cows drafts bother and are subject to various kinds of ailments. Maintaining stable and healthy milk The new structures of production of milk is important to remember that everythin g should be in place, cleaned and disinfected then the same structure should tak e account of these rules - the waiting room must be equipped with a small foot-w ashing cabinet to allow the foot cows to be wet and clean - there shall be an ar ea to carry out regular disinfection of the feet or mattress with tray - there m ust be a separate space for engines, warehouse, office and hot water production, in addition to the bathroom - equipment cleaning the stall and for food should not stand next to the milk room - the milk room must be constructed in such a wa y that is washable and can not get animals or insects should also be ventilated - must not stagnate water discharges or milk. The different types of stable The stable light to deep litter consists, besides the feeding lane, an area of a t least 8 / 10 square feet per cow, where every day should be distributed straw at a rate of 3 / 5 kg per cow (depending on the season ) uniformly. The litter i s where functional drain the urine and remains solid. The deep litter should be emptied at least three or four times a year. Over the last decade there have bee n achievements of permanent inclined bedding for dairy cows. The stable free gre atest achievement in recent years is stable in a free berth. Each cow is at rest in these large berths from 115 to 135 cm and a length appropriate to the layout and shape. The cows must have the space to be able to raise and avoid smearing feces on the inside of the berth or another. The bed of the cow can be straw, so il, sand, sawdust or, lately, specially crafted mattresses. You can also use man ure or the product of the separator, if fermented and dry (dried). The lanes of stalls can be grating or concrete floor. In areas where there are small farms th ere are stalls with cows tied. They can be head-head or back-back. Several iTIP stables used, depending on the type of product you want. Infattti as a major obj ective of organic farming is the welfare of animals bred structures housing must be adapted to the behavioral characteristics of the cows, in particular as rega rds the possibility of movement. The free stall bedding for bunks or it shows th e logical choice for both a new barn, and for the conversion of existing structu res. The animals should be divided into homogeneous groups according to physiolo gical characteristics (calves, Manzetti, heifers, pregnant heifers,€dry cows an d lactating cows) and you must prepare a local confinement animal production tem porarily unfit, sick or injured. The surface of the housing, namely that actuall

y available for housing of veal, cover an area indoors and outdoors. The floor i n these areas must not be slippery or abrasive and must have considerable self-c leaning ability. In particular rest area should be made to solid floor with bedd ing, preferably straw, and is banned the use of synthetic materials. Animals mus t logically have free and easy access to feeding and watering. Last but not leas t, all cattle must have access to the paddock or pasture, whenever their physiol ogical conditions, climate and soil conditions permit. Are of course allowed all the devices can improve the microclimate environment, eg. thermal insulation of the structure housing, ventilation, natural light - for areas with high summer temperatures - a suitable cooling system.