Law of Directives and Bases of National Education Law No.

9394 of December 20, 1996 Procedure 1988 - Enactment of the Federal Constitution from 1988 to 1991 - Beginning of di scussion of the "Jorge Hage" in the House 1992 - Darcy Ribeiro, supported by Col lor, the BDL has another project in the Senate from 1992 to 1993 - The two proje cts are discussed at the same time Congress 1993 - Jorge Hage project is approve d in the House and goes to the Senate in 1995 - The project is considered uncons titutional and Darcy Ribeiro reintroduces his former bill in 1996 - Adoption of the law in December. Law No. 9394/96 Article 1 - education understood as a process of human Article 2 - Education is the duty of the family and the state. Aims at the full development of the studen t, his preparation for the exercise of citizenship and qualification for the job

Article 3 - principles: Equal access / stay Liberty; Pluralism of ideas; Tolerance; Coexistence - public / private; free public education, professio nal Enhancement Democratic administration; Quality Standard; Valuation o ut of school; School - work - practices Duty of the State (Art. 4) I - primary education compulsory and free, even those who did not have access to it at the proper age; II - progressive extension of gratuitous secondary school education; Modified by Constitutional Amendment 14/96: I - primary education compulsory and free, including your free gift to all who d id not have access at the proper age; II - progressive universalization of secon dary education free; Continued - art. 4 III - specialized care for learners with special needs; IV - free care at daycar e centers and preschools; V - access to higher education; VI - the provision of regular night courses adequate to the conditions of the student; VII - the provi sion of education regular school for youth and adults, tailored to your needs an d availability; VIII - student attendance in public elementary education through additional programs (materials, transportation, food and health care), IX - min imum standards of educational quality . Article 5 and Article 6 Elementary school: a subjective public right ents enroll their children from 7 years. Enrollment: it is the duty of par

Amended by Law No. 11.114/05: FROM REGISTRATION OF SIX YEARS. Basic Education: responsibilities Early Childhood Education ......... Elementary school ..... Municipalities (nursery and preschool)

Priority municipalities with (at least 9 years) Modifi

ed by Federal Law No. 11.274/06 collaboration of the State School ................

Priority of the Union State should provide financial and technical assistance Note: requirement restricted to the elementary school Democratic management: Schools Teachers (Article 24:13)

Pedagogical proposal Recovery Compliance Calendar Links with information on inco me families Participation in the elaboration of pedagogical and school boards Pe dagogic, administrative and financial management

Community (Art. 14)

Autonomy (Art. 15)

Rules of organization of basic education:

You can organize themselves in an annual series, six-month periods, cycles, grou ps, non-series, based on age, etc.. (Art. 23)-hour minimum charge per year: 800 hours and 200 days of actual school work. Student Assessment Rating: Continuous Frequency Minimum 75% Historical, declarations, certificates: responsibility of the school (art. 24) Curriculum in basic education: Basis and share common national diversified Portuguese language, mathematics, kn owledge of the physical world and natural, the social and political reality, art , physical education and history culture african-Brazilian and African (Law No. 10639/03) Foreign Language: from the 5th series values, rights and duties, work orientation, sport (Article 26 and 27)

Characteristics of educational levels: Kindergarten: kindergarten (0-3 years) and preschool (4-5 years) development of the child, there is no failure (Art. 29-31) Elementary school: (at least 9 years) aim to develop the capacity to learn, stre ngthen the bonds of family, solidarity and tolerance. - At least four hours of d aily work. (Art. 32-4) High School: (minimum 3 years) Deeper study - technolog y and preparation for work (Art. 35-6) Characteristics of learning modalities: Youth and Adults (Art. 37-8)

(EJA - old default): courses and exams.€Minimum age for primary education and 15 years for High School 18 years. skills for a productive life. Conjunction with the regular school or independent school. care for people with special needs, pr eferably in the regular (inclusion). Adaptation of the school and the curriculum . Integration in society.

Professional Education (Art. 39-42)

Special Education (Art. 58-60)

Education professionals (Art. 61-67) Association between theory and practice and building on experience Teachers: tra ining in minimum average normal mode (former teaching) and higher level degree i n Valuation: career planning, tendering, processing, base salary, advancement, w orking conditions

Financing Constitution of 1988 / BDL Article 69:

Union must implement at least 18% and t

he States, Federal District and Municipalities, 25% of tax revenue in Education. Public resources (Art. 77) will be allocated to public schools gious or philanthropic can be directed to community schools, reli

LDB defines what is spent on education: (Art. 70) Compensation and staff development; Maintenance and construction equipment; Conduct coordination activities; Purchase of school material; Scholarships ; School Transport. LDB defines what is NOT spent on education: (Art. 71) Search not linked to education; Grant institutions assintenciais; Programs s upplementary food, medical, psychological, etc. Construction of infrastructure of the city; Workers in education in deviation function FUNDEF and EC 14/96 and FUNDEB EC 53/06:

Law No. 9424/96 regulated Fundef Law 11.494/07 regulates Fundeb with an accounti ng period of 10/14 years of operation Resource distribution: Number of students enrolled in regular elementary school attendance / Use in Basic Education: MDE a nd recovery of teaching (60% for payment of salary of teachers) Monitoring and S ocial Control: Advice. Comparative FUNDEF x FUNDEB FUNDEF Amendment 14 - Law 9.424/96 Sources ICMS FPM FPE IPI-export Law Kandir IT CM IPVA ITR Complementaçã the union 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% No specification FUNDEB Amendment 53 - Law 11.494/07 1 year 16.66% 16.66% 16.66% 16.66% 16.66% 6.66 6.66 6.66 2 billion two years 18.33% 18.33% 18.33% 18.33% 18.33% 13 33% 13.33% 13.33 % 3 billion by the end of three years 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 4.5 billio n (from 4 years-10% of fund) Comparative FUNDEF x FUNDEB FUNDEF Amendment 14 - Law 9.424/96 Enrollment Enrollment of public school attend ance for each school system. FUNDEB Amendment 53 - Registration Law 11.494/07 fa ce of public schools in each school system with the exception of admission: Enro llment in day care centers, schools conveniadas Enrollments in specialized care with exclusive EE. Enrolment in pre-schools in agreements for a period of four y ears. 1 year Early Childhood Education Elementary School EJA 100% 100% 33.33% 33 .33% 33.33% 2 years 100% 66.66% 66.66% 66.66% 3 years ... 100% 100% 100% 100% Weighting factors FUNDEB / 2007. Step / modality Factor URBANA ** Nursery Preschool Elementary School Elementary School Elementary School Series final full-time elementary school High school Hi gh school full-time and integrated high school vocational education Special educ ation, Indigenous education and adult education with evaluation on Maroon EJA pr ocess and integrated education prof. EM with the evaluation process 0.80 0.90 1. 0 1.10 1.25 1.20 1.30 1.20 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.05 FIELD 1.15 1.25 1.25 1.30 1.20 0. 70 Source: Law 11,494 / 2007 - ** CIFEB to fix the weights related to nursery full

time. General and transitional provisions:

Indigenous education (Art. 78-9) Distance Learning (Article 80) Article 87. It e stablished the Decade of Education: National Education Plan (adopted in 2001) Mu nicipalities must enroll all children from 6 years old, offering adult education , training by the end of the decade all teachers should have higher Questions for analysis Note: There may be more than one correct answer! 1.De accordance with constitutional provisions, which of the following statement s is incorrect? n n n n n Basic Education is compulsory for all Brazilian citizens and their free and univ ersal provision is the duty of the state. The state has a duty to ensure primary education compulsory and free. It is the duty of the State to ensure the provis ion of early childhood education, even though it is not compulsory. It is compul sory to increase the compulsory school. It is the duty of the state offer regula r night courses adequate to the conditions of the student. 2. Regarding the linkage of tax resources for education, CF 1988 states that:

In the case of the Union, will be at least 18% and the states, municipalities an d Federal District shall be at least 25% of revenue from taxes. Be at least 25% of total revenue in the federal entity, in all administrative spheres. Resources from education salary will not be counted for the purpose of calculating the mi nimum percentage required. Public funds will be used exclusively for MDE in publ ic schools. Compulsory education will have priority in the distribution of publi c resources.

The Union is responsible for preparing the National Plan for Education and estab lish guidelines for education and skills that will guide the curriculum and its minimum contents, so as to ensure common basic education. The Union will be inst ructed to ensure national process of evaluation of school performance in primary , secondary and higher education, in collaboration with education systems. State s should ensure basic education, municipalities with defining forms of collabora tion, and offer, with priority to high school. Municipalities will be instructed

to offer early childhood education and, with priority, primary education. Munic ipalities should develop the pedagogical of establishments in its educational sy stem, articulating with the families and the community. 3. Regarding the tasks of public authority as defined by the LDB No. 9394/96, is incorrect to state that: 4. Enter the incorrect alternative, considering the provisions of the LDB in rel ation to basic education: A. B. C. D. E. It is formed by early childhood education, elementary and secondary education. C an be arranged in series, cycles, seasons or so diverse where the interests of t he learning process so recommend. Can be adapted to the peculiarities of rural l ife and of each region. It should not include the promotion of sport and educati onal support for non-formal sports activities in their curricula. Should include the dissemination of core values in social interest as a guideline for the curr iculum. 5. According to the LDB No 9394/96, which differentiates daycare and preschool?

The law defines that daycare centers are public institutions geared primarily to care for poor children and pre-schools are private institutions aimed at prepar ing children for first grade on. The only distinction between day care and pre-s chool is the age group of children who attend these institutions. Crèches offer early childhood education for children under three years old and pre-schools off er early childhood education for children aged four to six years old. There is n o difference between day care and preschool, as these institutions must do the s ame type of work, aimed at children from zero to six years of age, regardless of sex, race, creed, economic status, etc. . 6. Regarding the Elementary and Secondary Education, the LDB defines that: A. B. C. D. E. The workload will be an annual minimum of eight hundred hours, spread over at le ast two hundred days of actual school work. The frequency control is borne by th e school, the required minimum frequency of 75% of the total teaching hours for approval. In the assessment of student performance must prevail and the quantita tive test results, particularly for purposes of calculating the average bimonthl y and final. It is not possible to classify the student without documents to pro ve their previous schooling. The curriculum should be diversified, meeting the r equirements of regional and local characteristics of the society, economy, cultu re and clientele. 7. According to the LDB, verification of performance of pupils: A. B.

C. D. E. Should be continuous and cumulative. Should ensure the possibility of use of stu dies completed successfully. May provide partial forms of progression. Include, necessarily, recovery studies, preferably parallel to the term. Precludes the po ssibility of acceleration of studies. 8. In relation to the curricula of primary and secondary education, the LDB prov ides that: A. B. C. D. E. The curriculum must have a common national basis to be complemented by a diverse party. The school subjects should be the same throughout the country. The teach ing of art is required. The teaching at least one modern foreign language is com pulsory throughout the school. Physical education is compulsory, even in night c ourses. 9. Regarding the legislation governing the organization and functioning of youth and adults in Brazil€is correct to say that: A. B. C. D. The enrollment of youth and adults could not be counted for purposes of receipt of funds from FUNDEF, although enrollment of elementary school. The equivalence exams will enable students to continue their studies on a regular basis, only fo r people over 21 years. A gratuity of youth and adults in official establishment s is guaranteed by law, is not yet assured their requirement. The youth and adul ts is a form of basic education in the stages of primary and secondary education . So, do not constitute a differentiated level of education. 10. Which of the following can not be considered costs of MDE? A. B. C. D. E. Remuneration and training of workers in education. School lunch programs. Progra m distribution of textbooks to students for school libraries and literary. Progr ams of medical care and social development of pupils, especially at risk. School transportation programs and fellowships. 11. The training of teachers for working in basic education should: A. B. C. D. E. Establish the association between theory and practice. Be at the top level, in g raduate courses, undergraduate full. Include practice teaching with at least thr ee hundred hours. At a minimum, be made in mid-level courses, in normal mode (fo rmer teaching) for the performance in kindergarten and elementary education. Req

uire fluency of future teachers in at least one modern foreign language. Feedback issues ISSUE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 YES S CORRECT A / DA / C / EA / B / C / ddbA / B / EA / B / C / DA / CA / C / DB / DA / B / C / D