# color and light Without light there is color Aristotle, a Greek philosopher who lived 384-322 BC, seems

to have been the firs t to realize that the eyes can not see color without light. color and light Isabel Costa Image formation Our eyes work like prisms, giving the brain everything we see. The eye is a glob e housed in its orbit. At the bottom of the globe the retina receives the images and send them to the brain. color and light Isabel Costa Subject Iris Image Cornea Pupil Retina Crystalline The colored iris controls the size of the opening (pupil) where it enters the li ght. Iris Open Pupil dilated iris closed Pupil The pupil contracted determines t he amount of light as the opening of a single chamber. The colors of white light Newton (1676) - "spectrum of light" - Decomposition of white light into its seve n colors light. color and light Isabel Costa Red Orange Sunlight contains several types of radiation that constitute the elec tromagnetic spectrum. Each wavelength corresponds to a type of radiation. Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violet Colored light waves of color Color circle The color circle or color wheel is a visual representation of colors. color and light Isabel Costa The organization of color has been a concern of many scientists. It's a way to c lassify the colors and putting them in order. Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton developed the first color circle In his Optics, he proposed a circular logging for study. Subsequently, the color circle became all symmetrical. color and light Isabel Costa Newton concluded that as a dispersion, the white light is split into seven color s: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. We can see this phenomenon in the formation of the rainbow RYB - Johannes Itten (1888-1967) In 1961, the artist Johannes Itten wrote the book, The elements of color, who ar e the three primary red, yellow and blue. color and light Isabel Costa RGB - Frans Gerritsen Frans Gerritsen, a famous Dutch scientist who did research on color, says in the book, The phenomenon of light, that white light consists of a few wavelengths t hat can be divided into three groups: â ¢ shortwave light that make us feel blue â ¢ Half - light wavelength green light â ¢ long waves that give us the sensation of red color and light Isabel Costa Main perceptual attributes of color color and light Isabel Costa (1888-1967) in 1975, made a new attempt by Frans Gerritsen, arrange the colors according to the laws of color perception. All colors were sorted according to: COLOR TINT It is the attribute most closely related to the stimulus wavelength. Different c olors have different shades. SATURATION Is related to the amount of white that is in the stimulus tones are highly satur ated monochromatic A less saturated color is white. For example, pink is less sa turated than red and more saturated than white. BRIGHT It relates to the amount of light from the source or reflected by the subject The color exists because of the individual who perceives and depends on the exis tence of light and subject matter that reflects it. The color of the objects The color of an object is given by the color it reflects, that is, when a white light on it, all colors are absorbed except his.

An object is white because it absorbs no color, that is, it reflects all the col ors that compose white light. When white light strikes the red apple, all colors are absorbed except the wavelengths corresponding to red. The red color is refl ected. color and light Isabel Costa An object is black because it absorbs all the colors that relate to it. No color was reflected. Additive synthesis When a designer is to use the computer to create digital material you are using additive synthesis. Additive synthesis begins with black and ends with the white , which means that the more color is added, the result is lighter and tends to s tay white. color and light Isabel Costa In the RGB system the mixing of two colors always results in a brighter color. W hen you mix the three primary colors at maximum intensity, attains the white. Subtractive synthesis When you mix colors using paint, or through the printing process, we are using s ubtractive synthesis. Things that do not produce light are colored by a process called "Removal of color." Subtractive color mixing means that begins and ends w ith the white to black. To add color, the result tends to be darker and black. color and light Isabel Costa "Particularly misleading is the claim that the lights are mixed additively, whil e the pigments are mixed subtractive." Rudolf Arnheim Art and Visual Perception COLOR LIGHT wavelengths> Physics COLOR PIGMENT chromatic pigments> Chemistry natural pigments or synthetic light absorption PRIMARY COLORS pure colors. It is from them that makes all other colors. â ¢ Color RGB â ¢ Color-light-transparent pigment RYB opaque CMY Primary Colors-light color and light Isabel Costa Additive synthesis RBG Primary

Red + Blue + Green Red Blue Green Primary Colors-transparent pigment color and light Isabel Costa Subtractive synthesis CMY Primary + + Cyan Magenta Yellow Cyan Magenta Yellow -Opaque color pigment Primary Subtractive synthesis color and light Isabel Costa RYB Primary Red + Yellow + Blue Red Yellow Blue Secunia COLORS are colors that result from mixing equal parts of two primary col ors. Secondary colors-light YELLOW R + G color and light Isabel Costa GREEN MAGENTA G + B RED BLUE CYAN BLUE R + B Secondary Colors-transparent pigment color and light BLUE (VIOLET) C + M Isabel Costa MAGENTA RED M + Y CYAN BLUE YELLOW GREEN C + Y

Secondary colors-opaque dye ORANGE R + Y color and light Isabel Costa YELLOW GREEN Y + B RED BLUE (VIOLET) PURPLE R + B Systems CMY RGB RYB color and light Isabel Costa Color light Corespigmento transparent Corespigmento opaque CMYK The CMYK color system is the system used for color printing and is an example of subtractive color method. The four colors that make up the standard of the prin ting process are the cyan, magenta, yellow and black color and light Isabel Costa BLUE CYAN MAGENTA YELLOW BLACK How much is printed in black was added to a channel with K color (CMYK) CMY system or RYB? Since about 1975, accepted - that there are two versions of subtractive synthesi s or mixture of pigments. Result of many years of study on the light, as we see light and how the brain and eyes to work, replaced the magenta red in all mixtur es. The traditional color circle of Itten is still used. . There is a new color wheel, more updated, which prevails in industry and art (de sign, photography, digital art ...) Traditional color circle color and light Isabel Costa Color circle current

Magenta color and light Isabel Costa Violet Blue Red Blue Cyan Green Yellow In current practice color and light Isabel Costa Mixing the primary colors you will get the secondary colors + Blue Yellow Blue Cyan Cyan = magenta, green and violet + + Yellow = Orange red magenta In current practice There are millions of mixed color that the eye can see. Look at the following po ssibilities: color and light Isabel Costa + + + + + + = = = = =