Civics.

Introduction Approaches Civic education is the process through which it promotes awareness and understanding of all rules governing social life and the formation of values and attitudes that allow individuals to integrate into socie ty and participate in its improvement. Mexico is experiencing a transformation p rocess which strengthens the validity of human rights, democracy, rule of law an d political pluralism; also diversifying organizations and mechanisms for citize n participation. The continuity and strengthening of this process requires, as a task of basic education, develop in students the attitudes and values that prov ide it with a firm foundation for a knowledgeable citizen of his rights and thos e of others, responsible for compliance of their duties, free, cooperative and t olerant, that is, a citizen capable of participating in democracy. Faced with th e challenges of the changing world, it is necessary to strengthen the identifica tion of children and youth with the values, principles and traditions that chara cterize our country. At the same time, it's become Mexican citizens respectful o f the cultural diversity of humanity, able to analyze and understand the various manifestations of human thought and action. Achieving these goals is the task o f all basic education, family and society, not a specific subject. However, it i s necessary that the global nature of civic education has an organized and clear guidelines regarding to avoid the risk of diluting and training takes place occ asionally. Restoring Civics as a subject in the curriculum, aiming at regaining its intentional nature of the process and purposeful. The program of this course are organized educational content (knowledge, values, skills and attitudes) so that teachers and parents bear in mind and will pay special attention at all lev els (classroom, school and family). The orientation and purpose of the course in civics are directly derived from the principles laid down in Article Third Cons titution: The education provided by the State shall be secular and, therefore, " will be no commitment to any religious doctrine" ; will be democratic, "consider ing democracy not only as a legal structure and political regime, but as a way o f life founded on constant economic, social and cultural life of people." Education should strengthen the training the national consciousness and patrioti sm, "the basis of the understanding of our problems, the use of our resources, t o defend our political independence, the assurance of our economic independence and the continuity and growth of our culture "at the same time promote awareness of international solidarity, independence and justice. Education should contrib ute to better human relationships, strengthening in the pupil an appreciation fo r the dignity and integrity of the family, and the conviction of the general int erest of society and the ideals of fraternity and equal rights all men, without privileges of race, religion, groups, sexes or individuals. Aspects of Civic Edu cation Civic Education Contents include four closely related aspects which, for the most part, are dealt with simultaneously over primary education. Formation o f values grouped in this respect the values and attitudes that students must be trained over primary education. The goal is for students to understand and assum e as principles of their actions and their relationships with others, values tha t mankind has created and consecrated as a product of its history: respect and a ppreciation for human dignity, freedom, justice, equality, solidarity, tolerance , honesty and truthfulness. The formation of these values can only be viewed thr ough the attitudes that students show in their actions and opinions that made sp ontaneously to the facts or circumstances in which they learn. For this reason, this aspect of civic education requires an experiential treatment. The study of the meaning of values and of the bases is one of the elements contributing to ci vic education. However, this study makes sense only if each of the actions and p rocesses that take place in the classroom and school shows by example and experi menting with new forms of coexistence, whose bases are respect for human dignity , dialogue€tolerance and compliance of agreements between free individuals. The contents of this aspect are present in all grades, associated with possible situ ations in school life: teamwork, school group's meetings, conflict resolution, e tc.. The relationship between partners, the relationship between teacher, students an

d the group, how to resolve everyday conflicts, the importance given to the part icipation of students in the class play, in short, all activity school and what takes place outside of school are spaces for the formation of values. Knowledge and understanding of the rights and duties in this regard are the contents refer ring to the rules governing social life, rights and obligations of the Mexicans. The aim is that students know and understand the rights as a Mexican and as a h uman. You should also understand that in exercising their rights and obligations acquired commitments with others, recognizing the duality of right and duty as the basis of social relations and the permanence of society. The contents to be studied in primary school refer to individual rights and social rights. Individu al rights are those that protect life, liberty, equality before the law and the physical integrity of every man or woman, covering the essential freedoms of exp ression, thought, belief, expression, assembly, labor, etc., that is, universal human rights enshrined in our Constitution as individual guarantees, which are i nviolable and inalienable under any circumstances. In this area the contents ref erred to the Human Rights and the Rights of the Child. Social rights are those r elating to education, health, a living wage, housing, etc., and settle various c onstitutional articles. By studying the individual and social rights is also see king students to identify situations that constitute violations of those rights or obstacles to the exercise, and who knows the legal remedies to protect them. Knowledge of the institutions and the main features that characterize the politi cal organization of Mexico, from the municipality to the Federation. This aspect, which complements the previous one, deals with the characteristics and functions of institutions involved in promoting and ensuring compliance with the rights of Mexicans and legal standards. In studying this aspect of state in stitutions and society. It is intended that the student is placed on the knowled ge of the most important features of the organization in the country: federalism , separation of powers, the municipal organization, democratically elected gover nments. It also introduces the study of the types of major social organizations involving Mexicans. To develop the processing of these contents are the institut ions close to the student (family, school, peer groups) until the study of natio nal institutions and international organizations. This is not to conduct a descr iptive study of the institutions, but to know their roles and relationships with current or potential life of the students, their families or community to which they belong. Strengthening national identity This aspect intended for students to be recognized as part of a national community characterized by diversity in t hought, regional diversity, cultural and social, but at the same time share comm on features and values that define it. The contents of this aspect refer to the customs and traditions, the ideals that have been present throughout our history and principles of Mexico's relationship with other countries (political indepen dence, sovereignty and international solidarity based on independence and justic e, etc.). The study is also intended that students understand that the traits an d values that characterize Mexico are the product of the country's history and i nvolvement in it had their ancestors. The development of content that relates th is aspect contribute the study of history and geography of Mexico and the world. Reflection on the notion of national identity begins with issues relating to cu stoms, traditions and language, to arrive after the formation of more abstract n otions such as nation-state. The contents of civic education for the first and s econd graders seek to enhance the child's socialization process, to encourage at titudes of participation, collaboration, tolerance and respect in all activities performed.€In both grades are introduced the concepts of diversity, rights and d uties associated with areas involving students and their interests, in particula r, introduce the study of children's rights. These contents are developed and in tegrated into the History, Science and Geography. Much of the content are studie d in the two grades. This does not mean they should be repeated, but training pu rposes will be strengthened through activities with different nuances and depth in each grade. From the third grade the contents are treated with some independe nce from the other subjects, but recovering their contributions to promote the i

ntegral development of the learner. In the same grade begins a more systematic s tudy of the Mexican Republic, its diversity and the law that governs it, startin g from the town, the municipality and the entity. It highlights the awareness of the rights of children and citizens. In the fourth, fifth and sixth grade, cont ent focus on the study of Mexico's political structure, mechanisms for citizen p articipation, individual rights and social rights, the enforcement and administr ation of justice and agencies that promote rights compliance. This set of issues are associated with both the analysis of the current situation of the country, and the study of aspects of the history of Mexico and world history. Finally, it introduces the study of the principles governing relations between Mexico and o ther countries. Civics. First degree programs in this degree the contents of Civ ic Education, Science, History and Geography are studied together from several c entral themes that can relate. The corresponding text book consists of eight blo cks: Children Family and Schools The town house plants and animals and the City field Measuring Time Mexico, our country shares with History This subject-matter relating to the civi c celebrations associated with some historical passages of Mexico. Specific topi cs that correspond to Civic Education in this degree are as follows: The childre n • Individual characteristics: similarities and differences-The name "Physical characteristics: age, height, weight, sex-tastes and preferences: toys and games , friends and friends, meals, walks, etc. "The respect for differences as the ba sis for coexistence in the school and the house • All children have the same rig hts-Protection-Food, housing and health-law to rest play and fun and family hous e • Different types of household. Members and relatives (father, mother, grandpa rents, uncles, etc.) • The collaboration and mutual assistance among members of the family, distribution of tasks and responsibilities, communication and dialog ue to foster an environment of respect, cooperation and mutual assistance "The f Measures to prevent accidents in th amily culture: festivals, games, amusement e home: falls, burns, poisoning, poisoning, etc. The school • The school: learni ng and living room • The participation and collaboration in the study and game-r ules in the game, teamwork The rights and duties of the members of the school community: students, teachers and parents and co-participation in school activit ies-law to be respected and duty to respect to peers and teachers, "The proper u se of materials and spaces within the school Measures for the prevention of accidents in the school's location • The work a nd the satisfaction of individual and collective needs, "Identification of the v arious trades and work in the town-ID products and services locally The custom s and traditions local: holidays, celebrations, games and dances Measures for the prevention of accidents in the town: in public, recreation sites and working Mexico, our country live in Mexico-The map of Mexico. Identifying as "Mexico: the name of our country. The legend about its origin, "We are Mexicans Mexico : a country of diverse geography and lifestyle," Identification of some similari ties and differences between rural and urban areas (landscapes, products, distri bution, housing, services) "The importance of knowledge, appreciation and respec t for the diversity of lifestyles and habits common Traditions and symbols of Mexico - Civic Memorials: September 15 and 16, November 20 - Traditional Festiva ls: Day of the Dead, the inns, the new year-The symbols : the Flag, Shield and N ational Anthem.€Narrative about its origin and meaning second grade at this leve l the contents of Civics, History, Geography and Natural Sciences are studied to gether from several central themes that can relate. History This course shares w ith content relating to civic celebrations associated with some historical passa ges of Mexico. Specific topics that relate to civic education in this grade are the following: Back to school • The right of children to education, school, spac e to learn and live "The importance of school attendance • The need to establish and enforce agreements in school and the school group: c ommunication and dialogue as the basis for conflict resolution rules for schoo l life, "Respect for the rights and duties compliance, collaboration and mutual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

help in school activities: study and play "The right to be respected and the dut y to respect peers and teachers," The proper use of materials and spaces within the school and classroom-Preparation of regulation group Establishment of meas ures for preventing accidents at school. The School Safety Committee. Participat ion in mock Family Different types of families. Members and relatives (father, mother, grandparents, uncles, etc.) The collaboration and mutual assistance amo ng members of the family, distribution of tasks and responsibilities, communicat ion and dialogue to foster an environment of respect, affection, support and ass istance Values mutually promoted in the family unit, family solidarity, Customs: festivals, games, fun • The satisfaction of basic needs of the family, "Food, s helter, clothing, health, safety, rest and recreation Rights of child-protecti on against physical abuse and mental-Housing, food, clothing, health-law to rest , play and fun Measures to prevent accidents in the home: falls, burns, poison ing, poisoning, etc. The locality • The name of the town (meanings) • The work a s a means to meet the needs-identification crafts made by locals. Goods produced and services provided, the importance of all trades "The exchange of goods and services among the locals. Identification of public services -Sequence in the development of a product. Identification of workers involved to produce Festivities and customs of the locality: dancing, food, crafts, cloth ing, toys and games Rights and duties of members of the local-law to be respec ted and the duty to respect others - Use and care of public services (water, ele ctricity, etc.) Measures for the prevention of accidents on public roads and r ecreation sites and the local municipality or delegation • The importance of the organization and implementation of the rules for social interaction • The munic ipality as a form of organization "The municipality for the town-some municipal functions: monitoring compliance with the rules and administration of public ser vices Mexico, our country The different communities in the country: urban and rural • Identification of some relationships between communities in the country, commercial and cultural exchange, collaboration and support among Mexican-Respe ct and appreciation for the diversity of life forms and work • Equality of right s between Mexican-Freedoms of thought, expression, transit and civic meeting h olidays and customs - Civic Memorials: 15 and September 16, 1920 November - Trad itional Festivals: Day of the Dead, the inns, the new year - The national symbol s: the flag, the Coat of Arms and National Anthem. Narrative about its origin an d meaning Third grade entity in Mexico • The entity-Origin of its name and meani ng entity in Mexico -Location of the entity in the map of Mexico-The Mexican Republic: a federation of organizations • The organization is divided into municipalities, municipaliti es of the entity-ID of the municipality of residence and the organization's work to the satisfaction of individual needs and Collective • The dignity and import ance of work for the satisfaction of needs. Introduction to the concept of inter dependence-produced goods and services provided in the locality "The importance of working collectively and collaboratively to solve local problems: constructio n and repair of squares, gardens,€markets or road-Advantages and difficulties of working in group Rights and duties of members of the local-law to be respecte d and the duty to respect others, Right to participate in decisions on collectiv e problems, use and care of utilities (water, electricity, etc.), protection of the environment: soil, water and air The forms of organization in the town-Ide ntifying organizations involving people in the locality "The purpose of a social organization rules in social organizations and the local municipality • The are a is part of a municipality or political delegation "The municipality as a form of organization-The municipality: territorial space, population and government. The limits of the town-The town and municipality in the map of the entity-Commun ities belonging to the municipality The authorities of the municipality or mun icipal political delegation-president, trustee, officer or deputy municipal poli tician in the Federal District's main functions municipal authorities: to ensure compliance with the rules, managing public services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The rights of citizens in the town, right to elect and be elected "Elections in the municipality to integrate the City's government entity division of powers in the state-executive: the governor of the state-legislature: Local-Congress Judi cial branch: High Court of Justice of the State and the court system, the electi on of the government of the institution • The Constitution of the entity-Corresp ondence with the Constitution of the United Mexican States "His importance to th e social and political life in the state • The participation and organization of citizens in the state. Identification of social and political organizations inv olving citizens of the entity's population: diversity and interdependence • The population of the entity-Rural and urban population, ethnic groups and languages that exist in the entity-Main economic activities and occupations Population • Identification of cultural manifestations of the region and the country dances, food, clothing, crafts, songs, games and toys. Importance of knowledge and appre ciation of cultural diversity of Mexico • The diversity and interdependence amon g the population living in rural and urban locations-The exchange of goods and s ervices, cultural exchange, migration and immigration (causes, consequences and proposed solutions) Equal rights of Mexicans • The Constitution of the United Me xican States: a law that establishes rights and obligations of the Mexican and a pplies throughout the country The rights of all children, name and nationality -Right to be protected by the family and the rule against physical and mental a buse -Education and Health, Recreation and Leisure Mexico, Spain • The Border Mexican territory and political division "The entity in the map of Mexico • The federal government: the common government of the Mexican The national symbols: the Fl ag, the Shield and the National Anthem Mexico Fourth Grade, Federal Republic • T he federal agreement-The Constitution of the United Mexican States: supreme law of the Federation "The sovereignty of the states of the Federation • The federal government. The division of powers-executive: the president-legislature: Chambe r of Deputies and Senate-Judiciary: Supreme Court of the Nation The Constitution of the United Mexican States • The importance of setting and enforcing agreemen ts to social harmony. Examples related to family, school and the town • The Cons titution: fundamental and paramount law of Mexico-The Mexican equality of all be fore the Constitution-Law establishes the rights and obligations of all Mexicans , "Identification of general content : individual rights, social rights, structu re of government of the Republic and ways of integrating the rights of Mexicans The freedoms of expression, work, beliefs and printing The right of citizens to vote and be elected in positions of popular representation - In the municipa lity: aldermen, mayors and municipal president "in the entity: local representat ives and governor-in the country, deputies, senators and President The rights of children -Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959, institutions that protect child ren. Services provided by The wealth of the country Natural resources, nationa l heritage, "Identification of major natural resources of the region,€institutio n and country-Article 27 of the Constitution and the exploitation of natural res ources, importance of the rational exploitation of resources for preservation. T he protection of the environment • The work and wealth-production work in the co untryside and the city-The main economic activities of the popula-tion-The impor tance and dignity of all trades in the production of national wealth "Article 12 3 of the Constitution The rural and urban areas • The population-The population in urban and rural areas. Comparison of size-Ethnic Identification of Mexico's m ost populous cities, "The interdependence between rural and city The main prob lems of urban and rural populations" Meeting the needs of the population: food, housing, health, education and employment-migration from the countryside to the cities. "The main causes of population concentration in large cities. Causes and Consequences • The importance of organization and participation for the solutio n of the problems the media in the country The means of transport and communic ation channels "His importance to the relationship, the exchange and integration of different regions and entities of the country, "The role of mass media: news

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

papers, radio and television media as resources to express and difudir Mexican Reviews The freedom of expression and the right to information in Mexico Mexico a multiethnic and multicultural Features of ethnic and cultural diversity of Mexico-El mestizaje: fusion of va rious cultures, ethnic groups: elements of its history and cultural events-The l anguages used in Mexico • The Spanish and their regional variations in Mexico Languages Indigenous The freedom of thought, forms of manifestation and expressi on, the plurality of views and the need for tolerance, freedom of belief and the plurality of religions in Mexico The freedom, respect for human rights and tole rance as foundations of social life. The fight against discrimination Fifth grad e social coexistence and the importance of laws • The importance of rules and st andards for social • The participation of citizens in the lawmaking The functi ons of the laws, establish rights -Establish procedures and duties to administer justice, ensure coexistence and social peace • Equality before the law guarante es equal individual Rights: prohibition of slavery, equality of men and women before the law Terms of freedom: freedom of thought, expression and assembly, right to information rights of personal security, inviolability of the home-de tention only with a warrant and rights of the detainee-torture ban The individ ual rights are inviolable and inalienable under any circumstances • The protecti on of the rights of Mexican-Identifying bodies to seek and administer justice "O rganizations defending the rights of Mexicans. The National Commission on Human Rights Social Rights • The right to education "The education and illiteracy in Mexico. The importance of education for nationa l development, public education in Mexico. The Constitutional principles of Arti cle Third-The State's obligation to provide preschool, primary and secondary sch ools and the responsibility of parents and society in the work of education • Th e right to health. The fourth article of the Constitution, "Identification of so me major health problems in Mexico. Drug addiction and alcoholism as a health is sue, "The importance of preserving the ecological balance. Campaigns, programs a nd institutions responsible for health care in Mexico: government and nongovernm ental • The work-employment and unemployment in Mexico, Children working-labor r ights. Article 123, in Mexico unions rights of childhood, Convention on the Righ ts of the Child, 1989 (basics) The rights of citizens in history-France 1789: de claration of human rights and citizen-Decree Hidalgo-Morelos against slavery and feelings of the nation-The Reform Laws. Freedom of thought -1948: Universal Dec laration of Human Rights Mexico and the world.€Principles of international relat ions • The national sovereignty as the basis for Mexico's relations with other c ountries • The Mexican people's struggle for sovereignty, "The War of Independen ce" The fight against foreign invasions in the nineteenth century • The self-det ermination and international solidarity Sixth Grade The Mexican Republic The components of the state's land, people and government of Republic • Defini tion component substance of the Mexico-The states of the Federation, the Union's powers: the executive, legislative and judicial • The State Constitution Mexico ; supreme law of the Federation Sovereignty • The sovereignty resides in the peo ple. Article 29 of the Constitution • The democracy as a form of exercise of sov ereignty • The legislative process. The right to initiative Democracy as a form of government • The concept of democracy, "Procedures for the integration of the organs of our government. The elections, Method for making decisions and resolv ing conflicts peacefully The political parties as forms of organization and pa rticipation of citizens The conditions of democracy: respect for human rights and legality Justice is procurement and manage Supreme Court. Features Attor ney General's Office-Office of the State-operated • The right under the Constitu tion of 1917 Background of the Constitution of 1917: Constitutions of 1824 and 1857 • The Constitution of 1917 as a result of the Mexican Revolution Congress Constituent aspirations of the Mexican people in the Revolution: liberty, democr acy, effective suffrage, education, land and labor-Articles 3, 27 and 123 • The amendment to the Constitution, to amend sections Process-Identifying constitutio

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

   

nal Recent changes Constitution: Articles 3, 27 and 130 Mexico, a country with various cultural traits and social diversity of Mexico regional and social differences on the issues related to: development, social we lfare and satisfaction of social rights, ethnic groups and languages of Mexico. The Spanish and their regional variations. Indigenous languages, regional and na tional traditions. Miscegenation • The diversity of ideas, religions and politic al positions, the plurality of views and the need for tolerance, freedom of beli ef and religious pluralism in Mexico. Article 24 of the Constitution, parties an d social organizations and forms of citizen participation. The importance of str engthening democracy • The fight against racial discrimination, sexual social Th e freedom, respect for human rights and tolerance as the foundation of social co existence • The importance of civic participation and international relations Me xico The principles Mexico's relations with other countries, respect for natio nal sovereignty. The thought of Juarez: "Respect the rights of others is peace"the self-determination and international solidarity "Estrada Doctrine • The stru ggle for peace in the world, armed conflicts in the world today," The agreements between nations as a means of conflict resolution • The Organization of the Uni ted Nations peace efforts