VoIP About IP Telephony Ismael Paulo Santos Voice over IP An overview of the operation of VoIP Voice over IP, also

called VoIP, IP Telephony, Internet telephony, broadband tel ephony and Voice over Broadband is the routing of human conversation using the I nternet or other computer network based on Internet Protocol, making the voice t ransmission more one of the services supported by the data network. Companies pr oviding VoIP service providers are often called, and the protocols used to carry voice signals over an IP network are commonly called VoIP protocols There is ch eapening the cost due to using a single network to carry voice and data, especia lly in which users already have a network with underutilized capacity that can c arry VoIP at no additional cost data. VoIP to VoIP calls are generally free, whi le VoIP calls to public networks (PSTN) may have a cost to the user considers Vo IP to IP telephony bundling VoIP with other bundled services for telephony. [] Functionality VoIP can facilitate tasks difficult in traditional networks. Incoming calls can be automatically routed to the VoIP phone, regardless of location on the network . For example, you can take a VoIP phone for a trip, and where you connect it to the Internet you can receive calls, as long as the connection is fast and stabl e enough. The fact that the technology be harnessed to the Internet also brings the advantage of being able to integrate VoIP with other services such as video chat, instant messengers, file sharing and management of phone books. Be related to the Internet also means that the charges depend on the geodetic location and time of use, both the parameters used in collecting the fixed and mobile teleph ony, and whose values vary from carrier to carrier. Many VoIP packages include f eatures that in traditional networks would be charged separately, as the confere nce three call forwarding, automatic redial and caller ID. [] Reliability Phones are connected directly to telephone lines from telephone company, which i n case of power failure, are still functional through the use of power generator s support located at the central office. However, the VoIP equipment using domes tic broadband routers and other equipment dependent on electricity. Even if the electricity is available, the provider of Internet access may be unavailable. Wh ile the PSTN has matured through the decades of use and currently is considered reliable, most broadband networks are new. [] Quality of service Some broadband connections have a poor quality of transmission. When IP packets are lost or delayed somewhere in the network, there is a momentary drop in the v oice conversation. This is most noticeable in very congested networks or where t here are large distances between the points of connection. Some protocols have b een defined to support and report on service quality in VoIP calls, including RT CP XR (RFC3611), SIP RTCP Summary Reports, H.460.9 Annex B (for H.323), MGCP H.2

48.30 and extensions. [] Emergency calls The nature of the Internet Protocol makes it difficult to geographic location of users on the network. Emergency calls may not be so easily routed to the call c enter nearest you, and are impossible on some systems. However, VoIP systems may route emergency calls to non-emergency phone lines. [] Mobile Mobile phones are a technology of great use in the market, including being used to completely replace traditional phones. Therefore, it is unclear whether there is enough demand for VoIP among consumers until the wireless networks have simi lar coverage to cellular networks, enabling the use of mobile WiFi equipment hyb rids between the two networks are expected to make it that VoIP become more popu lar [2]. [] Security Most VoIP solutions do not yet support encryption, which results in the ability to hear others Chamdo or change its content [3]. A method of security is availab le through patented audio codecs that are not available to external audiences, m aking it difficult to understand what is being trafficked and protecting the con sumer. However, other areas of security through obscurity has not been successfu l in the long term due to groups of reverse engineering. Some companies use data compression to make others listen harder. However,€security through encryption and authentication is not yet widely available to the public [4]. [] Regulation There is still no consensus on the regulatory VoIP in the world. In Brazil there is still no discussion on the regulation of technology. The body responsible fo r regulation of telephony in Brazil is the National Telecommunications Agency (A natel), which is managed by the General Telecommunications Law, LGT. Brazilian l aw does not fit as a VoIP telecommunications service, but as value-added service , when you use part of the public telecommunications network. So the service is governed by Article 61 of the LGT [citation needed]. [] Position Anatel The portal is the FCC noted that VoIP is a set of technologies that use the Inte rnet or private IP networks for voice communications, replacing or complementing conventional telephony systems. The company does not regulate the technology, b ut the telecommunications services that make use of them. The voice communicatio n using Internet-connected computers - an application of this technology - is co nsidered Value Added Service is not necessary authorization from Anatel to suppl y them. In this context, the use of VoIP technology should be examined under thr ee main aspects. First, the voice communication made between two PCs using the s pecific program and audio capabilities of the computer itself - with limited acc ess to users who have such a program - is not a telecommunications service, but Value Added Service, according to international understanding. Second, the voice communication within a restricted corporate network or the network of a provide r of telecommunications services, transparently to the subscriber, made between

equipment which may include the telephone, is characterized as a telecommunicati ons service. In this case, approval is required for operation of telecommunicati ons service for own use or for provision to third parties. Finally, the voice co mmunication without restriction with access to other users of telecommunications services and specific numbering (object of control by the FCC) is characterized as a telecommunications service of collective interest. It is essential to perm it the Agency and the service must comply with the regulations. Analyzing programs for VoIP Want to save on phone calls using the Internet and does not know which program t o use? So here's an analysis with leading instant communication services with vo ice features, including Google Talk, MSN Messenger, Skype and Yahoo Messenger. O ne way to make free phone calls is currently using an Internet-connected compute r that has a microphone and speakers or headphones. We recommend that your conne ction type is broadband because, even though not a prerequisite, will offer bett er quality communication. Also you must download and install one of the major pr ograms that offer free calls. Skype, Google Talk, Yahoo and MSN Messenger are some of the programs most common ly used for voice communication via the Internet. Among these, it highlights Sky pe is currently one of the most widely used to use VoIP applications offered by Yahoo, MSN and Google also allow free calls, but Skype and Yahoo only allow call s to ordinary phones with low price. Once installed and registered the program, you need to add feathers contacts (people with whom we talk), which are active ( each system shows that in a way), we can call. In addition to being connected, y our contacts should be available, ready to receive calls. SKYPE This application most responsible for popularizing the VoIP technology is based on voice communi cation between two computers without the intervention of a telephone company, Sk ype has made it possible to make links between their users and / or landlines. I ts interface is simple and intuitive. Just double click the name of the person w ho is registered on the system to initiate the call or click on the call icon th at appears at the bottom of the program. Version 2.0 adds significant improvemen ts and a comprehensive package of novelties, among which stands out the possibil ity of online video. Thus, you can perform video conferencing. Skype also offers the possibility to make calls to landlines and mobiles anywhere in the world wi th prices much more affordable than those offered by traditional carriers. Moreo ver,€also provides service to receive voicemail messages when the user is not o nline. The address of the site in Portuguese Skype is http://www.skype.com/intl/ pt/. YAHOO MESSENGER Yahoo Messenger, like Skype offers free calls from computer to computer connections chance to landlines or mobiles anywhere in the world. T he connections between computers connected to the service are free, at least for now. To call with Yahoo Messenger, so select one and click on the icon or call double click on its name, which will open a new conversation and then press Call . In addition to its various call options, it also offers videoconferencing, sen ding files and photos or possibility of MultiConferências text. With animated i cons and formats of funds available in text chats, it was simple and adding new services, such as creating an own avatar (personal picture that is shown) and in tegration with the possibilities that Yahoo offers as search engine, radio, mail and news. The address of the site in Portuguese Yahoo Messenger is http://br.me ssenger.yahoo.com/. MSN MESSENGER, MSN Messenger is in the version 7.5 and at present only offers fr ee calls from computer to computer. It also includes video conferencing and voic e messages. You can also record a message up to 15 seconds that will be sent to your contact's computer instantly, just as sending a text message. Furthermore, it allows direct communication with Yahoo Messenger. To make calls through MSN M essenger is required right-click on the name of the desired contact, select the video and voice box and then click to start a voice conversation or double click on contact and click on voice. As Yahoo also integrated their own services, lik

e search through MSN, radio, mail, blogging etc. Only lack of resources to incre ase program for VoIP, making it feasible to also call telephone numbers and mobi le. The address of the site in Portuguese Windows Live Messenger is http://get.l ive.com/messenger/overview. GOOGLE TALK Of the programs mentioned in this articl e, Google Talk was the last to reach the market. Nevertheless, the delay in laun ching caused incorporate good voice feature, unlike its competitors veterans, wh o had to adapt as users have reported difficulties. Google Talk is characterized by simplicity and sobriety, a hallmark of all Google products. As with almost all instant messaging programs, it is necessary to associate an e mail to the user. In the case of Google Talk, this association is more complicat ed than with other programs, because you need a Gmail account (only available wi th an invitation to those who are already registered at Google.) Overcome this s tep, you must install the program and identify with the system. Finally, to phon e a contact available in the Google Talk you need only click on it and, in the n ew window that appears, click the Call button, when it will start the call. Ther e is nothing against to say about the quality of connections, but it is necessar y to emphasize that although a beta version (still in development), Google Talk is fully functional and quite dry for the most demanding. The address of the sit e in Portuguese Google Talk is http://www.google.com/talk/intl/pt-BR/.