Indexes: CARDINAL DIPOLE ANTENNA.

These are the technical specifications to buil d and test the antenna we have called "AN-DI-CAR": CARDINAL DIPOLE ANTENNA, whic h was designed specifically for DX Tropical Bands: 120, 90, 75 and 60 meters, bu t is also effective in the medium wave (MW) and Shortwave (SW) in general. This antenna has the following characteristics: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) is a directional anten na that has 4 elements (dipoles), each of which is directed toward the cardinal points: North (N), South (S ), East (E) and West (W). Is calculated to make comb inations of antenna elements with different tropical bands. According to the ava ilability of the experimenter can build for: ½, ¼, or 1 / 8 wave, depending on available space and therefore its budget. It can be installed horizontally or i n inverted "V" (45th), according to the available area for construction. Prefera bly you can place a central mast, and the smaller masts 4 corners if you want to build it with the angle. At the foot of the central mast placing a copper bar t o panic and make good ground contact. This antenna is designed only for reception. Do not forget to put insulators on each end of the dipoles. And an insulator must be placed in the center of the ma st or tower that isolates the antenna system of local noise or interference. Not e: do not know if this antenna can be used to transmit on amateur radio bands. ANTENNA SPREADSHEET indexes: Frequency Bands Total Length Ranges half wave of the fourth wave of the eighth w ave of Tropical Average Frequency. Antenna. (Lt). Total Length Total Length Tota l Broadcasting kHz (Fp). Khz. In meters (Lt). In meters (Lt). In meters (Lt). In Meters (SW) 120 Mts. 90 Mts. 75 Mts. 60 Mts. 2300 - 2600 3200-3500 3900 - 4100 4700-5100 2450 3350 4000 4900 122 44 89.55 75.00 61.22 61.22 44.78 37.50. 30.61 30.61 22.39 18.75 15.31 15.31 11.19 9.38 7.65 Formulas used in the spreadsheet: 1) Average frequency (Fp) = High Frequency Lim it - Lower Limit Frequency / 2 Fp = Ls - Li = 2600-2300 = 2450 kHz. February 2 2) Total length (Lt) = 300,000 / Fp = 300.000/2450 Khz. = 122.44 meters. 3) 1 / 2 wave = Lt / 2 = 122.44 meters / 2 = 61.2 meters. 4) 1 / 4 wave = Lt / 4 = 122.44 meters / 4 = 30.61 meters. 5) 1 / 8 wave = Lt / 8 = 122.44 meters / 8 = 15.31 meters. EXAMPLE: Assume: 1) 2) That we chose to build the antenna index of 1 / 8 Wave as total length, for reasons of space and cost. (See chart spreadsheet). We choose the tropical bands of 120 and 60 meters. We then, two crossed dipoles. A first dipole band was 15 120 meters, 31 meters in total length is 7.66 meters from the central axis to the end of the dipole. The other dipole would be for the band o f 60 meters and will have a total length of 7.65 meters, that is 3.83 meters fro m the central axis to the end of the dipole (the insulation). We address the ele ments of the dipole for 60 meters north-south, and the dipole for 120 meters eas t-west. From each of the cardinal points (N, S, E, W), come a drop cable to an a ntenna switch or swichera to make combinations (see graph no. 2). That is, the a ntenna will come Andic four (4) drop cable. Preferably suggest installing a cont inuous cable, from insulator (located at the end of the respective cardinal poin t) to the antenna swich, and try not to make any cut or tie the cord. You can no t use cable. 12 which has two solid strands and do not necessarily have to remov e the plastic liner when it is widespread in the dipoles. A fifth cable that com es directly from the earth that we place on the central base of the tower or mas t. This cable can be no. 10 and is connected to the chassis and radiorecptor swi chera if you bring the respective connection. The swichera must be located near the short wave radio receiver so that you can make combinations easier. This is just swichera a damper / lighter with 4 inputs or contacts that we use in our ho mes for the inner light, it comes with a metal box and that's where we will conn ect the ground wire. In the inner part of the swichera, placed by a

3) 4) 5) 6) side the four cables coming from the antenna and on the other hand get a single cable goes directly to the radio, preferably this should be a coaxial cable RG58 / U to prevent electrical noise and neon lamps at the reception. Figure 2: Ante nna Swich Vendor. Possible Combinations. Cardinal Combination Lengths: N + N + S N E W + Only + N E W S Only Combination. In Metros: 766 + 3.83 7.66 + 7.66 7.66 + 3.83 7.66 7.66 3.83 + 3.83 Combined Total Length. In Meters: 7.66 11.49 11.49 7.66 7.66 15.31 Equivalent Ba nd: 90 METERS. 120 METERS. 90 METERS. 60 METERS. 60 METERS. 60 METERS. RESULTS OF FIELD. So far we have constructed two sets of antennas. One located i n a rural area of Barinas State at the foot of the Andean Cordillera, with a mas t of 12 meters long and 1 / 8 wave length. The other was installed in the extrem e northwest of the island of Margarita in the Caribbean Sea, with the same speci fications. Here are our findings when making DX using indexes: 1) We have noticed a substantial improvement in the reception conditions in the tro pical bands, reaching to grasp even at 1:00 pm on Radio Quito, La Voz de la Capi tal from Ecuador in 4920 Khz., With a SINPO 35 333, with 5 to 7 decibels (dB) ga in!. Besides raising Brazil's 49-meter band as Radio Rio Mar of Manaus in 6160 k Hz with 10 kW in parallel with 9695 kHz with 7.5 kW. Another example was at 14:0 0 UTC at 10:00 am local time, when we grasp the Voice of Upano from Ecuador in 5 965 KHz with acceptable signal. As you will note, we can get stations from neigh boring countries in the daytime is impossible to hear due to the spread and the low frequencies they use. But we have also noticed a substantial improvement in the medium wave (MW 540-1700 kHz). Issuers of other states of Venezuela, Colombi a and areas bordering the Caribbean Islands, are recorded on the dial of the rec eiver!. Bahamas Local Radio sound in Margarita Island is one example. 1.630/Red Radio 92 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with good signal at night and early in Bari nas. With African broadcasters have also noticed an improvement. The band of 90 meters has been "closed" for a long time, has opened for us and even at 21:00 UT C on May 27 last we heard some radio broadcast there. The radio receivers we use d are: A Yaesu FRG7 (analog) that has given us excellent results, it is not a ra dio station and allows us to make adjustments. Too bad it's not digital!. Anothe r radio is a Sony ICF-2001d (digital) that has produced acceptable results, and the advantage is it has a frequency synchronous detector. The other receiver is a Kenwood TS440S transceiver which has also given us great abstractions, such as the last transmission of Radio St Helena in the month of October on 11092.5 kHz (which although not often in Banda Tropical ) which tune with 5-7 dB gain at 21 :30 UTC when they sent a special greeting to the members of the Friendship Club Diexistas who were listening. When we swichera combinations in both antennas as cardinal points, do not feel the change abruptly. But if you disconnect and reco nnect the Andic normal dipole antenna can see the difference in decibels or sign al strength. In other words are not directional as we supposed, but we start fro m the principle that any dipole antenna receives the signal in the opposite dire ction to the cardinal points to which it is addressed. For example: If we have t he indexes in East-West, will receive the signals coming from the North and Sout h with greater intensity. Hence we seek to be directive when using the combinati on swichera. Finally, we are interested in hearing your insights, criticisms and suggestions, but mostly they have built the Diexistas Andic. It is important to send us their insights to improve this idea we've had since 1984 which is only in 1999

2) 3) 4) 5) when we decided to build it. We are not experts in radio but experimenters but t he build and know that it works. From there we want to make it known to the worl d, this is our contribution for a hobby that we consider free and home. Diexistas Club of Friendship. FROM VENEZUELA ... LISTENING TO THE WORLD! Mr. Santiago San Gil González Jesus. C.DX.A - International. Paragraph 202, Barinas 5201-A. Barinas State. Venezuela . E-mail: americaenantena@hotmail.com Phone / fax: (073) - 5410574. (**) Note: A ll rights reserved. Legal Deposit ISBN - NB - 1991 to 1555. We authorize the rep roduction, provided you use the full text and mention the original source from w hich information is extracted.

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