History Invented in 1938 by Hungarian inventor and citizen journalist Argentina Laszlo Biro, with the help of his

brother Gero. In Argentina on 29 Sep tember, the day of his birth, we commemorate the Day of the Inventor. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imagen:Bol% C3% ADgrafo_marca_birome_I.jpg Commercial advertising in a magazine Argentina 1945, promoting the first pen Las zlo The story goes that he was upset by the conditions that caused him his fount ain pen when it is stuck in the middle of an interview and got the idea from wat ching his invention a while children played outside with balls. At some point on e of them went through a puddle and went out of the water by drawing a line on t he dry surface of the street. The difficulty of moving such a mechanism for a wr iting instrument was then residing in the inability to develop areas of a size s mall enough. With this idea Biro patented in Hungary in 1938, under British lice nse, one prototype. But it was never marketed. In 1940 he, his older brother, an d his partner and friend Meyn, who helped him escape Nazi persecution, emigrated to Argentina. The main reason why they had chosen as a destination was that in 1938, AgustÍn Pedro Justo, who was president of the nation, had invited him to settle in that country when by chance she met him at a time when Yugoslavia was doing Biro notes for a Hungarian newspaper. Just writing Augustine saw a prototy pe of the pen and amazed by this form of writing began to talk to him. Biro told him about the difficulty of obtaining a visa and Justo, who had not told him wh o he was, gave him a card with your name and occupation: president. On June 10 t he company formed Biro-Biro-Meyn. In a garage with 40 operators and with a low budget perfected his invention and released it to market under the br and name pen (acronym formed by the union of Biro and Meyn). At first the models were very expensive, competing on price with almost the Parker 51 fountain pen momento.ExistÍan more expensive at the various models: gold, gold coin jacket, silver, etc. platil. But the alternative "student" was what won numerous awards in the world and got to be cheaper to the public. Other problems in the beginnin g, was that the ink refill needed to be done by specialists, which was extremely uncomfortable and expensive .- Almost immediately took what were called the "sl ip tank" that permitiÍa extracted from the toe empty fuel tank and replace it w ith a nuevo.Cuando start promoting them spherographic pen name, proprietary name , and stressed that he was always loaded, dried in the act, allowed to make copi es with carbon paper, was unique for aviation and ink was indelible. . In this r egard, in his last interview before his death, Biro said, "My 'toy' $ 36 million left in the Argentine treasury, the country earned money by selling products of the land but not brain licensed its invention in 1943 in then extraordinary sum of $ 2,000,000, the manufacturer of fine writing instruments Eversharp, United States, which was acquired in turn by Parker Pen, which set up its plant in Arge ntina and its commercial offices in the occupied pen, and in 1951 Marcel Bich of France. The latter developed under the BIC, a low-cost pen which contributed gr eatly to the popularization of the invention. Such were the pen manufactured by the Biro brothers and Meyn In 1945 the Air For ce of the United States placed an order for 20,000 units. Biro had not patented his invention in the United States, leading to strong competition. In the same y ear Milton Reynolds developed his own model, and Franz Seech invented the ink dr ies on contact with air, trading as matte paper. The society formed by Biro and his partners went bankrupt, crippled by lack of funding and new inventions that were not commercially successful. A former supplier, Francisco Barcelloni, regar dless of developments Bich, tried to excite Biro pen to make a low cost. He fail ed to convince and settled on their own; improved the flow of ink and tested a t riple ball hard. Subsequently, Biro Barcelloni hired for the direction of the ne w plant, whose name was Sylvapen .Among other inventions designed a perfumer Biro using the same principle as the pen. Later, the same principle were created ball deodorants