Fabiola Hernández Licona SP200410030 Mr. Cristian Calix Professor o f Technology Management SUBJECT SECTION SUBJECT 18:01 Robotics DATE 03/02/1908 INTRODUCTION There are many jobs which people do not like to do, is already being dull or dan gerous, always going to try to avoid not to. The most practical solution was to force someone to do the job, that is called slavery and was used almost everywhe re in the world under the policy that the strong dominate the weak power. Now th e robots are ideal for jobs that require repetitive and accurate. One advantage for companies is that humans need rest, wages, food, sleep, and a secure area to work, not robots. Fatigue and boredom of humans directly affect the production of a company, the robots never get bored so your work will be the same since the company opened Robotics Robotics is a technology tree branch that studies the design and construction of machines capable of performing repetitive tasks, tasks in which high accuracy i s needed, work hazardous to humans or infeasible tasks without the intervention of a machine. The sciences and technologies that could be derived: algebra, PLCs , state machines, mechanics, electronics and informatics. ROBOTICS The definitio n adopted by the American Institute of Robotics Robot is internationally accepte d: reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools or special devices through variable programmed motions and allow you to p erform various tasks. Automatic device that performs functions normally performe d by men. Machine in human form The term "robot" is due to Karel Capek, who used it in 1917 for the first time, to name a few machines built by man and endowed with intelligence. Derived from "robotnik" that defines the slave labor. The Law s of Robotics In science fiction, the Three Laws of Robotics are a set of rules written by Isaac Asimov, which most robots of his novels and stories are designe d to meet. In this universe, the laws are "printed mathematical formulations on the trails positronic brain" of the robots (what we now call ROM). First appeare d in the book "Runaround" (1942), provides: 1. A robot may not injure a human be ing or, through inaction, allow a human being suffers harm. 2. A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law 3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protect ion does not conflict with the First or Second Law The three laws of robotics represent the moral code of the robot. A robot will a lways act under the constraints of his three laws. For all purposes, a robot wil l behave as a morally correct. However, it is possible to ask: Is it possible th at a robot violates any of the three laws? Can a robot "damage" to a human? Most of Asimov's robot stories are based on situations where despite the three laws, we could respond to the above questions with "yes." Parameters to classify Robo ts also powerful in the controller determines the usefulness and flexibility of the robot within the constraints of mechanical design and the ability of the sen sors. Robots have been classified according to their generation, their level of intelligence, his level of control, and level programming language. These rating s reflect the power of software in the controller, in particular the interaction of sophisticated sensors. For generation The generation of a robot is determine d by the historical order of development in robotics. Five generations are usual ly allocated to industrial robots: 1st Generation: The control system is based o n "fixed stops" mechanically. As an example of this first stage are the moving c lockwork music boxes or wind-up toys. 2nd Generation: The movement is controlled

by a sequential number stored on disk or tape. Generally, this type of robot us ed in the automotive industry and are large. 3rd Generation: They use computers to control and have a certain perception of their environment through the use of sensors.€With this generation begins the era of intelligent robots and program ming languages are for writing control programs. 4th Generation: It is highly in telligent robots with more and better sensory tracts, to understand their action s and capturing the world around them. Incorporate concepts of "exemplary" behav ior. 5th Generation: Currently in development. This new generation of robots based it s action primarily on established behavioral models. According to Generational A rchitecture Robots Play-back, which regenerate recorded a sequence of instructio ns, like a robot used in coating or spray arc welding. These robots typically ha ve an open loop control. Robots controlled by sensors, these have a closed loop control of movements handled, and make decisions based on data obtained by senso rs. Vision-controlled robots, where robots can manipulate an object by using inf ormation from a vision system. Adaptive control robots, where robots can automat ically reschedule their actions on the basis of data collected by the sensors. R obots with Artificial Intelligence, where robots use artificial intelligence tec hniques to make their own decisions and solve problems. Medical Robots mainly ph ysical disminuirdos prosthesis that fit the body and are equipped with powerful control systems. With them can match the body with precision movement and functi on of organs or limbs that supply. Androids, robots that look and act like human beings. The robots of today come in all shapes and sizes, but except for those appearing at fairs and shows, do not look like people and therefore are not andr oids. Currently, real androids exist only in the imagination and fiction films. Mobile robots, equipped with legs, wheels or caterpillar tracks that enable them to move under its programming. Produce the information they receive through the ir own sensors and systems are used in certain types of industrial facilities, e specially for the transport of goods in supply chains and warehouses. Robots are also used for such research in areas of difficult access or too distant, as is the case of space exploration and research or purchase submarines. For Level Intelligence Japanese Robot Association (JIRA) has classified the robo ts in six classes based on their level of intelligence manual handling devices c ontrolled by one person. Robots arranged sequence. Robots variable sequence, whe re an operator can easily change the sequence. Robots regenerators, where the hu man operator drives the robot through the task. Numerically controlled robots, w here the operator feeds the programming of the movement, until the task is taugh t manually. Intelligent robots, which can understand and interact with changes i n the environment. For Level Control Programs in the robot controller can be gro uped according to level of control or predictability engaged in ways to perform its function. Level of Artificial Intelligence, where the program will accept a command like "raise the product" and break it down into a sequence of low-level commands based on a strategic model of tasks. Level control mode, where the move ments of the system are modeled, for which includes the dynamic interaction betw een different mechanisms, planned trajectories and points allocation selected. L evels of servo systems, where the actuators control the parameters of the mechan isms with the use of internal feedback data from sensors, and the route is modif ied on the basis of data obtained from external sensors. All fault detection and correction mechanisms are implemented at this level. On the Programming Languag e In the final classification is considered level programming language. The key to effective implementation of robots for a wide variety of tasks, is the developm ent of high-level languages. There are many robot programming systems, although most of the art software is found in research laboratories. The robot programmin g systems fall into three classes: guided systems, in which the user drives the robot through the motions to be made. Systems-level robot programming, in which the user writes a computer program to specify the motion and sensing. Systems-le

vel programming task,€in which the user specifies the operation by their action s on the robot manipulates objects. Types of robots CONCLUSIONS Robotics is a concept of public domain. Most people have an idea of what the rob ot knows its applications and the potential it has, but do not know the origin o f the word robot, have no idea of the origin of useful applications of robotics as science. Robotics as we know it today has its origins thousands of years ago. We will rel y on facts recorded by history, and begin clearing robots were formerly known as automata, and robotics was not recognized as a science, it is more, the word ro bot came long after the origin of automata . BIBLIOGRAPHY