WIND GENERATOR MADE OF WOOD.

THE A-X This is an authorized translation of the article "AX Danfa's Wood", written by p eople otherpower. We have received many messages on the occasion of a generator to produce last ye ar virtually built in wood and generating about 100 watts. This project was most ly to demonstrate the ability to make a generator of wood and its possibilities of generation. This time we present a generating triple. It is also almost all m ade of wood except for the rotor, the municioneras and shaft. The alternator is an axial design and comes to constitute a smaller version of the Volvo alternato r presented in another article. Generates 200 watts in winds of 45 MPH that make s it the most powerful in the world but its cost is easy to manufacture and effe ctive. MATERIALS USED: • • • • • • • • A shaft of 12 "x ¾" (Try to get stainless steel) A record (gear) or steel plate 5 ½ "diameter Two municioneras ¾" mounted their bearings (Aim for tapered bearings to withstand lateral forces). Approximately 1 kilo winding wire 18 AWG 12 magnet NdFeB (Neodymium Iron Boron) 1 "diameter and 3 / 8" thick woods several resin or epoxy resin fiberglass work several screws and linseed oil. First carve a channel one "for about 1 / 8" deep into gear. The appropriateness of this channel manifold: it prevents the escape of your site magnets at high sp eeds of rotation of the rotor and provide us a place equidistant from the center . In any case, these magnets must be spaced with their center to thirty degrees from each other and with their north and south poles alternating. Lugo correctly placed the epoxy paste tin resistance. The stator (the part on which the coils are placed and which does not move) is m ade of wood with two wooden plates 6 "with a 1" hole in the center to allow the passage of the shaft. The stator also has a channel to place strips of metal. Th is channel has an internal diameter of 4 ½ "and one external 5 3 / 8" and ½ "dee p. The lamellae are strips of sheet thickness No. 20 ½ "wide and 4" long. Each slid e must be isolated from the neighboring tape. Its purpose is to increase the mag netism of the magnets in front of them eliminating the occurrence of parasitic c urrents. Try to make the field of compact lamellae. When the 4 "no more fit, cut and inse rt minor measures with a small hammer. Be very patient, as this work is laboriou s because it is to handle inmates on soft resin flakes sticking everywhere. Once you are satisfied with their work, add a good amount of resin on the gills and the stator so as to protect himself against the elements and avoid circuits betw een the lamellae and coils. A circuit like this one of two coils with the washer s will damage the alternator. We need 12 coils that are set up the slides in an arc of 30 degrees each. The wi nding consists of a handle with a template (which is rolled up on reels) and a l id that is secured with a nut. The handle holds in one hand and with the other c oil is wound. Finally, remove the cover to slide the coil out from the template. The picture below shows the bobbin with a coil over. Each coil has 40 turns of w ire N0. 18 AWG. Notice in the center of the template plastic bobbin, but may be of wood. Before removing each coil, in reconnect them with tape to keep torch to loosen and terminals slightly. To place the coils in place, mark the arc should occupy in the stator. You can a lso carefully place the rotor on the stator with the coils and make each under a magnet. This is a job that requires care and precision. Avoid creating circuits

. Once you have set your coils to the stator, cover with a generous layer of resin . Cover with waxed paper and stator coils covering with a sheet of flat material (wood, for example) make a strong pressure on the coils so as to make them as t hin as possible. In our alternator we bring it to ¼ "thick. We are trying to get the distance between the magnets and the lamellae is minimized. As this distanc e increases, the less efficient the generator. Once the coils are set into place almost finished with the generator, since we only need the base. Ours is 2 ½ "t hick and 6" wide. The bearings are bolted to this base€which also look to the st ator base. The rotor is set at one end of the shaft, which through the stator is supported on the bearing at the other end of it. We must remember that the armature is made of very strong magnets and are attrac ted by the lamellae. This requires using a very thin spacer between the magnets and coils (We use an old CD) while we set the bearings and prevent the stator we move the site that finally we will assign. After tightening the set the spacer can be removed. Click piecework key on the shaft to prevent the armature or move , nor the same axis in the bearings. The latter is achieved by rings of security . The reason for using a CD was his ideal thickness to provide a small empty air space and precise. WIRING ALTERNATOR Due to the smallness of its armature, the coils of the alternator are connected in series in order to achieve lower cuttin g speed. But their placement is still following turn clockwise and the next one backwards. The magnets are N, S, N, S, etc. .. ROTOR Our rotor blades is two, 48 "long with a drop of 5 degrees in the extreme. The table is 1 "thick and 6" wid e. They also have a width of 2 "on their toes and 4" in the nucleus, which widens i n the center up to 6 ". The fall in the core will be much like a piece of wood 1 "x 4" permit. Almost all PASP gin can be made with a mechanical or carpentry with a brush. Onl y in the nucleus is necessary to use chisel. Make some cuts in the wood saw anything less than the depth required and using a wood chisel easily be separated. Enough to finish the job a rasp and sandpaper. With two holes in the middle rotor will post this to your site. Rotor balancing is quite simple: Set in the middle of a horizontal axis and observe the trend h as to stop at the same site. With small pieces of lead swinging until it will no t stop turning at any particular site. You can also remove heavy wooden side. In the tests started generating winds of 20 KPH, but then were kept turning until the wind speed dropped to 15 KPH. Generation curves appear in the following grap h: