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JOHANNES KAUFMANN

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Parasitic Infections
of Domestic Animals
A Diagnostic Manual

Springer Basel AG
5Stages on the body surface

many countries sheep scab is a notifiable


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disease and controlled by the national


veterinary authorities.
Geographie distribution: World-wide
Symptoms: Continuous scratching and rub-
bing occurs in affected flocks. Wool breaks
may occur, leaving the skin exposed.
Depression, loss of appetite, weight loss
and death can occur in heavy infestations.
Significance: Psoroptic mange is highly conta-
gious and spreads rapidly in flocks. Wool
loss, weight loss and death may cause enor- Fig. 373 Skin fissures caused by Psaroptes avis;
mous losses throughout the world in sheep these wounds are often complicated by myiasis
rearing enterprises.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis is based on identifi- Psoroptes caprae
cation of mites in skin scrapings.
Therapy: Ivermectin (200 pg/kg, sc.) is effec- Remarks: Some authors consider P. caprae to
tive against psoroptic mange in sheep, al- be a valid species of goats. Psoroptic mange
though 2 injections with 7-day interval are of goats (ear mange of goats) especially of
required to eliminate mites. One injection some breeds (Angora goats) in some parts
is effective against Sarcoptes spp. and Pso- of the world is considered to be Psoroptes
rergates spp. A single dipping in toxaphe- cuniculi, wh ich is known to infest the ears
ne (0.5-0.6%) eliminates all mites that of domestic rabbits. Any of the acaricides
affect sheep except Psoroptes ovis. Other approved for use as sheep dips will elimi-
approved dips effective against Psoroptes nate ear mange of goats.
ovis and Chorioptes ovis are coumaphos
(0.3%) and phosmet (0.2-0.25%), diazi- Chorioptes ovis Chorioptic mange,
non, fenvalerate and flumethrin. It is of "leg mange", "foot scab"
fundamental importance that the entire
flock is treated. Location: Chorioptic mange is most often
Prophylaxis: DE CATTLE, . 5.1 Psoroptes bovis found on the hindlegs and between the
(Figures 372, 373) toes, or on the seroturn of rams.
Hosts: Sheep
Species description: This is the most frequent
type in sheep. General genus description is
given in CA TTLE, 5.
Geographie distribution: World-wide
Symptoms: Infested sheep scratch and rub
their feet. Localized scabs may be seen. The
lesions are less severe and localized than in
Psoroptes ovis infections.
Significance: Foot scab is not a major problem
in sheep raising, but chronic infections of
flocks may cause considerable indirect los-
ses, due to restlessness, scratching, weight
losses and secondary skin infections.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis is based on identifi-
Fig. 372 infested with Psaraptes avis; initiallesians ca ti on of mites in skin scrapings.
on the back Therapy: DE above Psoroptes ovis

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