Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.

org "Photographic Film and Afro-Colombian Chocó" Technological University of Chocó M anagement Scholarship Archives and Documentation Centres Audiovisual Ministry of Culture National Program Incentives for creation and research VISUAL MEMORY OF CHOCO: A VIEW FROM HERITAGE "Photography is a drop of suspended time, word on the edge of silence, language of the moment. As word can be spell, invocation to open the book of secrets. As a language, can transform our vision of reality. Photography is the wonder of th e moment, one is light footprint "By: Gonzalo Diaz Cañadas Technological Univers ity of Chocó Many events in the life of Chocó in the last century, have emerged from oblivion and obscurity of libraries and archives and return to live stories with the Afro Colombian photographic archive, which constitute a rich photograp hic material emerged from various sources, subjects and times, which have been c ollected and systematized in an orderly manner, allowing viewing and support, hi storical aspects of the region, which starts counting White and black. For regio nal and local history are supremely useful photographs of famous people and anon ymous, family or social groups, the events or festivals, rallies, parades, proce ssions, where they present the different kernels población.ètnicos, cultural, po litical . We also are valuable for this story Territories photos, panoramic and aerial photographs, buildings, streets, plazas, factories, farms, environment, a reas that include land uses, objects, tools. Also for those activities or family events where only the camera witnesses: ordinary daily life of the other accoun ts that do not fuentes.2 February 1 Colombia magic, Diego Samper Ramirez, Editorial Colina, Medellín, 1993. Territor y Culture, Photography and its uses, Federico Medina Cano. 1 Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.org Consistent with the historical and social development this proposal arises from the department of Chocó, with a national projection that could be approached fro m the Line of Memory and Heritage Research, focuses mainly on the recovery and s trengthening of visual memory and cultural identity. The aim with this work: lis tening to the story in the Chocó from the perspective of African cultural expres sions Chocoano, photography and video documentary penetrating the lives of the p rotagonists-travelers, tourists and nativosque have been expressed through vario us techniques, forms and languages. Despite the lack of care, library and archiv es in the Choco, climate, humidity and the constant fires that have struck more than once the major cities Quibdó, Condoto, Istmima, Bagadó, this research, whic h starts Gonzalo Díaz journalist since 1998, and organizations like human veins Foundation, with support from IIAP, the UTCH, has been able to find striking ima ges of Chocó and their companies or in different files, families, libraries, med ia, professional and amateur photographers. There have been many people who have come as tourists, visitors or passing, that shaped their experiences through ph otos of the time, amateur photographers, professionals and artists here have ins pired and captured the loyalty of this image Choco contours and textures, green rivers and people, black, white, indigenous, mestizo most strongly here is mixed , giving fruits of cultural diversity, rich in ancient customs of settlements, c ompanies, production practices, daily life that sequence, we are marking the pat h where generations have passed in the search for a better future for the region . A wealth of photographs found in various publications, books, magazines and ne wspapers, which have consistently been in the exotic Choco multiple themes to re create and portray. Also for those activities or family events where only the ca mera witnesses: Daily life of the ordinary that can not account other sources. T he history of the Chocó in photos Many events in the life of Chocó in the last c

entury, have emerged from oblivion and obscurity of libraries and archives do st ories become alive with the Afro Colombian photographic archive, which constitut e a rich photographic material emerged from various sources, subjects and period s, which have been collected and systematized in an orderly manner€allowing you to display and support, this region's historical importance, here begins on blac k and white. There have been many people who have come as tourists, visitors or passing, that shaped their experiences through photos of the time, amateur photo graphers, professionals and artists here have inspired and captured the loyalty of this image Choco contours and textures, rivers and people green onions, black , white, Indian, mixed with greater force here has been mixed, giving fruits of cultural diversity, rich in ancient customs of bends, societies, productive prac tices, daily life that sequence, we are marking the path where generations have passed in the search for a better future for the region. 2 Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.org A wealth of photographs found in various publications, books, magazines and news papers, which have consistently been in the exotic Choco multiple themes to recr eate and portray. The contribution of the paper complements this search Citará t he contribution made by the newspaper Citara to make available its photographic archive to extract from the those cultural manifestations that identifies afroch oanos. In this medium is recorded from 1992 to 2006, various public events and p olitical in nature ranging from presidential visits, governors, events, social m ovements, organizational environment. This media except witnessed the struggle o f many leaders, peasants, and popular sectors by ethnic and territorial rights o f black communities which culminated in the recognition as ethnic groups in the constitution of 1991 and further to the issuance of Law 70 / 93, and subsequent deliveries of collective title, made the ones that are documented in the file, a s actual inputs for the study of successful claims by afrocololombianos. This se lection of 500 digital photos transferred to this project, contains visual aspec ts that have to do with the main characters of the stories, cultural activities, transportation, economy, sports, society, environment, rivers, fauna, flora and handicrafts. A political-administrative level is done dune photographic exhibit ion of the 31 municipalities in the department of Choco, on geography, housing, urban planning and architecture, society, traditional festivals, church, landsca pe, tourism, children, women, mining, etc.., A journey by basins and regions, ec osystems and cultural diversity, a trip around the Chocó, cultural attractions, traditions, historical sites, all within reach of research and memory, with just one clip. They call the attention of the gallery, Delivery of collective title from the first to the last, Don Vicente Romagna "El Pollo" disguised as Spanish Viceroy, with Doña Lola Halaby Rengifo reading the side of San Pacho, symbolic a ct, a habit that was opening the festivities. Events, meetings and conventions o f political parties, artists and personalities from the entertainment, sports, w ood stove in the woods, canoe, means of transport for 40% of the population to m ove to their daily chores, gear fishing, the mountains, the hills, swamp, inhabi ted spaces and afrocohocoana culture is recreated in permanent contact with natu re. Social movements recorded during the past century in Quibdó, national resona nce in 1957, 1967.2003, with demands for water and electricity, roads, education , health, appear in the register as witnesses attics of the just claims and grie vances that were possible for the region at the point of arrests. Characters: Fr om every nuance from the chiefs, to humble miners, farmers, boatmen and laborers , doctors in ties, white collar and no shirt. There are plenty of characters cal led typical, there is no shortage in the quaint village as the Chocó, some of th em, suffering from head, other results 3

Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.org defective human nature and lived here are part of this crazy town ... File photo This is an investigation that involved the process of identification, location, recognition, collection, inventory and systematization of information scattered across the country. It is not the same to this type of work in cities like Bogo ta, Cali and Medellin, where availability of files and sources to do it in the C hocó where environmental conditions€fires or official neglect have deprived the department and communities in many of the documentary sources, and thus, much of the memory. The persistent work to overcome any such situation and make a syste matic scan of various materials to achieve a complex picture. It is worth mentio ning the relationship between the researcher and the academic and social Quibdo, to achieve from the same investigation, socialization, and the inclusion of stu dents as assistants, which predicts the recognition of work and the possibility of continued or new phases to allow staff more qualified for development. The Ph oto and Film Archives of Chocó, is made up of 14 000 photographs in digital medi a, of which 3000 were selected for a Multimedia CD, according to historical stan dards, aesthetic and documentary, taking as its starting point a picture of the people of Istmina in 1899, after which the roll begins to trace the history thro ugh photography, which involves the work of photographers and image notaries, wh ose life stories recover forgotten and unknown validity and recognition for his work . These old people placed their hopes artisans and crystallized by freezing moments in noble professions and complacent in the indelible record time. That pleasure is to feel the need to thread at this very moment, the testimony of the se veteran actors who made a portrait in Chocó. The multimedia, photographic and film archive Afrocolombian - Chocó, has six components. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Photogra phic Memory Overview Choco Choco Heritage Film images of Afro-Colombians in Choc ó Colombia Photographic memory is divided into the following categories: 1. crafts 2. Socie ty 3. culture 4. biodiversity 5. Tourism 6. architecture 7. afrochocoanos 8. Eco nomy 9. Mining 10. churches 4 Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.org 11. 12 characters. Apart from the above people includes corresponding chips for each of the photographs and documents about the history of photography in the Ch oco, photographers and a general survey of photography from the Administration t o date. The last part includes a paper on Afro-Colombians as a complement and co ntextualization. Have also been designed and produced 15 thematic posters or pos ter and photo exhibition to be displayed on the move in Quibdo and other municip alities in the department. The film archive audiovisual As this work has been ab le to cover and recover the first film and video productions occurring in the Ch ocó, theaters, movies, drivers, ie what has been the history of cinema and its a ctors, who enter scene from 1929 with the brothers Acevedo, who remain in the 50 priests Claretians and consolidated in the 60s with the recording of the film " Bitter Earth" on the streets of Quibdo. Begin the process of repatriation of cop ies of this material, which serves as a foundation to the Afro Colombian library , with the acquisition of the first 50 records in CD and VHS formats and an inve ntory of 55 records to be managed and acquired with the Ministry of Culture . It is also urgent to visualize, review, documentation and acquisition of digital c opy or DVD of the entire file on the Chocó Heritage Foundation relies on the Nat ional Film made by the first news in Colombia as Teletigre, news programs, docum entaries delivered FOCINE custody to the FPFN and in many cases where the origin al files just edited out the images, for the photographic archive management has a system of classification, documentation and systematization in a database, in

tellectual property VIZTAZ Foundation " The Image Workshop "provided for the pro cess of organizing and assembling the Multimedia CD, which condenses in an organ ized and carefully documented the Film Archive and Afro Colombian Chocó. This do es not mean that future file, adopt its own coding system and systematization, e specially if the Technological University of Chocó through the Center for Docume ntation and Afro Cultural Expressions, adopted a virtual platform with a self se rved, which are available at Web all information, including the Photographic and Film Afro-Colombian Chocó, an issue on which there are already new experiences as adopted by the Historical Archive of the Valle del Cauca or classification sy stem for audiovisual information that manages the Film Heritage Foundation Winis is a National System.Version 5 CDS / ISIS for Windows, Leaning on the Bibliograp hic Information System of the Economic Commission for Latin America - ECLAC and Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. Heritage and Memory The journey so far and rec ently updated is a good sign, because it has an inventory of sources, tracks, da ta, media and archives, not only in Colombia, but abroad, to travel, visit, ther e are multiple and require 5 Exhibition and International Conference on Archives (Excol'07) 23 to 27 May, 200 7. Bogotá (Colombia) www.documentalistas.org more time and resources for the acquisition, purchase of materials research, in towns and cities has impacted the ethnic afrococolombiana. The University throug h the Center for Documentation and Afro-Colombian cultural expressions already h as a digital photographic archive and a permanent photographic exhibit a signifi cant sample visual heritage. As an educational institution does and should give support to the nascent File, legal, infrastructure, equipment, logistics and per sonnel, and strengthen him projected as a reference not only consultation, visit s, extension, but as a valuable tool for Social Research, which serves to refres h your memory. A similar implication is for the local academic community and inv igorate must necessarily take this project as part of the process of self recogn ition and recognition of historical and cultural particularities, which have ari sen primarily from the Constitution of 91 The recovery process requires visual m emory of suffering, of people and enthusiastic researchers with readings learned , as work undertaken in all municipalities Afro, a task that can be developed fr om school, academic, social processes, the NGOs and research as a way to begin t o surface, to know from the past into the present. There is not any doubt that f rom this study further research, in terms of historical understanding, the ethno logical and anthropological studies, assessments and environmental economic part ners, will have to have him as a point of reference. It has delivered a special virtue: this is a closed or open, not closed. I compiled in the media, despite i ts size, is only part of the entire collection of documents that will serve rese archers and the community. For understanding and self-recognition is the graphic file, photo and audio, of which only 10% is included. The recovery process of t he Afro Colombian visual memory, we have initiated by the department of Chocó, g ives us a basis on which to operate and build the photo archive and film, as a u nit for documentation and consultation that requires an ongoing process research and new records that correspond to national cultural project Afro Colombian. Th e work has a projection, in this sense, beyond the academic spaces to convene th e general public and the media or exposure. This ability to reach schools, colle ges, social groups, among others, the approach will allow many communities to ge nerate value processes, critical eye, questioning ownership and the way in which society has been formed and has been modeled so far its history. There is, in s hort, an enormous potential for social projection from the performance or from t he documentary. 6