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com by Gerardo Sanchez DURANGO STATE GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SECRETARIA T FOR MANAGEMENT OF BASIC EDUCATION "A" DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL SECONDARY EDUCAT ION Head of Technology Education Technical High School No. 62 Ponciano Arriaga s / n Col. Benito Juárez Tel 8130734 FIELD OF ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES TO SUPPORT THE PRODUCTION WORKSHOP COMPUTERS SH EET REGIONAL STAGE Sheet name: HARD DRIVE Author: Rodrigo Alonzo Advisor: Gerardo Sánchez Nájera Date: February 2008 1 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez CONTENTS TITLE PAGE HISTORICAL SOCIAL ASPECT ORIGIN ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... DEVELOPMENTS ........... ...................................... ......................................... ......... ............. SOCIAL IMPACT .......................................... ...... .................................................. .. IMPLICATIONS ...... ........................................... .................................... .............. . April 3 May 5 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS 1. PURPOSE FUNCTIONALITY FOR WHAT WAS BUILT .................................... ....... .......... POSSIBLE USES AND SCOPE ..................................... ....... ...... UTILITY FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH THE SATISFACTION OF THE NEED 2 . STRUCTURE IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES TO OBJECT comprising ................. . GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION ................................................ .... .......................... CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... ORIGIN OF MATERIALS ... ... ... ... ... .. .. ... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... ... ... GENERAL PROPERTIES ... ... ... ... . .. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES .. ............................................. ............................. MAIN TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE .................. 3. EXTERNAL OPERATION ........ ....................................... ............................. STRENGTH A ND TYPES OF ENERGY TO DO THE WORK SCOPE ..... APPLICATION OF PRINCIPLES OF SCIEN CE ............................................ ...... ......................... ...................... Innovation proposals ......................... 10 10 11 1 1 6 7 8 8 8 9 9 5 6 6 2 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez -HARD-DISK History-Social Aspect ORIGIN. Even before the advent of commercial electronic computers (1951), was already a need for mass storage. In the mid-nineteenth century, punch cards were used as r ecipient of the information that was introduced in the mechanical calculators an

d other machines of the time. In the early 40's of this century, the vacuum tube was to be used for data storage, taking advantage of its switching capacity and , therefore, the ability to save them bits and early 50's, magnetic tapes began to replace punch cards. Shortly after magnetic drums appeared in 1957 as a compo nent of the IBM RAMAC 350, was launched the first hard drive. 50 discs were requ ired then 60 cm in diameter each, only 5 mb to store information at the time was more than enough to meet the needs of business. For decades, hard drives were s till enormous and expensive units, but in the early 80's with the personal compu ter revolution, was made a major change in these devices. Early hard drives used in personal computers were 5.25 inches (extremely small considering the previou s designs), with a storage capacity of 5-10 mb, more than enough then. When IBM released the PC / IBM XT, but the hard drives were not considered a standard com ponent in personal computers (floppy disks used to record the operating system, application programs and files), offered the possibility of including as an adde d 10 mb hard drive This option was very expensive but also very attractive to fi rms, the same capacity as in previous years would have cost tens of thousands of dollars. 3 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com hard drives therefore have shown a rapid evolution that is expressed in increasing storage capacity, faster data access and reducing its size, it is worth noting The principle of operatio n remains the same but improved. EVOLUTION. When IBM launched its first hard drive on September 13, 1956,€few could have en visioned the impact it would have on our daily lives. The RAMAC (also known as t he Random Access Method of Accounting and Control) was the size of two refrigera tors and weighed a ton. It required a separate air compressor to protect the hea ds, had discs the size of pizzas and could store 5 megabytes of data - an enormo us amount at that time. Currently, you can do all this with a simple handheld un it. 25 years later, he invented the first hard drive for personal computers. Usi ng the MFM encoding method, had a capacity of 40MB and a data transfer rate of 6 25 KBps. A later version of the ST506 interface moved to the RLL encoding method , providing an increased storage capacity and processing speed. IBM technology w as a milestone on 12 August 1981 with the launch of its first personal computer - the IBM 5150. Just had a memory of 16K - just enough for a small number of ema ils. It is difficult to conceive that even the late eighties, was considered a g enerous 100MB memory. Today this would be totally inadequate, just enough to ins tall the operating system without a large application like Microsoft Office. As a result of these important advances, the industry has grown from several thousa nd hard drives a year in the fifties to more than 260 million units in 2003. Cur rently, the standard unit of computer 3.5-inch screen can store up to 750 gigaby tes (GB) of data. 4 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez SOCIAL IMPACT. Even before the advent of commercial electronic computers (1951), was already a need for mass storage, for which a man was seen in the need for such devices whi ch had great impact on global society as it allowed store more data but the firs t hard drives were huge, but now are smaller and much larger amounts of memory w hich was much more shocking to society. IMPLICATIONS. Hard drives are ready to be even smaller, more efficient and less expensive, the units contain hundreds of gigabytes and will be small enough to wear as jewelry

. "You will get every album and song I have ever bought, every picture taken, ev ery tax return" Having five hard drives in your home is becoming increasingly co mmon: computers, laptops, video game systems, equipment TiVo ® video, iPod ® to name a few. Experts believe that one day the homes have up to 15 units, some of which appeared on their television, phone or car. In fact, the industry is e xpected to deliver as many units over the next five years as it did in the past 50 years. Industry analysts such as Gartner, IDC and TrendFOCUS believe the glob al market will continue to experience hard drive impressive growth and income. 5 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez Scientific and Technical Dimension FUNCTIONALITY. The main function of a hard disk is to allow the saving of large amounts of data inside the computer. POSSIBLE USES AND SCOPE. Homes Offices Schools Application Example In all these areas it has computers wh ich also has hard drives for saving information. FREQUENCY OF USE OR PROFIT IN CONNECTION WITH THE SATISFACTION OF THE NEED This technical object is in direct proportion to the satisfaction of the need is increasing, because every human being has in their homes, schools, offices, etc . At least a computer, because having a computer is necessary to save data and t o do a hard disk. 6 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez STRUCTURE. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PARTIES up the object. No. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) Motor Plate Part Drawing Boards magnetic he ad actuator arm Preamplifier read / write coil actuators "voice coil" parked Lev er Assembly Cover basic 7 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez Graphic representation. 8 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MATE RIALS. ORIGIN OF THE MATERIALS. Plastic Aluminium Copper Materials Inorg. x x x Org. Renov. Not to renew. Minera l x x x x x x Animal Plant PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS USED. General Properties The properties depend on the total amount of matter in the body are called gener al properties, among them are the shape, size, weight, temperature. Gral Mass Volume Property

Definition Amount of matter contained in a body. It is measured in (kg) place or area occup ied by a body in space. It is measured in (m3). The volume not only depends on t he amount of material, but also temperature gravitational force that Earth exert s on all bodies. Is proportional to the mass Which expresses the hard drive though on a scale. It is the place of hard disk s pace. Weight It is the force of gravitational attraction exerted by earth on the disc. It man ifests itself by moving or at rest Inertia Quality that have the bodies to preserve the state of rest or motion in a straig ht line until it found an external force acted upon property that has the bodies to split into ever smaller pieces Divisibility Very unlikely that could damage or break the deal somewhere with no porosity nor mal because its aluminum and plastic is very dense atomic structure Porosity property of matter that is to present pores or voids MANUFACTURING PROCESS. 9 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND TECHNIQUES. System Union Technique Bolt Assy Painted Enameled Soldier Which expresses In assembling the internal parts and external hard drive. Solder electrical comp onents that make up the hard disk. Join the parts of the disk. Whole object is p ainted to give technical presentation. It is covered with enamel paint applied t hroughout to polish and protect paint Fold to shape the aluminum and plastic. Covering Conformation Bent TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF PURPOSE. No Description Features 1 Tools Function Prepare the hard drive parts and assemble the components. OPERATION.

The information is written and read by a magnetic head read / write assembly hou sed in the head assembly. An actuator arm that holds this assembly in place, is positioned by two magnets, one above and one below, these plates are called "mag netic plates, and 10 by Gerardo Sanchez http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com function is to control the movement of the actuator arm across the platter surface. This movement, in sync with the rotation of the plate, allowing the read / write access to specific poi nts of the magnetic surface. The signals that reads or writes the head are ampli fied by the preamplifier Read / write same, together with the coil actuator and associated connectors, shapes the "voice coil" near this lever is parked . When the unit is turned off, this lever keeps the read / write in the "landing zone", a place of safety at the plate that do not store any information. All these com ponents are contained in an assembly base (j) and a cover (k), which are sealed in a totally clean in this way is isolated dust and other contaminants that can damage or destroy the unit. 11 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez STRENGTH AND TYPES OF POWER, which causes the function object. ENERGY MECHANICS DEFINITION The mechanical energy is created or generated when an external power source feed s the mechanical device and spinning, fast forward, rewind, etc.. Electricity is called the form of energy that results from the existence of a potential differ ence between two points, which allow an electric current between them-when you p ut them in touch through an electrical conductor, and get hard. Which expresses By moving the levers or arms drive ELECTRICAL The energy that operates the hard disk. work. Potential energy is Inside the hard disk is a potential that is stored at the plate that rotates to become operational by lifting, loading, moving, which is loaded with potential energy. or rotate, etc. 12 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE All compound machine is built for simple machines, in this case are as follows: Principle Lever Shaft Pulley Which expresses Gears internal hard disk. They argue hard disk platters. The levers on the disc. PROPOSALS FOR INNOVATION Proposal Smaller Possible Application

In the future hard drives will be even smaller and have greater memory capacity. 13 http://puntadiamante.blogspot.com by Gerardo Sanchez If you liked the work and you feel that more people may be helped by this ... .. . Share with other friends by introducing them to the following web address: htt p://Puntadiamante.blogspot.com or page is Scribd account http://www.scribd.com/p eople/view/139290-gerardo-snchez-n-jera puntadiamante similar jobs If you want t o share you can send to the following addresses: mmassters@yahoo.com.mx puntadia mantes@yahoo.com . mx 14