introduced into the epidermis of certain substances. The mechanism of action was discovered by Luigi Galvani. Based on the electrolyt ic properties of certain chemical compounds found in the skin could be made. From there to honor his name at times to be called galvanic vehicle driver. For iontophoresis takes place, it must have a device that can ionize a product with electrolyte, ie, molecules will allow us to break down due to the orientation of its ions. APPLIED THEIR EFFECTS ON SKIN Skin is a barrier but very difficult to cross, can be prepared to facilitate the introduction of products and nutrients ionizable under the age cells lose their regenerative power. Therefore these properties of ionization used very effectively to penetrate facial product, obtained excellen t results. Massage also helps to increase absorption by the temperature, which e nhances the energy of the particles. With regard to the substance that is requir ed to enter, we must bear in mind that does not reach very deep, as there are tw o types of ions: diffusible and diffusible. The first stay in the place where th ey have managed to penetrate, so it is used for local treatments. In the case of the skin, forming a stable union with the elements located there. Thus, iontoph oresis is performed through a galvanic current device. 2 IONTOPHORESIS The ionization of water molecules are forced to be absorbed into t he skin and this is moisturize. Iontophoresis allows nutrients that are applied topically are forced to penetrate the epidermis or dermis through the cell walls . The polarity is the opposition of the poles in an electrical current. The positi ve effects of the body are the opposite to the negative pole. Positive (+) * * P roduce acid reaction relaxes the nerves * Reduces blood oxygenation * Give firmn ess to the tissues minus (-) * * Produce alkaline reaction stimulates nerves * I ncreases blood oxygenation re * Softens fabrics THE POSITIVE POLE MAY BE USED 1) To close the pores after a facial. 2) To reduce the redness of the skin and acne 3) To prevent swelling after extraction of sebum. 4) To force the penetration of acid solutions or astringent on the skin. 3 HIGH FREQUENCY INTRODUCTION A high-frequency device, as its name implies, is wor king at a frequency that does not capture the nervous system impulses, but usual ly goes through the body causing heat, while ozone is produced. Jumping from one

electrode to the spark skin in the form of flash, it provokes a reaction of oxi dation on contact with air, oxygen (O2) is converted into ozone (O3), which has bactericidal effects on the skin . TECHNIQUES FOR USE Depending on the application of electrodes, it may get better performance from your equipment with the following schedule. A) in full contact with the skin, sliding the electrode, forming small circles, very slowly. Its action is soothing, decongestant and bactericide. B) Applicatio n slightly detached from the epidermis b1) By sparkle on the skin, it converts o xygen (O2) in stimulating ozone (O3). b2) By effluvia the electrode touches the skin or just slips through a loop that isolates the skin of the electrode. Its a ction is semi-soothing and antibacterial. b3) Massage indirect. The patient hold s in his hand within which the electrode is a metal coil, which acts like a pass ive electrode, while the beautician starts a massage on the area you wish to dis cuss, with the product and spread on the skin. While keeping your hand in contac t with skin, with the other triggers the switch of the device and choose the int ensity, with a massage to make your hands into an active electrode. 4 DESCRIPTION OF APPARATUS 2.-SWITCH E / A 3 .- Intensity Indicator Galvanic 4.-5.-out terminals Polarity 6.-7.-8.-Indicator Microgalvanica Microgalv. 9.-hand electrode 5 11.-10.-Squad F. High Intensity 12.-13.-Output Indicator Alta F. 15.-coil (Mango) 16.-coil (nozzle) 17.-Crystal Electrodes DESCRIPTION OF APPARATUS 1. 2. Line cord. 120 volt a.c. 60HZ. Power on / off for galvanic and high freque ncy. This switch placed in the center, turn off all the apparatus, moving to the left activates the galvanic current, right to the high frequency.€Intensity co ntrol of the galvanic current. On the left are the minimum and right as possible . Indicator light. It indicates the intensity of the galvanic current is minimal (3) to maximum (15). Light according to the rotation of the intensity knob (5) Output terminals. Red (+) Positive, Black (-) negative is used for galvanic and microgalvánica. Switch polarity reversal. The positive polarity is obtained wit h the swith directed toward the (+). The negative polarity is obtained with the switch led to the (-). Note that there is no need to swap cables at the output t erminals as in old appliances. 7. Switch microgalvánica. Moving this switch sho uld turn on the LED (8), indicating that the device is working as microgalvánic a current, the polarity switch works just like the normal galvanic. To remove th e microgalvánica just change the switch position (7), turning off the LED (8). 8. Microgalvánica indicator lights. On indicates that the device is working as a current microgalvánica. Hand electrode. Insert the wire into the black termin al (-) or negative. Face or active electrode. Insert the wire into the red (+) o r positive. Control of High Frequency intensity. On the left is minimal intensit y and with the knob turned fully clockwise, the intensity is maximum, before tur ning the appliance check that the knob is at minimum. High frequency warning lig ht. High-frequency output. PIug Stereo. Insert it fully into the jack or high-fr equency output. Doing it before switching on. Coil (Porta glass electrode). Hold only through this to work the device, avoiding contact with the top. Nozzle coi l. Dip the electrode until properly secured. On power and manipulate the electro de holder, for any reason touch this part of the electrode holder, and it runs t he risk of electric shock.

3. 4. 5. 6. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 6 17. Electrodes. Its shape is designed based on the area to be treated. TYPES OF GLASS ELECTRODES a) Holes with vacuum inside. They produce a light violet. E hiperemiantes have b actericidal effects. b) Hollow vacuum with a metal spiral inside. Have a stimulating effect on both t he skin and blood circulation, and promote the absorption of products (even if i t is not checked). Types of electrodes: 7 CONTRAINDICATIONS IN THE HIGH FREQUENCY Do not apply in areas where there is room bleeding or recent injury (wounds, gas tric or intestinal ulcers, menstruation). If the pressure is low risk, avoid con flict areas especially in cases of phlebitis and venous thrombosis. Not apply in the abdomen or pelvis during pregnancy. If there are metals in the tissues may be a contraindication. Be avoided zones where malignant changes. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE USE OF THE DEVICE A) B) C) Check the status of cable not connect or disconnect the appliance with wet hands . Before turning on the appliance, verify that the current controls are zero or minimum. When you turn, be increased gradually to a comfortable level. This is o bserved in the galvanic and in high frequency. In the high frequency will be obs erved as follows: before starting, insert the plug of the electrode holder (Ster eo Plug) to the device, ensuring that among all the way down. Do not touch the p art where you enter the glass electrode being switched on. OFF the device to swi tch electrodes. Avoid alcohol or flammable liquids on the skin, since they can c ause serious burns to pass the electrode with the device in operation. When the massage is done indirectly, the beautician's hand will always be in contact with the skin since apaqa startup to the device. The electrodes are cleaned and disi nfected with alcohol, always before and after use, drying thoroughly with a pape r towel, because when they are not dry enough, to bring them closer to the skin with the power on will cause burns. In the galvanic wires will be carefully chec ked, so check back often as the state of the switch, terminals and other accesso ries. For cleaning wipe with a slightly damp cotton cloth. 8 D)

E) F) G) H) L) J) K)