MANUFACTURE OF A BOOK ADVANCES IN PRINT Since the early 60s, printing, primarily the phase of pre-press, has

been revolu tionized by advances in photography (new materials), computer systems, digital c ameras, scanning, imaging and electronic typesetting. The secret of such objects is that a handwritten or printed sheets are sewn or b ound together to form a single volume, the book. In the early days, the texts we re written by hand, until the invention of the printing press, a machine that al lowed the reproduction of a work in a fast and cheap. Since then, the books beca me the most important means of communication and data retention. Currently, the manufacturing process has varied greatly with the presence of computers, devices which have provided the steps, so that you get to edit a large number of copies , much greater than what was printed before. Title page recoil SKIN COVER BODY COVER BOOK CONTRAPORTADILLA LOMO LOMO LOOSE SK IN GASA STRONG CARDBOARD PAPER COVERS THE ROLE OF BINDING COVER THE PROCESS The text is corrected and then designs the format of the book. Later prints and binds to distribute finally in bookstores, where it is sold. EDITOR WRITER ILLUSTRATOR DESIGNER MODEL COMPOSITION REPRODUCTION DIGITAL PRINTING AND COMPUTERS The modern digital technology to print text and images directly from a computer, which gets faster and saving intermediate processes. Information technology ena bles the composition and layout of the pages with text and images. EDITORIAL DIRECTOR CORRECTOR PRINTING PRINT EDITION FROM THE BLOCK 8 OF THE FOLDING The printed sheets are folded by machine. BOOKSTORE AULA TYPES OF PRINTING To reproduce texts or images are used to apply different processes of dyes from one cylinder to a moving support and make multiple reproductions. WORLD Leaflet PRINTING CYLINDER TYPOGRAPHY A cylinder presses the paper to highlight how to absorb the ink. BENDING SEWING

The groups of leaves are sewn on the page or laterally central part of the spine . FORM FORM Offset lithographic printing The cylinder, coated in rubber, get a tracing of the image of the metal plate (a ) and transfers it to paper it is printed. BINDING RUBBER ROLLER BINDING COVER By hand, mark the bend line with a bar of wood or bone. The covers are assembled in three parts joined by a backing and stick. MANUFACTURE OF COVERS The covers are attached to the book block. FORM PRINTING CYLINDER Gravure RUBBER FORM CYLINDER The cylinder is recorded through holes that hold the ink on the paper. BINDING DELIVERY TAPAS CMYK C = Cyan M = Magenta Y = Yellow K = Black PAPERBACK Hardback THE COLOR. THE four-color process Printing using color separation is based on four overlapping transparent inks. Film mechanicals In gravure offset printing and a transparent support is used to reproduce the or iginal photographic techniques. Typography The design of the letters (types) and words that are printed varies greatly, as there are thousands of different characters. Each turn presents a variety of sty les and sizes. Infographic: Juan Emilio Serrano Texts: Manuel Irusta / EL MUNDO