EVOLUTION TO 3G TECHNOLOGY Dean Piva, Mauricio Teixeira, Rodrigo Beloni, Thiago Capuano Complex Colleges So uthern - IMED School

of Information Systems - Passo Fundo - RS de_piva@hotmail.c om; mau_ct@msn.com; rabeloni@terra.com.br; thiago.capuano @ gmail.com Abstract. With a brief description of the evolution of cellular mobile telephone systems, you can see the size difference between their generation and quality o f services that may be provided and leveraged with high capacity found in the cu rrent 3G technology, which will be implemented in Brazil and imagine the possibl e applications through the general knowledge of the cellular telephone system. K eywords: Technology, 3G mobile. 1. INTRODUCTION cellular service since their fir st generations, works by dividing geographic areas into cells, each one uses a s et of radio frequency signals that bind the transmitters and receivers for low p ower. Each cell has a computer and a transmitter / receiver connected to an ante nna. The cells are arranged in groups of seven units, each unit represents a gro up of frequencies, which allows the reuse of frequencies, which is a fundamental concept for the efficient use of spectrum. It should similarly bring the idea o f cells as a bee hive, where a cell with the same frequency can not be adjacent to another to avoid conflict signal at the center of each cell there is a BTS (Base Station) which is respons ible for making the calls coming from or destined to the mobile located in its d irect coverage, the move with the unit to fix the scope of ERB weakening signal device, the station performs a search for information on stations and adjacent t o notice that someone is receiving the signal with higher quality, download avai lability for the season with a higher power signal, without failure or signal in terruption, a process known as handoff. 2. WWANs (Wireless Wide Area Networks) T he WWANs is a leading wireless networking, uses mobile phone signals for communi cation equipment, supplied and maintained by service operators of mobile telepho ny. Currently WWAN technology in Brazil is emerging third generation (3G), offer ing users multiple broadband services, with high rates of data transfer, allowin g video conference and television among others. The communication system of the 3G mobile phone will radically change the way we use phones. The phone can stay longer in the eyes of that the ear, because with the advent provided by 3G technology would allow one to use multimedia. With voice quality similar to that of fixed telephones and da ta transmission speed of DSL broadband Internet, which will promote the exclusiv e use of cell phones on many occasions to replace the fixed phone and internet a ccess just by a computer. 3. ITU (International Telecommunication Union) in Euro pe, the lack of standardization among carriers of neighboring countries, which p revented the personal mobile device to be used outside the local boundaries and the increasing scarcity of channels, with increasing number of devices that limi t the amount communicators, forced business enterprises to establish an internat ional standard that was taken to study this committee was called the ITU, an int ernational organization designed to standardize and regulate the airwaves and in ternational telecommunications. Founded in 1865 in Paris, France, is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, currently based in Geneva, Switzerla nd. Due to the location of specialized UN agency, the standards promoted by the ITU have a large amount of international recognition of other organizations that publish technical specifications similar. IMT-2000 (International Mobile Teleco mmunications - year 2000) is a set of technology solutions, prepared by the ITU, which allowed the implementation and smooth integration of wireless communicati ons, and integrated this standard Third Generation (3G) mobile communication establishing criteria harmoniously in solving previous problems. The third gener ation systems in a project called FPLMTS (Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunic ations Systems), which was inaugurated publicly as IMT-2000. 4. AMPS, TDMA, CDMA and GSM. The traditional system technologies are AMPS, TDMA, CDMA and GSM cell phones found in telephony, while AMPS is analog the other is digital. Worldwide

there are four digital systems using different multiple access technologies: GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), DAMPS (Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System)€PDC (Personal Digital Cellular), CDMA (Code Division Multiple Acces) a nd the D-AMPS used in the Americas, the PDC in Japan, GSM in Europe, Oceania, As ia and Africa and CDMA in the U.S., South Korea, Hong Kong and other countries t hat are sticking by this system in Brazil for three of the technologies mentione d in operation. 4.1 - Technology Analog AMPS was the first generation of cellula r technology, consisting of analog systems and uses its channels in the FM modul ation, the communication is divided into the AMPS RF channels where each channel consists of a pair of frequencies for transmission and reception 30 kHz bandwid th each. Each band occupies 12.5 MHz and consists of 416 channels, 21 channels o f voice control and the rest, when a voice channel is allocated remains dedicate d to a call throughout its duration. After the deployment of digital systems the AMPS, began to be used to match the coverage of TDMA and CDMA systems, which by convention are being dual TDMA / AMP S and CDMA / AMPS, so when there's range of digital signal AMPS signal starts to operate automatically, its scope, despite the high consumption, allowing the us e in roaming carrier with the digital system competitor. 4.2 - Digital Technolog ies D-AMPS or TDMA, keeps the entire structure of channeling AMPS, yet allows a channel is divided into six periods and shared a single channel to communicate b etween six devices, so each user occupies a certain unit time in a single transm ission, which in theory prevents interference problems. CDMA is based on the dis tribution of codes, where each communication is different from the others by a c ode assigned to it at the opening of a communication device. GSM is the use of a small chip, the SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) card with the function of stor ing all user data from your calendar to your personal authentication code, which was integrated in the modeling earlier in the appliance, ie , the SIM Card that gives the cell its identity, allocated only when the device the mobile device w ill be fully operational. 4.3 - Similarities of Digital All manner of digital co mmunication has certain similarities between them, the systems TDMA, CDMA and GS M digital technology with possible addition to improving the quality of voice en cryption capabilities with the deployment of services Further such as caller ID, call waiting, follow me and conference besides Small Menseger Service (SMS), among others offered by operators. 5. Particular Generat ions With the technological developments, telephony systems entered into new hor izons, facing a remarkable capacity for expansion, both in voice communication a s data. 5.1 First Generation. The first generation (1G) cellular data transmitte d via analog (AMPS) with a transfer rate of 9,600 bps, this generation of mobile telephony business was only supplied the voice transmission. The first commerci al cellular phone system in the world was developed by Bell Labs in the United S tates in 1979, called AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) used officially in 198 3, was standardized in the frequency of 800MHz. 5.2 Second Generation The Second Generation (2G) mobile phone transmitting data by converting the analog signal to digital (TDMA, CDMA, GSM) with a transfer rate of 14.4Kbps. Through implement ation of a intermediary 2.5G technology appeared to support the standard WAP (Wi reless Application Protocol) access to data via GPRS (General Packet Radio Servi ce) and EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) with rates of data transfer up to 115Kbps, the WAP specification developed to provide similar services to a web browser with available exclusively for mobi le phones at the beginning of its implementation has been deprecated due to the enormity of limitations found in both its use and in its interface with the adve nt of evolution to WAP 2.0 and its interpretation of codes of WML to XML there w as pronounced better, yet its use was limited by the bandwidth of data transfer and interface unfriendly. Communication is done through electromagnetic waves th at allows bidirectional transmission of voice and data in a geographical area di vided into cells, each served by a transmitter / receiver is fully digital. This generation is characterized by three technology standards, mutually incompatibl

e: CDMA, TDMA, GSM. In the implementation of the second generation, because the AMPS system is still widely applied in the United States, was developed the seco nd generation digital systems, compatible with the first,€operated both in freq uency of 800MHz (AMPS) and 1900MHz which benefited as well as compatibility for use in areas covered by other systems, with the exception of GSM, and this gener ation is starting accesses the Internet through the WAP system (Wireless Access Platform), and used various data services, the second generation systems have en abled a considerable energy saving appliances in relation to the AMPS, as the tr ansmission of functional activity was not implemented in a contiguous. 5.3 Third Generation The Third Generation (3G) mobile phone enables the apparatus, in addition to pre vious features high transmission rates of data and multimedia to peaks of 140 Kb ps, 400 Kbps and 2Mbps access communications for UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecomm unications System) HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access), HSUPA (High-Speed Uplink Packet Access) and WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access) with it s variants. 3G, Third Generation Mobile Phones, is already real in many parts of the world and now also in Brazil, supports high-capacity services, enables Inte rnet access, high-rate data transmission, allows you to watch TV on mobile devic e, making use of 3D gaming with multiple players, use a search engine, location services, teleconferencing, making the mobile station a mobile entertainment. Th ere are two modes of communication used by 3G mobile technology known as TDD (Ti me Splitter Duplex) and FDD (Frequency Divider Duplex) TDD is a method similar t o the operation of TDMA, where transmissions of uplink and downlink are loaded o n the same track frequency, using intervals of synchronized periods. Thus the ti me intervals are divided in both transmission and in reception. FDD is a method similar to the operation of AMPS, where transmissions of uplink and downlink fre quency bands employ two separate and specified is assigned to a single connectio n. Due to both modes of communication integrate the 3G communication devices whe n the device migrate a geographical location where it's taken a different modality available, allows the reallocation automatic transmission module, making use of available spectrum efficiently and without conflict. The services of third generation phones can o perate both in the frequencies that the mobile operators already have (such as 8 00MHz and 1800MHz) and frequencies designed specifically for operations of 3G te chnology (2.1 GHz). The Brazil since 2004 has 3G technology, which has the peak rates of 2.4 Mbps data transmission (CDMA2000). It is estimated that the peak ra tes of third generation mobile telephony can reach 1.8 Mbps to 7.2 Mbps (HSDPA) depending on the version implemented. 6. CONCLUSION The whole context of the evo lution of mobile communication technologies for mobile devices there is an incre asing innovation of features and capabilities in an extremely short period of ti me, it is clear the progress of applications that such developments may encourag e people's lives , allowing them to access information in the most comfortable p ossible, though a simple phone does not replace the need for a computer monitor or an inch, will allow access to information available in the vast network of po cket for a device with low power consumption allowing access to remote areas wit h high transfer rates where conventional methods of communication are distant, w e now have a new opening data access and digital inclusion in geographic scope a nd a open markets and services that only comes to facilitating the improvement of liv ing standards of citizens. REFERENCES [1] Vilas Boas, Aurelio; Katumata Beatriz B, Cestari, Marcelo M; Cellular Networks: Federal Center of Technological Educat ion of Mato Grosso. Available on 25/03/2008 http://www.getec.cefetmt.br/ ~ ruy/2 007/pos/wi reless / trabalhos_alunos / celular_art.pdf [2] Rao, Edmar Roberto Sa ntana; Systems Security Furniture: State University Campinas. Available at: 25/0 3/2008 http://www.las.ic.unicamp.br/edmar/Palestras/ UFLA / SistemasMoveis.pdf [ 3] Son, Andre Cerqueira; Marcio Pinto Belmonte, The Cell Phones: FRB - Faculty S alvador. Available at: 25/03/2008 http://www.frb.br/ciente/Impressa/Info/I.6.Fil

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