Filtration: Filter the solution's a. b. c.

purified substance may contain differ ent types of impurities: colorless soluble impurity in the solvent cold and hot hot Impurity Impurity insoluble colorless soluble colored In case (a) the technique is performed without filtering hot as impurities remai n in the mother liquor. In case (b) and (c) is necessary hot filtration to remov e impurities from the compound found in solution. In particular the case (c) is necessary filtration with activated carbon. Filter media There are various types of filter media, the most common of which is the filter paper can be found in t rade with different degrees of porosity depending on the type of precipitate to be filtered. You can also use glass wool that is useful in the case of large cry stals suspended in a liquid that could attack the filter paper (eg. NaOH (c) or acids (c)). Can be used in a similar way to asbestos or asbestos fiber that has a smaller pore size and the ability to filter smaller crystals. Gooch crucibles are used (crucible) and filter by suction. Both methods are used when what is de sired is the filtrate it is difficult to separate the crystals. Another filter m edia is porous sintered glass plate or porcelain that is adjusted using a specia l funnel. They come with varying degrees of porosity and are inert to chemical r eagents. Unfortunately not suitable for ppdos. gelatinous as they are used with suction and clog pores. A further disadvantage is its difficult to clean. Method s filter hot hot filtration is used when you want to separate the insoluble impu rities in the solvent used in the solution of the substance to be purified. Hot Filtration: a) Simple ï ¨ for filterable solid impurities by filter paper. b) bed of Celite ï ¨ for impurities that could pass through the filter paper (turbulent solutions, im purities in suspension, etc.). c) decolorizing charcoal (activated) ï ¨ soluble colored impurities. The bed is us ed to hold coal. Recommendations for filtering hot to be taken into account the precaution of hea ting the funnel before filtering. To do this it can be dipped in a bath of boili ng water or placed in an electric heater to proper temperature where it is remov ed at the time of filtering. (If no water is used as solvent the funnel must be dry). Keep the hot filtered solution throughout the operation and once past all the liquid rinse the container with small portions of hot solvent. b), c) Suctio n filtration. Recommendations. â ¢ â ¢ You can use the Buchner or Hirsch funnel, dep ending on whether the fluid volume is large or small respectively. By applying s uction can cause rapid evaporation of the solvent causing the recrystallization of the compound in the stem of the funnel. Therefore placing an additional amoun t of solvent in the solution before filtering. The filtrate was heated again and redissolved the crystals, thus falling in solution those who were trapped in th e vessel walls. â ¢ How is the bed of celite weapon? 1) Assemble the filtration apparatus with sucti on in the conventional manner (Fig. 2). The funnel should be hot. 2) Place the f ilter paper making sure all holes are covered and not touching the walls of the funnel. 3) In a glass of ppdos. prepare a hot suspension of Celite in the same s olvent used for recrystallization (the suspension should look like cream. See.) 4) Without applying suction tip over the grout on paper evenly and immediately a pply suction. The celite bed should have a thickness of 1-2 mm and be equal, sho uld not be allowed to dry for cracks decreasing its effectiveness. 5) Filter in a conventional manner. Note: when should the procedure charcoal filter is the sa me except that he added to the solution of the compound no more than 2% by weigh t (relative to the amount of dry sample) of activated charcoal prior to filtrati on.