Baroque INTRODUCTION In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century is characterize d, in Europe, the conflicts of political, economic

, social and especially religi ous. The division of the Church, as a consequence of the Reformation put into op posing camps Protestants and Catholics, stressing their differences ethical, mor al and social issues. This split has marked European culture, leading the Cathol ic Church to organize a movement called the Counter-Reformation, which proposed a return to medievalism and unrestricted faith in the authority of church and ki ng, this movement was centered mainly in Portugal and Spain . At this time, two forces are facing: the theocentrism medieval and Renaissance anthropocentrism. T he man then tries to achieve a synthesis of values, namely, to reconcile reason and faith, spiritualism and materialism, flesh and soul. The new style, which ex presses the state of things, give the name of the Baroque, a term of disputed or igin. Historians say that the term meant a pearl of irregular shape. The Baroque style is shown loaded with features designed to impress the reader. The Baroque appeared in Spain and spread throughout Europe. In Portugal, it began in 1580 w ith the death of Camões r ends with the founding of the Arcadia Lusitana. Aesthe tics BAROQUE Baroque opposes the classical aesthetic: surface depth X; X an open closed form; multiplicity X unit. The man runs away from the Baroque things and contradictory feelings that involve human nature, emphasizing Christian values. One can find two types of baroque aesthetics: the gongoristic and concepts. Aes thetics gongoristic concerned with the description of things, is the frequent us e of figures of speech as the antithesis, metomínia, the paradox, the asyndeton, metaphor, symbolism, synesthesia, hyperbole and catachresis, and the use a neol ogism. It is concerned with the well-crafted language. The aesthetic concepts, h owever, is anxious to know the essence of things, instead of describing them. Yo u use more of reason than emotion. There is the use of antitheses and paradoxes, making the reasoning more ambiguous in search of the satisfaction of intelligen ce. The baroque language is exaggerated images and figures of speech, or is conc erned about the appearance and exposes issues involving religion issues of the d ay. IN BRAZIL BAROQUE Baroque met first in Pernambuco and Bahia, headquarters of wealth at the time: the cane sugar. It was there discovered not only the first but one of the most talented Brazilian poets: Gregorio Guerra. One must not forg et also, Vieira, who not only wrote most of his work in Brazil, dealing with our reality. MAJOR AUTHORS AND WORKS The main baroque authors that we cite are: Father Manuel Bernardes (1644-1710): Born in Lisbon (Portugal). He produced works of nature m ystic and moralist with a simple and spontaneous. Home work: New Forest. Francis co Rodrigues Lobo (1580-1622): Born in Leiria (Portugal). Bucolic poet Camoes an d influence. Main works: Eclogue and Pastor Peregrino. Soror Violante do Céu (16 01-1693): Born in Lisbon (Portugal). He produced poems are marked by subtle sens e of passion for images and vehemence. After entering the convent, pervades his poetry with religious overtones. Home work: Several Rhymes. Francisco Manuel de Melo (1608-1667): Born in Lisbon (Portugal). Was devoted to poetry, historiograp hy, drama and prose philosophical moralizing. Home work: Married to the Charter Guide. Frei Luis de Sousa (1555-1632): Historian rigorous. Main articles: Histor y of Domingos and Annals of King John III. Alcoforado Soror Mariana (1640-1723): Nun born in Beja (France). Portuguese Letters written in 1669, attributed to a forbidden love, a violent passion, uncontrolled and not matched by a military ma n, Captain Chamilly. Padre Antonio Vieira (1608-1697): Born in Lisbon. As a boy he came to Brazil to study at the Jesuit School. Torn between two worlds and Eur opean and Brazilian-style predominantly concepts, the author establishes analogi es and comparisons of the time and biblical passages. It is considered the most sacred orator of Portuguese history. Main works: Sixty Sermon and Sermon Sermon to San Antonio or Pisces. Gregorio War (1633-1695): Born in Bahia. He began prod ucing his satire, and so was expelled from Lisbon, as he had to Portugal where h e graduated in Law from the University of Coimbra. He wrote poetry, satirical an d religious. Main works: At the same D. Angela (lyric) The Lord Jesus Christ (re ligious) and the poetry in which the self-lyrical reveals his vision of Bahia (s

atirical).

Some pieces of Baroque At the same D. Angela Gregorio War in the name Angel, Angelica's face. This flow er is to be, and Angel together, Ser Angelica flower, and Angel florent, in whom , if you are in uniform? Who would see a flower, not cut from the green stalk, f lourishing foliage? And an angel who becomes so shiny, that for her God, not ido lized? If you are like the Angel of my altars, Phorcys my guardian and my guard me from evil Books misfortunes. But I see that so beautiful and so gallant, Sinc e sorrow never give the Angels, You are Angel, I try, and I do not care. The Immaculate Conception of Mary Gregorio How War in the pit of darkness, and d ark, The one who opened the original sin, if God himself had given you a hand, A re ye down, O pure virgin? Neither God, who only seeks the good of souls, from s eeing the whole ruined world, would allow the misfortune to have entered, It had to leave our good fortune. Born the rose with thorns is crowned by thorns But i f assisted, not hurt by the thorns. Bela Rosa, O virgin enlightened! If between the fault you see, you were raised, For fault you have not been offended.