Karina Alvarez Quintero Carmona Mevis Bayuelo Canedo license Franco Oñoro Karime Ramirez Kelly Johana Martinez

Payares Catherine Pereira Lora Period in which girls drop out to begin the process will lead you to the life cy cle. children and childhood, the adult phase changes It is the part of the life process of women and men characterized by a biologica l, emotional, mental, social and personality. The transition from childhood to a dulthood is indicated in the periods of puberty and adolescence. ADOLESCENCE • Puberty (children 9-14 years, girls 8-12): Period in which biological changes occur with physical, mental and emotional. Children: Growth of the genitalia, ha ir and voice change. Girls: menstruation, breasts, hips, hair, rapid growth. • Adolescents (10-20 years): Stage-specific development in personal and social i dentity crises occur and the problems of maladjustment and rebelliousness of ado lescents looking for a place in society, along with the maturity of their abilit y of reasoning, often face situations of instability and conflict type WHAT IS A PREGNANCY? It is a natural process of human reproduction that begins when the fertilized eg g nests in the uterus, a process known as implantation. Pregnancy lasts 40 weeks (9 months). SYMPTOMS Some of the ff symptoms may be present in the piles months of pregnancy: Amenorr hea. Nausea, vomiting. Urine very common. Fatigue. Breast augmentation or a feel ing of congestion and lactation. • • • • • pregnancy is considered at an early age that occurs before age 19. ge pregnancy is high risk to health and life of the woman and fetus. implications The teena level has

Adolescent fertility is highest in developed countries and less privileged soc ial classes. The proportion of youth who have initiated sexual relationships i s increasing. The teenage pregnancy has become a serious concern for many soci al sectors: Health: the higher incidence of adverse outcomes. What psychosoc ial adverse consequences that the failure has on adolescents and their families. prenatal care once a month. not consume alcohol or psychoactive substances. not self-medicate. tional care. Personal hygiene. Getting tested for HIV / AIDS. A nutri

Leaving aside the obvious reason that a pregnancy is sexual intercourse, we say that the causes of teenage pregnancy are CAUSES OF TEEN PREGNANCY Teenage pregnancy is multi-causal origins and therefore requires multiple soluti ons. These causes are: • Currently the approximate average age of first intercourse is 14-15 years and sometimes even less. For both boys and girls. • Factors that influence the early onset are: Biological factors: With the advancement of menarche is occurring, have advanced sexual intercourse. FAMILY FACTORS: The family model is transmi tted from father to son and has been shown that daughters of teenage mothers are

twice as likely to be, themselves, teenage mothers. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: Poor or low socioeconomic status, as well as ignorance and poverty are important causative factors of adolescent pregnancy as both early onset of sexual interco urse. Lack of education of youth. Habitat adolescents. Given that the younger women need less unprotected intercourse to become pregnan t, it is easy to conclude that not using any contraceptive method is the most im portant causal factor for teen pregnancy. Early sex is spontaneous, unplanned, which makes the use of contraception. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: It usually happens with some frequency that teens have their first sex under the influence of alcohol and other estimable percentage of them do after taking other drugs. difficult access to contraception: For many reasons especially economic. In other know the type of place you should go and the type of people you are going to find. • • • Isolated emotionally unstable mother households Father absent maternal bond. Dom estic Violence intense but ambivalent use of alcohol. Snuff and drugs • Poor and improper sex education and reproductive health. • Lack of good sex ed ucation implies a high incidence of teenage pregnancy,€tending to the attainment of knowledge of contraceptive methods of their friends or others not listed to do so. • INFLUENCE ON SEXUAL BEHAVIOR THROUGH erotic content. • LACK OF APPROPRIATE MODELS

Early menarche, early onset of sexual relations olerance of half the teenage pregnancy and / or cent Migration Fantasy Magical Thinking Lack of mation. Disputes between their value system and f adolescents. Sociocultural Factors

Dysfunctional Family A Greater t educational level alone under re sterility or distortion of infor their parents Increased number o

• SCHOOL: Expulsion, loss of school, discrimination and dropout. • FAMILY: Rejection, recrimination, conflict between parents, isolation. • SOCIAL: Discrimination, abandonment, isolation from friends, forced marriage, mother - s ingle. • PERSONAL: Loss of educational and employment opportunities, single mothers, marriage, loss or deferral of goals, low self-esteem, isolation, increased risk of disease and abortion, unwanted children and lack of affection for them (Abandonment), great responsibilities at an early age.

Risks of pregnant adolescents Risk-biological-psychological Risk • Adolescents often have poor eating habits, neglect their daily dose of multivita mins, may smoke, drink alcohol and take drugs, thereby increasing significantly the risk that their babies have health problems. Smoking doubles the risk of having a baby of low birth weight, and also increase s the risk of pregnancy complications, premature birth and the birth of a stillb orn baby. • Among mothers of all ages, girls make up the group in which there is less likely to receive prenatal care early in pregnancy and regularly. The teenage mother is at greater risk than women over 20 years of having compl ications during pregnancy such as premature delivery, anemia and high blood pres sure. These risks are even greater when you are under 15 years. Such as young mo thers are also twice as likely to die from complications during pregnancy compar ed with mothers between 20 and 24 years of age. • Pregnant teens are at greater risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, these diseases include chlamy dia (which can cause sterility), syphilis (which can cause blindness, and death of the mother or baby) and HIV (the virus that causes AIDS, can also be fatal fo r both). • Low-weight babies (less than 5.5 pounds (2.5 kg) compared with 7.8 percent for m others of all ages. The bodies of the babies of low birth weight may not be fully developed. This can lead to lung problems such as respiratory distress syndrome in haemorrhagic stroke, vision loss and serious intestinal problems. Babies of low birth weigh t infants are 20 times more likely to die during their first year of life than b abies of normal weight. . Those adolescents who do not receive medical care are more likely to: stillbirth anemia hypertension complications during labo r and delivery (such as preterm labor and birth of a dead fetus) • Pregnant women who experience high levels of stress may be at increased risk of preterm delivery, one that is, when babies are born before 37 weeks gestation. T he too small, premature babies are exposed to greater risk of health problems im mediately after birth, permanent disabilities such as mental retardation and cer ebral palsy, and even death. • Stress can trigger premature labor. However, certain stress-related hormones may be a factor. The mother's stress can cause the release of a hormone called cort icotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). This hormone, produced by the brain and the p lacenta, is closely related to labor. It causes the body to release chemicals ca lled prostaglandins, which cause uterine contractions. and managing stress. • • • •

• Android Anthropoid Pelvis Pelvis Pelvis Pelvis Platipeloide pelvic abnormalities The problems that can occur in prenatal care, they can be grouped into quarters • • • • Gastrointestinal Disorders Spontaneous Abortions metrorrhagia ectopic pregnancy The problems that can occur in prenatal care, they can be grouped into quarters Maturational asynchrony physical - emotional Low Low self-esteem Lack of interes t statement Recent loss of significant others of rape or abuse Pregnancy Attempt abortion purpose of delivering the child up for adoption Family dysfunctional o r absent, without reference unskilled adult couple ambivalent or absent Conditio n unfavorable economic marginalization of their group membership FAMILY AND SOCIAL PREVENTION • • • Parents should try to leave behind old ideas that prevent them from commun icating with their children, talk to them openly about love, relationships and s exuality. They must begin to talk about sexuality from an early age and often. M onitor activities of their children understand that while they are not children, but young adults who need some independence. Parents have a right to know who y our kids hang. It's good to be aware of what their children read and hear. It is important that parents help their teens to set goals and explore options for th e future. As a society we must stress the importance of sex education in all the country's youth. • • • • Teens - 15 to 19 years % Ever pregnant 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2005 Rural Marginal Areas Urban ENDS ENDS 05 05 33.6 18.5 26.9 Low frankly unwanted pregnancy among women aged 13 to 49 years in deprived areas : 42.2% in 2001 to 30.6% in 2005 % Ever pregnant adolescents by region 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Atl. Orien. Cen. Pacific. BTA. 19 26.6 24.2 21.5 18.9 30.5 25.1 20.3 16.8 22.6 Marginal Areas Region ENDS 05 05 • 63% of women age 19 are already mothers or pregnant % Ever pregnant teens Clearly it is in the national total ENDS 2005, that the less education and lower wealth index, a higher percentage of pregnancies. Education No education Primary Secondary Higher % pregnant 52.3 42.3 17.3 9.0 Wealth index Lowest Low Medium High Highest

% pregnant 31.5 25.6 22.1 14.4 10.7 Women - Pregnancy desire of 30.6 percent of pregnancies in deprived areas are fr ankly unwanted NO Unwanted pregnancies frankly% 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 6.30 2.25 2.29 05 Marginal Areas ENDS 05 Rural Area ENDS Urban Area