Plants Features: • Plants are multicellular green organisms, their cells are eukaryotic (core) en closed inside of a cell

wall more or less rigidly composed mostly of cellulose. The main characteristic of the plant's photosynthetic capacity, used to prepare the food, the process takes place in chloroplasts. Some plant species have lost their chlorophyll and saprophytic or parasitic become absorbing nutrients they n eed from dead or living organic matter, in spite of this, the details of its str ucture shows that this plant forms evolved. • • Differentiation from other realms • Mushrooms, and eukaryotes also long regarded members of the plant kingdom, are now classified in an independent kingdom, because they lack chlorophyll and pla stids, and because the cell wall, rigid, contains chitin instead of cellulose. T he fungi do not synthesize the food they need, but they absorb organic matter de ad or alive. Also the various groups of algae were classified earlier in the pla nt kingdom, because they are eukaryotes and because most have rigid cell walls a nd perform photosynthesis. However, due to the diversity of pigment types, types of cell wall and morphological manifestations observed in algae, it is now cons idered to belong to the realm Protoctista. It is considered one of the divisions or phyla of algae-formed by the so-called green algae, is the predecessor of te rrestrial green plants, because the types of chlorophyll, cell walls and other d etails of the cellular structure are similar to those of plants. Also, members o f the animal kingdom are multicellular and eukaryotic, but differ from the plant s that feed on organic matter in the food they eat, instead of absorbing it, as do the fungi that lack rigid cell walls and that, in general, are sensory and ar e mobile, at least in some stage of his life. See Classification. • • Classification of plants: • Plants can be classified into two main groups: • the vascular plants bryophytes • Bryophytes: • • • • • The bryophytes lack a well developed root system and highly specialize d structures in the transport of water. Successfully grow in moist, shady places Alternating between haploid and diploid forms during the life cycle of a plant. The gametophyte generation is the haploid and the sporophyte is the diploid gen eration. In bryophytes, the alternation of generations begins with the germinati on of a haploid spore that produces a filamentous structure called protonema. Th e protonema produces shoots that arise after the gametophyte. • • In the bryophytes, the gametophyte is nutritionally independent sporophyte, wh ile the sporophytes are attached to the gametophyte with a dependency variable. • The gametophyte is the conspicuous and dominant phase of bryophytes. • In the bryophytes, the alternation of generations begins with the germination of a hapl oid spore that produces a filamentous structure called protonema. The protonema produces shoots that arise after the gametophyte. • Vascular:

• are characterized by specialized conduction tissues that transport water, mine rals and products of photosynthesis throughout the plant. • grouped: • • No seeds with seeds: these in turn differ in two informal groups, the gymnosperms: seed with "naked" without protection Angiosperms are flowering plants whose seeds are in a mature ovary (fruit) Vascular plants picture: Seedless vascular plants Seed plants • The seed is a protective structure through which embryos can be dispersed and remain dormant until conditions became favorable for their survival, the structu re of the seeds is much more complex. A seed contains the embryo (sporophyte lat ent, young), a reserve of nutritive tissue and an outer protective covering. In seed plants, the gametophyte generation is reduced even more and depends entirel y on the sporophyte •