www.monografias.com Reference Manual Primavera Project Planner in Spanish By Raul Rojas Vera @ uandresbello.edu r.

rojas 1. Introduction 2. Analyze Project Description 3. New Project 4. Project Structu re 5. Precedence 6. Activity Code 7. Income Resources Master Plan 8. Program Rev iew Data for September. Guest Activities Program 10.Creación 11.Formato Bar Targ et Progress 12.Schedule 14.Gráficos 13.Línea 15.Gráfico Cost / Resources 1. Introduction eager to contribute to our profession, this useful tool and as a self-study, I created this little detailed and simplified example of a real sch eduling with Primavera Project Planner P3. I hope that the reader can go step by step learning and practicing each of the tasks performed during this example. I recommend not trying to absorb at one time the information presented here, they do not understand any step taken can frustrate us in our learning. It is recomm ended to analyze and understand the attached schedule to begin programming with spring. It contains all the information you need P3, so her analysis of fundamen tal, before creating a new file. Once this small project, the student should be able to read, analyze and practice the examples of the Spring Reference Manual ( English version), learning new programming tools and implement those which are r eviewed in this paper. Hoping that this example will be helpful, I wish you luck and hands to work. Raul Rojas Vera. 2. Analyze the Project Description The proj ect carbonate is a real work performed by a construction company in Chile, in th e city of Antofagasta. Project to be shortened for educational programming and p rogram only targeted Civil Works structures. Essentially it requires that the pr ogram has prior knowledge of programming works Gannt diagrams, critical path, CP M and WBS that will allow certain activities grouped around a work area, allowin g better management of global programming. Along with the WBS is essential to an alyze the data presented with this work, such as items of work in each area and yields in most real for this work. Here are the most important data of the project. Price Chart: List of items gene rated by the engineering department called for contractors to bid, bid each of t hese prices which are paid for work performed. Each of these prices was assigned an activity of the master plan, typical items of work. Obviously each developer define their own games as you wish. Activity assigned to the Master Plan Item No. I.1 I.2 I Description GENERAL Installation Mobilization and Demobilization Faenas TOTA L SPECIAL PRODUCTS I WORKS MANAGEMENT OF CIVIL, STRUCTURAL AND WALL MOUNT Excava tions Platforms Premises Controlled Compacted Concrete Filled Emplantillado H5 t o H30 Demolition and Concrete Filled Reinforced Concrete Supply and Placement of Reinforcing Steel A6342H Supply and Placement Electro Welded Mesh Acma C-257 Mo lding supplies and equipments. Anchor Bolts & Inserts Ac. Galvanized Carbon Supp ly and Instal. Chemical Anchor Bolts galvanized Hilti HVA Assembly Disarmament a nd Structural Steel Structural Steel Removal gl Gl 1 1.99044 million Units Amoun t 1430 Faenas Installation Mobilization and Demobilization II II.1 II.1.1 II.1.2 II.1.3 II.1.4 II.1.5 m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 100 150 15 105 60 12 165 41 391 396

Demolition and excavation Concrete Filled Concrete Demolition and excavation II.1.6 Kg 5000 330 Concrete II.1.8 II.1.7 m2 m2 250 420 34 1155 Concrete Concrete II.1.9 Kg 500 83 Concrete II.1.11 II.1.10 II.1.12 Kg Kg Kg 100 96 000 2500 55 6259 110 Concrete Structures Installation and removal of structures Disarmament II.1.13 II.1.17 II.1.14 II.1.18 II.1.19 Sum. and Mtje. Metal Coating PV6 type e = 0.5 mm (roof, wall, and sheet metal) S um. and Mtje. Coating type GRP PV6 e = 1.6 mm (roof, sides and sheet metal) Dism antling and coating removal Supply, Construction and Installation of Office (Con tract Package) Excavations Local and Caliche TOTAL II.1 Platforms m2 950

1150 Coatings m2 m2 195 150 236 132 Disarmament and withdrawal Coatings Mounting Structures Structures Demolition an d excavation gl 1 484 m3 70 11 264 231 III III.1 III.1.1 III.1.2 III.1.3 III.1.4 III.1.5 III.1.6 III.1.8 III.1.7 III.1.9 III.1.1 III.1.1 0 1 2 III.1.1 Micronized CIVIL WORKS,€STRUCTURAL AND WALL MOUNT Excavations Platforms Premises Controlled Compacted Concrete Filled Emplantillado H5 to H30 Demolition and Con crete Filled Reinforced Concrete Supply and Placement of Reinforcing Steel Suppl y and Placement A6342H Electro Welded Mesh Acma C-257 Molding supplies and equip ments. Anchor Bolts & Inserts Ac. Galvanized Carbon Supply and Instal. Chemical Anchor Bolts galvanized Hilti HVA Assembly Disarmament and Structural Steel Stru ctural Steel Removal m3 m3 m3 m3 m3 100 160 5100 15 12 176 14 372 99 Demolition and excavation filled with concrete concrete Demolition and excavatio n Kg 3500 231 concrete

m2 m2 300 400 41 1100 concrete concrete Kg 250 41 concrete Kg Kg Kg 150 51 060 1500 3329 83 66 Disarmament assembling concrete structures and removal of structures Sum. and Mtje. Metal Coating PV6 type e = 0.5 mm III.1.1 (roof, side, and three sheet metal) coatings Sum 1331 1100 m2. and Mtje. Coating type GRP PV6 e = 1.6 m m III.1.1 (roof, sides and four sheet metal) 135 163 m2 III.1.1 Dismantling and removal Coatings Disarmament and withdrawal of seven structures covering 150 132 m2 premises and III.1.1 Excavations Platforms Caliche in Demolitions and 8 m3 I II.1 TOTAL 60 198 7388 excavations in Excel attachment, including any other info rmation needed to enter data to Primavera (P3). 3. New Project The first screen to start a new file. Start with the trivia of the screen, as the name (4 letters ), project title, company name and the most important pa planning horizon. The p lanning unit is the day, the sample project will begin on June 5 for unlimited d uration for the moment, working seven days a week and the week starts on Monday. The following data will be reviewed later to divert attention no prior programm ing. 4. Project Structure The project is divided into the following sub-projects, in response to two areas of the plant: Building MIC. 60 Ton building of steel structures and foundations of approximately 400 m3 of concrete. Works HH Approximately 8,000 civilians and structures. PEE Building. 100 Ton Building steel structures and foundations of approximately 110 m3 of concrete. About 12,000 civilians Works HH and structures . The WBS (Work Branch structure) is as follows: 1. 1.1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.2 1. 2.1 1.2.2 1.3 1.3.1 1.3.2 DRAFT GENERAL CARBONATE Faenas Installation Mobilizati on Demobilization MIC BUILDING BUILDING Structures Civil Works Civil Works Struc tures PEE Entering the screen as shown below and filling the forms are presented: The following screen appears which is not simple filling, we hope to be clear in the explanation. You must first enter our subdivision structure that will work (WBS) to appear on the screen. Should be given three amplitude levels to program ming as shown below. After entering the WBS levels, you must enter each of the sub projects and then

the specialty. Remember that each developer elect its WBS as directed by client or by their previous experience. It is recommended to be separated by areas and then by subject. Remember specialties were omitted Mechanical, Piping, Electrica l and Instrumentation, also present in the original project. The WBS shall be as follows. The main screen presents no major changes for which we must bring up our WBS. Wi th the right mouse button on the left side must choose Organizee .. and choose " Work Breakdown" and then "Organize Now" and check the "Display empty work breakd own levels" that will appear throughout the structure although it has no activit ies in it, as shown below. The final screen reads as follows and will be able to enter each of the WBS acti vities, which will be detailed in the following table. The winning bid shown on the attached Excel file and each item is associated wit h a number of HH and a reference price. The items were arranged so that in the r eturn of the Master program are grouped in a common activity for easy handling a nd medium range. To enter WBS activities is necessary to enter the No. of FDI fo r each activity as the selection in attachment and also give the order for your WBS. In the example above, enter the "Concrete" in the MIC BUILDING, which is as signed a correlative and one IDE 121 1.2.1 WBS, it is the rightful order. The final return will be as follows: 5.€Precedence To create the logic diagram, that is, assign dependencies between activities must assign precedence described in the attached schedule joining end s of the bars to generate the bootstrap. To apply the changes must be executed Menu>> Format>> Run Filter Now. For users of MS Proyect these steps are not unknown as to assign special precedence only j ust click the arrow to display the unity and relationships editor box to assign restrictions. For example, the screen below 140 means that the activity will beg in three days after the end of the activity 121. Do not run the table below, is just one example. And there should be equal for all other activities. 6. P3 Activity Code allows you to assign different codes to each of the activiti es. For example, assign an activity phase of the program a teacher, a certain ar ea, a professional specialty or a specific supervisor. This serves to group acti vities that have common characteristics in order to better manage incoming infor mation. (Menu>> Data>> Activity Codes). For example, three supervisors have been entered in the "responsibility" which will be responsible for carrying out the assigned tasks. Later we will see how useful this is to evaluate the performance of supervision over the work. This can be assigned areas or project milestones. The programmer must implement these options as suits you, once performed the en tire sample program. For assigning responsibilities and work areas, the program must be entered direc tly into the details of each of the activities as indicated below, by double-cli cking the activity. This screen appears at the bottom. 7. Income Resources Master Plan To allocate resources to each of the activities of our Master Plan is very important that the unit will work and the specialties involved. We can work with HH (man hours) and general, for HH in each of the sp ecialties or HH for each worker, defining its specific activity and degree of pa rticipation in each one of them. For our example we have defined five types of l abor resources as carpenters, cement trucks, Teachers structures, Structure and Personal Journals basic wage. These should be admitted to the following data tab le by assigning an abbreviation for each (Menu>> Data>> Resources).

For the activity "Installing Faenas" for example, has an estimated duration of 1 5 days and 990 man hours involved, calculated from the analysis of unit prices. This activity is deemed necessary the participation of a 70% share of Personal J ournal Basic and Joiners 30%, delivering 297 to 693 HH HH Carpenter Wages, also proceeded to other activities. When making double-click "installation tasks" app ears on the screen the annoying "Table Editor Tasks", enter "Res" (Resources), t he following screen, which we must enter the data for each resource, ie every re source will be assigned a definite amount of HH and estimated duration. Go on li ke this for all activities and based on the previous exercise carried out in att ached Excel spreadsheet. A resource marked with "Driving" means that the duratio n of the task depends on the resources allocated to it. That is, if we change th e amount of resources, varying the duration of the activity. It is recommended n ot to activate this resource. Note that the number of man-hours budgeted for eac h task is the "Budget Quantity." P3 automatically calculates the amount of resou rces per day. We can also enter the curve type of resources we use, for example if we choose the curve "0" resources are distributed in a linear fashion. 8. Data Review To Program A very useful option to review, as scheduled, the amou nt of resources which should be available for the implementation of each task. T his may rebalance resources as being programmed activities or simply move to sof ten the crows of resources, the foundation of planning. (Menu>> View>> Resource profile) 9. Critical activities to define critical activities, Spring delivers the option of defining as critical path program longer, because in a real program is impos sible to relate all activities to one another, nor is it useful to create fictit ious activities that make programming cumbersome. It is suggested to opt for the first of the following form, selecting "Longest Path" (longer route). 10. Creating Target Program Plan means€in its broadest sense, program activities and how best to manage the information in this planning. This means monitoring resources correctly and consistently. The first activity for the previous to the current program is to compare the project with a "goal" or target. To create a program to save target as recommended maestreo program before beginning such act ivities themselves. This program is supposedly unchanging throughout our project . (Menu>> Tools>> Utilities Proyect>> Tergets) the following screen appears. It is recommended to enter a name 4 letters "TAR1" to the detailed field. The da te will be entered by default. Our target will then file our programming Master Plan which will be the measurement standard for all programs "current" or curren t. 11. Format Bar bar format in P3 is much more than beautify the scheduler. Sho ws very powerful tools that help show the different stages of programming as ear ly bars, late bars, rods or bars Resource Teacher Program "target" (fixed throug hout the project.) Consider the following example. (Menu>> Format>> Bars ...) We believe an "early bar or bar early programming which will be shown at the tas ting gannt if you want. This command will enter the type of bar we want, by defa ult the Early bar. Shows the structure with the definition of starting point (ea rly start) and end point (early term) also shows the color and size settings. In addition to the position (Position) in which appears in the diagram Gannt. If w e use is the same number to two different bars appear on top of each other. The "label" will set what text we show how we are setting the bar. Configure the bar "Traget" so we can see on screen the two bars together. The bar early and m aster plan. Please fill out the following form as shown in Fig. Primer to obtain the following general conditions of each bar, for example if it is visible in the Gannt (Visible), if progress is displayed on the bar (Progres s), whether or not a working period of detention (neck) will appear on bar.

As you can appreciate the position 1 shows the bar early and the second the targ et bar. 12. Schedule This command, as it says it means, program activities by date, prog ress and information added to the program. For example we will give a theoretical advance the business 100 "Installing Faen as" 25%. The activity decrease in length to P3 because even we are in the June 5 Target but the bar has not changed because it is our master schedule, as shown in Fig. Apply the command to reprogram all activities and P3 read the date on which we a re analyzing. For example, suppose we are on the 12th of June. Proceed as follow s. (Menu>> Tools>> Schedule>> Options ...) This display is to appear and we must maintain these fields enabled for manual handling of input data to P3. We then proceed to join our supposed date of June 12 in the box below and resche dule. (Schedule Now) The next screen displays 100 of the example our activity with 25% progress (in b lue) and the timeline shifted to 12 June. Furthermore, we see that the bar early (green) has been extended, as the programmed feed is less than needed until 12 June, but our master plan has been fixed (Target). The critical activities have also been fixed and the tasks that take precedence slack or have moved such as 1 21 (depending on the 120). Add others progress of activities to date. Shall be as follows. 13. Progress Line As illustrative of the various activities that are in arrears to the date of analysis, P3 could view these delays (delay). (Menu>> Join>> Sigh t Lines), the screen to choose the appropriate line, based on delays (recommende d) or by recent developments. After entering the fields, we set the menu: Menu>> View>> Progress Line, which w ill activate the line of progress shown in the figure below. 14. Spring Graphics The graphics are all based on the payroll type, which can be modified according to the programmer. Will be reviewed each payroll type and an alyzed to be able to rely on them for spring management reports. Bar Chart: Bar Chart "summarizes each of the fields to run a customized bar graph reports. It i s extremely useful because it brings together and simplifies data according to o ur own needs.€We begin creating our own custom bar chart. We recommend running e ach of the examples given P3 as simply changing the titles to use in our program . It will begin running Menu>> Tools>> Graphic Reports>> Bar .. We begin with a sample of those available, opening up BC-21 vs Current. Target Comparison. " Dou ble click on the sample. We will use as a format all the attributes highlighted certain exceptions, such as "specification" represents the columns and the order that appear on the card details processed Gannt and its features such as width, height and length. The dates of the horizon we are planning are very important, because each type f orms, are dated to the default ones that are not necessarily the dates assigned to the program. It likewise recommends reviewing all other fields returns for it s interpretation. The next sheet is very important as it should be configured as follows, then def ines the progress of each bar and also the way it appears the project's critical path. Course is recommended to analyze each one of the meanings of the fields.

NOTE: The menu "Selection" that will define the activities, which can be grouped by stage, specialty or responsible. After running (Run) will get the following diagram is easy analysis. Changing fields is recommended to go earlier in the sp readsheets and analyze what happens. Other forms included in P3 by default, only have minor changes which can be seen very easily. 15. Graphic Cost / Resources The chart below presents are histograms of resource s and costs depend on the menu (Menu>> Tools>> Graphic Reports>> Resourses and C ost). Be used as an example the "Total Usage for All resources" which will show all resources Define on which program you want to analyze the resources, whether for the curre nt program or the master program, or compare between them. Will be comparing the two programs. Mark Target 1 is fundamental. Again remember that P3 has a default date in their reports, so it is requested t o review these before continuing. Titles tables will be detailed in the table below. The figure below shows the final figure presents P3, comparing with existing res ources programmed. (Target vs. Current). This condition requires a detailed anal ysis by the reader directly into P3 and not on this sheet. See you in volume 2. Raul Rojas Vera ¡¡¡¡¡ uandresbello.edu r.rojas @ Santiago, Chile