Reference Manual. Primavera Project Planner in Spanish By Raul Rojas Vera (r.rojas @ uandresbello.edu) 1. Introduction 2.

Analyze Project Description 3. New Project 4. Project Structu re 5. Precedence 6. Activity Code 7. Income Resources Master Plan 8. Program Rev iew Data for September. Guest Activities 10. Target Program Building 11. Format Bar 12. Schedule 13. Progress Line 14. Graphics 15. Graphic Cost / Resources 1. Introduction Eager to contribute to our profession, this useful tool and as a self-study, I c reated this little detailed and simplified example of a real scheduling with Pri mavera Project Planner P3. I hope that the reader can go step by step learning and practicing each of the t asks performed during this example. I recommend not trying to absorb at one time the information presented here, they do not understand any step taken can frust rate us in our learning. It is recommended to analyze and understand the attached schedule to begin progr amming with spring. It contains all the information you need P3, so her analysis of fundamental, before creating a new file. Once this small project, the student should be able to read, analyze and practic e the examples of the Spring Reference Manual (English version), learning new pr ogramming tools and implement those which are reviewed in this paper. Hoping that this example will be helpful, I wish you luck and hands to work. 2. Description of the Project to Analyze The project carbonate is a real work performed by a construction company in Chil e, in the city of Antofagasta. Project to be shortened for educational programmi ng and program only targeted Civil Works structures. Essentially it requires that the program has prior knowledge of programming work s Gannt diagrams, critical path, CPM and WBS that will allow certain activities grouped around a work area, allowing better management of global programming. Al ong with the WBS is essential to analyze the data presented with this work, such as items of work in each area and yields in most real for this work. Here are the most important data of the project. Price Chart: List of items generated by the engineering department called for co ntractors to bid, bid each of these prices which are paid for work performed. Ea ch of these prices was assigned an activity of the master plan, typical items of work. Obviously each developer define their own games as you wish. Item No. Description Units Amount ï € ï ï ï € ï ï €

Activity assigned to the Master Plan I

GENERAL Faenas Installation Mobilization and demobilizations n Faenas TOTAL I In stallation Mobilization and demobilizations n I.1 gl 1 990 I.2 gl 1 440 1430 II SPECIAL PRODUCTS MANAGEMENT CIVIL WORKS AND MOUNTING STRUCTURE TO LY siding Exca vations Local and Controlled Compacted Concrete Filled Platform for Emplantillad o H5 and H30 Demolition of Concrete Filled Concrete Supply and Placement of Rein forcing Steel A6342H II.1 II.1.1 m3 100 12 Demolition and excavation II.1.2 m3 150 165 Fillers II.1.4 II.1.3 m3 m3 15 105 41 391 Concrete Concrete II.1.5

m3 60 396 Demolition and excavation II.1.6 Kg 5000 330 Concrete II.1.8 II.1.7 Supply and Placement Electro Welded Mesh Acma C-257 Molding supplies and equipme nts. Anchor Bolts & Inserts Ac. Galvanized Carbon Supply and Instal. Chemical An chor Bolts galvanized Hilti HVA Assembly Disarmament and Structural Steel Struct ural Steel Sum Withdrawal. and Mtje. Metal Coating PV6 type e = 0.5 mm (roof, wa ll, and sheet metal) Sum. and Mtje. Coating type GRP PV6 e = 1.6 mm (roof, sides and sheet metal) Dismantling and coating removal Supply, Construction and Insta llation of Office (Contract Package) m2 m2 250 420 34 1155 Concrete Concrete II.1.9 Kg 500 83 Concrete II.1.10 Kg 100 55 Concrete II.1.11 Kg

96 000 6259 Mounting Structures II.1.12 Kg 2500 110 Disarmament and withdrawal of Structures II.1.13 m2 950 1150 Coatings II.1.14 m2 195 236 Disarmament and withdrawal Cladding Structures II.1.17 m2 150 132 II.1.18 gl 1 484 Mounting Structures II.1.19 Local Excavation and Caliche TOTAL II.1 Platforms m3

70 11 264 231 Demolition and excavation III Micronized CIVIL WORKS,€LY STRUCTURE TO MOUNT siding Platforms Excavations Prem ises Controlled Compacted Concrete Filled Emplantillado H5 to H30 Demolition and Concrete Filled Reinforced Concrete Supply and Placement of Reinforcing Steel S upply and Placement A6342H Electro Welded Mesh Acma C-257 Molding supplies and e quipments. Anchor Bolts & Inserts Ac. Galvanized Carbon III.1 III.1.1 m3 100 12 Demolition and excavation III.1.2 m3 160 176 fillings III.1.4 III.1.3 m3 m3 5100 14 372 concrete concrete III.1.5 m3 15 99 Demolition and excavation III.1.6 Kg

3500 231 concrete III.1.8 III.1.7 m2 m2 300 400 41 1100 concrete concrete III.1.9 Kg 250 41 concrete III.1.10 Supply and Instal. Chemical Anchor Bolts galvanized Hilti HVA Assembly Disarmame nt and Structural Steel Structural Steel Sum Withdrawal. and Mtje. Metal Coating PV6 type e = 0.5 mm (roof, wall, and sheet metal) Sum. and Mtje. Coating type G RP PV6 e = 1.6 mm (roof, sides and sheet metal) Dismantling and coating removal Premises Platforms Excavations in Caliche TOTAL III.1 Kg 150 83 concrete III.1.11 Kg 51 060 3329 mounting structures III.1.12 Kg 1500 66

Disarmament and withdrawal of Structures III.1.13 m2 1100 1331 Coatings III.1.14 m2 135 163 Disarmament and withdrawal Cladding Structures III.1.17 m2 150 132 III.1.18 m3 60 198 7388 Demolition and excavation In Excel attachment, including any other information needed for input data to Pr imavera (P3). 3. New Project The first screen to start a new file. Start with the trivia of the screen, as th e name (4 letters), project title, company name and the most important pa planni ng horizon. The planning unit is the day, the sample project will begin on June 5 for unlimi ted duration for the moment, working seven days a week and the week starts on Mo nday. The following data will be reviewed later to divert attention no prior programmi ng. 4. Project Structure The project is divided into the following sub-projects, in response to two areas

of the plant: Building MIC. 60 Ton building of steel structures and foundations of approximate ly 400 m3 of concrete. Works HH Approximately 8,000 civilians and structures. PEE Building. 100 Ton Building steel structures and foundations of approximately 110 m3 of concrete. About 12,000 civilians Works HH and structures. The WBS (Work Branch structure) is as follows: 1. CARBONATE PROJECT 1.1 General 1.1.1 Installing Faenas 2. Mobilization 3. Demobilization 1. MIC BUILDING 1. Civil Works 1.2.2 Structures 1.3 BUILDING PEE 1.3.1 Civil Works 1.3.2 Structures Entering the screen as shown below and filling the forms are presented: The following screen appears which is not simple filling, we hope to be clear in the explanation. You must first enter our subdivision structure that will work (WBS) to appear on the screen. Should be given three amplitude levels to program ming as shown below. After entering the WBS levels, you must enter each of the sub projects and then the specialty. Remember that each developer elect its WBS as directed by client or by their previous experience. It is recommended to be separated by areas and then by subject. Remember specialties were omitted Mechanical, Piping, Electrica l and Instrumentation, also present in the original project. The WBS shall be as follows. The main screen presents no major changes for which we must bring up our WBS. Wi th the right mouse button on the left side must choose Organizee .. and choose " Work Breakdown" and then "Organize Now" and check the "Display empty work breakd own levels" that will appear throughout the structure although it has no activit ies in it, as shown below. The final screen reads as follows and will be able to enter each of the WBS acti vities, which will be detailed in the following table. The winning bid shown on the attached Excel file and each item is associated wit h a number of HH and a reference price. The items were arranged so that in the r eturn of the Master program are grouped in a common activity for easy handling a nd medium range.

To enter WBS activities is necessary to enter the No. of FDI for each activity a s the selection in attachment and also give the order for your WBS. In the examp le above, enter the "Concrete" in the MIC BUILDING,€which is assigned a correla tive and one IDE 121 1.2.1 WBS, it is the rightful order. The final return will be as follows: 5. Precedence To create the logic diagram, that is, assign dependencies between activities mus t assign precedence described in the attached schedule joining ends of the bars to generate the bootstrap. To apply the changes must be executed Menu>> Format>> Run Filter Now. For users of MS Proyect these steps are not unknown as to assign special precede nce only just click the arrow to display the unity and relationships editor box to assign restrictions. For example, the screen below 140 means that the activit y will begin three days after the end of the activity 121. Do not run the table below, is just one example. And there should be equal for all other activities. 6. Activity Code P3 allows you to assign different codes to each of the activities. For example, assign an activity phase of the program a teacher, a certain area, a professiona l specialty or a specific supervisor. This serves to group activities that have common characteristics in order to better manage incoming information. (Menu>> D ata>> Activity Codes). For example, three supervisors have been entered in the "responsibility" which w ill be responsible for carrying out the assigned tasks. Later we will see how us eful this is to evaluate the performance of supervision over the work. This can be assigned areas or project milestones. The programmer must implement these opt ions as suits you, once performed the entire sample program. For assigning responsibilities and work areas, the program must be entered direc tly into the details of each of the activities as indicated below, by double-cli cking the activity. This screen appears at the bottom. 7. Income Resources Master Plan To allocate resources to each of the activities of our Master Plan is very impor tant that the unit will work and the specialties involved. We can work with HH ( man hours) and general, for HH in each of the specialties or HH for each worker, defining its specific activity and degree of participation in each one of them. For our example we have defined five types of labor resources as carpenters, cem ent trucks, Teachers structures, Structure and Personal Journals basic wage. The se should be admitted to the following data table by assigning an abbreviation f or each (Menu>> Data>> Resources). For the activity "Installing Faenas" for example, has an estimated duration of 1 5 days and 990 man hours involved, calculated from the analysis of unit prices. This activity is deemed necessary the participation of a 70% share of Personal J ournal Basic and Joiners 30%, delivering 297 to 693 HH HH Carpenter Wages, also proceeded to other activities. When making double-click "installation tasks" appears on the screen the annoying "Table Editor Tasks", enter "Res" (Resources), the following screen, which we m ust enter the data for each resource, ie every resource will be assigned a defin

ite amount of HH and estimated duration. Go on like this for all activities and based on the previous exercise carried out in attached Excel spreadsheet. A resource marked with "Driving" means that the duration of the task depends on the resources allocated to it. That is, if we change the amount of resources, va rying the duration of the activity. It is recommended not to activate this resou rce. Note that the number of man-hours budgeted for each task is the "Budget Quantity ." P3 automatically calculates the amount of resources per day. We can also ente r the curve type of resources we use, for example if we choose the curve "0" res ources are distributed in a linear fashion. 8. For Data Review Schedule There is a very useful option to review, as scheduled, the amount of resources w hich should be available for the implementation of each task. This may rebalance resources as being programmed activities or simply move to soften the crows of resources, the foundation of planning. (Menu>> View>> Resource profile) 9. Guest Activities To define critical activities, Spring delivers the option of defining as critica l path program longer, because in a real program is impossible to relate all act ivities to one another, nor is it useful to create fictitious activities that ma ke programming cumbersome.€It is suggested to opt for the first of the followin g form, selecting "Longest Path" (longer route). 10. Creating Target Program Planning means, in its broadest sense, program activities and how best to manage the information in this planning. This means monitoring resources correctly and consistently. The first activity for the previous to the current program is to compare the project with a "goal" or target. To create a program to save target as recommended maestreo program before beginn ing such activities themselves. This program is supposedly unchanging throughout our project. (Menu>> Tools>> Utilities Proyect>> Tergets) the following screen appears. It is recommended to enter a name 4 letters "TAR1" to the detailed field. The da te will be entered by default. Our target will then file our programming Master Plan which will be the measurement standard for all programs "current" or curren t. 11. Bar Format The bars in P3 ful tools that bars, rods or ect.) Consider format is much more than beautify the scheduler. Shows very power help show the different stages of programming as early bars, late bars Resource Teacher Program "target" (fixed throughout the proj the following example. (Menu>> Format>> Bars ...)

We believe an "early bar or bar early programming which will be shown at the tas ting gannt if you want. This command will enter the type of bar we want, by defa ult the Early bar. Shows the structure with the definition of starting point (ea rly start) and end point (early term) also shows the color and size settings. In addition to the position (Position) in which appears in the diagram Gannt. If w e use is the same number to two different bars appear on top of each other. The "label" will set what text we show how we are setting the bar. Configure the

bar "Traget" so we can see on screen the two bars together. The bar early and m aster plan. Please fill out the following form as shown in Fig. Primer to obtain the following general conditions of each bar, for example if it is visible in the Gannt (Visible), if progress is displayed on the bar (Progres s), whether or not a working period of detention (neck) will appear on bar. As you can appreciate the position 1 shows the bar early and the second the targ et bar. 12. Schedule This command, as it says it means, program activities by date, progress and info rmation added to the program. For example we will give a theoretical advance the business 100 "Installing Faen as" 25%. The activity decrease in length to P3 because even we are in the June 5 Target but the bar has not changed because it is our master schedule, as shown in Fig. Apply the command to reprogram all activities and P3 read the date on which we a re analyzing. For example, suppose we are on the 12th of June. Proceed as follow s. (Menu>> Tools>> Schedule>> Options ...) This display is to appear and we must maintain these fields enabled for manual handling of input data to P3. We then proceed to join our supposed date of June 12 in the box below and resche dule. (Schedule Now) The next screen displays 100 of the example our activity with 25% progress (in b lue) and the timeline shifted to 12 June. Furthermore, we see that the bar early (green) has been extended, as the programmed feed is less than needed until 12 June, but our master plan has been fixed (Target). The critical activities have also been fixed and the tasks that take precedence slack or have moved such as 1 21 (depending on the 120). Add others progress of activities to date. Shall be as follows. 13. Progress Online As illustrative of the various activities that are in arrears to the date of ana lysis, P3 could view these delays (delay). (Menu>> Join>> Sight Lines), the scre en to choose the appropriate line, based on the delays ( recommended) or by rece nt developments. After entering the fields, we set the menu: Menu>> View>> Progress Line, which w ill activate the line of progress shown in the figure below. 14. Graphics Spring charts are all based on the payroll type, which can be modified according to the programmer. Will be reviewed each payroll type and analyzed to be able t o rely on them for spring management reports. Bar Chart: Bar Chart " Summarize each of the fields to run a customized bar graph reports. It is extrem ely useful because it brings together and simplifies data according to our own n eeds. We begin creating our own custom bar chart. We recommend running each of t he examples given P3 as simply changing the titles to use in our program. It wil l begin running Menu>> Tools>> Graphic Reports>> Bar ..

We begin with a sample of those available, opening up BC-21 "Current vs. Target Comparison." Double click on the sample. We will use as a format all the attributes highlighted certain exceptions, such as "specification" represents the columns and the order that appear on the card details processed Gannt and its features such as width, height and length. The dates of the horizon we are planning are very important, because each type f orms, are dated to the default ones that are not necessarily the dates assigned to the program. It likewise recommends reviewing all other fields returns for it s interpretation. The next sheet is very important as it should be configured as follows, then def ines the progress of each bar and also the way it appears the project's critical path. Course is recommended to analyze each one of the meanings of the fields. NOTE: The menu "Selection" that will define the activities, which can be grouped by stage, specialty or responsible. After running (Run) will get the following diagram is easy analysis. Changing fi elds is recommended to go earlier in the spreadsheets and analyze what happens. Other forms included in P3 by default, only have minor changes which can be seen very easily. 15. Graphic Cost / Resources The chart below presents are histograms of resources and costs that depend on th e menu (Menu>> Tools>> Graphic Reports>> Resourses and Cost). Be used as an exam ple the "Total Usage for All resources" which will show all resources Define on which program you want to analyze the resources, whether for the curre nt program or the master program, or compare between them. Will be comparing the two programs. Mark Target 1 is fundamental. Again remember that P3 has a default date in their reports, so it is requested t o review these before continuing. Titles tables will be detailed in the table below. The figure below shows the final figure presents P3, comparing with existing res ources programmed. (Target vs. Current). This condition requires a detailed anal ysis by the reader directly into P3 and not on this sheet. Raul Rojas Vera r.rojas [at] uandresbello.edu Santiago, Chile