The Slave Route The slave embodies the dramatic fusion of history and geography.

This tragedy that l asted nearly four centuries, is one of the biggest "companies desumanisação" the history of mankind. She is one of the earliest forms of mundialisação. Economic enterprise and trade, the slave system resulting united various regions and con tinents: Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Caribbean and the Americas. It wa s based on ideology, the construction of intellectual contempt for the black man to justify the sale of human humamos this case, the black African - as a movabl e, as defined the legal framework, including The Black Code. The hidden story of this tragedy, its root causes, its modalities and its consequences have yet to be written. This is precisely the main objective assigned by UNESCO Member State s to the Slave Route project. The challenges of this project are the historical truth, human rights and development. The notion of "route" means, first, to high light the inhuman routes, namely the trajectories of the triangular trade. In th is sense it refers to geography as a support for a better understanding of histo ry. Indeed, this map of triangular trade, not only supports this first form of m undialisação but elucidates through their trajectories, motivations and objectiv es of the slave system. This map of the slave trade is just the first draft, bas ed on available data on the triangular trade and slavery. Therefore, this work w ill gradually be supplemented to the extent that the thematic research networks set up by UNESCO, through the exploitation of archives and oral tradition, the d eep layers of the iceberg. At that time, power will understand that the slave tr ade illustrates the invível matter of relations between Africa, Europe, Indian O cean, the Americas and the Caribbean. Sugar, coffee, cotton, tobacco Pacotilha, weapons trafficking transatlantic F. * W. DOUGLASS E. DU BOIS * A. DUMAS * are * BENEDITO Il Moro A. S. Puskin * Trafficking Trafficking transaariano towards the Indian Ocean Doudou Diène Director of the Division of Intercultural Dialogue ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; TOUSSAINT P. Robeson * * Louverture Schoelcher * Copenhagen Liverpool London Bristol Bordeaux Nantes Amsterdam Rotterdam Venice G enoa Palermo Roma Lisbon Seville Istanbul ;; Bobangi Porto Grande European or American slave port of trafficking in Africa Distributi on Center Area raids Zone importation of slaves Power supply of the transatlanti c slave trade in slaves deported Percent BENIN and GHANA are contemporary, different name at the time of trafficking. 10% Azores Islands * Historic personalities who fought against slavery, were slaves or descendants of slaves (St. Benedict, Puskin)

Charleston Ouargla Canary Islands Tripoli Alexandria Bassorah Nagasaki 40% Murzuq Assouan Karachi CUBA Mexico Veracruz JAMAICA PUERTO RICO-Sto Domingo Archipelago Cape Verde Guangzhou Macau Timbuktu Goa GHANA BENIN GORÉE Island Cartagena Emp Óri the The C t d o s s the av ESCR M BA RU Ouidah YO Lakes ASHANTI THE ARA BE NI N Accra Calabar Elmina RA BA MB Zabid Aden Bobangi in ma ul cu Socotra Malacca ECUADOR

Cabinda AN YOU GO LU The G KONG Ndoni DU Ovimbundu Mbuna DN Mombassa Pernambuco Bahia ZANZIBAR Luanda 40% OCEAN The Maku Quelimane MADAGASCAR MAURITIUS REUNION Tamatave (Bourbon) POPULATION OF AFRICA Rio de Janeiro OCEAN Robben Island 10% Number of deportees century. VIII to the middle of the century. XIX, all types o f trafficking meeting: at least 24 million total population in mid-century. XIX: 100 million estimate of what might have been the population by mid century. XIX : 200 million Valparaiso Montevideo SPECIFY Buenos Aires ATLANTIC Deported in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries Seventeenth century Jamestown Eighteenth Century VIRGINIA Nineteenth Century

1807 0 70 70 00 00 0 0 00 ABOLITION IN USA * 30 000 550 000 700 000 400 AC raíb 0 00 the 100 000 AC 17 raíb the 00 000 100 000 AC Sto-SUNDAY 1791 AIB GUADALUPE R AS 1737 MA THE OC RR 0 60 0 00 00 200 0 Gore Senegambia

Gore GUADALUPE REVOLT OF 1656 Senegambia GHANA The United Gore Elmina The C-Sto Domingo R IBA AS January 1990 00 00 Gore Elmina Ouidah GUINEA Conakry Calabar The United GUINEA Conakry Ouidah Calabar The United 00 CONGO 100 000 Bahia Rio de Janeiro 0 00 CONGO Cabinda Luanda Zanzibar Pernambuco Bahia 7 1 00 00 0 Pernambuco Bahia 1 0 3 ANGOLA 00 00 40 ABOLITION IN BRAZIL * Revolt (1807 and 1835) BAHÍA 00

CONGO © UNESCO 2000 1888 Rio de Janeiro 900 Zanzibar Kilwa Ibo ANGOLA Cabinda Luanda 00 0 1.9 million LourençoMarques Inhambane Montevideo-Buenos Aires * Official date of abolition Montevideo-Buenos Aires 407 000 Design and cartography: Nancy FRANÇOIS - Graphics: ARIZONA GRAPHIC DENMARK HOLLAND 1792 * 1815 ABOLITION IN EUROPE FRANCE ENGLAND 1807 1815 1830 PO RTUGAL 0