FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology

- IST FABIO ALEX DOS SANTOS NASCIMENTO COMPUTER NETWORKS Curricular held in company: Araújo & Farias Ltda EppFINAL REPORT OF COMPLETION OF SUPERVISED TRAINING CURRICULUM Final work submitted to the discipline STAGE CURRICULUM Course of Technology in Computer Network of the Higher Institute of Technology's University Center Eurip ides Marília, maintained by the Foundation for Teaching "Euripides Soares da Roc ha. Marília - 2nd Half of 2006 FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - IST FABIO ALEX DOS SANTOS NASCIMENTO NETWORK OF COMPUTERS Curricular held in company: & Farias-Araujo Ltda Epp - QUINTANA Development and Optimization of a Network for the assessment of internship Period of internship: 14 August 2006 to November 7, 2006 Total duration of Stage: 248 hours Marília - 2nd Half of 2006 FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - IST FINAL REPORT OF TRAINING CURRICULUM Technique developed area activities: Shopping Area - Area Production Development and Optimization of a Network for the assessment of internship Elaine Licório __________________________________ ______________________________ ____ Supervisor Location Fábio Pereira Dacêncio ________________________________ __ Advisor Professor José Mario Rando - Marcelo Veri Internship Coordinator and Supervisor _________________________________ Alex Fabio Nascimento dos Santos St udent - Trainee Marília - 2nd Half of 2006 FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - IST SUPERVISOR'S EVALUATION OF LOCAL STAGE CURRICULUM:

Company Name: Araújo & Farias Ltda Epp-Supervisor's Name: Elaine Licório Area of Expertise: Administration Title / Position: Director of Administrative Training (Course highest level): Accounting Sciences Student Name: Alex Fabio Nascimento dos Santos Evaluation of the trainee according to each specific situation, from zero to ten. ITEMS Integration of trainee and environmental standards organizat ion's responsibility in conducting the activities of development stage activitie s as planned Professional attitude of the trainee Application of knowledge and s kills in real situations and real professional development and personal social r esponsibility, justice and professional ethics. Transposition of difficulties wi th creativity Other considerations Note Given the foregoing I consider as very fruitful and approve the development of t raining developed by the student up in our company. Marilia, November 14, 2006. ______________________________ Supervisor Elaine Licório Local Stage Company sta mp FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - univ Institute of Technology - IST FIFTH LEAF - E valuation of Teacher Internship Advisor. This field refers to the evaluation of the teacher advisor. Following the model proposed the supervising teacher must f ill out the header with data requests, and then assign scores from zero to ten f or each situation experienced. Assign final grade which is the average of the sc ores assigned previously. Writing in the first digit and then words. Do NOT fill in the field of coordination. FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - STI Self Assessmen t. The stage is nothing more than put into practice everything we learned in the classroom for their dedication to seek the best for our future. Learn to search , trace, several goals are part of our lives and the stage was part of it all, s ure that he helped me in my training I have no doubt, because that means there i n the workplace, because not only learned about my profession, but also made gre at friends there who helped me to conduct a proper training and learning in my c urriculum. Directed does not feel, but to fulfill another part of my goals in li fe had been saved forever, because that was where I put all my learning and know ledge into practice, always do the best that's what I learned in those two and a half years of study learning to learn and never imagine that we know everything €because in life we are learning new things every day. FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides SOARES DA ROCHA" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - IST SUMMARY 1. INTRODUCTION ................................................. .............. .................................... .................. 9 2. ORGANIZATIONAL PROF ILE ................................................ ........................... .............. 10 2.1. Data identifying :....................................... ....... .................................................. .. 10 2.2. Socio-econ omic location :........................................... ..................... .... 10 2.3. Hours: .............................................. ............. ................................ 10 2.4. Company History ....................... ........................ .................................................. .... . 10 3. STRUCTURE ................................................ ............. .................. 12 3.1. Organizational Chart ................................ ................. .................................................. ........... .... 12 3.2. Management ................................................. ...... ............................................ .......................... 12 3.3.

Institutional Mission ................................................ ......... ......................................... .... 12 3.4. Activities and purposes . .............................................. ................................. ................. ............ 12 3.5. Number of professional .................. ............................. ................................................ 1 2 3.6 . Staff ................................................ ................. ................................. .............. 12 3.7. Support staff ......... ...................................... ......................................... ......... ............ 13 3.8. Other professionals ............................. ................... .................................................. .... 13 3 .9. How services ?............................................. ................ .......................... 13 3.10. Physical Description ....................... ......................... .................................................. ... ....... 13 3.11. Operating conditions .......................................... ..... ........................................ 13 3.12. Resources .............. ................................... ............................................ ...... .................... 13 4. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE FIELD OF TRAINING ............................................ ............. 14 4.1. Computer Netw orks ............................................... ........................... ....................... 14 4.2. Servers ........................................ ......... .................................................. ................... . 16 The discipline of servers was also widely used in my internship, it was onl y one using the Fedora Linux Operating System ........ ......................... ......................... ......... 16 Through this system was created a Samba f ile server to access and backup files created during the day by office staff wit h their proper folders and permissions, a proxy server to access the external ne twork , ie, the Internet, was also done by even a print server to facilitate the centralization of printing ........................... ........................ .......................... ................................................. 16 In computing, a server is a computer system that provides services to a network of computers. These services can be of different nature, such as files and email . The computers that access the services of a server are called clients. Network s using servers are client-server, used in networks of medium and large (with ma ny machines) and in networks where the security issue plays a large role importâ ncia.Redes computers. (Booklet), www. apostilando.com.br, Apostila server Slackw are, 23/10/2006 ................................... ... 16 4.3. Communication Pr otocols I and II ............................................ Protocols ........ ........................ 18 also widely used on stage held, even if they seem no t mean much because almost no we talk about them, but they are the most importan t in a computer network for communication both software as well as the network i tself. .................................................. ...................... ............................ ....................................... 18 For the same firewall that has been created on the server ,€released he left some doors where they released some services and blocking other services that use this prot ocol to communicate this, if MSN, ftp, ssh, pop, among others ....... 18 ..... . ................................................. .............................. .................... ................................ 19 4.2.1. 5. PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF THE TASKS PERFORMED .............. .......................... 20 5.1 Actions Taken .................................................. ........ .......... ............................ 20 5.2 Results Achieved ................ .................................. .................... 20 FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION "Euripides Soares da Rocha" Maintainer of the Centro Uni versitario Euripides Marília - Univ Institute of Technology - IST 4.3. Difficult ies encountered ................................................ ............... ................................ 21 6.0 CONCLUSION ............................. ..................... .................................................. ....... ....... 22 REFERENCES .................................. ....................... ........................... ................................ 22

9 1. INTRODUCTION The stage was developed in-house & Araújo, Farias Ltda Epp, who works in the are a of Manufacture of articles of cement to use the building. Stage were observed in all the necessary information so that we could deploy a system that meets the needs of enterprise-Araújo & Farias Ltda Epp, because there was a system in pla ce where in which they could not take advantage of speed agility within the ente rprise by finds there was always a miss in terms of development in the area of i nformatics that worked there and the same be lagging behind the technology avail able today. 10 2. ORGANIZATIONAL PROFILE 2.1. Identification data: Name: Araujo & Farias-Epp Ltda. Trade Name: Tubes Fort CNPJ: 07.130.173/0001-73 State Registration: 568 054 607 112 Address: Via Perimeter South, 5600. Neighbor hood: Industrial District - CEP 17670-000. Phone: (14) 3488-1259 - FAX: (14) 348 8-1333 E-mail: araujo@life.com.br 2.2. Socio-economic context of the location: Industrial Area of the town of Quintana. 2.3. Opening hours: Monday to Friday from 7:00 pm to 17:00 with intervals from 11:00 to 12:12. 2.4. Company History It all started today by brothers Ulysses Licório City Mayor Cesar and Quintana L icório secretary of education in the state of Rondonia where at which not only f ounded a headquarters in the city, but two in 1991 under the name Forte tubes di rected at a building concrete pipes for sewage pipes and another company focused on assembling concrete poles, slabs and tiles for wall and ceilings. A & Araújo , Farias Ltda Epp was founded in 2005 with the sale of pipes Forte, bought by Mi chel Gabriel Augusto Farias and the same has been working in this field until to day. The company has very strong today in this business in the region thanks to its vendors and the market that has acquired over the years I have been working, always seeking more and more market where in which the strong is the supply of these materials mainly to municipalities in the region of President Wise, Assisi , Marilia, Araçatuba. 11 A & Araújo, Farias Ltda Epp has a staff of 22 employees being administratively 7 :15 in the productive area and is located in the town of Quintana to 455 km from the city of a town with 6578 inhabitants where the city is strong the agricultu ral industry. 12 3. STRUCTURE 3.1. Organogram Michel - Chairman, Elaine - board, Vanessa - administrative, Walter - Marketing, Eduardo - Production, Adevanda - Admin / Reception. 3.2. Management Family since 1991, after selling it ceased to be a family-sized company. 3.3. Institutional Mission The company has a mission to manufacture and supply high quality products, worki ng always looking for growth and carrying the same name not only the company but

also the city where it is located. 3.4. Activities and purposes Advice to local governments, leading solutions for improvements in stormwater an d sewage systems in cities across the region, always taking into consideration t he quality of their services. 3.5. Number of professionals A & Araújo, Farias Ltda Epp has 22 professionals. 3.6. Staff Chair, Executive, Administrative, Marketing, Sales, Production 13 3.7. Support staff A secretary to the front desk .. 3.8. Other professionals A & Araújo, Farias Ltda Epp has a person who takes care of cleaning. 3.9. How the services? Are performed as follows, are accomplished sales, passed on to administrative an d approved the sale,€then the programming is done in the manufacture of products by the administration, is then passed along the production line where they will be produced and made delivery to its final consumer. 3.10.Descrição physical Rooms: Chairman, Department of Administration and Marketing, Sales / Computing, auditorium for meetings, garage, two bathrooms, a Maintenance Shed Transport Tot aling the area of the company totals up 5500mts ². The sector is made where the stage is located along the Room Sales with only one split by a wall which is loc ated where in the Dedicated Server and a Switch, with a table, two chairs and a cupboard containing all in relation to software and hardware that is used within the company this site has 19mts ². 3.11. Operating conditions The room contains air conditioning system through an air conditioning and fluore scent lighting system, stabilized with UPS for distribution to the entire comput er system company. 3.12.Recursos The resources are actually only ipment, equipment that they are isting facilities are a Pentium multifunction printer from HP, re that the company uses. 14 4. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF FIELD STAGE 4.1. Computer Networks The discipline of computer networks was the most used in my internship, it was t hrough her that I could put all my knowledge into practice and overcoming barrie rs mostly have never done something like this alone. By implementing the network I used the star topology where in which it was composed six computers Desktop t ype. Using client / server, clients do requests as much files as Internet access depending on a host server to respond to these requests. (LINUXIT) www.linuxit. com.br, NETS, 22/09/2006 The network topology used for this assembly was the typ e star, also using an eight-port switch for interconnecting the same. Basically, a network is a system that allows communication between different points, ie a the company's existing software and hardware equ merged into new and secondhand computers. The ex 4 2.6 Ghz, Pentium 3 800mhz, 2 1.0Ghz Celeron, a laserjet February 2100, and every line of softwa

system that allows the exchange of information. The basic components of a networ k (or network of information) is a sender (source of information), the medium th rough which information travels (the channel), a receiver (the destination infor mation) and finally the message that is nothing more than the information itself . A common example would be a person talking on the phone with someone else: The transmitter would be who is talking, the channel would be the telephone line, t he receiver who is listening and the message would be the very message being com municated. Over the years the tools for data communication have evolved graduall y, in order to make information exchange faster, easier and more efficient. A co mputer network is based on the principles of an information network, implementin g hardware and software techniques to make it effectively more dynamic to meet t he needs of the modern world imposes. Computer networks include all equipment ne cessary to interconnect electronic devices such as PCs and printers. These devic es communicate with each other are called nodes, workstations, point or just net work devices. Two computers, or we would be the minimum number of devices needed to form a network of computers. 15 The maximum number is not predetermined, theoretically all the world's computers could be linked. 16 4.2. Servers The discipline of servers was also widely used in my internship, it was only one using the Fedora Linux Operating System. Through this system was created a Samb a file server to access and backup files created during the day by office staff with their proper folders and permissions, a proxy server to access external net work, ie, the Internet has also been done through even a print server to facilit ate the centralization of printing. Also through this server were created safety rules through Iptables to block certain applications such as MSN and Orkut by e mployees. In computing, a server is a computer system that provides services to a network of computers. These services can be of different nature, such as files and email. The computers that access the services of a server are called client s. Networks using servers are kind of clienteservidor,€used in networks of mediu m and large (with many machines) and in networks where the security issue plays a large role importância.Redes computers. (Handout) www.apostilando.com.br, Apos tila Slackware server, 23 / 10/06 release. The story of the servers obviously ha s to do with computer networks. Networks allow communication between different c omputers, and with the growth of these, the idea of devoting some computers to p rovide some service to the network, while others would use these services. The s ervers would be responsible for the first function. File Server: Server that sto res files of various users. Web server: server responsible for storing pages fro m a particular site, ordered by customers via browsers. Server e-mail: server re sponsible for storing, sending and receiving electronic mail messages. 17 Print Server: Server responsible for handling requests for printing files of var ious clients. Database Server: Server that owns and manipulates information in a database, for example, a user registration. DNS Server: Servers responsible for the conversion of Web site addresses into IP addresses and vice versa, or syste m of domain names. Proxy server: Server that acts as a cache, storing Web pages recently visited, increasing the speed of loading these pages to call them again . 18 4.3. Communication Protocols I and II

Protocols also widely used on stage held, even if they seem not mean much becaus e hardly speak them, but they are the most important in a computer network for c ommunication both software as well as the network itself. For the same firewall that has been created on the server, let it released some doors where they relea sed some services and blocking others, services that use this protocol to commun icate this, if MSN, ftp, ssh, pop, among others. Strictly speaking, protocol mea ns, something that has a pre-ready for something to be used, with resources allo cated to it, or even, is the standardization of laws and procedures that are wil ling to perform a particular task. (Handout) www.apostilando.com.br, 108_sistema soperacionais.doc, 15/09/2006 In data communication and networking, protocol is a standard that specifies the data format and rules to be followed. Without prot ocols, a network does not work. A protocol specifies how a program is to prepare the data to be sent to the next stage of the communication process. Protocols f or Internet and to network in the event TCP-IP that was used to setup our networ k because it is a routable protocol, form the group of communication protocols t hat implement the protocol stack on which the Internet and most commercial netwo rks work. They are sometimes called "TCP / IP", as the two most important protoc ols of this model are: TCP - Transmission Protocol - and it works like IP addres sing each point as if they were numbers to their homes identification on each st reet. POP3 also used in our network to send and receive e-mails is a protocol fo r remote access to an electronic mailbox. POP3 is defined in RFC 1225 and allows all messages in an electronic mailbox 19 can be transferred sequentially to a local computer. Then the user can read inco ming messages, delete them, answer them, store them, etc.. SNMP management proto col is a typical TCP / IP, application layer that facilitates the exchange of in formation between network devices. SNMP enables network administrators to manage network performance, verify certain difficulty find and solve network problems, and plan the growth of this for a better use of it, there are several network m anagement programs such as free Look @ lan also mrtg who always seek to use it. 20 4.2.1. 5. PRESENTATION E DISCUSSION OF TASKS CARRIED 5.1 Activities Carried Performed on stage was carried out a new system in network technology to be very outdated and over current technologies. Activities developed in a report which was generated in which came under discussion which would be necessary to change to improve network performance and agility also of its users. Made changes where we started before there was a server running Windows 1998, and where their cust omers were also all Windows 1998 servers acting as indeed, as a working group wi thout a certain organization in the data,€where it became a slow network without a dedicated server application or print it all had shares without an organizati on of folders and unsafe because there was not even a firewall to block certain applications that users were accustomed to accessing. 5.2 Results Achieved

The results were the best for after the installation of a dedicated server with Fedora Linux network has become faster and safer, with the blocking of certain a pplications made to the iptables package that comes with the distribution, A pro xy server mounted with Squid, without telling the server application dedicated t o SAMBA, where we centralized control through folders by user-level access and D epartments. A dedicated server also Print this same machine afin leaving all cen tralized network impressions through a multifunction printer laserjet and the ot her two on another machine. It was also made up of all applications and data tha t the company had in its machines and modified the operating system of client ma chines from Windows 98 to Windows XP. With this organization, the difference was felt by all, once it became a network with more security and speed up everythin g for customers who make use of it there. 21 4.3. Difficulties encountered In the case of backup and reinstallation of some applications were found some di fficulties. Also in the assembly of the print server when the printer setup. Ano ther point I left to be desired, because it did not have much knowledge of it wa s in the installation and configuration of Squid but with determination and sear ch for information on configuring it, I could leave it running perfectly with th e restrictions created black lists for users not having access certain sites. 22 6.0 CONCLUSION Thanks to a good dedication to deploy, the system is in perfect condition, opera ting without any problems. I believe in how I achieved both general business nee ds as mine too, because in the beginning I felt a little embarrassed to begin de veloping the system but with the passage of time, I was looking for information and losing the fear in the first study, I managed to develop it, quietly and I b elieve that above all quality. The company also by what I see was very pleased w ith the new system and I believe that from now on is to learn and learn, because only then we can always get something else in our lives never giving up, as all days are days to be if learning and therefore able to develop all this. REFERENCES Tutorials, www.apostilando.com.br, 108_sistemasoperacionais.doc, 15/09/2006. Tut orials, www.apostilando.com.br, Apostila server Slackware, 23/10/2006. LINUXIT, www.linuxit.com.br, NETS, 09/22/2006.