Effects of Tobacco in the Body 8 of 8 seconds a person dies due to smoking.

Research indicates that people who start smoking in adolescence (as occurs in more than 70% of cases) and continue smoking for two decades or more die 20-25 years earlier than those who never lit a cigarette. Not only lung cancer or heart disease which causes serious health problems and death. Here are some of the less publicized effects of tobacco use - from head to toe. 1. Hair Loss Smoking weakens the immune system, leaving the body more vulnerable to diseases such as lupus erythematosus, which causes hair loss, mouth ulcers and rashes on the face, scalp and hands. February 1 16b 9. Heart Disease One in every three deaths worldwide are due to cardiovascular causes. The use of tobacco among the main risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. The se diseases kill over 1 million people annually in developing countries. Cardiov ascular diseases related to smoking kills over 600,000 people per year in develo ped countries. Smoking accelerates the heartbeat, raises blood pressure and incr eases the risk of hypertension and clogged arteries, which come with time, causi ng heart attacks and stroke. 2. Cataracts It is believed that smoking causes or exacerbates many diseases of the eyes. The smokers showed a 40% higher incidence of cataracts, a loss of transparency of t he lens that blocks light and may lead to blindness. Smoke causes cataracts in t wo ways: irritating eyes and lungs releasing chemicals that after arriving in th e eyes, carried by the bloodstream. Smoking is also related macular degeneration among the elderly, an incurable eye disease caused by the deterioration of the central part of the retina called the macula. The macula is responsible for focu sing central vision and controls our ability to read, drive a car, recognize fac es or colors and see details of objects. 16c 6 May 4 10. Gastric ulcer Smoking reduces resistance to bacteria that cause gastric ulcers. Moreover, comp romise the ability to neutralize stomach acid after a meal, leaving the acid att ack the stomach lining. The ulcers of smokers are more difficult to treat and ar e more likely to occur. 7 8 11. Discoloration of fingers 9 The tar contained in tobacco smoke builds up in the fingers and nails, leaving them stained with a yellowish brown. 3. Wrinkle formation Smoking prematurely ages skin by removing proteins that give it elasticity, depr iving them of vitamin A and restricting blood circulation. A smoker's skin is dr y, rough and wrinkled, especially around the lips and eyes. 16th 12. Uterine cancer and abortion 16f 7 Besides increasing the risk of cervical and uterine cancer, smoking create s fertility problems for women and complications during pregnancy and childbirth . Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of babies with low birth weight an d future harmful consequences for health. Abortion is two to three times more co mmon in smokers, the same happened with fetal loss due to oxygen deprivation and placental abnormalities induced by carbon monoxide and nicotine. The syndrome o f sudden infant death is also associated with tobacco use. Besides, smoking can

reduce estrogen levels, causing premature menopause. 4. Hearing loss As the use of smoking creates plaque on blood vessel walls, reducing blood flow to the inner ear, smokers can lose their hearing earlier than non-smokers and is more susceptible to hearing loss caused by infection of the flags earphones or loud noise. The smoker also has three times more likely than nonsmokers to infec tions of the labyrinth that can lead to other complications such as meningitis a nd facial paralysis. 8 16e 16d 11 December 15 October 15 5. Skin cancer The use of tobacco, but does not cause melanoma (a sometimes deadly form of skin cancer), increases the probability of death from this cause. Smokers have a two times higher risk of developing squamous cell skin cancer - a cancer that cause s the appearance of skin rashes and red scales. 13. Deformation of the sperm Smoking can deform sperm and damage your DNA, what could cause miscarriage or bi rth defects. Some studies have shown that men who smoke have higher risk of bear ing children subject to contract cancer. Smoking also diminishes sperm count and reduces blood flow to the penis, which can cause impotence. Infertility is more common among smokers. 6. Tooth decay Smoking interferes in the chemistry of the mouth, creating excess plaque, yellow ing teeth and contributing to their deterioration. Smokers are likely one and ha lf times greater than losing your teeth. 12 14. Psoriasis The smoker has two to three times more likely to contract psoriasis, an inflamma tory condition that causes non-contagious skin the appearance of reddish pálpul as with prurient secretion throughout the body. 7. Emphysema Besides lung cancer, tobacco use causes emphysema, a swelling and rupture of pul monary alveoli that reduces the ability of the lungs to receive oxygen and expel carbon dioxide. In extreme cases, a tracheotomy allows the patient to breathe. It is an opening in the windpipe and a ventilator forces the air entering the lu ngs (see picture). Chronic bronchitis (not shown) creates an accumulation of pur ulent sputum, resulting in pain with cough and difficulty breathing. 13 15. Buerger's disease Buerger's disease, also called thromboangiitis obliterans, is an inflammation of the arteries, veins and nerves of the legs, especially, causing restriction of blood flow. Left untreated, Buerger's disease can lead to gangrene (necrosis of tissues of the body) and amputation of the affected areas. 14 16. Cancer It has been shown that more than 40 elements contained in tobacco smoke cause ca ncer. The smoker is 16-22 times more likely to contract lung cancer than nonsmok ers 16th. According to several studies, the more time a person smokes, the great er the risk of contracting various forms of cancer, including cancers of the nos

e (twice), 16b, 16c of the tongue, mouth, salivary gland and pharynx (6-27 times ), esophagus (80-10 times), larynx (10-18 times), stomach (2-3 times), kidney ( 5 times) 16d; bladder (three vexes) of the penis (two to three times), pancreas (two to five times) 16e; the colon and rectum (three times) and anus (five to si x times). Some studies have also shown a link between smoking and breast cancer 16f. 15 This poster is a reproduction of updated "The body of the smoker" first publishe d in the journal COLORS No. 21, July-August 1997 Production MNH Communications. Creating space for public health. WHO, Geneva, 2001. 8. Osteoporosis Carbon monoxide, the main poisonous gas released as exhaust from cars and tobacc o smoke, coalesce with the blood faster than oxygen, reducing up to 15% the abil ity of the smoker's blood to carry oxygen. Because of this, the bones of smokers lose density, fracture more easily and carry up to 80% more time to recover. Sm okers may also be more susceptible to problems of the spine: a study shows that workers who smoke are five times more likely to suffer back pain after an injury . 15 http://www.opas.org.br