Grouping School St. Silvestre E.B. 2.3 of S. Sylvan Writing Assessment Statement of Natural Sciences Nome___________________________________________________ No.

____8 th Year / Date Turma__ ___/01/2010 I 1. Pay attention to the following scheme. Environment Rating ____________ Professor: ____________ Enc. Ed: ____________ The individual species The individual species Species B Individual of species A set of living = W Species C How to describe, respectively: 1.1. The set consists of all individuals of the s pecies A. 1.2. All living creatures W. 1.3. The scheme. 2. Read the text carefully and observe the figure. "On the trunk of trees can be seen, especially in winter, tufts of a green plant - the mistletoe. This plant fixed to the trees through the plant sinks that remove water, organic and inorga nic substances. In winter, mistletoe gives rise to white and sugary fruits which provide food for thrushes. These birds, trying to get rid of the seeds they bec ome trapped in its beak, shake them in the trunks of trees. Thus, the seeds germ inate on the spot where the bird left. 2.1. Identifies the relationship between: Visco 2.1.1. the olive tree and the mistletoe. Justified. 2.1.2. mistletoe and thrush. Olive tree 1 3. For each of the statements that follow, select one of the key terms available . Key: a) Mutualism b) dinner c) Competition d) Predation e) Parasitism Affirmat ions: The swallows sea-dive from time to time, catching small fish. _________ Th e bee lands on the cut flower nectar and contributes to the pollination of flowe rs. _________ Lice live on the skin of monkeys, feeding on their blood. ________ _ The ivy entwine the trunks of trees, without harm, to gain more light. _______ __ 4. The following table illustrates the preferences of some living things on t he light. + + + Prefer this local variation luninosidade Species 4.1. Which spec ies (A, B, C or D) is a nocturnal animal? Degree of total darkness through light + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Strong light A B 4.2. What is the species that is not affected by light? C D 4.3. How do you rate the worm in the laboratory when he fled from light to a dar k place? 5. Observes carefully, the following figure, which represent two moments of an e xperience. 5.1. Which abiotic factor that is being tested in this experiment? 5.2. For each of the statements which follow, marks an X on the correct option:

5.2.1. The behavior of the plant stem in assembly B is a good example: photoperi od. negative phototropism. influence of moisture. positive phototropism. 5.2.2. A long day plant is a plant: needs intensive light to survive. gives flower when exposed to a short photoperiod. does not need light to survive. gives flower wh en exposed to large photoperiod. 2 6. Observe the diagram representing the various strata in a forest. 6.1. Compares the light intensity in stratum C to the stratum A. 6.2. Why is sparse undergrowth? 6.3. Indicates two biotic relations evident in the scheme. Justified by data fro m caption. 7. A given area of the south pole, a study was done on the influence of temperat ure on a population of penguins. Similar study was done for a population of gras shoppers in a mountainous region of Portugal. Observe the graphs of the followin g figures. 7.1. What is the optimum temperature for activity of the grasshopper? 7.2. Indic ates the minimum temperature at which the grasshopper can live. 7.3. Which of su pporting higher temperature range? 7.4. How do you rate the locust as to how tol erate temperature variations? 3 8. The scheme represents a food web. 8.1. Bodies identified in the figure indica tes: ⠢ A producer. _______________________ ⠢ A third-order consumer. ___________ ____________ ⠢ A being which occupies more than one trophic level. _____________ __________ 8.2. Of living things indicates one be identified: ⠢ Autotrophic. ___ ____________________ ⠢ heterotrophic. _______________________ 8.3. Indicates the maximum number of trophic levels that exist in the food web represented. ______ _________________ 8.4. What name is given to the process carried out by plants t o obtain energy? 8.5. Selects and outlines a chain with three trophic levels, from this web. 8.6. In order to close the material cycle is required the intervention of other ecosystem components. What are they? 9. The man occupying the trophic level where there is better utilization of ener gy fixed by producers when they choose to eat: (select X with the correct option ) beef with mashed. Fish with potatoes. Chicken with chorizo. Bread with sweet f ruits. Eggs and cheese. 10. Notes on the correct option,€for each of the follow ing matters: 10.1. In an ecosystem, where the energy passes from one trophic lev el to another, there is gain energy power loss Neither gain nor loss of energy 1 0.2. The flow of matter in an ecosystem is: Cyclical Unidirectional Bidirectiona l GOOD JOB! Professor Cristina Pinheiro 4