- Equations
- M11
- Metod Saniga and Petr Pracna- Space versus Time: Unimodular versus Non-Unimodular Projective Ring Geometries?
- The Tenets of Cosmolosophy Continued--Loving Structure -- A Review.
- Ad Cad Constraints
- Generalizing Musical Intervals
- Flat02.pdf
- space
- Mechanics Book
- Discover July06
- The Four Levels of Process
- 067 Dimension
- Manifold 03
- rpp 3D
- Ducas
- Chem 373- Lecture 29: The Variation Theorem
- 0.Rok PrvikoldrugisemABa
- math- april 16th
- MatrixTutorial2
- gelee-mapreduce
- 709
- Kyoto2005
- CHAPTER 4 — Visual Elements I_ Point, Line, Plane
- Its Time to Be Your Multidimensional Self
- Ter ti um Or ga num - Third Canon of Thou ght a Key to the Enig mas of thee World
- 759_barron_j
- Manual 2
- Lusas Basics
- Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science is published by the group of young academic and industrial researchers with 12 Issues per year.
- 1 (6).docx
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
- Yes Please
- Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
- Dispatches from Pluto: Lost and Found in the Mississippi Delta
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America
- John Adams
- The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story
- Grand Pursuit: The Story of Economic Genius
- This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate
- The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power
- The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
- Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln
- The World Is Flat 3.0: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century
- Smart People Should Build Things: How to Restore Our Culture of Achievement, Build a Path for Entrepreneurs, and Create New Jobs in America
- The Hard Thing About Hard Things: Building a Business When There Are No Easy Answers
- Rise of ISIS: A Threat We Can't Ignore
- Angela's Ashes: A Memoir
- Steve Jobs
- How To Win Friends and Influence People
- Bad Feminist: Essays
- The Light Between Oceans: A Novel
- The Sympathizer: A Novel (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)
- Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel
- Leaving Berlin: A Novel
- The Silver Linings Playbook: A Novel
- You Too Can Have a Body Like Mine: A Novel
- The Incarnations: A Novel
- The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P.: A Novel
- Life of Pi
- Bel Canto
- The Master
- A Man Called Ove: A Novel
- Brooklyn: A Novel
- The Flamethrowers: A Novel
- The First Bad Man: A Novel
- We Are Not Ourselves: A Novel
- The Blazing World: A Novel
- The Rosie Project: A Novel
- The Wallcreeper
- Wolf Hall: A Novel
- The Art of Racing in the Rain: A Novel
- Beautiful Ruins: A Novel
- The Kitchen House: A Novel
- Interpreter of Maladies
- The Perks of Being a Wallflower
- Lovers at the Chameleon Club, Paris 1932: A Novel
- The Bonfire of the Vanities: A Novel
- The Cider House Rules
- A Prayer for Owen Meany: A Novel
- Mislaid: A Novel

UVM/IIS

Thursday, July 8, 2010

EUCLIDEAN SPACE

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Euclidean Space is

The Euclidean plane and three-dimensional space of Euclidean geometry, as well as the generalizations of these notions to higher dimensions. The term “Euclidean” is used to distinguish these spaces from the curved spaces of non-Euclidean geometry and Einstein's general theory of relativity.

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Euclidean Space

Euclidean n-space, sometimes called Cartesian space, or simply n-space, is the space of all ntuples of real numbers (x1, x2, ..., xn). It is commonly denoted R , although older n literature uses the symbol E .

n

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Euclidean Space

R is a vector space and has Lebesgue covering dimension n. Elements of R are called n-vectors. R 1= R is the set of real numbers (i.e., the real line) R is called the Euclidean Space.

2 n n

Thursday, July 8, 2010

One Dimension

R = R is the set of real numbers (i.e., the real line)

1

-∞ √2

0

∞

-∞

0

1 √2 (1.41)

∞

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Two Dimensions

R is called the Euclidean Space.

∞ P(-2, 1) 0

2

-∞

∞

-∞

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Three Dimensions

y

∞ P(2, 2, -2)

-∞

0

x ∞

z

Thursday, July 8, 2010

-∞

n Dimensions

R Space of One Dimension (x, y) R Space of Two Dimensions (x, y) R Space of Three Dimensions (x, y, z) R Space of Four Dimensions (x1, x2, x3, x4) R Space of n Dimensions (x1, x2, x3, ...., xn)

n 4 3 2 1

Thursday, July 8, 2010

SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Solutions of Systems of Linear Equations
**

x1 + x 2 = 1 x1 - x 2 = 1

HAS ONLY ONE SOLUTION: ∞

x1 = 1 x2 = 0

-∞ 0 ∞

-∞

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Solutions of Systems of Linear Equations
**

x1 + x 2 = 1 x1 + x 2 = 2

∞

HAS NO SOLUTIONS

0

-∞

∞

-∞

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Solutions of Systems of Linear Equations
**

x1 + x 2 = 1 2x1 + 2x2 = 2 HAS INFINITELY MANY SOLUTIONS

-∞ ∞

0

∞

-∞

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Solutions of Systems of Linear Equations
**

In general:

**A SYSTEM OF LINEAR EQUATIONS CAN HAVE EITHER: No solutions Exactly one solution Inﬁnitely many solutions
**

Deﬁnition: If a system of equations has no solutions it is called an inconsistent system. Otherwise the system is consistent.

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Matrix Notation

MATRIX = RECTANGULAR ARRAY OF NUMBERS

0 2 1 1 0 1 -2 0 3 4 1 9

( )( ) )

3 2 -1 0 1 2

**EVERY SYSTEM OF LINEAR EQUATIONS CAN BE REPRESENTED BY A MATRIX
**

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Elementary Row Operations
**

1. INTERCHANGE OF TWO ROWS

) ( )( )

0 2 1 1 0 1 -2 0 3 4 1 9 1 2 0 1 0 1 3 0 9 1 4 -2

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Elementary Row Operations
**

2. MULTIPLICATION OF A ROW BY A NON-ZERO NUMBER

) ( ) ( )

1 2 5 0 1 5 3 2 1 4 3 0 1 6 5 0 3 5 3 6 1 4 9 0 *3

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Elementary Row Operations
**

3. ADDITION OF A MULTIPLE OF ONE ROW TO ANOTHER ROW

) ( ) ( )

1 2 5 0 1 5 3 2 1 4 3 0 1 2 7 0 1 5 3 2 7 4 3 8 *2

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**How to Solve Systems of Linear Equations
**

-x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 4 2x1 + 6x3 = 9 4x1 - x2 - 3x3 = 0

x1 = ... x2 = ... x3 = ...

Thursday, July 8, 2010

( (

-1 2 4

2 0 -1

3 6 -3

4 9 0

NICE MATRIX

) )

)

**Linear Algebra Application
**

Google PageRank

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Early Search Engines
**

SEARCH QUERY DATABASE OF WEB SITES

LIST OF MATCHING WEBSITES IN RANDOM ORDER

**PROBLEM: HARD TO FIND USEFUL SEARCH RESULTS
**

Thursday, July 8, 2010

**Google Search Engine
**

DATABASE OF WEB SITES

WITH RANKINGS!

SEARCH QUERY

MATCHING WEBSITES IMPORTANT SITES FIRST!

Thursday, July 8, 2010

How to Rank?

VERY SIMPLE RANKING: Ranking of a page = number of links pointing to that page

PROBLEM: VERY EASY TO MANIPULATE

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Google PageRank

IDEA: LINKS FROM HIGHLY RANKED PAGES SHOULD WORTH MORE

IF

**Ranking of a page is x The page has links to n other pages
**

THEN

Each link from that page should be worth x/n

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Google PageRank

THIS GIVES EQUATIONS:

x1 = x3 + 1/2 x4 x2 = 1/3 x1 x3 = 1/3 x1 + 1/2 x2 + 1/2 x4 x4 = 1/3 x1 + 1/2 x2

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Google PageRank

MATRIX EQUATION:

x1 x2 x3 x4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1/2 0 x1 x2 x3 x4

( ) ( )( ) )

=

1/3 1/3 1/2 1/3 1/2 1/2 0

**COINCIDENCE MATRIX OF THE NETWORK
**

Thursday, July 8, 2010

Google PageRank

x1 x2 x3 x4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1/2 0 x1 x2 x3 x4

( ) ( )( ) )

=

1/3 1/3 1/2 1/3 1/2 1/2 0

( x1, x2, x3, x4 ) is an eigenvector of the coincidence matrix corresponding to the eigenvalue 1.

Thursday, July 8, 2010

- EquationsUploaded byca_perez75
- M11Uploaded byV
- Metod Saniga and Petr Pracna- Space versus Time: Unimodular versus Non-Unimodular Projective Ring Geometries?Uploaded byJupwe
- The Tenets of Cosmolosophy Continued--Loving Structure -- A Review.Uploaded byJeffery Lee Vale
- Ad Cad ConstraintsUploaded bysheeves
- Generalizing Musical IntervalsUploaded bycomposicion1
- Flat02.pdfUploaded bykrablbertoponz
- spaceUploaded bypipul36
- Mechanics BookUploaded bygayanera
- Discover July06Uploaded byLedzeppelin
- The Four Levels of ProcessUploaded bygodamajin
- 067 DimensionUploaded byNeoHooda
- Manifold 03Uploaded byJames Lowder
- rpp 3DUploaded byPurwanti Wahyuningsih
- DucasUploaded byTsirf Tsal
- Chem 373- Lecture 29: The Variation TheoremUploaded byNuansak3
- 0.Rok PrvikoldrugisemABaUploaded bySanda Bogavac
- math- april 16thUploaded byapi-278663194
- MatrixTutorial2Uploaded byraj_theking
- gelee-mapreduceUploaded byc1099775
- 709Uploaded bycolio
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- Manual 2Uploaded bydaniel191286
- Lusas BasicsUploaded byoqusous
- Research Inventy : International Journal of Engineering and Science is published by the group of young academic and industrial researchers with 12 Issues per year.Uploaded byresearchinventy
- 1 (6).docxUploaded byAnonymous hR8ioZtJmc