C OSSIER electronics Navigation and search on the Internet 4 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET Acessa

São Paulo Program Program Accesses SP is an initiative of the State of São Paulo and aims to comba t the digital divide, bringing the resources of the Internet to low-income popul ation, encouraging the development of communities. For this the State Government created the Infocentros spaces with free Internet access. There are three types of Infocentros: Infocentros the Community, created in partnership with communit y organizations (neighborhood associations, friends, neighborhood etc.). Infocen tros the Halls, created in partnership with municipalities in São Paulo, and the Public Pay for Internet Access, created in partnership with agencies of the Sta te Government itself that there is huge influx of population. To facilitate the use of equipment, users have monitors trained and committed to the project for a uxiliálos. These monitors are trained to meet the specific needs of each user. T hey are also responsible for managing Infocentros. Another concern of access and provision of relevant content to the audience as well as stimulating the creati on of content by the community. Thus, Infocentros also act as information center s and services for community development, enabling access to information on heal th, education, business and government services available on the Internet etc.. We develop products such as short courses Acessa São Paulo, the partnership Acce sses / WebAula, Dictionaries POUNDS and Network Projects. The communities provid ed with a Infocenter are encouraged to develop projects and activities that use technology resources in a creative and educational. For this was created the Int ernet portal, so users can provide the infocenters content produced by the commu nity and thus produce knowledge themselves. C OSSIER electronics Expedient Electronic Notebooks Rector: Adolpho José Melfi Vice-Rector: Hélio Nogueira da C ruz Pro-Rector for Research: Luiz Nunes de Oliveira Scientific Supervision: Fred ric M. Litto Editorial Coordination and Pedagogy: Carlos Seabra Production Coord inator: Drica Guzzi and Akira Shigemori Roadmap, Research and Writing: Maria da Conceição C. Oliveira Graphic Design / DTP: Ronald Russo Ludimyla Chira and Web Designer: Daniela Matielo Cover Illustration: Francisco Sá Godinho (Kiko) Revisi on: Beth Abreu Contributors: Veronica Costa, Nilson G. S. Junior Electronic Note books: www.cidec.futuro.usp.br / Notebooks School of the Future - USP Tel: (11) 3091-6366 / 3091-9107 Email: acessasp@futur o.usp.br th Av. Lucio Martins Rodrigues, Trav. 4 - Block 18 CEP 05508-900 São Pa ulo / SP Program Access São Paulo Governor: Geraldo Alckmin Ministry of Civil House: Arna ldo Madeira CEO of Press Officer: Hubert Alquéres Coordinator of the Institution al Projects: Emerson Pereira Bento Program Coordinator Acessa São Paulo: Fernand o Guarnieri Team Program Accesses are New York: Alan Nicolich da Silva, Alexandr e Geraldi Felipe Borgognoni, Flávia Brandão, Gilson Bevilacqua, Gisele Fabris do s Reis, ND Farias, Leandro Benetti, Michele Damascus Karine Silva, Neide Novaes, Richard Mallet, Silvana Maiéski Portal Acessa São Paulo: www . acessasaopaulo.s p.gov.br Acessa São Paulo Program Tel: (11) 6099-9579 / 6099-9641 Email: acessa@sp.gov.br

Street Bristol, 1921, Bristol CEP 03103-902 São Paulo / SP Electronic Notebooks were developed by the Center for Digital Inclusion and Comm unity Education School of the Future of USP (CIDEC) for the Program Access São P aulo State Government of São Paulo, through its Office of Civil House. Reproduct ion of all or part of this specification is allowed and encouraged for noncommer cial purposes only and subject to citation of the source. May/2003 2 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS Introduction In this book you will know a little about some of the main means of navigation i n the network: Internet Explorer, Opera and Netscape Navigator browsers most use d by network users. You will learn to organize your favorite pages in the folder of Favorites (bookmarks) and will receive some guidance not to "sink" in their searches across the network. For that know a little about the functioning of the major search engines and can therefore select, filter, and better target their searches. Know that it is possible to refine our searches, making them by catego ries: search for text, picture and others. Learn that we can load several pages and navigate to them without even being connected to the network.€Learn how to c lean their tracks after surfing the Internet and also on applications that help you download your programs, looking for sites or allowing faster download in par ts. At the end you will find suggestions of remission among related electronic b ooks, a section where you find links to downloads of freeware programs or course s offered online. There is also a glossary with key terms of computers and the I nternet in this dossier. Shall we begin? Index 1. Know the major browsers ............................................ ........ .................... 4 2. Save and organize addresses in the "Favorites "....... .................................. ................................. 5 3. Naviga tion Chart: basic rules not to wreck the Internet .............................. ......... .. 6 4. Know the differences between search engines .................. ........................ .................... 7 5. Using the capabilities of sea rch engines ........................................... ........................ ................... June 8. Tuning further our research ........................ ..................... ............................................. 11 7. Browse offline ................................................ ...................... ............................ ................................ 12 8. Erase your t racks ............................................... .......................... ........................ ........................... September 12. Use programs to download optimizers ............................................. ........... .................... 13 Remission between notebooks and links on the Internet .. ........................................ ....................................... ...... Glossary ................................................ 13 ............ ...................................... ......................................... ........ 14 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 3 1 Know the main browser market

Browsers (browsers) are programs used to surf the Internet. It is from them that we can view the documents on the network. There are dozens of different browser s such as Mozilla and Konqueror. But the most used are the Explorer, Opera and N etscape. They all have some basic functions on your menu as buttons to move back and forth pages loaded, a button that enables us to go directly to the home pag e, another to stop loading the site, one to refresh the page. There are also sea rch engines, pulp allocate more sites that we access or those we like (Bookmarks ) folder to store your browsing history etc.. In the "Address" field, fill in the URL of your favorite website or leave it "ab out: blank" to open the browser and load any page. Main menu of Internet Explorer, the most widely used Internet browser. From left to right you can see the buttons: back, forward, stop, refresh. If you know the Internet Explorer should have noticed a difference in this pictu re. The browser interface is with another "skin". This is a feature of Internet Explorer 6. You can change the "skin" (skin) of it by downloading some tools (se e "Links on the Internet"). To disable them, just click on "View" menu, "Toolbar s" and disable the "Hotbar". You can select the homepage of your browser or leav e it blank. To choose an address to load every time you open your browser, click the Internet Explorer menu "Tools" "Internet Options". The commands in this bro wser are very intuitive, making navigation quite easy. This application has vers ions in different languages, including Portuguese, which increases its acceptanc e. Netscape Navigator, although it has been a favorite for surfers around the wo rld, has lost its primacy for Internet Explorer. But both browsers offer similar features. For example, to decrease or increase the size of Letter of the contents of a given page, just in Explorer, click on "View" menu, "Text Size" and select the available options. In Netscape, click View and select "Increase font" or "Decrease font". To print, save, send a shortcut from the pa ge loaded to your desktop or the entire page via email, simply click on the File menu and select the operation you want. See also Electronic Notebook 7. With so me features common to earlier browsers, but with many differences, the Opera, a shareware application developed in Norway, is preferred by users with visual imp airment.€This browser allows the expansion of the size of the content displayed on the screen up to 1000 times. You can also zoom out. To enable this feature, s imply click on the arrow next to the field to the right of your browser and sele ct the zoom percentage you want. Note the two following screens: In the first image, an example of content displayed on the screen without an inc rease, in the second, an increase of 200%. Another unique feature of Opera is the control of uploaded images, which allows you to enable or disable downloading and displaying images. This is very useful, facilitating the loading of 4 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS page, especially if your major interest is the reading of texts and not viewing the images on a page. To the right of the field to fill the URLs, is located in the search field of your browser. This field, combined with search engines like Google, which allows search by categories, is quite useful, as discussed in the following topics. Besides these features, this browser also allows simultaneous viewing of multiple pages in one window, arranged side by side, up and down, wat erfall and others. To enable this feature simply click the menu "Window" and mak

e your choice. Good to know is important to code pages that follow world standards of the Inter net so we can view its contents. The The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the ma ximum authority in the Internet world, was created in 1994 with the aim to guide and develop protocols, specifications (such as HTML and CSS) and tools that ens ure the interoperability of the Internet. See the Electronic Notebook 5: Creatin g and publishing Web pages. Two forms of simultaneous viewing of pages in a single window, allowed using the Opera browser. Can open multiple windows at the same time allows to organize the navigation, op timizing the work of research, reading news etc.. This characteristic of the Ope ra does not consume more working memory, operating system, allowing it to be one of the fastest browsers in the market. If we add windows in browsers like Inter net Explorer, this is not true because the concurrent operation of other program s to navigation becomes slower, due to the fact that resource requires that the operating system to use more RAM. Opera also has a "progress bar" that displays details of loading the page or download it ran from a given page. For this bar y ou can follow the speed in loading, the download time, the type of file you are uploading etc.. There are sites that change their appearance depending on which browser is loaded. This happens because some sites were created and developed in to patterns that are not always compatible with browsers used to view them. Inte rnet Explorer, for example, adds a few commands and a few tags that are just him , but he does not modify the behavior of the native tags W3C, for example. Opera does not run some scripts in Internet Explorer and some other more advanced fea tures. 2 Save and organize addresses in the "Favorites" You are browsing the Internet, doing research on a particular topic. In its sear ch encounters a page superinteressante. But there is no time explorála therefore must finish its work. Not to lose the URL and can easily have access to this si te as often as you want, save it in the Bookmarks (Favorites). In all three brow sers presented in the previous section the procedure is quite simple. Open the s ite in your browser, click the menu "Bookmarks" (in Opera and Nescape) or "Bookm arks" menu (in Internet Explorer). A box Folder to store sites created poetry, named POETRY. 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 5 dialog will open and you can create a folder to save the site, clicking on the " New Folder." A window opens with a field to write the name of the new folder. Th en just click "OK". You can also include this address directly into the bookmark s folder. But if you do it with multiple addresses, hamper their search later. B y creating thematic folders, you make your queries. You can edit your bookmarks at any time. You can create new folders, delete a site that went off the air in your address book, folders and rearrange files, relocating to folders within fol ders or files from one folder to another etc.. To edit your bookmarks excluding, for example, a website address that went off the air, click on "Favorites," "Or ganize Favorites", select the site you want to delete and click "Delete."€In the next dialog box that appears to confirm the deletion by clicking "Yes" and then click "Close" to exit the editing. To move a folder with all its contents or ju st one file to another folder, repeat procedure until the initial selection and

click "Move to Folder." A window for choosing the destination folder will open. Select the destination, click "OK" and "Close" to exit the editing. Some browser s allow you to import and export address list favorites from a browser to anothe r or to a floppy or CD-ROM and vice versa. The export and import are very useful if you change your browser or you need to format your computer, because then it preserves intact its list of favorite websites. In Internet Explorer click on " File" menu, "Import and Export." In the window of the Import and Export Wizard, click "Next" and select the option you want, for example, "Import Favorites" and proceed. Choose the folder in which your favorite stores (generally the default is C: \ My Documents \ bookmark.htm), or select a specific folder, if it has sa ved elsewhere. Avance. In the "Export Favorites Destination", select the locatio n where to save your favorite sites (if it were a floppy, for example, you would select the A: drive). Advance and the process starts. In the end, just click "F inish". To re-import your favorites to your browser, repeat the steps using the Wizard. In the field of import indicating the location C: \ My Documents \ bookm ark.htm) and exports indicate the location where you saved the file in Favorites . Navigation Chart 3: basic rules to stay afloat on the Internet The Internet is a universe of information as broad as our own planet. You can be sailing smoothly and suddenly "anchor" on a Chinese website, full of ideograms, or seek deliberately official site of an Arab television network, and with the help of a translator program online, trying to figure out what kind of news stat ion broadcasts. But if we do not have any method to navigate, can sink in this v ast virtual ocean, full of ports and some "Towers of Babel" inhabited by users w ho speak and write in thousands of languages and dialects, offering products for every taste. Not to lose ourselves in the virtual world, we must act done These us, the Greek hero who slew the Minotaur. With a long wire, supplied by Ariadne, he was guided in his journey, inside the immense labyrinth of Crete until he fi nally found the exit. That means we have to create methods for browsing and sear ching, because searching the network does not function as a binder in search of a physical library. In this, the books are organized by author name, title, subj ect, etc.. We chose a book or more and read his writings, often line by line. Al ready the Internet is made up of millions of textual information, sound and imag e interconnected - the famous hypertexts - that allow us to read multiple pathwa ys and therefore non-linear multiple paths to be traversed. The many links of th e network make the most unusual terms may lead us to other even more weird. And it is precisely this characteristic that makes the Internet so rich, enabling a search quite dense. But that posture must take to get the best possible content network? After all, what measures are useful to perform a proper search, separat ed only what is significant, and not lose ourselves in the infinite crossroads o f the web? Just as browsers using navigational charts, maps, compasses will not stray into the oceans, we must know the tools in our browser, using them so they can guide us, guiding the network browsing. As you see, there are commands that we 6 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS let you save and organize addresses found to be resumed, there shortcut keys tha t allow access history and discover the ways in which we have passed, which allo w you to find other words and expressions in the page you're browsing. Good rese arch also need an investigative attitude conscious. You must draw a path and not deviate from it, for during a search on the net many interesting sites, but far from our purposes, will appear as well as the temptation to browse through them . No need to leave them permanently, save addresses in an orderly fashion in the

Bookmarks and then visit them and do not deviate from your goal. We must also u nderstand and learn the operation of good search engines, in order to select and filter the information you need.€And one final caution: the network is no infor mation of any kind, from how to make a homemade bomb to how to break passwords f or pay to be able to use them. There are texts whose authorship is attributed to a particular author and were written by others, there is misinformation, someti mes with primary errors. One should be very careful in relation to the origin of this information. Always prefer the institutional sites as main sources. If you are doing research on endangered species, see the homepage of IBAMA, and if you r search is about the poetry of Cecilia Meireles, visit the official website of poet and university sites and so on. That does not mean non-institutional websit es are all of dubious quality. There are many sites that have personal informati on insightful, grounded in serious research. Over time you will know to distingu ish them. Learn, for example, a site full of spelling mistakes is a sign that it s creator was not very attentive to the content to be displayed in the network, so it's good to be careful with the information you will find. In short, to have good results you need to concentrate and take in the purposes of determining yo ur search, be patient, collate information, and finally incorporate the knowledg e search. 4 Know the differences between the search engines Search engines Search engines are attached to huge databases containing informat ion on web pages. By entering a word in the search field of search engines, new pages appear with a list of links pointing to other pages where the term is that we seek. There are several such sites on the net: Google, Altavista, Yahoo, Whe re, Miner, UOL, Terra, Where, I thought, Excite, aeiou, Alltheweb, Kartoo, Lycos , HotBot, Radix, WebCrawley among others. In the following topics, we'll look br iefly some aspects of the functioning of some of them. Good to know all the search sites have tutorials explaining in detail how to run their search engines. Reading them, especially the first time you use them, hel ps save time in their future research. There are basically two types of search: by catalogs and index or search engine "robot", ie function as robots. Search engines ordered by catalog and classify I nternet addresses, not worrying about the textual content of individual pages of the sites listed. An example of a site search engine which uses the catalog is the AEIOU Portugal. There is a constant effort to maintain an updated catalog of all the sites in countries where Portuguese is official. The AEIOU catalogs sit es on the Internet but does not list exhaustively the textual contents of indivi dual pages of these sites. Records are enrolled in large directories and subdire ctories, categorized by topic. Thus, the folders and subfolders contain the foll owing information: site name, web address, brief description of the content made by certain keywords. 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 7 Already sites crawlers or "robot" work differently, organizing and classifying t he textual content of each site, page by page. Indexers work with text-matching to find all pages that are both important and relevant to your search. When they analyze a page, look at what other pages that are linked have to say about it, giving preference to pages where the search terms are near each other. Google, f or example, which works with the engine "robot", taking calculates results based on an equation of 500 million variables in more than two billion terms by about a billion pages. For these calculations are considered factors such as the popu larity of certain characteristics of links and pages (words in bold in the heade

r or larger fonts). The position of each page will depend, among other factors, the number of pages that connect to it and also the importance of those pages. T hat is, the importance of a page is derived from his popularity and the populari ty of pages that point to it. 5 Using the capabilities of search engines Depending on the type of search you wish to make must choose search engines that offer one or another of the mechanisms described in the previous topic. Imagine you want to find sites that deal with the theme of "government" in Brazil. If y ou see a mechanism such as the catalog AEIOU, you have to start at the directory "International" because that is where the Brazilian sites are cataloged. Inside select the folder "Brazil".€In the search field type "electronic government". O bserve the result: Good to know if you have a homepage on the Internet and want to sign it into sea rch engines, so that the information that is on your home and in the other pages on your site becomes available to all network users, it is advisable to choose a search site that uses the system "robot". He is able to travel in different li nks, seeking terms automatically. Into a search engine type catalog, for this to occur we must register the page of your site. Write to the discretion of text p resentation. See also Electronic Notebook 5: Creating and publishing Web pages t o learn more about ways of advertising a site, registration in search engines, u se of banner ads etc. There is no site with that name in AEIOU cataloged, but the Google site is part of the catalog of AEIOU. Why does this happen? Because, as we said, the search engine type catalog only m akes their search for the registration of the site. If we want an expression lik e "government" we have to use a crawler-type mechanism which lists pages that in clude all search terms entered. Thus, our research is more direct. Note: The same expression in a mechanism such as Google Indexer took 0.31 seconds and offered a list of 58 200 pages in which the term "electronic government" appears . 8 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS Say if you were to see 58 200 pages in which the term "electronic government" ap pears, it would take a long time, is not it? So you must refine your search and need to seek the best possible what you want. All search engines have advanced s earch tools. These tools speed up the search, limiting the results to finding ju st the pages that really matter. Suppose that the previous search you select the address www.governoeletronico.gov.br and want to find only pages with similar c ontent to it. For that we have some tools to trigger the "advanced search". Cons ider the following: Note that associated with the term "electronic government" included the term "in focenter", specifying the period of research and language. Search results specified in the image above: in 16 seconds, the survey found 86 results. If you want to do a direct search, crawlers usually take you to the page most re levant according to their search terms. Note:

Note that we specify the full address in the "similar", so pages with similar co ntent will be listed. If we use the same expression and press the button "I'm Feeling Lucky", will be targeted directly to the address www.governoeletronico.gov.br. Search Results ex emplified in the previous image: the Search took 0.54 seconds and found 30 pages with content similar to that address discrimination. Now suppose that your interest in this research is to identify what has been sai d about the infocenters on reports in the Internet, with content in Portuguese, the last year. You must then refine your search to find such data in accordance with the chosen date, the format of the page and a few more definitions. Note th e fields filled with the information you want: There are important search engines that do not search "case sensitive", ie, diff erent words are case-sensitive, so sharp words. Others are offering different re sults if accents and capitalization are used. 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 9 Google also offers the possibility of doing a "search cached" (saved search). Th is research is done on pages that were stored in the index in the last version t hat were loaded. It is useful to find a page if it is not available in your spec ific address at the time of the survey. If your child gets upset, looking for an image of a phoenix to complete a school exercise, do not despair! There are sites that specialize in various types of s earch: for images, virtual communities, newsgroups, computer programs and many o thers we can imagine. The research procedures are basically the same as we have seen so far. Simply enter any of the sites that offer advanced search by categor ies such as Google and Altavista, choose the category, type what you want in the search field and ready. To use this feature simply click on the "cache" as highlighted in the image. Moreover, in the "cache" Google highlights the terms posted for you at the time of search, painting them yellow. Partial result of the search for the word phoenix. Google analyzes the content of the legend, the rest of the text next to the imag e, and considers other factors that determine the contents. Remove duplicates an d ranks first in the better resolution. It is also possible to refine the search by specifying the file extension and other indicators determined by the border who want to search. For a quick search, the tool "search cache" is quite interesting because it allo ws you to make a selective reading on the page. Good to know Some search engines have aggregated online translators that allow t he reading of pages in other languages. This tool has limits, because the transl ation of words is quite literally, in most cases without considering the context in which the terms appear. But if you have not mastered the language and resear ch on a foreign website is essential, you can try this feature. The major search engine Google is subdivided into four main groups: web (where a ll web pages indexed) images (such as iconographic research focuses on: drawings

, photographs, reproductions of paintings and any other type of image), groups ( allows research on virtual communities, newsgroups, mailing lists, etc.) and dir ectory (search allows Web content organized into subject clusters in different c ategories of sites). 10 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS 6 Tuning more Our research Search engines work on the network based on Boolean logic and / or regular expre ssions. Regular expressions are expressions that are a subset of text extracted from a whole text. Considering the Internet as a great text to trigger a search engine based on the demand for regular expressions, they are used to specify wha t standards we want to extract from web pages. While search engines use Boolean logic, they work with the logical relationship between terms to be searched. Thi s relationship is established by means of logical operators that are of universa l use in internet search. Good to know the British mathematician George Boole (1815-1864) developed an alg ebraic system that later was called Boolean algebra. He is considered by many th e inventor of mathematical logic and his theories formed the basis of current Co mputer Science and Cybernetics. The name, boolean given to the binary logic of c omputers, is a tribute to the mathematician Boole. There are several signs and terms that are used as logical operators. Among the major operators of Boolean algebra are: "and" or (*) means that the intersection of words "or" or (+) means that inclusion of terms and "and not" or (-) corresp onding to the exclusion of terms. These and other players not quoted are key fea tures to fine tune our searches on the computer and the Internet. If you wish, f or example, finding a complete sentence or an exact phrase in the text of a web page, just put in the search field of search engines the sentence / phrase in qu otation marks (""), as we did in the examples search for term "Electronic government". To exclude terms from a search, place immediately befor e the word you want to delete the minus sign (-) and to include, use the sign (+ ) added to the term. Imagine you want to find information about the island of Ma llorca, but do not want information about the city of Palma de Mallorca. You acc ount for the search engine exactly what you want by typing into the search field the following terms and signs: + Island Mallorca-Palma. You will result in abou t 300 pages and none of them refer to the city of Palma de Mallorca. There are s earch engines like Kartoo French (which has a version in Portuguese), that inste ad of showing the links resulting from a search in the form of lists, show the r esults in cartographic format. Each sphere made of a site map is found and its r elevance to the subject is demarcated by their size. By clicking on the ball, ca rry the page. The Kartoo offers suggestions on topics related to a list on the l eft of the screen. Alongside these keywords for the "+" and "-". By clicking the "+", included a keyword to search term, so with the click "-", it is subtracted . These features, as you know, help to further refine your search. In Kartoo, when selected the word "law", the map tells the incidence of it in th e sites resulting from the search for the term "electronic government". The Kartoo conducts research that you request on 13 search engines in Portuguese (who are from Brazil and other countries with the same language)€and other sear ch engines in various languages from various countries. In it we see the history of research already carried out, save the map with the results and also send it by e-mail. All commands are translated into Portuguese.

4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 11 7 Browse offline Save a Web page is a fairly simple task. All browsers offer this feature. In Int ernet Explorer, simply load the page in your browser and click on "File" menu, " Save As". In the dialog box that appears, select where you want to save the page (a folder on your PC or a floppy disk, for example). You must also choose the t ype of file. Select the "Web page, complete" to save the formatting of the HTML page and view it offline, just as when you're online. If you use dial-up connect ion, this feature helps save on phone bill as you may know the contents of the p age without having to be with the computer connected to the network. However, to save every page is an exhausting task and requires time. To resolve these incon veniences are small applications, offered free on the network, known by the name of offline-browsers. When installed on your system and properly configured, the y allow you to lower the entire contents of a website and can explore it later, even without connection. The offline-browsers freeware most well known are the O ffline Explorer, Teleport and WebZIP. See "Internet Links" to know where to down load these programs. know what kind of navigation you did. To clean the traces of visited websites, o pen Internet Explorer, select the menu option "Tools" then "Internet Options". I n the window that opens, select the tab "General". Under "Temporary Internet Fil es", the "Delete Files". The table below entitled "History", click "Clear Histor y". Visited pages and images viewed during their navigation will be deleted. If you type a website address that has already sailed, even before you finish typin g the address is complete. To eliminate this function of Internet Explorer, repe at the path described above and select the tab "Content" (as pictured below). Pr ess the "AutoComplete" and uncheck the options you want. If you want to clear th e history and stored passwords, click "Clear Forms" and "Clear Passwords". 8 Erase your tracks These operations are not able to delete cookies that are also clues left on our computer about the sites we visited. A cookie is a small text file with a. Txt, usually sent by web servers, captured by our browser and stored temporarily on y our hard disk. Every time we sailed for a site that have visited the browser wil l send that information back to the site that referred the case until the cookie expires. To remove them manually, open Windows Explorer and the folders "Progra m Files", "Windows", "Temporary Files You already know that every time surf the Internet, the sites where we are regis tered in the "History". That record, as we saw, it is interesting for us to reco ver our research steps. But to finish this task, it is advisable to erase these tracks to clean our hard drive of unnecessary files and also if you share the us e of computers to preserve your privacy by preventing others from 12 NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS Internet ". Select the files and press "Ctrl" "Shift" and "Del". You can also av oid the installation of cookies on your machine by installing small freeware app lications, known as scavengers of cookies (cookie-clean).

Remission among Notebooks Computers Electronic Notebook 2: Publishing and word processing to create a database of yo ur favorite sites. Electronic Notebook 5: Creating and publishing Web pages to l earn more about publishing Web pages. Electronic Booklet 6: Managing and organiz ing files will give you tips on managing files on your computer. E-7 notebook: U se the printer and imaging, to learn how to print web pages. 9 Electronic Notebo ok: Safety on the computer and the Internet to learn how to avoid unpleasant sur prises when downloading files from the network and then find out they were infec ted with viruses. 9 programs Use optimizers for download Before the invention of download managers and unable to count on a stable connec tion, the Internet,€used to download everything on the network, lived at odds wi th servers and ISPs. Today there are many offers this type of application on the market, in versions for purchase, shareware and freeware. If by chance you lose connection during a download made through these programs, they are able to retr ieve the download where it left off. And they do much more! There are applicatio ns that accelerate the speed of downloads up to 300 times, because fragment the download between multiple servers. The majority allows the automatic downloads, optimizing the tasks of downloading files from the network. One such resource is the "Daily Downloads" that allows you to schedule items to be downloaded daily. Through them you can also explore FTP and HTTP, and more quickly locate the des ired file. Internet Links Browsers, offline-browsers, cookies, and clean-download managers: www.opera.com/ www.netscape.com/ www.microsoft.com / Brazil / default.asp www.mi crosoft.com http://tenmax.com/teleport (Teleport) www.spidersoft.com / WebZIP (W ebZIP) www.aandrc.com / purgeie (PurgeIE) www.getright.com / get.html www.tol.pr o.br/ http://baixaki.ig.com.br/ Search engines: www.google.com.br/ www.google.com / intl / en / help.html # s www.altavista.com. www.yahoo.com www.cade.com.br www.aeiou.pt / doc / informacoes.php www.kartoo.c om www.searchenginewatch.com / facts / math.html The Download Accelerator, a freeware software to make the less time-consuming do wnloads. One of the most used is the Getright, which has several variants. Besides him th e best known are: Download Accelerator, GoZilla, Mass Downloader, Caitoo KGet, M y GetRight, Net Vampire, NetAnts. Now that you're ace in Internet search and nav igation, how about a stroll through the network? Bon voyage! 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 13 Glossary Boolean algebra: when we formulate a question to the computer or something you o rdered, if everything is working perfectly, it responds accurately. Applications : computer programs; software. Browser: web browser, a program to open and view web pages as the Explorer, from Microsoft, Navigator, Netscape etc.. Cookie: coo kie mean in English. The name originates from those fortune cookies that come wi th a paper with a short message. Cookies are small text files (txt) that web ser vers store temporarily assigned to browsers who visit these servers. DOC: abbrev

iated document, file format, the text editor Word (Microsoft Office). They can c ontain macros and are therefore potentially dangerous for the virus. Download: E nglish "load" means load and 'down' down. Download a means to download a file fr om a server, downloading it to your computer. Electronic-mail: e-mail. Freeware: any software (program) offered free on the net or in specialized publications o n media such as CD-ROM or floppy disk. The English word "free" means free. These programs do not expire within its use. FTP: File Transfer Protocol "or" File Tr ansfer Protocol. " It's a way to copy files over the Internet. The files are ava ilable and located on servers or personal computers for an FTP server program. A nyone who has access (login and password) can copy files contained there. All br owsers are most used FTP program included, and they always enter the FTPs with l ogin "anonymous". To use an FTP you can use an FTP program or specific ones that come built into browsers. GIF: "Graphics Interchange Format" or "Graphics Inter change Format" standard set by IBM for imaging media. Competes with the JPEG. An interesting fact about the GIF is that it is widely used throughout the Interne t and IBM raised an issue about who should receive royalties on these files. Hyp ertext: Hypertext called digital documents composed of different blocks of infor mation (the text itself, a song, a picture etc.) interconnected. This type of di gital document provides the user with different paths for reading. Homepage: "ho me" in English means house, household, and "page" page. On the Internet the term means "personal page". The word home, alone, means any home, the main page of a ny site on the Internet. HTML: abbreviation for "Hyper-Text Markup Language," wh ich means: "Markup Language for Hyper-Text." Infocenter: public access point to the Internet built by the state government of Sao Paulo in partnership with comm unity organizations in the capital, and city halls in the interior and coast.€It is to the people of classes D and E to use Internet resources and thus promote digital inclusion and democratization of information. Video (www.acessa.sp.gov.b r). Internet: World Wide Web. This is a global network of computers that coopera te. This cooperation is based on communication protocols, ie, "code conventions of conversation" between computers networked. JPEG: Joint Player Experts Group. Group or organization that has set a standard for media visual image. The JPEG s tandard takes the name of the group that created it. Link: link, link, link. Web pages is an address that is underlined, or in a different color of the color of the rest of the text. A link is nothing more than a cross-reference, a pointer from one place to another on the web. Thus, they allow a link to an image, file of the same page or other web, from a mouse click. Through the links to navigate through web pages is not linear. RAM: Random Access Memory ", working memory us ed by the computer so we can use the different applications. Resolution modes: n umber of small dots or pixels that a display device can display. Modes of resolu tion with more pixels provide sharper images and precise. Offline: disconnected from the network. Online: on, connected to the network. Protocol: is a set of ru les that computers use to communicate and, from that communication, produce some useful result as the site navigation, the transmission of e-mail or downloading files. Servers: companies that provide access to communication and data transmi ssion over the network. Shareware: is a trading method that allows free distribu tion, by a time delay of software. After this testing period, the user is prompt ed to register (buy) the product or uninstall it. Compression ratio: ratio betwe en the amount of data stored in a file (audio or video) and the amount of inform ation that effectively displays the player, after the decoding and presentation of the media. Upload: the opposite of download, or means to load a file from you r computer to send someone to unload on another computer. URL: "Uniform Resource Locator or Internet address. URLs are used by Web browsers to locate resources on the Internet. Website: "web" means network and site, in English, mean place. Having a website means having an address on the network with content that can be accessed by visitors. WWW: abbreviation for World Wide Web ", the expression of the graphical interface of the Internet. A possible translation would be "web o f global reach" ("world wide" means "big as the world" and "web" means "net" net work). 14

NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS Electronic Notebooks 1 March 2 May 4 Electronic Notebooks June 7 August 9 How to use and manage their e-mails Managing and organizing files Electronic Notebooks Electronic Notebooks Publishing and word processing Use of printer and imaging Electronic Notebooks Electronic Notebooks Spreadsheet and database and Virtual Communities lists, chat rooms and other Electronic Notebooks Electronic Notebooks Navigation and search on the Internet Security on computer and Internet Electronic Notebooks Electronic Notebooks 10 15 Creating and publishing Web pages Multimedia: video and audio on the computer 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET Update yourself In today's world to keep informed and updated is essential to improve our employ ees, our personal relationships and to feel included in society. Never been so e asy, fast, diverse and plentiful the means by which we can obtain information. W

ith the Internet, for example, can perform many different searches for different purposes. In the network we can find all kinds of software in addition to textu al sources, iconographic, cartographic, record, video-games, and others. Photogr aphs, reproduction of paintings, maps, tables, charts, old documents, journals, literary or academic, and a myriad of genres and populate the network are distri buted across thousands of sites and billions of pages. How, then, for us to upda te it, inform ourselves and not go crazy with so many possibilities in this univ erse? This book will address some research strategies and navigation to assist i n this process. You will learn to utilize the resources of browsers and tools of search engines as a compass on the high seas. Learn to trace paths, like a mode rn Theseus,€that does not conform to being locked in a maze. Bon voyage! www.acessa.sp.gov.br NAVIGATION AND SEARCH THE INTERNET 4 ELECTRONIC NOTEBOOKS