Network cable assemblies Content MOUNT CABLE NETWORK ............................................. .............. ........................... .3 PART 1 - TOOLS .............................................. .................. ..............................

.. ................ 3 STANDARD CABLE CAT 5: ............................................. ............ ...................................... ....................................... . .............. 3 RJ-45 CONNECTORS: ............................. ............... ................................... ............................................ ...... ............ ........ 3 Crimp Tool :..................................... .................................................. ............................ ...................... .... ....... 3 cutter :.................................. .... .................................................. ........................ .......................... ..... ........... 4 cable tester :................... ............... .................................................. ............. ..................................... ................... 4 PART 2 - MAKING YOUR CABLES NETWORK .......................................... . .......................... 4 CUTTING THE CORD :.............................................. ............... ................................... ....................................... PREP ARING .................. 4 / SEPARATING CABLE :......................... ....... ........................................... .................................... .............. ........ LOADING .. 5 RJ-45 ..................................... .... .................................................. ........................ .......... .......... 6 CRIMP CABLE with pliers :............................... . .................................................. ........................... ....................... 7 CABLE NETWORK DIAGRAM ............................................. ............ ................................ 8 DEFINING THE CABLE TO BE USED :........................................... ..... ............................................. ................................. ...... 8 DIAGRAM CONNECTION OF CABLES :..................................... ... ............................................... ................................ . ............ 8 II Mounting network cables Part 1 - Tools No matter if we are to install a local home or office, both will need to mount t he network cable! The most common type of pattern is called Category 5 (also cal led a cat5 or UTP5), which supports speeds up to 100 Mbps (Megabits per second). In this first part, we will see the tools used in assembling the cable, and in Part 2 we will see the crimping operation. Cat 5 cable standard: Can usually be found in boxes of 150 / 300 meters of cable, but usually the stor es also sell per meter. Tips: Buy good quality cables! A well done cabling depen ds on the quality of the cable, it would also influence the assembly of the conn ectors on the ends of it. Category 5 cables have four pairs of colored yarn. Ple ase note this item, because good quality cables have the easily identifiable col or patterns (attention to wires white / color), internal protection involving wi res, and have good quality cover. RJ-45 connectors:

Are connectors pretty cheap (if not much practice in connecting network cables, it is good to buy a supply "extra" for possible defects at the time of installat ion of cables). Crimp Tool: Is usually the most expensive tool in this type of arrangement on your own netwo rk (there are cables that testers are very expensive, but are used for professio nal assembly of large networks). Again it's recommendation: buy a tool of poor q uality, thinking only about the price, can result in problems in the crimping of the connectors on the cable, often imperceptible at first, but driving in the f uture network errors that can take much of your time. Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 Usually these pliers allow the use of both RJ11 and RJ45 connectors (used in tel ephones). They also have a section for "cut" the cable and strip the insulation. Cutter: Diagonal section of isolation and small size, can be found in any hardware store . Cable Tester: Although not a mandatory item, you will find simple models and not very expensiv e, which may be of great help when you are riding several cables. PART 2 - MAKING YOUR NETWORK CABLES In the first part, we saw the tools normally used to mount the network cable. At this time we will see how the "Loop" as we call the placement of the RJ45 UTP c able.€First it is important to decide what kind of cable you want! There are tw o types of network cable most commonly used: direct (or normal) and Reversed (or cross-over). Inverted or Cross-over: This type of cable is used in two basic si tuations: ⠢ ⠢ Connect two PCs through the network card, without using a HUB conn ection between network equipment specific kind between a hub and a router in som e cases, connection between two hubs, etc.. Direct (or normal): This type of cable is as the name tells the most used, and i s used for example in connecting the network card from a PC to a hub or a switch . Cutting the cable: Cut a piece of the cable network's size you will need! Remember! Never count on making amendments, therefore, necessary to measure the size, be very careful, co nsider curves, rises, falls, bumps, holes, etc.. And do not forget: if you still can cut you, but if you miss the solution becomes much more expensive ... Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 After measuring, make a cut straight and clean. As the image below: Remove the protection / insulation (blue cover in the figure) end in more or les s about 3 cm. Some crimping pliers have a section specifically for cutting it (y ou put the cable in cross-section that does not make the cut until the end, only removing the insulation - see attached), otherwise you can use a stylus or pock etknife. CAUTION: It is very important that the insulation is cut ONLY (shown ab ove would be the blue cover) and not the wires that are within. If some of the i nternal wires is damaged, you may jeopardize your entire connection. Normally at

this stage are committed errors damage the internal wires and do not understand , causing errors later it will be very difficult to identify. The pressure to ma ke the cut, the size of the section of insulation to be removed, etc.. Will be m ost easily controlled with time and experience. Preparing / separating the cable: After cutting the insulation, it is necessary to separate the cables / wires int ernally as the color of each. You will see that there are 4 pairs of colored cab le, each pair consisting of one color (blue, green, orange or brown), and its "p air" white (white with blue stripes, white with green lists, white lists with or ange, white lists chestnuts). If the cable is standard UTP Category 5, will ALWA YS these colors! Well, now that the internal cables are separated, should align them according to the desired order (if a direct cable or a cross-over cable), from left to right . The order is important because it follows a pattern set in the industry, and e ven running using a different standard could result in more work time to do some kind of maintenance later on cable, or reconectorização, or identification, e tc.. The practice usually teaches us that it is much more convenient and rapid f ollow a pattern! The standard we follow is the Industry Association of Telecommu nications (Telecommunications Industry Association - TIA) http://www.tiaonline.o rg/. The pattern is called EIA/TIA-568. (T568B) Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 Following the pattern above, align the internal wiring in your index finger in a uniform manner. After alignment, cut the ends so that they are exactly the same size, and about 1 to 1.5 cm layer of insulation. Putting the RJ-45 The most practical way to insert the cable in an RJ-45 is as follows: ⠢ ⠢ Hold t he RJ-45 connector firmly in one hand and separate cable in the other, as the fi gure above. As for inserting the cable into the connector, cables Force jointly, so that there are problems contact. Push the wires look good if everyone is fol lowing the correct path into the connector, remaining parallel. You may feel a s light resistance, but the connector and cable are sized to get fair, without bre aks, and without much difficulty. Push the cables through the extension of the R J-45 connector. They must touch the wall opposite the entrance hole. You can che ck by looking from the side (as pictured below) and on the wall where they end ( a series of points). If any of the cables is not entered correctly, YOU MUST EXI T CONNECTOR AND GET IT ALL AGAIN! In the end, force a little coating of braided cable, so this coat to pass through the shoulder on the connector (which will be pressed by the crimping pliers later). See the picture side down. ⠢ ⠢ Insert all cables correctly without clearances, fairly, and is purely PRACTICAL WAY! After several cables, you will feel more at ease this task and look simple, but the first connections can be annoying, time consuming, awkward, but not Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 hard! * Not * save time on this task! A loose connection can ruin your entire ne twork and be difficult to identify a problem. Right! Wrong!

Crimp the cable with pliers: Before leaving for the use of pliers, double check that the cables are securely mounted on the connectors: the wires to the end and hood coverage through the sh oulder of the connector. Being okay, insert the connector mounted, being careful not to disassemble, at the opening of its own crimping pliers (see picture belo w) On the other hand on the pliers, start hitting, finishing with two hands on a good grip, but free from the connector. After crimping, check the side of the c onnector were all contact into the connector, being uniform and touching the wir es. If there is any problem other than lack of pressure on the pliers, there is no way to retrieve the connector, the cable must be removed, or cut, and the con nector is lost. Well, now is just continue with the rest of conectorizações. O ne suggestion: always check carefully that the connections are well made, if the wires are securely attached and contacts well done. If you have a cable tester, you can take right away to test if everything is ok! Double-check that the cabl es will be direct or cross-over in the assembly of the wires in the connector. Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 DIAGRAM CABLE NETWORK Firstly it is worth clarifying that the method / diagrams shown here is just one method of setting type CAT5 cable direct or cross-over. There are other pattern s / diagrams that also work. Well after the warning, before venturing to make it s cable network, it is important to define what kind of cable you need, and of c ourse, have at hand the material and tools required for assembly. We will not ex plain in detail how to assemble a cable network will show only the connection di agrams / cable connection. Defining the cable to be used: As we said above there are basically two types of connection in the cable: direc t and inverted (also called cross-over). Patch cable (or patch cable): used to c onnect the network adapter to the hub. Crossover cable (or crossover cable) used to link two hubs in cascade, or to connect two PCs by the network card (standar d RJ45) without using a hub. Have the tools / materials required are: - A piece of network cable standard CAT 5 (4 pairs of wire) - RJ45 Connectors - Crimp Tool - cable tester (optional) Connection Diagram for wiring: Various patterns of cabling in a network, ie the order of the cables inside the connector. Leaving aside the discussion of which standard is better, we present the connection scheme in standard EIA 568B. This is setting the standard CAT 5 c able for direct (or patch cable) in standard 568B: see Table 1 and Figure A belo w. Table 1: Patch cable CAT 5 (EIA 568B) Connector # 1 White / Orange Orange White / Blue Green White / Blue Green White / Brown Brown Connector # 2 White / Orange Orange White / Blue Green White / Blue Green White / Brown Brown Figure A: Diagram of the wiring in standard EIA / TIA T568B Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9 This is setting the standard for CAT 5 crossover cable (or crossover) to 568B st andard: see Table 2 and Figure B below. Table 2: CAT 5 Crossover Cable Connector # 1 White / Orange Orange White / Blue Green White / Blue Green White / Brown Brown Connector # 2 White / Green Green W

hite / Orange White / Blue Orange White / Brown Brown Figure B: Wiring Diagram Standard and Crossover in standard EIA / TIA T568B Antonio Semedo - School Beira Aguieira 2007/2008 9