COURSE MANAGEMENT Project Management Lesson 03 Concepts of Project Management Prof. M.Sc.

Diogenes Lima Neto Screenplay Objectives Brief History Attributes Lifecycle Management Process Benefits Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Brief history [1] Final U.S. 19 sec - 1870 Change of economic structure changed relations of production need to systematize / manage Industrial Revolution Central Pacific Transcontinental Railroad 3 Home Sec 20 Studies of work, scientific reasoning to show that the work can be improved; Foc us on elementary parts of the steel industry TAYLOR 1856-1915 Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Brief history [1] Studied the order of operations at work diagrams constructed with task bars and milestones to support analytical tool for managers Unchanged for nearly 100 year s Shipbuilding in World War II GANTT 1861-1919 After WWII After WWII â ¢ Marketing Strategies; â ¢ Industrial Psychology; â ¢ Human Relations New Organizational Structures Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Brief history [1] Leaders 50 PERT CPM New Strategies Parties must work together Specific targets PROJECTS Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto

Brief history [1] Project management SCIENCE benefit of organized labor need to communicate and in tegrate work Multiple departments and professions Creation of the Project Management Institutes 70 80 90 â ¢ changes / software / limitations â ¢ Organization / Responsibilities / computers â ¢ computer network - Internet Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lee Neto Brief history [1] Management empirical: based on innate qualities of the manager and his assistant s or previous procedures. Much more art, feeling than technique. Classical or tr aditional management: those who, from decades of 1940/50 were developed mainly i n engineering, defense, aeronautics and aerospace. Are highly technical, highly complex, high costs and relatively long. Modern Project Management (PGM): Develo ped from the early 1990s. Aimed at a broad application and has been used in all areas of government or private, due to the rapid cycle of products, speed of tec hnology and fierce competition. Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Attributes of a Project Defined objective - - Schedule Schedule (time) costs Quality + Customer Satisfaction Independent tasks, non-repetitive Resources (people, equipment, materials, facil ities, etc..) Scheme specific time or effort only once has a client / server inv olves a degree of uncertainty => assumptions and estimates Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Sample Projects Development, implementation or development of: - - - - - - - - - - Play New product Wedding Ceremony New computer system New currency Modernization of a factory conduct an environmental congress Cleaning of land contaminated Re building a city after a natural disaster Creating an internship program for stud ents building a tree house Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Limiting factors of success SCOPE COST SCHEDULE (TERM) Efficiency + Effectiveness CUSTOMER SATISFACTION Effectiveness Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Lifecycle Project Initiation Initiation Plans Plans ment ment Processes PMBOK 2004

Control Ends Control Ends ment ment Execution Execution Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Life Cycle Generic Planning Phase Processes PMBOK 2004 Phase Control Time Execution Phase Inception Phase Phase Completion Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Effort Lifecycle Project (Gido and Clements, "Project Management", Ed Thomson, 2007) Identifying a need, problem or opportunity development and proposal of solution Implementation Project Project Completion Note: 1) The life cycles vary with the duration (weeks, months, years). 2) Not a ll projects are formally for all phases. Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Lifecycle Project Identification of need Development Solution Implementation Project (Gido and Clements, "project management", Ed Thomson, 2007) Project Completion Effort Time Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Project Management Process This process refers to "plan the work and then execute the plan" in order to ach ieve the project objective. "The initial effort in managing a project should foc us on establishing a basic plan that contains a diagram showing how its scope wi ll be completed on time and under budget." (Gido and Clements,€"Project Managem ent", Ed Thomson, 2007) Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Project Management Process Stages of Project Management: - Clearly define the project purpose - Divide and subdivide the project scope in significant fractions (or "work packages") - Defi

ne the specific activities to be conducted for each work package - graphically i llustrate the activities in diagram form (networking, for example) - make an est imate of time to complete each activity - Make a cost estimate for each activity - Calculate a schedule and a budget to determine if the project could be comple ted within the time required and the resources allocated (financial, human, etc. ). (Gido and Clements, "project management", Ed Thomson, 2007) Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Project Management Process Example of a timetable for a Project Study of Consumer Market: Source: Gido and Clements, "Project Management", Ed Thomson, 2007 Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto Project Management Process Example of a curve of cumulative budgeted costs for a Project Study of Consumer Market: Source: Gido and Clements, "Project Management", Ed Thomson, Prof. 2007. M.Sc. D iogenes Lima Neto Benefits of Project Management Having a satisfied customer! Better market position (your company) new business opportunities Feeling "winning team" => Expansion of knowledge and motivation sk ills Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto References [1] - Lecture "Fundamentals of Project Management Prof. Mario Andreuzza "for the course" Project Management ", FGV-DF, 2005 [2] - Gido, Jack; Clements, James P. ," Project Management ", Thomson Publishing, Translation of the third. North Ame rican edition, 2007. Prof. M.Sc. Diogenes Lima Neto