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GENERAL BACCALAUREATE
SESSION 2010
MATHEMATICS ~;;:~.>
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The use of a calculator is permitted.
Applicants must address all the exercises.
€He was invited to appear on the copy all traces of research, even incomplete 01
1
€not successful, it has developed. It is recalled that the quality of writing,
€clarity and precision of reasoning come from a polish in irnportante
€appreciation copies.
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Exercise 1 (5 points)
Common to all candidates
Exercise 1 (5 points)
During the days "red" as Bison Smart, the motorway that links Paris to Marseille
is overloaded. It is therefore advisable to take a relief route between Beaune
and Valencia (which does not pass through Lyon) to avoid any "plugs" motorway. B
etween Valencia and Marseille is also advisable to take the main road represente
d by the dots on the map. Bison Smart released the results of a study on the hab
its of motorists on the route between Paris and Marseille during these days "red
". It turns out that: • 40% of drivers take the relief route between Beaune and
Valencia • Among drivers who have completed the relief route between Beaune and
Valencia, 30% take the road from Valencia to Marseille • among drivers who have
not followed the relief route between Beaune and Valencia, 60% take the road fro
m Valencia to Marseille.
There:
B be the event that the motorist takes the route of shedding between Beaune and
Valencia 'and BI event contrary VI event "the motorist takes the main road betwe
en Valencia and Marseille" and
V event reverse.
1. a. Represent the situation using a weighted tree.
b. Show that the probability of event B (J V is p (B (J interpret this result.
V)
0.24

v. Calculate the probability that the driver does not choose the main road betwe
en Valencia and Marseille.
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2. It provides the following transit times:
€Paris - Beaune (by motorway): 4:00;
€Beaune - Valencia (by motorway, via Lyon): 5:00;
€Beaune - Valencia (by relief route, by not passing through Lyon): 4:00;
€Valencia - Marseille (by motorway): 5:00;
€Valencia - Marseille (by road): 3:00.
€a. Calculate the travel time between Paris and Marseilles, for the chosen route
. Copy the copy and complete the table below gives the probability of travel tim
e to travel from Paris to Marseille for the chosen route. Time in hours b. Proba
bility
It
14 0.24
Calculate the expectation of this law in hours and give an interpretation (the c
onversion hour minute second is not expected).
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Exercise 2 (5 points)
For candidates who do not follow the teaching specialty. Parts A and B are indep
endent. Part A
The table below shows the trend, by five years, the overall population of the tw
o Germanys (FRG and GDR) from 1958 to 1973. Year Rank 1 year Xi ~ i ~ 4 populati
on of the two Germanies Yi millions 1 ~ i ~ 4 1958 1963 2 74.4 1968 3 77 1973 4
78.8
1
71.5
Source: INSEE These data are represented by the cloud of points below:
83
Yi: Population (in millions)
81r --------------------------------79 ~------------------------~.~----77 ~------------------~-----------• 73r --------------------------------75 ~-------------------------------71 69 ~------------------------------- ~----~----~----- -~----~----~

o

2
3
Xi
4
5
Range of the year
The shape of this cloud suggests a refined fit. 1. Détenniner, using a calculato
r, an equation of the linear fit yen x by the method of least squares (coefficie
nts are rounded to the nearest hundredth).
2. In 1993, the total population of reunified Germany was 81 million. The propos
ed adjustment is suitable?
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Part B
We study here the evolution of the population of Germany over a longer period (f
rom 1990, it is the population of reunified Germany). Year-girl Xi rank l <i <ll
population of Germany Yi millions l <i <ll 1958 1 1963 February 1968
...
. J
1973 4
1993 8
1998 9
2003 10
2008
It
71.5
74.4
77
78.8
81
82.1
82.5
82.2
Source: INSEE
These data are represented by the cloud of points below:
83 81 79 77 75 73 71 69 0

Yi: Population (in millions)

• •
.


2
May 3
6
8
9
10
11
12
Xi ran for J'année
In
VU
the shape of clouds, an adjustment logaritlunique seems more appropriate.
For this we set z
= E
100
,
for 1
I <
There.
1. Copy the copy and complete the last line of the table below (results are roun
ded to the nearest hundredth). Year Year Rank Xi l <i <ll
. IL
1958 1
1963 2
1968

...
.)
1973 4
1993 8
1998 9
2003 10
2008 It
z.1 =
E JOO
(Rounded to the nearest hundredth) l <i <ll 2. Deduce, using the calculator, an
equation of the linear fit affine z in X, obtained by the method of least square
s. We give the answer in the form z = ax + b, the coefficients a and b are round
ed to the nearest hundredth. 3. Deduce that the adjustment equation Y = 100 ln (
0, 02x + 2, 07). logaritlunique sought is given by
4. Using this new adjustment, to estimate the population of Germany in 2013.
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Exercise 3 (5 points)
€Common to all candidates
€Parts A and B are independent. Part A is considered the function A defined on t
he interval [1, + 00 [by 4 A (x) = -0039 '1 - e' x 1. Calculate the limit of A (
x) when x tends to + 00.
2. It is assumed that the function A is differentiable on [a, + 00 [and there A
'its function EBV drift over this interval. Show that for all x belonging to [1,
+ 00 [one
-0 156th-0, 039x A '() =-'-,..--,-,--,------:- X (0.039 l_e-x) 2
3. Justify that A '(x) <a for all x belonging to [1; +00 Dresser Table A variati
on on [a, + 00 [.
Party B An individual wishes to achieve with a bank loan amounting to € 100,000
at an annual rate set. It is assumed that, if one realizes that loan over a peri
od of n years (n
~
[.
1) the amount of a
annual fee (amount to be repaid each year for n years) is given in thousands of
EUR 4
A (n) = l_e-0, 039n
.
For a loan made on n years (n
~
1) notes:

Sen) the total amount paid to the bank at the end of n years (in thousands of eu
ros) l (n) the total interest paid to the bank at the end of n years (in thousan
ds of euros).
In the questions that follow, we give the results rounded to the nearest thousan
dth. 1. Calculate A (1), A (10) and A (20) and interpret these results. 2. Demon
strate that a (n)
= 1 - e ~ I,, 039 "
100 for all n
~
1.
3. Copy and complete the following table on your worksheet.
Loan Term
11
the years
15
20
Amount of an annuity A (n) Amount S (n)
It
armuités paid to the bank
Interest 1 (11) paid to the bank
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4.
To facilitate the study of values of A (n), Sen) and J (n), we use the functions
A, defined on S and J (1; 20] By: 4 4x 4x A (x) = 0039 S ( x) = 00 9 J (x) = '9
-00 -100. 1-e-'. t-"x 1-e,' X is represented respectively in Annex 1 below the
functions A and S by the curves' e A and <'re on the interval (1, 20]. conunent
use a. Explain the graph in Appendix 1 to find J (10).
b. In this matter the record of research, even incomplete, or even not successfu
l initiative will be taken into account in the assessment. Explain conunent dete
rmined graphically on the meaning of Annex 1 variation in the total interest pay
able according to the duration of repayment of the loan.
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Exercise 4 (5 points)
€Common to all candidates
€Parts A and B are independent. PART A: Graphical exploration
The curves are representative of a function f and its derivative function f 'are
given below
€below.
€Match each curve <el and <E2A function it represents. Justify your answer.

1
'0
\
'1 '
8
\
\
1 January 1 January 1
f
": I2
6
January 1
I t
1
4
/
5
-4
Y. ~,
,
~ O
3 /
-2
- ~
,
OJ
\
\,
o
January 1 January 1
January 1
t \ '
2
January 1
1
March 1
1 4 / 5

6
. 7
...
\ -2
/
I t
1
("/] \.::> J
,
"...
-4
1 \ /
\
/
'-... V
-6
\.
/
-8
Part B: Construction This section traces research, albeit incomplete, or the ini
tiative even if not successful, will be taken into account in the assessment. Ea
ch of the paths will be briefly explained. a. On SCHEDULE 2, construct a curve r
epresenting a function g satisfying the following conditions: g is differentiabl
e on the interval [- 3, 3] and the equation g '(x) = 0 has three solutions on [3 , 3].
b. On SCHEDULE 2, construct a curve representing a function h defined and contin
uous on r-3, 31 and satisfying the following conditions: -3 x 2 0 3
In (h (x))
~
~
~
v. On SCHEDULE 2, construct a curve representing a function k defined and contin
uous on [- 3, 3] and satisfying the following conditions:
4:::;
r
k (x) d: r:::: 6.
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APPENDIX 1: Exercise 3
To go with the copy
<Es
"40 1
120
'100
80
60
40
20
o o
2
4
()
~
8
"12
16
"18
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ANNEX 2: Exercise 4
To go with the copy
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re
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