COMBINATION OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE "PIO TENTH" S / C LTDA COLLEGE "PIO TENTH" Recognized by Decree No. 83 064 of 22.01.

79 I-Street Office Campus, No. 362 / 38 2 Phone: (079) 211-1764, 211-1765, 211-9822-FAX-(079) 211-3363 Campus II - Av Au gusto Franco, 2685. Phone: (079) 231-7026 - FAX: (079) 231-7789 Campus III - Av Tancredo Neves, 5655 - Jabotiana - Aracaju / SE Phone: (079) 3041-1908 Home-Page : www.piodecimo.com. br E-Mail: piodécimo@infonet.com.br Aracaju - Sergipe CALCULATION OF TECHNICAL LOSSES IN DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER COMBINATION OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE "PIO TENTH" S / C LTDA COLLEGE "PIO TENTH" Recognized by Decree No. 83 064 of 22.01.79 I-Street Office Campus, No. 362 / 38 2 Phone: (079) 211-1764, 211-1765, 211-9822-FAX-(079) 211-3363 Campus II - Av Au gusto Franco, 2685. Phone: (079) 231-7026 - FAX: (079) 231-7789 Campus III - Av Tancredo Neves, 5655 - Jabotiana - Aracaju / SE Phone: (079) 3041-1908 Home-Page : www.piodecimo.com. br E-Mail: piodécimo@infonet.com.br Aracaju - Sergipe Chairman of Banca: José Valter Alves Santos Examiner Banker: Elenilton Teodoro D omingues Scholar: Ricardo Alexandre da Silva Santana OBJECTIVE Develop a methodology for calculating losses in electrical power distribution sy stems on the network segment secondary sector loading of transformers using a ca dastral base for easy development Electrical Power System Losses in Power Systems Classification - Nature LOSS OF LOSS OF ENERGY DEMAND PD = A - DS PE (t) = EE (t) - ES (t) Losses in Power Systems Classification - Location LOSSES IN TRANSMISSION LOSSES IN DISTRIBUTION Generation and Transmission Only in the Distribution System Losses in Power Systems Classification - Origin TECHNICAL LOSS GENERATION CONCESSIONAIRE Non-technical losses CONSUMER TRANSPORTATION • Errors in Measurement; • Fraud; • No measurement of energy Loss in Power Systems Classification - Segment Expected Range (%) Segment Of the total technical losses 16-25 9-17 15-30 15-55 30-30 0.5-6.0 3A7 5-11 the total energy from 1.5 to 2.0 0, 5 to 1.0 0.5 to 2.5 1 .0 to 2.0 0.1 to 2.0 0.05 to 0.20 0.2 to 0.4 0.2 to 0.8 System of High Voltage Substation Distribution Transformer Primary Network Secon dary Distribution Network Extension Connection Other Power Meter

Evolution of Global Losses-Brazil Data from the Ten Year Expansion Plan 2000/2009 - Eletrobrás 18.00% 16.00% 14.00% 12.00% 10.00% 8.00% 6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% 1980 1990 15.60% 13.00% 13.10% 15.50% 16.50% 16.30% 1997 1998 1999 2000 Growth of Global Losses • Lack of investment, current regulations in the sector • Brazilian • Control pr icing, not allowing a return required to maintain adequate service. Distribution Transformer Losses Losses in Copper (PCU) = fu ² x PCU Due to the resistance of the windings of transformers. Losses in Ferro (Pferro) = Ph + Pf Hysteresis Losses Applies a variable field, this process consumes energy, try to monitor material, undergoing successive imantações one way and another. Are due to the conductivi ty of the nucleus, forming closed paths of the same, a shorted turn, which consu mes energy in the field. Losses by Foucault NBR 5356/1981- Losses Rated Transformers - Classes 15KV Rated Power Transformer Three Phase 15 30 45 75 112.5 150 225 300 March 5 10 15 25 37.5 Monophase Pferro (KW) 0.1150 0.1800 0.2200 0 , 3400 0.4600 0.6400 0.9000 1.1200 0.0400 0.0480 0. 0640 0.0840 0.1200 0.1700 PCU (KW) 0.3200 0.5600 0.7600 1.1100 1 4900 1.9100 2.7 000 3.3600 0.0780 0.1130 0.1970 0.2850 0.4100 0.5500 Factors Project Utilization Factor (fu) fu = Pmáxima Pnominal Load Factor (Fc) Fc = dmed Dmax Loss Factor (Fp) Fp = Fc + K x (1 - K) x Fc ² K = 0.30, K = 0.15 monthly values, annual values Fp = 0.15 x 0.85 x Fc Fc + ² Dmed time dmed = = consumption consumption consumption Fc = 730 730 x Dmax Considerations Month January February March April May June July August September October Novemb

er December Average (days) Monthly (hours) Annual (hours) Day 31 28 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 30 417 730 8760 Load Curves Load Curves P (kW) P (t) D ε (kwh) = D ∙ Δt Δt T (h)

Valu s of loss s in Distribution Transform r Total loss s of D mand ΔPT ΔPf rro = x ² + fu ΔPcu Pow r Loss ΔWT = T x (x + fp ΔPf rro fu ² x ΔPcu) ΔWT = 8760 x (x + fp ΔPf rro fu ² x ΔPcu) COMPUTATIONAL SYSTEM DEVELOPED FOR APPLICATION OF METHODOLOGY pr s ntation of th ov rall structur of th comput r syst m was d v lop d.

RESULT OF THE APPLICATION OF METHODOLOGY AND ADDITIONAL ANALYSES TRANSFORMER - 75KVA TRANSFORMER - 112.5KVA Conclusion TRANSFORMER - 30KVA 1st Comparison - Transform r 75KVA 2nd Comparison - Transform r 112.5KVA 3rd Comparison - Transform r 30KVA stablish a m thodology and aggr gat probability simplif s in th s condary distribution of l ctric n rgy in di • Using information from r adings of curr nt and voltag transform r s condary distribution, th computation r q impl m ntation of computational syst m.

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

   

   

 

Conclusion • This study sought to i d calculation of loss stribution transform r. at th t rminals of th uir d for its practical

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Load Curv s Load Profil

 

 

   

 

 

   

   

 

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